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Leviticus 26:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will make your cities a waste, and will bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savor of your sweet odors.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘I will lay waste your cities as well and will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell your soothing aromas.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries to desolation, and I will not smell the savor of your sweet odors.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will lay waste your cities and desolate your sanctuaries; and I will not smell your sweet odours.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I will give your cities unto desolation, And make your holy places dumb,—And will find no fragrance in your satisfying odour;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I have made your cities a waste, and have made desolate your sanctuaries, and I smell not at your sweet fragrances;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Insomuch that I will bring your cities to be a wilderness: and I will make your sanctuaries desolate: and will receive no more your sweet odours.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I wil make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries vnto desolation, and I will not smell the sauour of your sweet odours.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will lay your cities waste, and I will make your sanctuaries desolate, and I will not smell the savour of your sacrifices.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will make 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
your cities 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
waste, 2723
{2723} Prime
חָרְבָּה
chorbah
{khor-baw'}
Feminine of H2721; properly drought, that is, (by implication) a desolation.
and bring y8074
[8074] Standard
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
your sanctuaries y4720
[4720] Standard
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
unto desolation, 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
x4720
(4720) Complement
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
and I will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
smell 7306
{7306} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
A primitive root; properly to blow, that is, breathe; only (literally) to smell or (by implication perceive (figuratively to anticipate, enjoy).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the savour 7381
{7381} Prime
רֵיחַ
reyach
{ray'-akh}
From H7306; odor (as if blown).
of your sweet odours. 5207
{5207} Prime
נִחוֹחַ
nichowach
{nee-kho'-akh}
From H5117; properly restful, that is, pleasant; abstractly delight.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Leviticus 26:31

_ _ I will make your cities waste — This destruction of its numerous and flourishing cities, which was brought upon Judea through the sins of Israel, took place by the forced removal of the people during, and long after, the captivity. But it is realized to a far greater extent now.

_ _ bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours — the tabernacle and temple, as is evident from the tenor of the subsequent clause, in which God announces that He will not accept or regard their sacrifices.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Leviticus 26:14-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Leviticus 26:31

Sanctuaries — God's sanctuary, called sanctuaries here, as also Psalms 73:17, Psalms 74:7; Jeremiah 51:51; Ezekiel 28:18, because there were divers apartments in it, each of which was a sanctuary, or, which is all one, an holy place, as they are severally called. And yours emphatically, not mine, for I disown and abhor it, and all the services you do in it, because you have defiled it. I will not smell — Not own or accept them. Your sweet odours — Either of the incense, or of your sacrifices, which when offered with faith and obedience, are sweet and acceptable to me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Leviticus 26:31

And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I (p) will not smell the savour of your sweet odours.

(p) I will not accept your sacrifices.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And I will make:

2 Kings 25:4-10 And the city was broken up, and all the men of war [fled] by night by the way of the gate between two walls, which [is] by the king's garden: (now the Chaldees [were] against the city round about:) and [the king] went the way toward the plain. ... And all the army of the Chaldees, that [were with] the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.
2 Chronicles 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
Nehemiah 2:3 And said unto the king, Let the king live for ever: why should not my countenance be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers' sepulchres, [lieth] waste, and the gates thereof are consumed with fire?
Nehemiah 2:17 Then said I unto them, Ye see the distress that we [are] in, how Jerusalem [lieth] waste, and the gates thereof are burned with fire: come, and let us build up the wall of Jerusalem, that we be no more a reproach.
Isaiah 1:7 Your country [is] desolate, your cities [are] burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and [it is] desolate, as overthrown by strangers.
Isaiah 24:10-12 The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in. ... In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way; he is gone forth from his place to make thy land desolate; [and] thy cities shall be laid waste, without an inhabitant.
Jeremiah 9:11 And I will make Jerusalem heaps, [and] a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.
Lamentations 1:1 How doth the city sit solitary, [that was] full of people! [how] is she become as a widow! she [that was] great among the nations, [and] princess among the provinces, [how] is she become tributary!
Lamentations 2:7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast.
Ezekiel 6:6 In all your dwellingplaces the cities shall be laid waste, and the high places shall be desolate; that your altars may be laid waste and made desolate, and your idols may be broken and cease, and your images may be cut down, and your works may be abolished.
Ezekiel 21:15 I have set the point of the sword against all their gates, that [their] heart may faint, and [their] ruins be multiplied: ah! [it is] made bright, [it is] wrapped up for the slaughter.
Micah 3:12 Therefore shall Zion for your sake be plowed [as] a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of the forest.

and bring:

Psalms 74:3-8 Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations; [even] all [that] the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary. ... They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
Jeremiah 22:5 But if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.
Jeremiah 26:6 Then will I make this house like Shiloh, and will make this city a curse to all the nations of the earth.
Jeremiah 26:9 Why hast thou prophesied in the name of the LORD, saying, This house shall be like Shiloh, and this city shall be desolate without an inhabitant? And all the people were gathered against Jeremiah in the house of the LORD.
Jeremiah 52:13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great [men], burned he with fire:
Lamentations 1:10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen [that] the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command [that] they should not enter into thy congregation.
Ezekiel 9:6 Slay utterly old [and] young, both maids, and little children, and women: but come not near any man upon whom [is] the mark; and begin at my sanctuary. Then they began at the ancient men which [were] before the house.
Ezekiel 21:7 And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou? that thou shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak [as] water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the Lord GOD.
Ezekiel 24:21 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daughters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword.
Matthew 24:1-2 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to [him] for to shew him the buildings of the temple. ... And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
Luke 21:5-6 And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said, ... [As for] these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
Acts 6:14 For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us.

I will not smell:

Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart [is] evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done.
Isaiah 1:11-14 To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. ... Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them].
Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
Amos 5:21-23 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. ... Take thou away from me the noise of thy songs; for I will not hear the melody of thy viols.
Hebrews 10:26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,
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Gn 8:21. 2K 25:4. 2Ch 36:19. Ne 2:3, 17. Ps 74:3. Is 1:7, 11; 24:10; 66:3. Jr 4:7; 9:11; 22:5; 26:6, 9; 52:13. Lm 1:1, 10; 2:7. Ezk 6:6; 9:6; 21:7, 15; 24:21. Am 5:21. Mi 3:12. Mt 24:1. Lk 21:5, 24. Ac 6:14. He 10:26.

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