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Numbers 20:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; shall we bring you forth water out of this rock?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly before the rock. And he said to them, “Listen now, you rebels; shall we bring forth water for you out of this rock?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Moses and Aaron assembled the congregation before the rock, and he said to them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said to them, Hear now, ye rebels: shall we bring forth to you water out of this rock?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Moses and Aaron gathered together the convocation, before the cliff,—and he said unto them: Hear, I pray you, ye rebels! Out of this cliff, must we bring forth for you, water?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and Moses and Aaron assemble the assembly unto the front of the rock, and he saith to them, 'Hear, I pray you, O rebels, from this rock do we bring out to you water?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And having gathered together the multitude before the rock, he said to them: Hear, ye rebellious and incredulous: Can we bring you forth water out of this rock?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Moses and Aaron gathered the Congregation together before the rocke, and hee said vnto them, Heare now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rocke?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron assembled the congregation before the rock, and said to them, Hear me, ye disobedient ones; must we bring you water out of this rock?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mosheh and Aharon gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
gathered y6950
[6950] Standard
קָהַל
qahal
{'kaw-hal'}
A primitive root; to convoke.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the congregation y6951
[6951] Standard
קָהָל
qahal
{kaw-hawl'}
From H6950; assemblage (usually concretely).
together x6950
(6950) Complement
קָהַל
qahal
{'kaw-hal'}
A primitive root; to convoke.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
x6951
(6951) Complement
קָהָל
qahal
{kaw-hawl'}
From H6950; assemblage (usually concretely).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the rock, 5553
{5553} Prime
סֶלַע
cela`
{seh'-lah}
From an unused root meaning to be lofty; a craggy rock, literally or figuratively (a fortress).
and he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto them, Hear 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
now, x4994
(4994) Complement
נָא
na'
{naw}
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
ye rebels; 4784
{4784} Prime
מָרָה
marah
{maw-raw'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) bitter (or unpleasant); (figuratively) to rebel (or resist; causatively to provoke).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
must we fetch 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
you water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
this x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
rock? 5553
{5553} Prime
סֶלַע
cela`
{seh'-lah}
From an unused root meaning to be lofty; a craggy rock, literally or figuratively (a fortress).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 20:2-13.


Numbers 20:10

_ _ [Moses] said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? — The conduct of the great leader on this occasion was hasty and passionate (Psalms 106:33). He had been directed to speak to the rock [Numbers 20:8], but he smote it twice [Numbers 20:11] in his impetuosity, thus endangering the blossoms of the rod, and, instead of speaking to the rock, he spoke to the people in a fury.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 20:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 20:10

And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; (e) must we fetch you water out of this rock?

(e) The punishment which followed declared that Moses and Aaron did not believe the Lord's promise as it appeared in (Numbers 20:12).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 9:24 Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.
Psalms 106:32-33 They angered [him] also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes: ... Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.
Matthew 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.
Luke 9:54-55 And when his disciples James and John saw [this], they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did? ... But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.
Acts 23:3-5 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, [thou] whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law? ... Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.
Ephesians 4:26 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath:
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.

we fetch:

Numbers 11:22-23 Shall the flocks and the herds be slain for them, to suffice them? or shall all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them, to suffice them? ... And the LORD said unto Moses, Is the LORD'S hand waxed short? thou shalt see now whether my word shall come to pass unto thee or not.
Genesis 40:8 And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and [there is] no interpreter of it. And Joseph said unto them, [Do] not interpretations [belong] to God? tell me [them], I pray you.
Genesis 41:16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, [It is] not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace.
Daniel 2:28-30 But there is a God in heaven that revealeth secrets, and maketh known to the king Nebuchadnezzar what shall be in the latter days. Thy dream, and the visions of thy head upon thy bed, are these; ... But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for [any] wisdom that I have more than any living, but for [their] sakes that shall make known the interpretation to the king, and that thou mightest know the thoughts of thy heart.
Acts 3:12-16 And when Peter saw [it], he answered unto the people, Ye men of Israel, why marvel ye at this? or why look ye so earnestly on us, as though by our own power or holiness we had made this man to walk? ... And his name through faith in his name hath made this man strong, whom ye see and know: yea, the faith which is by him hath given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
Acts 14:9-15 The same heard Paul speak: who stedfastly beholding him, and perceiving that he had faith to be healed, ... And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:
Romans 15:17-19 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ in those things which pertain to God. ... Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
1 Corinthians 3:7 So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 40:8; 41:16. Nu 11:22. Dt 9:24. Ps 106:32. Dn 2:28. Mt 5:22. Lk 9:54. Ac 3:12; 14:9; 23:3. Ro 15:17. 1Co 3:7. Ep 4:26. Jm 3:2.

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