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Leviticus 23:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave-loaves of two tenth parts [of an ephah]: they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baken with leaven, for first-fruits unto Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; [they are] the firstfruits unto the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘You shall bring in from your dwelling places two [loaves] of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths [of an] [ephah]; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave-loaves of two tenth-parts: they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven, [they are] the first-fruits to the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Out of your dwellings shall ye bring two wave-loaves, of two tenths of fine flour; with leaven shall they be baken; [as] first-fruits to Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Out of your dwellings, shall ye bring in two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah, of fine meal, shall they be, with leaven, shall they be baked,—firstfruits unto Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— out of your dwellings ye bring in bread of a wave-offering, two [loaves], of two tenth deals of flour they are, [with] yeast they are baken, first-[fruits] to Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Out of all your dwellings, two loaves of the firstfruits, of two tenths of flour leavened, which you shall bake for the firstfruits of the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Ye shall bring out of your habitations two waue-loaues, of two tenth deales: they shalbe of fine flowre, they shall be baken with leauen, [they are] the first fruits vnto the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Ye shall bring from your dwelling loaves, as a heave-offering, two loaves: they shall be of two tenth portions of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven of the first-fruits to the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; [they are] the firstfruits unto Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Ye shall bring x935
(0935) Complement
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
out y935
[0935] Standard
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
of your habitations 4186
{4186} Prime
מוֹשָׁב
mowshab
{mo-shawb'}
From H3427; a seat; figuratively a site; abstractly a session; by extension an abode (the place or the time); by implication population.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
wave 8573
{8573} Prime
תְּנוּפָה
t@nuwphah
{ten-oo-faw'}
From H5130; a brandishing (in threat); by implication tumult; specifically the official undulation of sacrificial offerings.
loaves 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
of two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
tenth deals: 6241
{6241} Prime
עִשָּׂרוֹן
`issarown
{is-saw-rone'}
From H6235; (fractional) a tenth part.
they shall be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
of fine flour; 5560
{5560} Prime
סֹלֶת
coleth
{so'-leth}
From an unused root meaning to strip; flour (as chipped off).
they shall be baken 644
{0644} Prime
אָפַה
'aphah
{aw-faw'}
A primitive root; to cook, especially to bake.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
with leaven; 2557
{2557} Prime
חָמֵץ
chametz
{khaw-mates'}
From H2556; ferment, (figuratively) extortion.
[they are] the firstfruits 1061
{1061} Prime
בִּכּוּר
bikkuwr
{bik-koor'}
From H1069; the first fruits of the crop.
unto Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 23:17

_ _ Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals, etc. — These loaves were made of “fine” or wheaten flour, the quantity contained in them being somewhat more than ten pounds in weight. As the wave-sheaf gave the signal for the commencement, the two loaves solemnized the termination of the harvest season. They were the first-fruits of that season, being offered unto the Lord by the priest in name of the whole nation. (See Exodus 34:22). The loaves used at the Passover were unleavened; those presented at Pentecost were leavened — a difference which is thus accounted for, that the one was a memorial of the bread hastily prepared at their departure, while the other was a tribute of gratitude to God for their daily food, which was leavened.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 23:15-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 23:17

Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with (h) leaven; [they are] the firstfruits unto the LORD.

(h) Because the priest should eat them, as in (Leviticus 7:13), and they should not be offered to the Lord on the altar.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
two wave:

Numbers 28:26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks [be out], ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:

leaven:

Leviticus 7:13 Besides the cakes, he shall offer [for] his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
Matthew 13:33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.

the firstfruits:

Leviticus 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
Exodus 22:29 Thou shalt not delay [to offer] the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.
Exodus 23:19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Exodus 34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.
Exodus 34:26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.
Numbers 15:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
Numbers 15:19-21 Then it shall be, that, when ye eat of the bread of the land, ye shall offer up an heave offering unto the LORD. ... Of the first of your dough ye shall give unto the LORD an heave offering in your generations.
Deuteronomy 26:1-2 And it shall be, when thou [art] come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein; ... That thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put [it] in a basket, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name there.
Proverbs 3:9-10 Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase: ... So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.
Romans 8:23 And not only [they], but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, [to wit], the redemption of our body.
1 Corinthians 15:20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, [and] become the firstfruits of them that slept.
James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, [being] the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:29; 23:16, 19; 34:22, 26. Lv 7:13; 23:10. Nu 15:17, 19; 28:26. Dt 26:1. Pv 3:9. Mt 13:33. Ro 8:23. 1Co 15:20. Jm 1:18. Rv 14:4.

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