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Romans 13:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled the law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Owe nothing to anyone except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled [the] law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Owe no one anything, unless to love one another: for he that loves another has fulfilled the law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nothing to any, be owing—save to be loving one another; for, he that loveth his neighbour, hath given to, law, its fulfillment.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To no one owe anything, except to love one another; for he who is loving the other—law he hath fulfilled,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Owe no man any thing, but to love one another. For he that loveth his neighbour hath fulfilled the law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Owe no man any thing, but to loue one another: for hee that loueth another hath fulfilled the Law.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And to no man owe any thing, but one another to love. For whoever loveth his neighbour fulfilleth the law:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And owe nothing to any one; but to love one another. For he that loveth his neighbor, hath fulfilled the law.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Owe 3784
{3784} Prime
ὀφείλω
opheilo
{of-i'-lo}
Including its prolonged form (second form) used in certain tenses. Probably from the base of G3786 (through the idea of accruing); to owe (pecuniarily); figuratively to be under obligation (ought, must, should); morally to fail in duty.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
no man 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
any thing, 3367
{3367} Prime
μηδείς
medeis
{may-dice'}
The masculine, feminine irregular (second form) and neuter (third form) from G3361 and G1520; not even one (man, woman, thing).
but 1508
{1508} Prime
εἴ μή
ei me
{i may}
From G1487 and G3361; if not.
to love 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
one another: 240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
for 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
he that loveth 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
another 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
hath fulfilled 4137
{4137} Prime
πληρόω
pleroo
{play-ro'-o}
From G4134; to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
the law. 3551
{3551} Prime
νόμος
nomos
{nom'-os}
From a primary word νέμω [[nemo]] (to parcel out, especially food or grazing to animals); law (through the idea of prescriptive usage), generally (regulation), specifically (of Moses [including the volume]; also of the Gospel), or figuratively (a principle).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Romans 13:8

_ _ Owe no man anything, but to love one another — “Acquit yourselves of all obligations except love, which is a debt that must remain ever due” [Hodge].

_ _ for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law — for the law itself is but love in manifold action, regarded as matter of duty.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Romans 13:7-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Romans 13:8

From our duty to magistrates he passes on to general duties. To love one another — An eternal debt, which can never be sufficiently discharged; but yet if this be rightly performed, it discharges all the rest. For he that loveth another — As he ought. Hath fulfilled the whole law — Toward his neighbour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Romans 13:8

(9) Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: (10) for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the (g) law.

(9) He shows how very few judgments need to be executed, that is, if we so order our life as no man may justly require anything from us, besides only that which we owe one to another, by the perpetual law of charity.

(10) He commends charity as a concise statement of the whole law.

(g) Has not only done one commandment, but performed generally that which the law commands.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Owe:

Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
Deuteronomy 24:14-15 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant [that is] poor and needy, [whether he be] of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that [are] in thy land within thy gates: ... At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
Proverbs 3:27-28 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do [it]. ... Say not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come again, and to morrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee.
Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.
Matthew 22:39-40 And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. ... On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

for:

Romans 13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love [is] the fulfilling of the law.
Galatians 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Colossians 3:14 And above all these things [put on] charity, which is the bond of perfectness.
1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
James 2:8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 24:14. Pv 3:27. Mt 7:12; 22:39. Ro 13:7, 10. Ga 5:14. Col 3:14. 1Ti 1:5. Jm 2:8.

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