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Numbers 13:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they came unto the valley of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it upon a staff between two; [they brought] also of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then they came to the valley of Eshcol and from there cut down a branch with a single cluster of grapes; and they carried it on a pole between two [men], with some of the pomegranates and the figs.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they came to the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they came as far as the valley of Eshcol, and cut down thence a branch with one bunch of grapes, and they bore it between two upon a pole; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they entered as far as the ravine of Eschol, and cut down, from thence, a branch with one cluster of grapes, and bare it on a pole, between two,—also of the pomegranates and of the figs.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they come in unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down thence a branch and one cluster of grapes, and they bear it on a staff by two, also [some] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And forward as far as the torrent of the cluster of grapes, they cut off a branch with its cluster of grapes, which two men carried upon a lever. They took also of the pomegranates and of the figs of that place:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they came vnto the brooke of Eshcol, and cut downe from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it betweene two vpon a staffe, and they brought of the pomegranates and of the figs.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they came to the valley of the cluster and surveyed it; and they cut down thence a bough and one cluster of grapes upon it, and bore it on staves, and [they took] of the pomegranates and the figs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they came unto the brook of Eshkol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and [they brought] of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they came 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the brook 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
of Ecl אֶשׁכֹּל, 812
{0812} Prime
אֶשְׁכֹּל
'Eshkol
{esh-kole'}
The same as H0811; Eshcol, the name of an Amorite, also of a valley in Palestine.
and cut down 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
from thence x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
a branch 2156
{2156} Prime
זְמוֹרָה
z@mowrah
{zem-o-raw'}
(Feminine) and (masculine): from H2168; a twig (as pruned).
with one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
cluster 811
{0811} Prime
אֶשְׁכּוֹל
'eshkowl
{esh-kole'}
Probably prolonged from H0810; a bunch of grapes or other fruit.
of grapes, 6025
{6025} Prime
עֵנָב
`enab
{ay-nawb'}
From an unused root probably meaning to bear fruit; a grape.
and they bare 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it between two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
upon a staff; 4132
{4132} Prime
מוֹט
mowt
{mote}
From H4131; a wavering, that is, fall; by implication a pole (as shaking); hence a yoke (as essentially a bent pole).
and [they brought] of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the pomegranates, 7416
{7416} Prime
רִמּוֹן
rimmown
{rim-mone'}
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
and of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the figs. 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 13:21-24.


Numbers 13:23

_ _ they came unto the brook of Eshcol — that is, “the torrent of the cluster.” Its location was a little to the southwest of Hebron. The valley and its sloping hills are still covered with vineyards, the character of whose fruit corresponds to its ancient celebrity.

_ _ and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes — The grapes reared in this locality are still as magnificent as formerly — they are said by one to be equal in size to prunes, and compared by another to a man’s thumb. One cluster sometimes weighs ten or twelve pounds. The mode of carrying the cluster cut down by the spies, though not necessary from its weight, was evidently adopted to preserve it entire as a specimen of the productions of the promised land; and the impression made by the sight of it would be all the greater because the Israelites were familiar only with the scanty vines and small grapes of Egypt.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 13:21-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 13:23

Upon a staff — Either for the weight of it, considering the, length of the way they were to carry it, or for the preservation of it whole and entire. In those eastern and southern countries there are vines and grapes of an extraordinary bigness as Strabo and Pliny affirm.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
brook:
or valley,
Numbers 13:24 The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
Numbers 32:9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.
Deuteronomy 1:24-25 And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out. ... And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought [it] down unto us, and brought us word again, and said, [It is] a good land which the LORD our God doth give us.
Judges 16:4 And it came to pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name [was] Delilah.
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Nu 13:24; 32:9. Dt 1:24. Jg 16:4.

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