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Psalms 46:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. [A Psalm] of the sons of Korah; set to Alamoth. A Song.]] God is our refuge and strength, A very present help in trouble.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. [A Psalm] of the sons of Korah, set to Alamoth. A Song.]] God is our refuge and strength, A very present help in trouble.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Of the sons of Korah. On Alamoth. A song.]] God is our refuge and strength, a help in distresses, very readily found.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. For the Sons of Korah, on Alamoth. A Song.]] God—for us, is a refuge and strength, A help in distresses, soon found.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—By sons of Korah. 'For the Virgins.'—A song. God [is] to us a refuge and strength, A help in adversities found most surely.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, for the sons of Core, for the hidden. Our God is our refuge and strength: a helper in troubles, which have found us exceedingly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician for the sonnes of Korah, a song vpon Alamoth.]] God [is] our refuge and strength: a very present helpe in trouble.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, for the sons of Korah{gr.Core}; a Psalm concerning secret things.]] God is our refuge and strength, a help in the afflictions that have come heavily upon us.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician for the sons of Qorach, A Song upon Alamoth.]] Elohim [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
for the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Kra קֹרַח, 7141
{7141} Prime
קֹרַח
Qorach
{ko'-rakh}
From H7139; ice; Korach, the name of two Edomites and three Israelites.
A Song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
`lm עֲלָמוֹת.]] 5961
{5961} Prime
עֲלָמוֹת
`Alamowth
{al-aw-moth'}
Plural of H5959; properly girls, that is, the soprano or female voice, perhaps falsetto.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
[is] our refuge 4268
{4268} Prime
מַחַסֶה
machaceh
{makh-as-eh'}
From H2620; a shelter (literally or figuratively).
and strength, 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
a very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
present 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
help 5833
{5833} Prime
עֶזְרָה
`ezrah
{ez-raw'}
Feminine of H5828; aid.
in trouble. 6869
{6869} Prime
צָרָה
tsarah
{tsaw-raw'}
Feminine of H6862; tightness (that is, figuratively trouble); transitively a female rival.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 46:1

_ _ Psalms 46:1-11. Upon Alamoth — most probably denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word meaning “virgins”; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed instrument (compare 1 Chronicles 15:19-21; see on Psalms 6:1, title). The theme may be stated in Luther’s well-known words, “A mighty fortress is our God.” The great deliverance (2 Kings 19:35; Isaiah 37:36) may have occasioned its composition.

_ _ refuge — literally, “a place of trust” (Psalms 2:12).

_ _ strength — (Psalms 18:2).

_ _ present help — literally, “a help He has been found exceedingly.”

_ _ trouble — as in Psalms 18:7.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 46:1-5

_ _ The psalmist here teaches us by his own example.

_ _ I. To triumph in God, and his relation to us and presence with us, especially when we have had some fresh experiences of his appearing in our behalf (Psalms 46:1): God is our refuge and strength; we have found him so, he has engaged to be so, and he ever will be so. Are we pursued? God is our refuge to whom we may flee, and in whom we may be safe and think ourselves so; secure upon good grounds, Proverbs 18:10. Are we oppressed by troubles? Have we work to do and enemies to grapple with? God is our strength, to bear us up under our burdens, to fit us for all our services and sufferings; he will by his grace put strength into us, and on him we may stay ourselves. Are we in distress? He is a help, to do all that for us which we need, a present help, a help found (so the word is), one whom we have found to be so, a help on which we may write Probatum estIt is tried, as Christ is called a tried stone, Isaiah 28:16. Or, a help at hand, one that never is to seek for, but that is always near. Or, a help sufficient, a help accommodated to every case and exigence; whatever it is, he is a very present help; we cannot desire a better help, nor shall ever find the like in any creature.

_ _ II. To triumph over the greatest dangers: God is our strength and our help, a God all-sufficient to us; therefore will not we fear. Those that with a holy reverence fear God need not with any amazement to be afraid of the power of hell or earth. If God be for us, who can be against us; to do us any harm? It is our duty, it is our privilege, to be thus fearless; it is an evidence of a clear conscience, of an honest heart, and of a lively faith in God and his providence and promise: “We will not fear, though the earth be removed, though all our creature-confidences fail us and sink us; nay, though that which should support us threaten to swallow us up, as the earth did Korah,” for whose sons this psalm was penned, and, some think, by them; yet while we keep close to God, and have him for us, we will not fear, for we have no cause to fear;

Si fractus illabatur orbis,
Impavidum ferient ruinae
— Hor.
— Let Jove's dread arm
With thunder rend the spheres,
Beneath the crush of worlds undaunted he appears.

_ _ Observe here, 1. How threatening the danger is. We will suppose the earth to be removed, and thrown into the sea, even the mountains, the strongest and firmest parts of the earth, to lie buried in the unfathomed ocean; we will suppose the sea to roar and rage, and make a dreadful noise, and its foaming billows to insult the shore with so much violence as even to shake the mountains, Psalms 46:3. Though kingdoms and states be in confusion, embroiled in wars, tossed with tumults, and their governments in continual revolution — though their powers combine against the church and people of God, aim at no less than their ruin, and go very near to gain their point — yet will not we fear, knowing that all these troubles will end well for the church. See Psalms 93:4. If the earth be removed, those have reason to fear who have laid up their treasures on earth, and set their hearts upon it; but not those who have laid up for themselves treasures in heaven, and who expect to be most happy when the earth and all the works that are therein shall be burnt up. Let those be troubled at the troubling of the waters who build their confidence on such a floating foundation, but not those who are led to the rock that is higher than they, and find firm footing upon that rock. 2. How well-grounded the defiance of this danger is, considering how well guarded the church is, and that interest which we are concerned for. It is not any private particular concern of our own that we are in pain about; no, it is the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the Most High; it is the ark of God for which our hearts tremble. But, when we consider what God has provided for the comfort and safety of his church, we shall see reason to have our hearts fixed, and set above the fear of evil tidings. Here is, (1.) Joy to the church, even in the most melancholy and sorrowful times (Psalms 46:4): There is a river the streams whereof shall make it glad, even then when the waters of the sea roar and threaten it. It alludes to the waters of Siloam, which went softly by Jerusalem (Isaiah 8:6, Isaiah 8:7): though of no great depth or breadth, yet the waters of it were made serviceable to the defence of Jerusalem in Hezekiah's time, Isaiah 22:10, Isaiah 22:11. But this must be understood spiritually; the covenant of grace is the river, the promises of which are the streams; or the Spirit of grace is the river (John 7:38, John 7:39), the comforts of which are the streams, that make glad the city of our God. God's word and ordinances are rivers and streams with which God makes his saints glad in cloudy and dark days. God himself is to his church a place of broad rivers and streams, Isaiah 33:21. The streams that make glad the city of God are not rapid, but gentle, like those of Siloam. Note, The spiritual comforts which are conveyed to the saints by soft and silent whispers, and which come not with observation, are sufficient to counterbalance the most loud and noisy threatenings of an angry and malicious world. (2.) Establishment to the church. Though heaven and earth are shaken, yet God is in the midst of her, she shall not be moved, Psalms 46:5. God has assured his church of his special presence with her and concern for her; his honour is embarked in her, he has set up his tabernacle in her and has undertaken the protection of it, and therefore she shall not be moved, that is, [1.] Not destroyed, not removed, as the earth may be Psalms 46:2. The church shall survive the world, and be in bliss when that is in ruins. It is built upon a rock, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. [2.] Not disturbed, not much moved, with fears of the issue. If God be for us, if God be with us, we need not be moved at the most violent attempts made against us. (3.) Deliverance to the church, though her dangers be very great: God shall help her; and who then can hurt her? He shall help her under her troubles, that she shall not sink; nay, that the more she is afflicted the more she shall multiply. God shall help her out of her troubles, and that right early — when the morning appears; that is, very speedily, for he is a present help (Psalms 46:1), and very seasonably, when things are brought to the last extremity and when the relief will be most welcome. This may be applied by particular believers to themselves; if God be in our hearts, in the midst of us, by his word dwelling richly in us, we shall be established, we shall be helped; let us therefore trust and not be afraid; all is well, and will end well.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 46:1

"To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon (a) Alamoth." God [is] our refuge and strength, a very present help in (b) trouble.

(a) Which was either a musical instrument or a solemn tune, to which this psalm was sung.

(b) In all manner of troubles God shows his speedy mercy and power in defending his.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A song:

Psalms 48:1 [[A Song [and] Psalm for the sons of Korah.]] Great [is] the LORD, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, [in] the mountain of his holiness.
Psalms 66:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Song [or] Psalm.]] Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands:
*titles

Alamoth:

1 Chronicles 15:20 And Zechariah, and Aziel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Unni, and Eliab, and Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with psalteries on Alamoth;

refuge:

Psalms 46:7 The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.
Psalms 46:11 The LORD of hosts [is] with us; the God of Jacob [is] our refuge. Selah.
Psalms 62:7-8 In God [is] my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, [and] my refuge, [is] in God. ... Trust in him at all times; [ye] people, pour out your heart before him: God [is] a refuge for us. Selah.
Psalms 91:1-9 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. ... Because thou hast made the LORD, [which is] my refuge, [even] the most High, thy habitation;
Psalms 142:5 I cried unto thee, O LORD: I said, Thou [art] my refuge [and] my portion in the land of the living.
Proverbs 14:26 In the fear of the LORD [is] strong confidence: and his children shall have a place of refuge.
Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
Luke 13:34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, which killest the prophets, and stonest them that are sent unto thee; how often would I have gathered thy children together, as a hen [doth gather] her brood under [her] wings, and ye would not!
Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:

a very:

Psalms 145:18 The LORD [is] nigh unto all them that call upon him, to all that call upon him in truth.
Genesis 22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said [to] this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
Deuteronomy 4:7 For what nation [is there so] great, who [hath] God [so] nigh unto them, as the LORD our God [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]?
2 Samuel 22:17-20 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters; ... He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 22:14. Dt 4:7. 2S 22:17. 1Ch 15:20. Ps 46:7, 11; 48:1; 62:7; 66:1; 91:1; 142:5; 145:18. Pv 14:26; 18:10. Lk 13:34. He 6:18.

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