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Numbers 31:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the leaders of the congregation went out to meet them outside the camp.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the princes of the assembly went forth to meet them outside the camp.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the assembly, went forth to meet them,—unto the outside, of the camp.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the company, go out to meet them, unto the outside of the camp,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And Moses and Eleazar the priest and all the princes of the synagogue went forth to meet them without the camp.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Moses and Eleazar the Priest, and all the Princes of the Congregation went foorth to meete them without the campe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Mosheh{gr.Moses} and Eleazar the priest and all the rulers of the synagogue went forth out of the camp to meet them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Mosheh, and Elazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation, went forth to meet them without the camp.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And M מֹשֶׁה, 4872
{4872} Prime
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
and El`zr אֶלעָזָר 499
{0499} Prime
From H0410 and H5826; God (is) helper; Elazar, the name of seven Israelites.
the priest, 3548
{3548} Prime
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the princes 5387
{5387} Prime
From H5375; properly an exalted one, that is, a king or sheik; also a rising mist.
of the congregation, 5712
{5712} Prime
Feminine of H5707 in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd).
went forth 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to meet 7125
{7125} Prime
From H7122; an encountering, accidental, friendly or hostile (also adverbially opposite).
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
them without 2351
{2351} Prime
(Both forms feminine in the plural); from an unused root meaning to sever; properly separate by a wall, that is, outside, outdoors.
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the camp. 4264
{4264} Prime
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Numbers 31:13

_ _ Moses, and Eleazar the priest, ... went forth to meet them without the camp — partly as a token of respect and congratulation on their victory, partly to see how they had executed the Lord’s commands, and partly to prevent the defilement of the camp by the entrance of warriors stained with blood.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Numbers 31:13-24

_ _ We have here the triumphant return of the army of Israel from the war with Midian, and here,

_ _ I. They were met with great respect, Numbers 31:13. Moses himself, notwithstanding his age and gravity, walked out of the camp to congratulate them on their victory, and to grace the solemnity of their triumphs. Public successes should be publicly acknowledged, to the glory of God, and the encouragement of those that have jeoparded their lives in their country's cause.

_ _ II. They were severely reproved for saving the women alive. It is very probable that Moses had commanded them to kill the women, at least this was implied in the general order to avenge Israel of the Midianites; the execution having reference to that crime, their drawing them in to the worship of Peor, it was easy to conclude that the women, who were the principal criminals, must not be spared. What! says Moses, have you saved the women alive? Numbers 31:15. He was moved with a holy indignation at the sight of them. These were those that caused the children of Israel to commit this trespass; and therefore, 1. It is just that they should die. The law in case of whoredom was, The adulterer and adulteress should surely be put to death. God had put to death the adulterers of Israel by the plague, and now it was fit that the adulteresses of Midian, especially since they had been the tempters, should be put to death by the sword. 2. “It is dangerous to let them live; they will be still tempting the Israelites to uncleanness, and so your captives will be your conquerors and a second time your destroyers.” Severe orders are therefore given that all the grown women should be slain in cold blood, and only the female children spared.

_ _ III. They were obliged to purify themselves, according to the ceremony of the law, and to abide without the camp seven days, till their purification was accomplished. For, 1. They had imbrued their hands in blood, by which though they had not contracted any moral guilt, the war being just and lawful, yet they were brought under a ceremonial uncleanness, which rendered them unfit to come near the tabernacle till they were purified. Thus God would preserve in their minds a dread and detestation of murder. David must not build the temple because he had been a man of war, and had shed blood, 1 Chronicles 28:3. 2. They could not but have touched dead bodies, by which they were polluted, and that required they should be purified with the water of separation, Numbers 31:19, Numbers 31:20, Numbers 31:24.

_ _ IV. They must likewise purify the spoil they had taken, the captives (Numbers 31:19) and all the goods, Numbers 31:21-23. What would bear the fire must pass through the fire, and what would not must be washed with water. These things had been use by Midianites, and, having now come into the possession of Israelites, it was fit that they should be sanctified to the service of that holy nation and the honour of their holy God. To us now every thing is sanctified by the word and prayer, if we are sanctified by the Spirit, who is compared both to fire and water. To the pure all things are pure.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 31:13

Without the camp — Partly to put respect upon them, and congratulate with them for their happy success; and partly to prevent the pollution of the camp by the untimely entrance of the warriors into it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
went forth:

Genesis 14:17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that [were] with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which [is] the king's dale.
1 Samuel 15:12 And when Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning, it was told Samuel, saying, Saul came to Carmel, and, behold, he set him up a place, and is gone about, and passed on, and gone down to Gilgal.
1 Samuel 30:21 And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that [were] with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.

without the camp:

Numbers 31:12 And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.
Numbers 31:22-24 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead, ... And ye shall wash your clothes on the seventh day, and ye shall be clean, and afterward ye shall come into the camp.
Numbers 5:2 Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every leper, and every one that hath an issue, and whosoever is defiled by the dead:
Numbers 19:11 He that toucheth the dead body of any man shall be unclean seven days.
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Gn 14:17. Nu 5:2; 19:11; 31:12, 22. 1S 15:12; 30:21.

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