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Psalms 54:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For strangers are risen up against me, And violent men have sought after my soul: They have not set God before them. Selah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For strangers have risen against me And violent men have sought my life; They have not set God before them. Selah.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For strangers have risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For strangers are risen up against me, and the violent seek after my life: they have not set God before them. Selah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, aliens, have risen up against me, And, men of violence, have sought my life, They have not set God before them. [Selah.]
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For strangers have risen up against me And terrible ones have sought my soul, They have not set God before them. Selah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For strangers have risen up against me; and the mighty have sought after my soul: and they have not set God before their eyes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For strangers are risen vp against me, and oppressors seeke after my soule; they haue not set God before them. Selah.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For strangers have risen up against me, and mighty men have sought my life: they have not set God before them. Pause.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set Elohim before them. Selah.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
strangers 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
are risen up 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me, and oppressors 6184
{6184} Prime
עָרִיץ
`ariyts
{aw-reets'}
From H6206; fearful, that is, powerful or tyrannical.
seek y1245
[1245] Standard
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
after x1245
(1245) Complement
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
my soul: 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
they have not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
before x5048
(5048) Complement
נֶגֶד
neged
{neh'-ghed}
From H5046; a front, that is, part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbially, especially with preposition) over against or before.
them. Sel סֶלָה. 5542
{5542} Prime
סֶלָה
celah
{seh'-law}
From H5541; suspension (of music), that is, pause.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 54:3

_ _ strangers — perhaps Ziphites.

_ _ oppressors — literally, “terrible ones” (Isaiah 13:11; Isaiah 25:3). Such were Saul and his army.

_ _ not set ... them — acted as atheists, without God’s fear (compare Psalms 16:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 54:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 54:3

Strangers — The Zephites, whom, though Israelites, he calls strangers in regard of their barbarous and perfidious carriage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 54:3

For (b) strangers are risen up against me, and (c) oppressors seek after my soul: they have not set God before them. Selah.

(b) That is, the Ziphims.

(c) Saul and his army who were like cruel beasts, could not be satisfied except by his death.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
strangers:

Psalms 69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.
Psalms 86:14 O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent [men] have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.
Job 19:13-15 He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. ... They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight.

oppressors:

Psalms 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
Psalms 59:3-5 For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not [for] my transgression, nor [for] my sin, O LORD. ... Thou therefore, O LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.
Matthew 27:20-23 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. ... And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.

they have:

Psalms 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Psalms 36:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David the servant of the LORD.]] The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, [that there is] no fear of God before his eyes.
Psalms 53:4 Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people [as] they eat bread: they have not called upon God.
John 16:3 And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 19:13. Ps 16:8; 22:16; 36:1; 53:4; 59:3; 69:8; 86:14. Mt 27:20. Jn 16:3.

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