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Proverbs 27:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wrath is cruel, and anger is overwhelming; But who is able to stand before jealousy?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Wrath is fierce and anger is a flood, But who can stand before jealousy?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Fury is cruel, and anger is outrageous; but who is able to stand before jealousy?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The cruelty of rage, and the overflow of anger! But who can stand before, jealousy?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Fury [is] fierce, and anger [is] overflowing, And who standeth before jealousy?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Anger hath no mercy: nor fury, when it breaketh forth: and who can bear the violence of one provoked?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wrath [is] cruell, and anger [is] outragious: but who is able to stand before enuie?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wrath is merciless, and anger sharp: but envy can bear nothing.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wrath 2534
{2534} Prime
חֵמָה
chemah
{khay-maw'}
From H3179; heat; figuratively anger, poison (from its fever).
[is] cruel, 395
{0395} Prime
אַכְזְרִיּוּת
'akz@riyuwth
{ak-ze-ree-ooth'}
From H0394; fierceness.
and anger 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
[is] outrageous; 7858
{7858} Prime
שֶׁטֶף
sheteph
{sheh'-tef}
From H7857; a deluge (literally or figuratively).
but who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
[is] able to stand 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
envy? 7068
{7068} Prime
קִנְאָה
qin'ah
{kin-aw'}
From H7065; jealousy or envy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 27:4

_ _ envy — or, “jealousy” (compare Margin; Proverbs 6:34), is more unappeasable than the simpler bad passions.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 27:3-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 27:4

Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before (b) envy?

(b) For the envious are obstinate, and cannot be reconciled.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cruel, and anger is outrageous:
Heb. cruelty, and anger an overflowing,
James 1:19-21 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: ... Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.

but:

Proverbs 14:30 A sound heart [is] the life of the flesh: but envy the rottenness of the bones.
Genesis 26:14 For he had possession of flocks, and possession of herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistines envied him.
Genesis 37:11 And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.
Job 5:2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
Matthew 27:18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
Acts 5:17 Then the high priest rose up, and all they that were with him, (which is the sect of the Sadducees,) and were filled with indignation,
*marg.
Acts 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,
Acts 17:5 But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.
Romans 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
James 3:14-16 But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. ... For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
James 4:5-6 Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? ... But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
1 John 3:12 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

envy:
or, jealousy,
Proverbs 6:34 For jealousy [is] the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.
Song of Songs 8:6 Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 26:14; 37:11. Jb 5:2. Pv 6:34; 14:30. So 8:6. Mt 27:18. Ac 5:17; 7:9; 17:5. Ro 1:29. Jm 1:19; 3:14; 4:5. 1Jn 3:12.

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