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Numbers 20:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy force and with a strong hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out to meet him, with a strong people, and with a firm hand.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he saith, 'Thou dost not pass over;' and Edom cometh out to meet him with much people, and with a strong hand;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But he answered: Thou shalt not pass. And immediately he came forth to meet them with an infinite multitude, and a strong hand,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said, Thou shalt not goe thorow. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he said, Thou shalt not pass through me; and Edom went forth to meet him with a great host, and a mighty hand.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
go through. 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
And m אֱדוֹם 123
{0123} Prime
אֱדֹם
'Edom
{ed-ome'}
From H0122; red (see Genesis 25:25); Edom, the elder twin-brother of Jacob; hence the region (Idumaea) occuped by him.
came out 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against 7125
{7125} Prime
קִרָא
qir'ah
{keer-aw'}
From H7122; an encountering, accidental, friendly or hostile (also adverbially opposite).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
him with much 3515
{3515} Prime
כָּבֵד
kabed
{kaw-bade'}
From H3513; heavy; figuratively in a good sense (numerous) or in a bad sense (severe, difficult, stupid).
people, 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
and with a strong 2389
{2389} Prime
חָזָק
chazaq
{khaw-zawk'}
From H2388; strong (usually in a bad sense, hard, bold, violent).
hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 20:14-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou shalt:

Numbers 20:18 And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.
Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
Genesis 32:6 And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him.
Judges 11:17 Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land: but the king of Edom would not hearken [thereto]. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not [consent]: and Israel abode in Kadesh.
Judges 11:20 But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.
Psalms 120:7 I [am for] peace: but when I speak, they [are] for war.
Ezekiel 35:5-11 Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed [the blood of] the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time [that their] iniquity [had] an end: ... Therefore, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will even do according to thine anger, and according to thine envy which thou hast used out of thy hatred against them; and I will make myself known among them, when I have judged thee.
Amos 1:11 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Edom, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because he did pursue his brother with the sword, and did cast off all pity, and his anger did tear perpetually, and he kept his wrath for ever:

And Edom:

Obadiah 1:10-15 For [thy] violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. ... For the day of the LORD [is] near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 27:41; 32:6. Nu 20:18. Jg 11:17, 20. Ps 120:7. Ezk 35:5. Am 1:11. Ob 1:10.

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