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Song of Songs 4:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] bride; Thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, With one chain of thy neck.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You have made my heart beat faster, my sister, [my] bride; You have made my heart beat faster with a single [glance] of your eyes, With a single strand of your necklace.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thy eyes, with one chain of thy neck.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; Thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, With one chain of thy neck.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast encouraged me, my sister, bride,—thou hast encouraged me, with one [glance] of thine eyes, with one ornament of thy neck.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou hast emboldened me, my sister-spouse, Emboldened me with one of thine eyes, With one chain of thy neck.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast wounded my heart, my sister, my spouse, thou hast wounded my heart with one of thy eyes, and with one hair of thy neck.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast rauished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast rauished my heart, with one of thine eyes, with one chaine of thy necke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My sister, [my] spouse, thou hast ravished my heart; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast ravished my heart, 3823
{3823} Prime
לָבַב
labab
{law-bab'}
A primitive root; properly to be enclosed (as if with fat); by implication (as denominative from H3824) to unheart, that is, (in a good sense) transport (with love), or (in a bad sense) stultify; also (as denominative from H3834) to make cakes.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
my sister, 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
[my] spouse; 3618
{3618} Prime
כַּלָּה
kallah
{kal-law'}
From H3634; a bride (as if perfect); hence a son's wife.
thou hast ravished my heart 3823
{3823} Prime
לָבַב
labab
{law-bab'}
A primitive root; properly to be enclosed (as if with fat); by implication (as denominative from H3824) to unheart, that is, (in a good sense) transport (with love), or (in a bad sense) stultify; also (as denominative from H3834) to make cakes.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
with one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
of thine eyes, 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
with one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
chain 6060
{6060} Prime
עֲנָק
`anaq
{aw-nawk'}
From H6059; a necklace (as if strangling).
of thy neck. 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:9

_ _ sister ... spouse — This title is here first used, as He is soon about to institute the Supper, the pledge of the nuptial union. By the term “sister,” carnal ideas are excluded; the ardor of a spouse’s love is combined with the purity of a sister’s (Isaiah 54:5; compare Mark 3:35).

_ _ one — Even one look is enough to secure His love (Zechariah 12:10; Luke 23:40-43). Not merely the Church collectively, but each one member of it (Matthew 18:10, Matthew 18:14; Luke 15:7, Luke 15:24, Luke 15:32).

_ _ chain — necklace (Isaiah 62:3; Malachi 3:17), answering to the “shields” hanging in the tower of David (Song of Songs 4:4). Compare the “ornament” (1 Peter 3:4); “chains” (Proverbs 1:9; Proverbs 3:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:9

My sister — So he calls her to shew the greatness of his love, which cannot sufficiently be expressed by any one relation. With one — With one glance. One chain — With one of those other graces and perfections wherewith thou art adorned.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 4:9

Thou hast ravished my heart, my (e) sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thy (f) eyes, with one chain of thy neck.

(e) Christ calls his Church sister in respect that he had taken the flesh of man.

(f) In that he made his Church beautiful and rich, he loved his gifts in her.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ravished:
or, taken away, etc

my sister:

Song of Songs 4:10 How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!
Song of Songs 4:12 A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
Song of Songs 5:1-2 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved. ... I sleep, but my heart waketh: [it is] the voice of my beloved that knocketh, [saying], Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled: for my head is filled with dew, [and] my locks with the drops of the night.
Genesis 20:12 And yet indeed [she is] my sister; she [is] the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.
Matthew 12:50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.
1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and [as] the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
Hebrews 2:11-14 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [are] all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren, ... Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

my spouse:

Song of Songs 3:11 Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Psalms 45:9 Kings' daughters [were] among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.
Isaiah 62:5 For [as] a young man marrieth a virgin, [so] shall thy sons marry thee: and [as] the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, [so] shall thy God rejoice over thee.
Ezekiel 16:8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
Hosea 2:19-20 And I will betroth thee unto me for ever; yea, I will betroth thee unto me in righteousness, and in judgment, and in lovingkindness, and in mercies. ... I will even betroth thee unto me in faithfulness: and thou shalt know the LORD.
John 3:29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.
Revelation 19:7-8 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. ... And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:9-10 And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. ... And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,

thou hast:

Song of Songs 6:12 Or ever I was aware, my soul made me [like] the chariots of Amminadib.
Song of Songs 7:5-6 Thine head upon thee [is] like Carmel, and the hair of thine head like purple; the king [is] held in the galleries. ... How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights!
Song of Songs 7:10 I [am] my beloved's, and his desire [is] toward me.
Proverbs 5:19-20 [Let her be as] the loving hind and pleasant roe; let her breasts satisfy thee at all times; and be thou ravished always with her love. ... And why wilt thou, my son, be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bosom of a stranger?
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.

with one of:

Song of Songs 1:15 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves' eyes.
Song of Songs 6:5 Turn away thine eyes from me, for they have overcome me: thy hair [is] as a flock of goats that appear from Gilead.

one chain:

Song of Songs 1:10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows [of jewels], thy neck with chains [of gold].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 20:12. Ps 45:9. Pv 5:19. So 1:10, 15; 3:11; 4:10, 12; 5:1; 6:5, 12; 7:5, 10. Is 54:5; 62:5. Ezk 16:8. Ho 2:19. Zp 3:17. Mt 12:50. Jn 3:29. 1Co 9:5. 2Co 11:2. He 2:11. Rv 19:7; 21:2, 9.

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In the Word of God the phrase the “heart of Christ” is hard to locate, although we can find many indications or implications that reveal his lofty thoughts, innermost feelings and spiritual aspirations. The Song of Songs is unique in that four times it refers to the heart of the Beloved Christ directly in his union and fellowship with his bride lover for his pleasure (3:11; 4:9; 8:6).
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/17/2017 4:46:28 AM)
In Song of Songs 4:9, the Beloved Christ calls his bride his “sister”. Being brothers and sisters of Christ emphasizes our life union with him. As believers and lovers of Christ we have a life union with him because we have the same Father. Jesus told his disciples that on the day of his resurrection they “will know that I am in My Father, and you in me, and I in you” (John 14:20). The resurrection of our Beloved Christ was the factor of our divine birth and initiated his believers into an organic union of life with God as their Father. In resurrection, Jesus declares his life union with the disciples when he calls them his “brothers”. The resurrected Beloved Jesus can now tell them that he ascends to “My Father and your Father” (20:17). “Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead” (1 Pet. 1:3).

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (9/28/2017 6:08:13 AM)
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