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Mark 2:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jesus seeing their faith saith unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins are forgiven.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Jesus seeing their faith *said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the sick with the palsy, Son, thy sins are forgiven thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Jesus, seeing their faith, says to the paralytic, Child, thy sins are forgiven [thee].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, Jesus, seeing their faith, saith unto the paralytic—Child! forgiven are thy sins!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Jesus having seen their faith, saith to the paralytic, 'Child, thy sins have been forgiven thee.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when Jesus had seen their faith, he saith to the sick of the palsy: Son, thy sins are forgiven thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When Iesus saw their faith, hee said vnto the sicke of the palsie, Sonne, thy sinnes be forgiuen thee.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— When Jeshu saw their faith, he said to the paralytic himself, My son, forgiven to thee are thy sins.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic: My son, thy sins are forgiven thee.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
πίστις
pistis
{pis'-tis}
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
he said 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
sick of the palsy, 3885
{3885} Prime
παραλυτικός
paralutikos
{par-al-oo-tee-kos'}
From a derivative of G3886; as if dissolved, that is, 'paralytic'.
Son, 5043
{5043} Prime
τέκνον
teknon
{tek'-non}
From the base of G5098; a child (as produced).
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
sins 266
{0266} Prime
ἁμαρτία
hamartia
{ham-ar-tee'-ah}
From G0264; sin (properly abstract).
be forgiven 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5769
<5769> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 215
thee. 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 2:5

_ _ When Jesus saw their faith — It is remarkable that all the three narratives call it “their faith” which Jesus saw. That the patient himself had faith, we know from the proclamation of his forgiveness, which Jesus made before all; and we should have been apt to conclude that his four friends bore him to Jesus merely out of benevolent compliance with the urgent entreaties of the poor sufferer. But here we learn, not only that his bearers had the same faith with himself, but that Jesus marked it as a faith which was not to be defeated — a faith victorious over all difficulties. This was the faith for which He was ever on the watch, and which He never saw without marking, and, in those who needed anything from Him, richly rewarding.

_ _ he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son — “be of good cheer” (Matthew 9:2).

_ _ thy sins be forgiven thee — By the word “be,” our translators perhaps meant “are,” as in Luke (Luke 5:20). For it is not a command to his sins to depart, but an authoritative proclamation of the man’s pardoned state as a believer. And yet, as the Pharisees understood our Lord to be dispensing pardon by this saying, and Jesus not only acknowledges that they were right, but founds His whole argument upon the correctness of it, we must regard the saying as a royal proclamation of the man’s forgiveness by Him to whom it belonged to dispense it; nor could such a style of address be justified on any lower supposition. (See on Luke 7:41, etc.).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 2:1-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
saw:

Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me.
John 2:25 And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
Acts 14:9 The same heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed,
Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
1 Thessalonians 1:3-4 Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father; ... Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.
James 2:18-22 Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. ... Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?

he said:

Mark 2:9-10 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, [Thy] sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? ... But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)
Isaiah 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
Matthew 9:2 And, behold, they brought to him a man sick of the palsy, lying on a bed: and Jesus seeing their faith said unto the sick of the palsy; Son, be of good cheer; thy sins be forgiven thee.
Luke 5:20 And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.
Luke 7:47-50 Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little. ... And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.
Acts 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand [to be] a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.
2 Corinthians 2:10 To whom ye forgive any thing, I [forgive] also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave [it], for your sakes [forgave I it] in the person of Christ;
Colossians 3:13 Forbearing one another, and forgiving one another, if any man have a quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you, so also [do] ye.

Son:
The Jews believed that not only death but all disease was the consequence of sin. "There is no death without sin, nor any chastisement without iniquity;" and that "no diseased person could be healed of his disease till his sins were blotted out." Our Lord, therefore, as usual, appeals to their received opinions, and asserts his high dignity, by first forgiving the sins, and then healing the body of the paralytic.
Mark 5:34 And he said unto her, Daughter, thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy plague.
Matthew 9:22 But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, he said, Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour.
Luke 8:48 And he said unto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath made thee whole; go in peace.

sins:

Job 33:17-26 That he may withdraw man [from his] purpose, and hide pride from man. ... He shall pray unto God, and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render unto man his righteousness.
Psalms 32:1-5 [[[A Psalm] of David, Maschil.]] Blessed [is he whose] transgression [is] forgiven, [whose] sin [is] covered. ... I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.
Psalms 90:7-9 For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled. ... For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale [that is told].
Psalms 103:3 Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;
Isaiah 38:17 Behold, for peace I had great bitterness: but thou hast in love to my soul [delivered it] from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back.
John 5:14 Afterward Jesus findeth him in the temple, and said unto him, Behold, thou art made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come unto thee.
1 Corinthians 11:30 For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
James 5:15 And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:12. Jb 33:17. Ps 32:1; 90:7; 103:3. Is 38:17; 53:11. Mt 9:2, 22. Mk 2:9; 5:34. Lk 5:20; 7:47; 8:48. Jn 2:25; 5:14. Ac 5:31; 11:23; 14:9. 1Co 11:30. 2Co 2:10. Ep 2:8. Col 3:13. 1Th 1:3. Jm 2:18; 5:15.

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