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Numbers 1:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Moses and Aaron took these men that are mentioned by name:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by [their] names:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been designated by name,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Moses and Aaron took these men who are expressed by [their] names:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses and Aaron took these men who are expressed by their names,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then Moses and Aaron took these men, who were distinguished by name;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Moses taketh—Aaron also—these men, who were defined by name,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Whom Moses and Aaron took with all the multitude of the common people:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Moses and Aaron tooke these men, which are expressed by [their] names.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron took these men who were called by name.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mosheh and Aharon took these men which are expressed by [their] names:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
took 3947
{3947} Prime
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
these x428
(0428) Complement
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
men y582
[0582] Standard
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
(0376) Complement
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
which x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
are expressed 5344
{5344} Prime
A primitive root; to puncture, literally (to perforate, with more or less violence) or figuratively (to specify, designate, libel).
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
by [their] names: 8034
{8034} Prime
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 1:16-18

_ _ These were the renowned — literally, “the called” of the congregation, summoned by name; and they entered upon the survey the very day the order was given.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 1:17-43

_ _ We have here the speedy execution of the orders given for the numbering of the people. It was begun the same day that the orders were given, The first day of the second month; compare Numbers 1:18 with Numbers 1:1. Note, When any work is to be done for God it is good to set about it quickly, while the sense of duty is strong and pressing. And, for aught that appears, it was but one day's work, for many other things were done between this and the twentieth day of this month, when they removed their camp, Numbers 10:11. Joab was almost ten months numbering the people in David's time (2 Samuel 24:8); but then they were dispersed, now they lived closely together; then Satan proposed the doing of it, now God commanded it. It was the sooner and more easily done now because it had been done but a little while ago, and they needed but review the old books, with the alterations since made, which probably they had kept an account of as they occurred.

_ _ In the particulars here left upon record, we may observe, 1. That the numbers are registered in words at length (as I may say), and not in figures; to every one of the twelve tribes it is repeated, for the greater ceremony and solemnity of the account, that they were numbered by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, to show that every tribe took and gave in the account by the same rule and in the same method, though so many hands were employed in it, setting down the genealogy first, to show that their family descended from Israel, then the families themselves in their order, then dividing each family into the houses, or subordinate families, that branched from it, and under these the names of the particular persons, according to the rules of heraldry. Thus every man might know who were his relations or next of kin, on which some laws we have already met with did depend: besides that the nearer any are to us in relation the more ready we should be to do them good. 2. That they all end with hundreds, only Gad with fifty (Numbers 1:25), but none of the numbers descend to units or tens. Some think it was a special providence that ordered all the tribes just at this time to be even numbers, and no odd or broken numbers among them, to show them that there was something more than ordinary designed in their increase, there being this uncommon in the circumstance of it. It is rather probable that Moses having some time before appointed rulers of hundreds, and rulers of fifties (Exodus 18:25), they numbered the people by their respective rulers, which would bring the numbers to even hundreds or fifties. 3. That Judah is the must numerous of them all, more than double to Benjamin and Manasseh, and almost 12,000 more than any other tribe, v. 27. It was Judah whom his brethren must praise because from him Messiah the Prince was to descend; but, because that was a thing at a distance, God did in many ways honour that tribe in the mean time, particularly by the great increase of it, for his sake who was to spring out of Judah (Hebrews 7:14) in the fulness of time. Judah was to lead the van through the wilderness, and therefore was furnished accordingly with greater strength than any other tribe. 4. Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, are numbered as distinct tribes, and both together made up almost as many as Judah; this was in pursuance of Jacob's adoption of them, by which they were equalled with their uncles Reuben and Simeon, Genesis 48:5. It was also the effect of the blessing of Joseph, who was to be a fruitful bough, Genesis 49:22. And Ephraim the younger is put first, and is more numerous than Manasseh, for Jacob had crossed hands, and foreseen ten thousands of Ephraim and thousands of Manasseh. The fulfilling of this confirms our faith in the spirit of prophecy with which the patriarchs were endued. 5. When they came down into Egypt Dan had but one son (Genesis 46:23), and so his tribe was but one family, Numbers 26:42. Benjamin had then ten sons (Genesis 46:21), yet now the tribe of Dan is almost double in number to that of Benjamin. Note, The increasing and diminishing of families do not always go by probabilities. Some are multiplied greatly, and again are diminished, while others that were poor have families made them like a flock, Psalms 107:38, Psalms 107:39, Psalms 107:41; and see Job 12:23. 6. It is said of each of the tribes that those were numbered who were able to go forth to war, to remind them that they had wars before them, though now they were in peace and met with no opposition. Let not him that girdeth on the harness boast as though he had put it off.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Numbers 1:5-15 And these [are] the names of the men that shall stand with you: of [the tribe of] Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur. ... Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.
John 10:3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
Revelation 7:4-17 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: [and there were] sealed an hundred [and] forty [and] four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel. ... For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
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Nu 1:5. Jn 10:3. Rv 7:4.

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