Psalms 130:1 [study!]
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) 
[[A Song of Ascents.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
[[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
[[A Song of Ascents.]] Out of the depths I have cried to You, O LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
[[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried to thee, O LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
[[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths do I call upon thee, Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
[[A Song of Ascents.]] Out of the depths, have I cried unto thee, O Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
A Song of the Ascents. From depths I have called Thee, Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
A gradual canticle. Out of the depths I have cried to thee, O Lord:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) 
[[A song of degrees.]] Out of the depths haue I cryed vnto thee, O LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
[[A Song of Degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried to thee, O Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008)  
[[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O Yahweh.
The second form being feminine; from H7891
; a song
; abstractly singing
Feminine of H4608
, that is, the act (literally a journey
to a higher place, figuratively a thought
arising), or (concretely) the condition (literally a step
mark, figuratively a superiority
of station); specifically a climactic progression
(in certain Psalms).
Out of the depths
; properly a part
of; hence (prepositionally), from
or out of
in many senses.
have I cried
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122
through the idea of accosting
a person met); to call
out to (that is, properly address
by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
Stem - Qal (See H8851
Mood - Perfect (See H8816
Count - 12562
unto thee, O
; (the) self Existent
or eternal; Jehovah
, Jewish national name of God.
_ _ In these verses we are taught,
_ _ I. Whatever condition we are in, though ever so deplorable, to continue calling upon God, Psalms 130:1. The best men may sometimes be in the depths, in great trouble and affliction, and utterly at a loss what to do, in the depths of distress and almost in the depths of despair, the spirit low and dark, sinking and drooping, cast down and disquieted. But, in the greatest depths, it is our privilege that we may cry unto God and be heard. A prayer may reach the heights of heaven, though not out of the depths of hell, yet out of the depths of the greatest trouble we can be in in this world, Jeremiah's out of the dungeon, Daniel's out of the den, and Jonah's out of the fish's belly. It is our duty and interest to cry unto God, for that is the likeliest way both to prevent our sinking lower and to recover us out of the horrible pit and miry clay, Psalms 40:1, Psalms 40:2.
_ _ II. While we continue calling upon God to assure ourselves of an answer of peace from him; for this is that which David in faith prays for (Psalms 130:2): Lord, hear my voice, my complaint and prayer, and let thy ears be attentive to the voice both of my afflictions and of my supplications.
_ _ III. We are taught to humble ourselves before the justice of God as guilty in his sight, and unable to answer him for one of a thousand of our offences (Psalms 130:3): If thou, Lord, shouldst mark iniquities, O Lord! who shall stand? His calling God Lord twice, in so few words, Jah and Adonai, is very emphatic, and intimates a very awful sense of God's glorious majesty and a dread of his wrath. Let us learn here, 1. To acknowledge our iniquities, that we cannot justify ourselves before God, or plead Not guilty. There is that which is remarkable in our iniquities and is liable to be animadverted upon. 2. To own the power and justice of God, which are such that, if he were extreme to mark what we do amiss, there would be no hopes of coming off. His eye can discover enough in the best man to ground a condemnation upon; and, if he proceed against us, we have no way to help ourselves, we cannot stand, but shall certainly be cast. If God deal with us in strict justice, we are undone; if he make remarks upon our iniquities, he will find them to be many and great, greatly aggravated and very provoking; and then, if he should proceed accordingly, he would shut us out from all hope of his favour and shut us up under his wrath; and what could we do to help ourselves? We could not make our escape, nor resist not bear up under his avenging hand. 3. Let us admire God's patience and forbearance; we should be undone if he were to mark iniquities, and he knows it, and therefore bears with us. It is of his mercy that we are not consumed by his wrath.
_ _ IV. We are taught to cast ourselves upon the pardoning mercy of God, and to comfort ourselves with that when we see ourselves obnoxious to his justice, Psalms 130:4. Here is, 1. God's grace discovered, and pleaded with him, by a penitent sinner: But there is forgiveness with thee. It is our unspeakable comfort, in all our approaches to God, that there is forgiveness with him, for that is what we need. He has put himself into a capacity to pardon sin; he has declared himself gracious and merciful, and ready to forgive, Exodus 34:6, Exodus 34:7. He has promised to forgive the sins of those that do repent. Never any that dealt with him found him implacable, but easy to be entreated, and swift to show mercy. With us there is iniquity, and therefore it is well for us that with him there is forgiveness. There is a propitiation with thee, so some read it. Jesus Christ is the great propitiation, the ransom which God has found; he is ever with him, as advocate for us, and through him we hope to obtain forgiveness. 2. Our duty designed in that discovery, and inferred from it: “There is forgiveness with thee, not that thou mayest be made bold with and presumed upon, but that thou mayest be feared in general, that thou mayest be worshipped and served by the children of men, who, being sinners, could have no dealings with God, if he were not a Master that could pass by a great many faults.” But this encourages us to come into his service that we shall not be turned off for every misdemeanour; no, nor for any, if we truly repent. This does in a special manner invite those who have sinned to repent, and return to the fear of God, that he is gracious and merciful, and will receive them upon their repentance, Joel 2:13; Matthew 3:2. And, particularly, we are to have a holy awe and reverence of God's pardoning mercy (Hosea 3:5, They shall fear the Lord, and his goodness); and then we may expect the benefit of the forgiveness that is with God when we make it the object of our holy fear.
"A Song of degrees." Out of the (a) depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD.
(a) Being in great distress and sorrow.
- Out of:
Psalms 18:4-6 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. ... In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, [even] into his ears.
Psalms 18:16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.
Psalms 25:16-18 Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I [am] desolate and afflicted. ... Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins.
Psalms 40:2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, [and] established my goings.
Psalms 42:7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Psalms 69:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, [A Psalm] of David.]] Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto [my] soul. ... I sink in deep mire, where [there is] no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.
Psalms 69:14-15 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. ... Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
Psalms 71:20 [Thou], which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.
Psalms 88:6-7 Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps. ... Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted [me] with all thy waves. Selah.
Psalms 116:3-4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow. ... Then called I upon the name of the LORD; O LORD, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.
Lamentations 3:53-55 They have cut off my life in the dungeon, and cast a stone upon me. ... I called upon thy name, O LORD, out of the low dungeon.
Jonah 2:2-4 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. ... Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
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