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Proverbs 23:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Eat thou not the bread of him that hath an evil eye, Neither desire thou his dainties:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not eat the bread of a selfish man, Or desire his delicacies;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainties:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Eat thou not the food of him that hath an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainties.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not eat the food of him that hath a begrudging eye, neither crave thou his dainties;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Eat not the bread of an evil eye, And have no desire to his dainties,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Eat not with an envious man, and desire not his meats:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Eate thou not the bread of [him that hath] an euill eye, neither desire thou his dainty meates.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Sup not with an envious man, neither desire thou his meats:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Eat 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thou not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
of [him that hath] an evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
eye, 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
neither x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
desire 183
{0183} Prime
אָוַה
'avah
{aw-vaw'}
A primitive root; to wish for.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
thou his dainty meats: 4303
{4303} Prime
מַטְעַם
mat`am
{mat-am'}
From H2938; a delicacy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 23:6-8

_ _ Beware of deceitful men, whose courtesies even you will repent of having accepted.

_ _ evil eye — or purpose (Proverbs 22:9; Deuteronomy 15:9; Matthew 6:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 23:6-8

_ _ Those that are voluptuous and given to appetite (Proverbs 23:2) are glad to be where there is good cheer stirring, and those that are covetous and saving, that they may spare at home, will be glad to get a dinner at another man's table; and therefore both are here advised not to be forward to accept of every man's invitation, but especially not to thrust themselves in uninvited. Observe, 1. There are those that pretend to bid their friends welcome that are not hearty and sincere in it. They have a fair tongue, and know what they should say: Eat and drink, saith he, because it is expected that the master of the feast should so compliment his guests; but they have an evil eye, and grudge their guests every bit they eat, especially if the eat freely. They would seem to be liberal in making the entertainment, and would have the credit of it, but they have so great a love to their money, and so little to their friends, that they cannot have the comfort of it, nor any enjoyment of themselves or their friends. The miser's feast is his penance. If a man be so very selfish, and sordid, and mean that he cannot find in his heart to bid his friends welcome to what he has, he ought not to add to that the guilt of dissimulation by inviting them, but let him own himself to be what he is, that the vile person may not be called liberal nor the churl bountiful, Isaiah 32:5. 2. One can have no comfort in accepting the entertainments that are given grudgingly: “Eat not thou the bread of such a man; let him keep it to himself. Do not sponge upon those that are bountiful, nor make thyself burdensome to any; but especially scorn to be beholden to those that are paltry and not sincere. Better have a dinner of herbs, and true welcome, than dainty meats without it. Therefore,” (1.) “Judge of the man as his mind is. Thou thinkest to pay thy respect to him as a friend, so thou takest him to be, because he compliments thee, but as he thinks in his heart so is he, not as he speaks with his tongue.” We are that really, both to God and man, which we are inwardly; and neither religion nor friendship is worth any thing further than as it is sincere. (2.) “Judge of the meat as the digestion is and as it agrees with thee. He bids thee eat freely, but, first or last, he will discover his sordid covetous humour, and as he thinks in his heart so will he look, and give thee to understand that thou art not welcome, and then the morsel thou hast eaten thou shalt vomit up; the very thought of that will make thee even to vomit the meat thou hast eaten, and eat the words thou has spoken in returning his compliments and giving him thanks for his civilities. Thou shalt lose thy sweet words, which he has given thee and thou has given him.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 23:6

Evil eye — Of the envious or covetous man.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 23:6

Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an (e) evil eye, neither desire thou his delicacies:

(e) That is, covetous, as contrary a good eye is taken for liberal as in (Proverbs 22:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an:

Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.
Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
Deuteronomy 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter,
Matthew 20:15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:

desire:

Proverbs 23:3 Be not desirous of his dainties: for they [are] deceitful meat.
Psalms 141:4 Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.
Daniel 1:8-10 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. ... And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which [are] of your sort? then shall ye make [me] endanger my head to the king.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:9; 28:56. Ps 141:4. Pv 22:9; 23:3. Dn 1:8. Mt 20:15. Mk 7:22.

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