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Numbers 3:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And those that encamp before the tabernacle eastward, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrising, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, [even] before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward, [shall be] Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now those who were to camp before the tabernacle eastward, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrise, are Moses and Aaron and his sons, performing the duties of the sanctuary for the obligation of the sons of Israel; but the layman coming near was to be put to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But those that encamp before the tabernacle towards the east, [even] before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward [shall be] Moses and Aaron, and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary, for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And those who encamped before the tabernacle eastward, before the tent of meeting toward the sunrising, were Moses, and Aaron and his sons, who kept the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh near shall be put to death.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, they who were to encamp before the habitation, eastwards, before the tent of meeting, towards sunrise, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, to keep the charge of the sanctuary, as the charge of the sons of Israel, and, the stranger that came near, was to be put to death.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And those encamping before the tabernacle eastward, before the tent of meeting, at the east, [are] Moses and Aaron, and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the sons of Israel, and the stranger who cometh near is put to death.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Before the tabernacle of the covenant, that is to say on the east side shall Moses and Aaron camp, with their sons, having the custody of the sanctuary, in the midst of the children of Israel. What stranger soever cometh unto it, shall be put to death.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But those that encampe before the Tabernacle toward the East, [euen] before the Tabernacle of the Congregation Eastward, [shall be] Moses and Aaron, and his sonnes, keeping the charge of the Sanctuary, for the charge of the children of Israel: and the stranger that commeth nigh, shall be put to death.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They that encamp before the tabernacle of witness on the east [shall be] Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charges of the sanctuary according to the charges of the children of Israel; and the stranger that touches them, shall die.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, [even] before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward, [shall be] Mosheh, and Aharon and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Yisrael; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But those that encamp 2583
{2583} Prime
חָנָה
chanah
{khaw-naw'}
A primitive root (compare H2603); properly to incline; by implication to decline (of the slanting rays of evening); specifically to pitch a tent; generally to encamp (for abode or siege).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the tabernacle 4908
{4908} Prime
מִשְׁכָּן
mishkan
{mish-kawn'}
From H7931; a residence (including a shepherd's hut, the lair of animals, figuratively the grave; also the Temple); specifically the Tabernacle (properly its wooden walls).
toward the east, 6924
{6924} Prime
קֶדֶם
qedem
{keh'-dem}
From H6923; the front, of palce (absolutely the fore part, relatively the East) or time (antiquity); often used adverbially (before, anciently, eastward).
[even] before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
the tabernacle 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
of the congregation 4150
{4150} Prime
מוֹעֵד
mow`ed
{mo-ade'}
From H3259; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand).
eastward, 4217
{4217} Prime
מִזְרָח
mizrach
{miz-rawkh'}
From H2224; sunrise, that is, the east.
[shall be] M מֹשֶׁה, 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and Ahrn אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
and his sons, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
keeping 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the charge 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
of the sanctuary 4720
{4720} Prime
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
for the charge 4931
{4931} Prime
מִשְׁמֶרֶת
mishmereth
{mish-meh'-reth}
Feminine of H4929; watch, that is, the act (custody) or (concretely) the sentry, the post; objectively preservation, or (concretely) safe; figuratively observance, that is, (abstractly) duty, or (objectively) a usage or party.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל; 3478
{3478} Prime
יִשְׂרָאֵל
Yisra'el
{yis-raw-ale'}
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
and the stranger 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
that cometh nigh 7131
{7131} Prime
קָרֵב
qareb
{kaw-rabe'}
From H7126; near.
shall be put to death. 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8714
<8714> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 178
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 3:38

_ _ those that encamp, etc. — That being the entrance side, it was the post of honor, and consequently reserved to Moses and the priestly family. But the sons of Moses had no station here.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 3:14-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 3:38

For the charge — Either in their stead, that charge which they were obliged to keep, if God had not committed it to those: or for their benefit; for their preservation, as the word may be rendered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 3:38

But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, [even] before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward, [shall be] Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary (n) for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

(n) That no one should enter into the tabernacle contrary to God's appointment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
toward:

Numbers 3:23 The families of the Gershonites shall pitch behind the tabernacle westward.
Numbers 3:29 The families of the sons of Kohath shall pitch on the side of the tabernacle southward.
Numbers 3:35 And the chief of the house of the father of the families of Merari [was] Zuriel the son of Abihail: [these] shall pitch on the side of the tabernacle northward.
Numbers 1:53 But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.
Numbers 2:3 And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nahshon the son of Amminadab [shall be] captain of the children of Judah.

keeping:

Numbers 3:10 And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
Numbers 18:1-5 And the LORD said unto Aaron, Thou and thy sons and thy father's house with thee shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary: and thou and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood. ... And ye shall keep the charge of the sanctuary, and the charge of the altar: that there be no wrath any more upon the children of Israel.
1 Chronicles 6:48-49 Their brethren also the Levites [were] appointed unto all manner of service of the tabernacle of the house of God. ... But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, [and were appointed] for all the work of the [place] most holy, and to make an atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.

for the charge:

Numbers 3:7-8 And they shall keep his charge, and the charge of the whole congregation before the tabernacle of the congregation, to do the service of the tabernacle. ... And they shall keep all the instruments of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the children of Israel, to do the service of the tabernacle.
Numbers 3:10 And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
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Nu 1:53; 2:3; 3:7, 10, 23, 29, 35; 18:1. 1Ch 6:48.

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