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Numbers 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— when the camp setteth forward, Aaron shall go in, and his sons, and they shall take down the veil of the screen, and cover the ark of the testimony with it,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when the camp setteth forward, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “When the camp sets out, Aaron and his sons shall go in and they shall take down the veil of the screen and cover the ark of the testimony with it;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when the camp moveth forward, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when the camp setteth forward, Aaron and his sons shall go in, and they shall take down the veil of separation and cover the ark of testimony with it;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So then Aaron and his sons shall enter, when the camp is to set forward, and take down the screening veil,—and enwrap therein the ark of the testimony;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— that Aaron and his sons have come in, in the journeying of the camp, and have taken down the vail of the hanging, and have covered with it the ark of the testimony;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When the camp is; to set forward, Aaron and his sons shall go into the tabernacle of the covenant, and the holy of holies, and shall take down the veil that hangeth before the door, and shall wrap up the ark of the testimony in it,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when the Campe setteth forward, Aaron shall come, and his sonnes, and they shall take downe the couering Uaile, and couer the Arke of Testimony with it:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Aaron and his sons shall go in, when the camp is about to move, and shall take down the shadowing veil, and shall cover with it the ark of the testimony.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when the camp setteth forward, Aharon shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when the camp 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
setteth forward, 5265
{5265} Prime
נָסַע
naca`
{naw-sah'}
A primitive root; properly to pull up, especially the tent pins, that is, start on a journey.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
´Ahárön אַהֲרֹן 175
{0175} Prime
אַהֲרֹן
'Aharown
{a-har-one'}
Of uncertain derivation; Aharon, the brother of Moses.
shall come, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and his sons, 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
and they shall take down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the covering 4539
{4539} Prime
מָסָךְ
macak
{maw-sawk'}
From H5526; a cover, that is, veil.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
vail, 6532
{6532} Prime
פָּרֹכֶת
poreketh
{po-reh'-keth}
Feminine active participle of the same as H6531; a separatrix, that is, (the sacred) screen.
and cover 3680
{3680} Prime
כָּסָה
kacah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; properly to plump, that is, fill up hollows; by implication to cover (for clothing or secrecy).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ark 727
{0727} Prime
אֲרוֹן
'arown
{aw-rone'}
From H0717 (in the sense of gathering); a box.
of testimony 5715
{5715} Prime
עֵדוּת
`eduwth
{ay-dooth'}
Feminine of H5707; testimony.
with it:
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 4:4-15.


Numbers 4:5

_ _ covering veil — the inner veil, which separated the holy from the most holy place. (See on Exodus 36:35).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Numbers 4:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Numbers 4:5

They shall take down — For upon this necessary occasion the inferior priests are allowed to come into the holy of holies, which otherwise was peculiar to the high — priest. The covering veil — The second veil, wherewith the ark was covered while the tabernacle stood, Exodus 40:3. Cover the ark — Because the Levites, who were to carry the ark, might neither see, nor immediately touch it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Numbers 4:5

And when the camp setteth forward, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the (b) covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it:

(b) Which divided the sanctuary from the holiest of holies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
And when:

Numbers 2:16-17 All that were numbered in the camp of Reuben [were] an hundred thousand and fifty and one thousand and four hundred and fifty, throughout their armies. And they shall set forth in the second rank. ... Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camp: as they encamp, so shall they set forward, every man in his place by their standards.
Numbers 10:14 In the first [place] went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host [was] Nahshon the son of Amminadab.

Aaron shall come:
The law prohibiting any person, except the high priest on one day in the year, to enter into the most holy place, must have admitted an exception while the Israelites were in the wilderness. That exception, therefore, is here expressly made; and the directions given respecting it must be religiously observed, or the service could not be safely performed. While the cloud rested on the tabernacle, the general rule was in force; but when it was removed, then the priests might enter to prepare the sacred vessels for removal.
Numbers 4:15 And when Aaron and his sons have made an end of covering the sanctuary, and all the vessels of the sanctuary, as the camp is to set forward; after that, the sons of Kohath shall come to bear [it]: but they shall not touch [any] holy thing, lest they die. These [things are] the burden of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 3:27-32 And of Kohath [was] the family of the Amramites, and the family of the Izeharites, and the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites: these [are] the families of the Kohathites. ... And Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest [shall be] chief over the chief of the Levites, [and have] the oversight of them that keep the charge of the sanctuary.

they shall:

Exodus 26:31-33 And thou shalt make a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made: ... And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy [place] and the most holy.
Exodus 36:35 And he made a vail [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: [with] cherubims made he it of cunning work.
Exodus 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.
Isaiah 25:7 And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the vail that is spread over all nations.
Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;
Hebrews 9:3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;
Hebrews 10:20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

and cover:

Exodus 25:10-22 And they shall make an ark [of] shittim wood: two cubits and a half [shall be] the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. ... And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which [are] upon the ark of the testimony, of all [things] which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
Exodus 37:1-9 And Bezaleel made the ark [of] shittim wood: two cubits and a half [was] the length of it, and a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it: ... And the cherubims spread out [their] wings on high, [and] covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; [even] to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
2 Samuel 6:2-9 And David arose, and went with all the people that [were] with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth [between] the cherubims. ... And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?
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Ex 25:10; 26:31; 36:35; 37:1; 40:3. Nu 2:16; 3:27; 4:15; 10:14. 2S 6:2. Is 25:7. Mt 27:51. He 9:3; 10:20.

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