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Proverbs 13:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Walk with wise men, and thou shalt be wise; But the companion of fools shall smart for it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who walks with wise men will be wise, But the companion of fools will suffer harm.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that walketh with wise [men] becometh wise; but a companion of the foolish will be depraved.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that walketh with the wise, becometh wise, but, the friend of dullards, becometh foolish.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is walking with wise men is wise, And a companion of fools suffereth evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that walketh with the wise, shall be wise: a friend of fools shall become like to them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that walketh with wise men, shall be wise: but a companion of fooles shall be destroyed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thou walkest with wise men thou shalt be wise: but he that walks with fools shall be known.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that walketh 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
wise 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
[men] shall be wise: 2449
{2449} Prime
חָכַם
chakam
{khaw-kam'}
A primitive root, to be wise (in mind, word or act).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
but a companion 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of fools 3684
{3684} Prime
כְּסִיל
k@ciyl
{kes-eel'}
From H3688; properly fat, that is, (figuratively) stupid or silly.
shall be destroyed. 7321
{7321} Prime
רוּעַ
ruwa`
{roo-ah'}
A primitive root; to mar (especially by breaking); figuratively to split the ears (with sound), that is, shout (for alarm or joy).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 13:20

_ _ The benefits of good and evil of bad society are contrasted.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 13:20

_ _ Note, 1. Those that would be good must keep good company, which is an evidence for them that they would be good (men's character is known by the company they choose) and will be a means of making them good, of showing them the way and of quickening and encouraging them in it. He that would be himself wise must walk with those that are so, must choose such for his intimate acquaintance, and converse with them accordingly; must ask and receive instruction from them, and keep up pious and profitable talk with them. Miss not the discourse of the elders, for they also learned of their fathers, Ecclesiasticus 8:9. And (Ecclesiasticus 6:35), Be willing to hear every godly discourse, and let not the parables of understanding escape thee. 2. Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company: A companion of fools shall be broken (so some), shall be known (so the Septuagint), known to be a fool; noscitur ex sociohe is known by his company. He will be like them (so some), will be made wicked (so others); it comes all to one, for all those, and those only, that make themselves wicked, will be destroyed, and those that associate with evil-doers are debauched, and so undone, and at last ascribe their death to it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 13:20

He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be (i) destroyed.

(i) As he is partaker of their wickedness, and bears with their vices, so will he be punished alike as they are.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Proverbs 2:20 That thou mayest walk in the way of good [men], and keep the paths of the righteous.
Psalms 119:63 I [am] a companion of all [them] that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.
Song of Songs 1:7-8 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest [thy flock] to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions? ... If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.
Malachi 3:16 Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.
Acts 2:42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:

but:

Proverbs 1:11-19 If they say, Come with us, let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for the innocent without cause: ... So [are] the ways of every one that is greedy of gain; [which] taketh away the life of the owners thereof.
Proverbs 2:12-19 To deliver thee from the way of the evil [man], from the man that speaketh froward things; ... None that go unto her return again, neither take they hold of the paths of life.
Proverbs 7:22-23 He goeth after her straightway, as an ox goeth to the slaughter, or as a fool to the correction of the stocks; ... Till a dart strike through his liver; as a bird hasteth to the snare, and knoweth not that it [is] for his life.
Proverbs 7:27 Her house [is] the way to hell, going down to the chambers of death.
Proverbs 9:6 Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.
Genesis 13:12-13 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched [his] tent toward Sodom. ... But the men of Sodom [were] wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.
Genesis 14:12 And they took Lot, Abram's brother's son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.
1 Kings 12:8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, [and] which stood before him:
1 Kings 12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou [it] lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little [finger] shall be thicker than my father's loins.
1 Kings 22:4 And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go with me to battle to Ramothgilead? And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, I [am] as thou [art], my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.
1 Kings 22:32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it [is] the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out.
2 Chronicles 19:2 And Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him, and said to king Jehoshaphat, Shouldest thou help the ungodly, and love them that hate the LORD? therefore [is] wrath upon thee from before the LORD.
1 Corinthians 15:33-34 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners. ... Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
2 Corinthians 6:14-18 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

destroyed:
Heb. broken
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 13:12; 14:12. 1K 12:8, 10; 22:4, 32. 2Ch 19:2. Ps 119:63. Pv 1:11; 2:12, 20; 7:22, 27; 9:6. So 1:7. Mal 3:16. Ac 2:42. 1Co 15:33. 2Co 6:14. He 10:24. Rv 18:4.

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