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Psalms 37:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The wicked plotteth against the just, And gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The wicked plots against the righteous And gnashes at him with his teeth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The wicked plotteth against the righteous, and gnasheth his teeth against him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Plotting is the lawless one, against the just, and gnashing upon him with his teeth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The wicked is devising against the righteous, And gnashing against him his teeth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sinner shall watch the just man: and shall gnash upon him with his teeth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The wicked plotteth against the iust, and gnasheth vpon him with his teeth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sinner will watch for the righteous, and gnash his teeth upon him.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
plotteth 2161
{2161} Prime
A primitive root; to plan, usually in a bad sense.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
against the just, 6662
{6662} Prime
From H6663; just.
and gnasheth 2786
{2786} Prime
A primitive root; to grate the teeth.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
him with his teeth. 8127
{8127} Prime
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 37:12

_ _ gnasheth ... teeth — in beastly rage.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 37:7-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 37:12

(i) The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth.

(i) The godly are assured that the power and craft of the wicked will not prevail against them, but fall on their own necks and therefore should patiently abide God's time, and in the meanwhile bewail their sins, and offer up their tears as a sacrifice of their obedience.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 37:32 The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him.
1 Samuel 18:21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the twain.
1 Samuel 23:7-9 And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars. ... And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
2 Samuel 15:10-12 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. ... And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
Esther 3:6 And he thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that [were] throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, [even] the people of Mordecai.
Matthew 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him].
Matthew 26:16 And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

or, practiseth,
Daniel 8:12 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
Daniel 8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand.


Psalms 35:16 With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
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1S 18:21; 23:7. 2S 15:10. Es 3:6. Ps 35:16; 37:32. Dn 8:12, 24. Mi 2:1. Mt 26:4, 16.

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