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Song of Songs 7:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How beautiful are thy feet in sandals, O prince's daughter! Thy rounded thighs are like jewels, The work of the hands of a skilful workman.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter! The curves of your hips are like jewels, The work of the hands of an artist.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the hands of a skillful workman.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— How beautiful are thy footsteps in sandals, O prince's daughter! The roundings of thy thighs are like jewels, The work of the hands of an artist.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How beautiful, are thy feet in sandals, O daughter of a noble,—The curvings of thy hips, are like ornaments wrought by the hands of a skilled workman:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As the chorus of 'Mahanaim.' How beautiful were thy feet with sandals, O daughter of Nadib. The turnings of thy sides [are] as ornaments, Work of the hands of an artificer.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— What shalt thou see in the Sulamitess but the companies of camps? How beautiful are thy steps in shoes, O prince's daughter! The joints of thy thighs are like jewels, that are made by the hand of a skilful workman.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Howe beautifull are thy feete with shooes, O princes daughter! the ioynts of thy thighs are like iewels, the worke of the hands of a cunning workman.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy steps are beautiful in shoes, O daughter of the prince: the joints of [thy] thighs are like chains, the work of the craftsman.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
beautiful 3302
{3302} Prime
יָפָה
yaphah
{yaw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to be bright, that is, (by implication) beautiful.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
are thy feet 6471
{6471} Prime
פַּעַם
pa`am
{pah'-am}
From H6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications).
with shoes, 5275
{5275} Prime
נַעַל
na`al
{nah'-al}
From H5274; properly a sandal tongue; by extension a sandal or slipper (sometimes as a symbol of occupancy, a refusal to marry, or of something valueless).
O prince's 5081
{5081} Prime
נָדִיב
nadiyb
{naw-deeb'}
From H5068; properly voluntary, that is, generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant).
daughter! 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
the joints 2542
{2542} Prime
חַמּוּק
chammuwq
{kham-mook'}
From H2559; a wrapping, that is, drawers.
of thy thighs 3409
{3409} Prime
יָרֵךְ
yarek
{yaw-rake'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
[are] like x3644
(3644) Complement
כְמוֹ
k@mow
{kem-o'}
A form of the prefix K, but used separately (compare H3651); as, thus, so.
jewels, 2481
{2481} Prime
חֲלִי
chaliy
{khal-ee'}
From H2470; a trinket (as polished).
the work 4639
{4639} Prime
מַעֲשֶׂה
ma`aseh
{mah-as-eh'}
From H6213; an action (good or bad); generally a transaction; abstractly activity; by implication a product (specifically a poem) or (generally) property.
of the hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
of a cunning workman. 542
{0542} Prime
אָמָּן
'aman
{aw-mawn'}
From H0539 (in the sense of training); an expert.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 7:1

_ _ thy feet — rather, “thy goings” (Psalms 17:5). Evident allusion to Isaiah 52:7 : “How beautiful ... are the feet of him ... that publisheth peace” (Shulamite, Song of Songs 6:13).

_ _ shoes — Sandals are richly jeweled in the East (Luke 15:22; Ephesians 6:15). She is evidently “on the mountains,” whither she was wafted (Song of Songs 6:12), above the daughters of Jerusalem, who therefore portray her feet first.

_ _ daughter — of God the Father, with whom Jesus Christ is one (Matthew 5:9), “children of (the) God” (of peace), equivalent to Shulamite (Psalms 45:10-15; 2 Corinthians 6:18), as well as bride of Jesus Christ.

_ _ prince’s — therefore princely herself, freely giving the word of life to others, not sparing her “feet,” as in Song of Songs 5:3; Exodus 12:11. To act on the offensive is defensive to ourselves.

_ _ joints — rather, “the rounding”; the full graceful curve of the hips in the female figure; like the rounding of a necklace (as the Hebrew for “jewels” means). Compare with the English Version, Ephesians 4:13-16; Colossians 2:19. Or, applying it to the girdle binding together the robes round the hips (Ephesians 6:14).

_ _ cunning workman — (Psalms 139:14-16; Ephesians 2:10, Ephesians 2:22; Ephesians 5:29, Ephesians 5:30, Ephesians 5:32).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Song of Songs 7:1-9

_ _ The title which Jesus Christ here gives to the church is new: O prince's daughter! agreeing with Psalms 45:13, where she is called the king's daughter. She is so in respect of her new birth, born from above, begotten of God, and his workmanship, bearing the image of the King of kings, and guided by his Spirit. She is so by marriage; Christ, by betrothing her to himself, though he found her mean and despicable, has made her a prince's daughter. She has a princely disposition, something in her truly noble and generous; she is daughter and heir to the prince of the kings of the earth. If children, then heirs. Now here we have,

_ _ I. A copious description of the beauty of the spouse, which, some think, is given by the virgins her companions, and that those were they who called upon her to return; it seems rather to be given by Christ himself, and to be designed to express his love to her and delight in her, as before, Song of Songs 4:1, etc., and Song of Songs 6:5, Song of Songs 6:6. The similitudes are here different from what they were before, to show that the beauty of holiness is such as nothing in nature can reach; you may still say more of it, and yet still come short of it. That commendation of the spouse, ch. 4, was immediately upon the espousals (Song of Songs 3:11), this upon her return from a by-path (Song of Songs 6:13); yet this exceeds that, to show the constancy of Christ's love to his people; he loves them to the end, since he made them precious in his sight and honourable. The spouse had described the beauty of her beloved in ten particulars (Song of Songs 5:11, etc.); and now he describes her in as many, for he will not be behindhand with her in respects and endearments. Those that honour Christ he will certainly honour, and make honourable. As the prophet, in describing the corruptions of degenerate Israel, reckons from the sole of the foot even unto the head (Isaiah 1:6), so here the beauties of the church are reckoned from foot to head, that, as the apostle speaks, when he is comparing the church, as here, to the natural body (1 Corinthians 12:23), more abundant honour might be bestowed on those parts of the body which we think to be less honourable, and which therefore lacked honour, 1 Corinthians 12:24. 1. Her feet are here praised; the feet of Christ's ministers are beautiful in the eyes of the church (Isaiah 52:7), and her feet are here said to be beautiful in the eyes of Christ. How beautiful are thy feet with shoes! When believers, being made free from the captivity of sin (Acts 12:8), stand fast in the liberty with which they are made free, preserve the tokens of their enfranchisement, have their feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace, and walk steadily according to the rule of the gospel, then their feet are beautiful with shoes; they tread firmly, being well armed against the troubles they meet with in their way. When we rest not in good affections, but they are accompanied with sincere endeavors and resolutions, then our feet are beautified with shoes. See Ezekiel 16:10. 2. The joint of the thighs are here said to be like jewels, and those curiously wrought by a cunning workman. This is explained by Ephesians 4:16 and Colossians 2:19, where the mystical body of Christ is said to be held together by joints and bands, as the hips and knees (both which are the joints of the thighs) serve the natural body in its strength and motion. The church is then comely in Christ's eyes when those joints are kept firm by holy love and unity, and the communion of saints. When believers act in religion from good principles, and are steady and regular in their whole conversation, and turn themselves easily to every duty in its time and place, then the joints are like jewels. 3. The navel is here compared to a round cup or goblet, that wants not any of the agreeable liquor that one would wish to find in it, such as David's cup that ran over (Psalms 23:5), well shaped, and not as that miserable infant whose navel was not cut, Ezekiel 16:4. The fear of the Lord is said to be health to the navel. See Proverbs 3:8. When the soul wants not that fear then the navel wants not liquor. 4. The belly is like a heap of wheat in the store-chamber, which perhaps was sometimes, to make show, adorned with flowers. The wheat is useful, the lilies are beautiful; there is every thing in the church which may be to the members of that body either for use or for ornament. All the body is nourished from the belly; it denotes the spiritual prosperity of a believer and the healthful constitution of the soul all in good plight. 5. The breasts are like two young roes that are twins, Song of Songs 7:3. By the breasts of the church's consolations those are nourished who are born from its belly (Isaiah 46:3), and by the navel received nourishment in the womb. This comparison we had before, Song of Songs 4:5. 6. The neck, which before was compared to the tower of David (Song of Songs 4:4), is here compared to a tower of ivory, so white, so precious; such is the faith of the saints, by which they are joined to Christ their head. The name of the Lord, improved by faith, is to the saints as a strong and impregnable tower. 7. The eyes are compared to the fish-pools in Heshbon, or the artificial fish-ponds, by a gate, either of Jerusalem or Heshbon, which is called Bath-rabbim, the daughter of a multitude, because a great thoroughfare. The understanding, the intentions of a believer, are clean and clear as these ponds. The eyes, weeping for sin, are as fountains (Jeremiah 9:1), and comely with Christ. 8. The nose is like the tower of Lebanon, the forehead or face set like a flint (Isaiah 50:7), undaunted as that tower was impregnable. So it denotes the magnanimity and holy bravery of the church, or (as others) a spiritual sagacity to discern things that differ, as animals strangely distinguish by the smell. This tower looks towards Damascus, the head city of Syria, denoting the boldness of the church in facing its enemies and not fearing them. 9. The head like Carmel, a very high hill near the sea, Song of Songs 7:5. The head of a believer is lifted up above his enemies (Psalms 27:6), above the storms of the lower region, as the top of Carmel was, pointing heaven-ward. The more we get above this world, and the nearer to heaven, and the more secure and serene we become by that means, the more amiable we are in the eyes of the Lord Jesus. 10. The hair of the head is said to be like purple. This denotes the universal amiableness of a believer in the eyes of Christ, even to the hair, or (as some understand it) the pins with which the hair is dressed. Some by the head and the hair understand the governors of the church, who, if they be careful to do their duty, add much to her comeliness. The head like crimson (so some read it) and the hair like purple, the two colours worn by great men.

_ _ II. The complacency which Christ takes in his church thus beautified and adorned. She is lovely indeed if she be so in his eyes; as he puts the comeliness upon her, so it is his love that makes this comeliness truly valuable, for he is an unexceptionable judge. 1. He delighted to look upon his church, and to converse with it, rejoicing in that habitable part of his earth: The king is held in the galleries, and cannot leave them. This is explained by Psalms 132:13, Psalms 132:14, The Lord has chosen Zion, saying, This is my rest for ever; here will I dwell; and Psalms 147:11, The Lord takes pleasure in those that fear him. And, if Christ has such delight in the galleries of communion with his people, much more reason have they to delight in them, and to reckon a day there better than a thousand. 2. He was even struck with admiration at the beauty of his church (Song of Songs 7:6): How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love! How art thou made fair! (so the word is), “not born so, but made so with the comeliness which I have put upon thee.” Holiness is a beauty beyond expression; the Lord Jesus is wonderfully pleased with it; the outward aspect of it is fair; the inward disposition of it is pleasant and highly agreeable, and the complacency he has in it is inexpressible. O my dearest for delights! so some read. 3. He determined to keep up communion with his church. (1.) To take hold of her as of the boughs of a palm-tree. He compares her stature to a palm-tree (Song of Songs 7:7), so straight, so strong, does she appear, when she is looked upon in her full proportion. The palm-tree is observed to flourish most when it is loaded; so the church, the more it has been afflicted, the more it has multiplied; and the branches of it are emblems of victory. Christ says, “I will go up to the palm-tree, to entertain myself with the shadow of it (Song of Songs 7:8) and I will take hold of its boughs and observe the beauty of them.” What Christ has said he will do, in favour to his people; we may be sure he will do it, for his kind purposes are never suffered to fall to the ground; and if he take hold of the boughs of his church, take early hold of her branches, when they are young and tender, he will keep his hold and not let them go. (2.) To refresh himself with her fruits. He compares her breasts (her pious affections towards him) to clusters of grapes, a most pleasant fruit (Song of Songs 7:7), and he repeats it (Song of Songs 7:8): They shall be (that is, they shall be to me) as clusters of the vine, which make glad the heart. “Now that I come up to the palm-tree thy graces shall be exerted and excited.” Christ's presence with his people kindles the holy heavenly fire in their souls, and then their breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, a cordial to themselves and acceptable to him. And since God, at first, breathed into man's nostrils the breath of life, and breathes the breath of the new life still, the smell of their nostrils is like the smell of apples, or oranges, which is pleasing and reviving. The Lord smelt a sweet savour from Noah's sacrifice, Genesis 8:21. And, lastly, the roof of her mouth is like the best wine (Song of Songs 7:9); her spiritual taste and relish, or the words she speaks of God and man, which come not from the teeth outward, but from the roof of the mouth, these are pleasing to God. The prayer of the upright is his delight. And, when those that fear the Lord speak one to another as becomes them, the Lord hearkens, and hears with pleasure, Malachi 3:16. It is like that wine which is, [1.] Very palatable and grateful to the taste. It goes down sweetly; it goes straightly (so the margin reads it); it moves itself aright, Proverbs 23:31. The pleasures of sense seem right to the carnal appetite, and go down smoothly, but they are often wrong, and, compared with the pleasure of communion with God, they are harsh and rough. Nothing goes down so sweetly with a gracious soul as the wine of God's consolations. [2.] It is a great cordial. The presence of Christ by his Spirit with him people shall be reviving and refreshing to them, as that strong wine which makes the lips even of those that are asleep (that are ready to faint away in a deliquium), to speak. Unconverted sinners are asleep; saints are often drowsy, and listless, and half asleep; but the word and Spirit of Christ will put life and vigour into the soul, and out of the abundance of the heart that is thus filledthe mouth will speak. When the apostles were filled with the Spirit they spoke with tongues the wonderful works of God (Acts 2:10, Acts 2:12); and those who in opposition to being drunk with wine, wherein is excess, are filled with the Spirit, speak to themselves in psalms and hymns, Ephesians 5:18, Ephesians 5:19. When Christ is thus commending the sweetness of his spouse's love, excited by the manifestation of his, she seems to put in that word, for my beloved, as in a parenthesis. “Is there any thing in me that is pleasant or valuable? As it is from, so it is for my beloved.” Then he delights in our good affections and services, when they are all for him and devoted to his glory.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 7:1

Shoes — Were anciently evidences of a free and comfortable state, whereas slaves and mourners used to go bare — foot.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 7:1

How beautiful are thy (a) feet with shoes, O prince's daughter! the joints of thy thighs [are] like jewels, the work of the hands of a skilful workman.

(a) He describes the comely beauty of the Church in every part, which is to be understood spiritually.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
thy feet:

Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put [it] on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on [his] feet:
Ephesians 6:15 And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
Philippians 1:27 Only let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;

O prince's:

Psalms 45:13 The king's daughter [is] all glorious within: her clothing [is] of wrought gold.
2 Corinthians 6:18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.

the joints:

Daniel 2:32 This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
Ephesians 4:15-16 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ: ... From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.
Colossians 2:19 And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.

the work:

Exodus 28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; [of] gold, [of] blue, and [of] purple, and [of] scarlet, and [of] fine twined linen, shalt thou make it.
Exodus 35:35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, [even] of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.
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Ex 28:15; 35:35. Ps 45:13. Dn 2:32. Lk 15:22. 2Co 6:18. Ep 4:15; 6:15. Php 1:27. Col 2:19.

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“Your thighs” – S. of S. 7:1. The thighs of the bride depict utter dependence on Jesus. Jacob wrestled, was touched in his thigh, and crippled under the disciplining hand of God; so the bride being touched by Christ gains a new character of spiritual power in her move and stand.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (6/13/2019 4:35:47 AM)
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