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Numbers 25:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Vex the Midianites, and smite them;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Vex the Midianites, and smite them:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Be hostile to the Midianites and strike them;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Distress the Midianites, and smite them:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Harass the Midianites, and smite them,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Besiege the Midianites,—and ye shall smite them:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Distress the Midianites, and ye have smitten them,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Let the Madianites find you their enemies, and slay you them:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Uexe the Midianites, and smite them:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Plague the Midianites{gr.Madianites} as enemies, and smite them,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Vex the Midyanim, and smite them:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Vex 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the Miynm מִדיָנִים, 4084
{4084} Prime
מִדְיָנִי
Midyaniy
{mid-yaw-nee'}
Patronymic or patrial from H4080; a Midjanite or descendant (native) of Midjan.
and smite 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
them:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 25:17

_ _ Vex the Midianites, and smite them — They seem to have been the most guilty parties. (Compare Numbers 22:4; Numbers 31:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 25:16-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 25:17

The Midianites — And why not the Moabites. It is probable the Midianites were most guilty, as in persuading Balak to send for Balaam, Numbers 22:4, Numbers 22:7. So in the reception of Balaam after Balak had dismissed him, Numbers 31:8, and in farther consultation with him, and in contriving the means for the executing of this wicked plot.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Balaam's counsel seems to have been first given to Balak, king of Moab; but probably the Midianitish women, especially of the higher ranks, as Cozbi was, were the principal tempters; and the nation of Midian seems to have come into the execrable measure more generally and heartily than that of Moab. They were therefore first selected to be made examples of, for a warning to the Moabites, who were spared at this time.
Numbers 31:2 Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.
Revelation 18:6 Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.
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Nu 31:2. Rv 18:6.

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