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Numbers 26:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Reuben, the first-born of Israel; the sons of Reuben: [of] Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, [of whom cometh] the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Reuben, Israel’s firstborn, the sons of Reuben: [of] Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Reuben the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, [of whom cometh] the family of the Hanochites: Of Phallu, the family of the Phalluites:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: the children of Reuben: [of] Enoch, the family of the Enochites; of Pallu, the family of the Palluites;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Reuben, the firstborn of Israel,—the sons of Reuben, [To] Hanoch, [pertained] the family of the Hanochites; To Pallu, the family of the Palluites;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Reuben, first-born of Israel—sons of Reuben: [of] Hanoch [is] the family of the Hanochite; of Pallu the family of the Palluite;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Ruben the firstborn of Israel. His sons were Henoch, of whom is the family of the Henochites: and Phallu, of whom is the family of the Phalluites:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Reuben the eldest sonne of Israel: the children of Reuben, Hanoch, [of whom commeth] the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu the family of the Palluites:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Reuben{gr.Ruben} [was] the first-born of Israel: and the sons of Reuben{gr.Ruben}, Enoch, and the family of Enoch; to Phallu belongs the family of the Phalluites.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Reuven, the eldest son of Yisrael: the children of Reuven; Chanokh, [of whom cometh] the family of the Chanokhim: of Pallu, the family of the Palluim:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Rvn רְאוּבֵן, 7205
{7205} Prime
רְאוּבֵן
R@'uwben
{reh-oo-bane'}
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
the eldest y1060
[1060] Standard
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
son x1060
(1060) Complement
בְּכוֹר
b@kowr
{bek-ore'}
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief.
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל: 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Rvn רְאוּבֵן; 7205
{7205} Prime
רְאוּבֵן
R@'uwben
{reh-oo-bane'}
From the imperative of H7200 and H1121; see ye a son; Reuben, a son of Jacob.
n חֲנֹך, 2585
{2585} Prime
חֲנוֹךְ
Chanowk
{khan-oke'}
From H2596; initiated; Chanok, an antediluvian patriarch.
[of whom cometh] the family 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
of the nm חֲנֹכִים: 2599
{2599} Prime
חֲנֹכִי
Chanokiy
{khan-o-kee'}
Patronymic from H2585; a Chanokite (collectively) or descendant of Chanok.
of Pall פַּלּוּא, 6396
{6396} Prime
פַּלּוּא
Palluw'
{pal-loo'}
From H6395; distinguished; Pallu, an Israelite.
the family 4940
{4940} Prime
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpachah
{mish-paw-khaw'}
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people.
of the Pallum פַּלֻּאִים: 6384
{6384} Prime
פַּלֻּאִי
Pallu'iy
{pal-loo-ee'}
Patronymic from H6396; a Palluite (collectively) or descendant of Pallu.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 26:5-51

_ _ This is the register of the tribes as they were now enrolled, in the same order that they were numbered in ch. 1. Observe,

_ _ I. The account that is here kept of the families of each tribe, which must not be understood of such as we call families, those that live in a house together, but such as were the descendants of the several sons of the patriarchs, by whose names, in honour of them, their posterity distinguished themselves and one another. The families of the twelve tribes are thus numbered: — Of Dan but one, for Dan had but one son, and yet that tribe was the most numerous of all except Judah, Numbers 26:42, Numbers 26:43. Its beginning was small, but its latter end greatly increased. Zebulun was divided into three families, Ephraim into four, Issachar into four, Naphtali into four, and Reuben into four; Judah, Simeon, and Asher, had five families apiece, Gad and Benjamin seven apiece, and Manasseh eight. Benjamin brought ten sons into Egypt (Genesis 46:21), but three of them, it seems either died childless or their families were extinct, for here we find seven only of those names preserved, and that whole tribe none of the most numerous; for Providence, in the building up of families and nations, does not tie itself to probabilities. The barren hath borne seven, and she that hath many children has waxed feeble, 1 Samuel 2:5.

_ _ II. The numbers of each tribe. And here our best entertainment will be to compare these numbers with those when they were numbered at Mount Sinai. The sum total was nearly the same; they were now 1820 fewer than they were then; yet seven of the tribes had increased in number. Judah had increased 1900, Issachar 9900, Zebulun 3100, Manasseh 20,500, Benjamin 10,200, Dan 1700, and Asher 11,900. But the other five had decreased more than to balance that increase. Reuben had decreased 2770, Simeon 37,100, Gad 5150, Ephraim 8000, and Naphtali 8000. In this account we may observe, 1. that all the three tribes that were encamped under the standard of Judah, who was the ancestor of Christ, had increased, for his church shall be edified and multiplied. 2. That none of the tribes had increased so much as that of Manasseh, which in the former account was the smallest of all the tribes, only 32,200, while here it is one of the most considerable; and that of his brother Ephraim, which there was numerous, is here one of the least. Jacob had crossed hands upon their heads, and had preferred Ephraim before Manasseh, which perhaps the Ephraimites had prided themselves too much in, and had trampled upon their brethren the Manassites; but, when the Lord saw that Manasseh was despised, he thus multiplied him exceedingly, for it is his glory to help the weakest, and raise up those that are cast down. 3. That none of the tribes decreased so much as Simeon did; from 59,300, it such to 22,200, little more than a third part of what it was. One whole family of that tribe (namely Ohad, mentioned Exodus 6:15) was extinct in the wilderness. Hence Simeon is not mentioned in Moses's blessing (Deu. 33), and the lot of that tribe in Canaan was inconsiderable, only a canton out of Judah's lot, Joshua 19:9. Some conjecture that most of those 24,000 who were cut off by the plague for the iniquity of Peor were of that tribe; for Zimri, who was a ringleader in that iniquity, was a prince of that tribe, many of whom therefore were influenced by his example to follow his pernicious ways.

_ _ III. In the account of the tribe of Reuben mention is made of the rebellion of Dathan and Abiram, who were of that tribe, in confederacy with Korah a Levite, Numbers 26:9-11. Though the story had been largely related but a few chapters before, yet here it comes in again, as fit to be had in remembrance and thought of by posterity, whenever they looked into their pedigree and pleased themselves with the antiquity of their families and the glory of their ancestors, that they might call themselves a seed of evil doers. Two things are here said of them: — 1. That they had been famous in the congregation, Numbers 26:9. Probably they were remarkable for their ingenuity, activity, and fitness for business: — That Dathan and Abiram that might have been advanced in due time under God and Moses; but their ambitious spirits put them upon striving against God and Moses, and when they quarrelled with the one they quarrelled with the other. And what was the issue? 2. Those that might have been famous were made infamous: they became a sign, Numbers 26:10. They were made monuments of divine justice; God, in their ruin, showed himself glorious in holiness, and so they were set up for a warning to all others, in all ages, to take heed of treading in the steps of their pride and rebellion. Notice is here taken of the preservation of the children of Korah (Numbers 26:11); they died not, as the children of Dathan and Abiram did, doubtless because they kept themselves pure from the infection, and would not join, no, not with their own father, in rebellion. If we partake not of the sins of sinners, we shall not partake of their plagues. These sons of Korah were afterwards, in their posterity, eminently serviceable to the church, being employed by David as singers in the house of the Lord; hence many psalms are said to be for the sons of Korah: and perhaps they were made to bear his name so long after, rather than the name of any other of their ancestors, for warning to themselves, and as an instance of the power of God, which brought those choice fruits even out of that bitter root. The children of families that have been stigmatized should endeavour, by their eminent virtues, to roll away the reproach of their fathers.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the eldest:

Genesis 29:32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me.
Genesis 49:2-3 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father. ... Reuben, thou [art] my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power:
1 Chronicles 5:1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he [was] the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
, thy children,
Genesis 46:8-9 And these [are] the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob's firstborn. ... And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.
Exodus 6:14 These [be] the heads of their fathers' houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these [be] the families of Reuben.
1 Chronicles 5:3 The sons, [I say], of Reuben the firstborn of Israel [were], Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
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Gn 29:32; 46:8; 49:2. Ex 6:14. 1Ch 5:1, 3.

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