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Zechariah 4:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain; and he shall bring forth the top stone with shoutings of Grace, grace, unto it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘What are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel [you will become] a plain; and he will bring forth the top stone with shouts of “Grace, grace to it!”’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth [its] head-stone [with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace, to it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou dost become] a plain; and he shall bring forth the head-stone with shoutings: Grace, grace unto it!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who, art, thou, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel, [brought down] to a plain! So shall he bring forth the headstone, with thundering shouts Beautiful! Beautiful! thereunto.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who [art] thou, O great mountain Before Zerubbabel—for a plain! And he hath brought forth the top-stone, Cries of Grace, grace—[are] to it.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who art thou, O great mountain, before Zorobabel? thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring out the chief stone, and shall give equal grace to the grace thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who [art] thou, O great mountaine? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plaine, and he shall bring forth the head stone thereof with shoutings, [crying]; Grace, grace vnto it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who art thou, the great mountain before Zerubbabel{gr.Zorobabel}, that thou shouldest prosper? whereas I will bring out the stone of the inheritance, the grace of it the equal of [my] grace.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbavel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
[art] thou, x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
O great 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
mountain? 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Zærubbävel זְרֻבָּבֶל 2216
{2216} Prime
זְרֻבָּבֶל
Z@rubbabel
{zer-oob-baw-bel'}
From H2215 and H0894; descended of (that is, from) Babylon, that is, born there; Zerubbabel, an Israelite.
[thou shalt become] a plain: 4334
{4334} Prime
מִישׁוֹר
miyshowr
{mee-shore'}
From H3474; a level, that is, a plain (often used (with the article prefixed) as a proper name of certain districts); figuratively concord; also straightness, that is, (figuratively) justice (sometimes adverbially justly).
and he shall bring forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the headstone 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
7222
{7222} Prime
רֹאשָׁה
ro'shah
{ro-shaw'}
Feminine of H7218; the head.
[thereof with] shoutings, 8663
{8663} Prime
תְּשׁוּאָה
t@shu'ah
{tesh-oo-aw'}
From H7722; a crashing or loud clamor.
[crying], Grace, 2580
{2580} Prime
חֵן
chen
{khane}
From H2603; graciousness, that is, subjectively (kindness, favor) or objectively (beauty).
grace 2580
{2580} Prime
חֵן
chen
{khane}
From H2603; graciousness, that is, subjectively (kindness, favor) or objectively (beauty).
unto it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 4:7

_ _ All mountain-like obstacles (Isaiah 40:4; Isaiah 49:11) in Zerubbabel’s way shall be removed, so that the crowning top-stone shall be put on, and the completion of the work be acknowledged as wholly of “grace.” Antitypically, the antichristian last foe of Israel, the obstacle preventing her establishment in Palestine, about to be crushed before Messiah, is probably meant (Jeremiah 51:25; Daniel 2:34, Daniel 2:44; Matthew 21:44).

_ _ bring forth the head-stone — Primarily, bring it forth from the place where it was chiseled and give it to the workmen to put on the top of the building. It was customary for chief magistrates to lay the foundation, and also the crowning top-stone (compare Ezra 3:10). Antitypically, the reference is to the time when the full number of the spiritual Church shall be completed, and also when “all Israel shall be saved” (compare Romans 11:26; Hebrews 11:40; Hebrews 12:22, Hebrews 12:23; Revelation 7:4-9).

_ _ Grace, grace — The repetition expresses, Grace from first to last (Isaiah 26:3, Margin). Thus the Jews are urged to pray perseveringly and earnestly that the same grace which completed it may always preserve it. “Shoutings” of acclamation accompanied the foundation of the literal temple (Ezra 3:11, Ezra 3:13). So shoutings of “Hosanna” greeted the Savior in entering Jerusalem (Matthew 21:9), when about to complete the purchase of salvation by His death: His Body being the second temple, or place of God’s inhabitation (John 2:20, John 2:21). So when the full number of the saints and of Israel is complete, and God shall say, “It is done,” then again shall “a great voice of much people in heaven” attribute all to the “grace” of God, saying, “Alleluia! Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God” (Revelation 19:1, Revelation 19:6). Psalms 118:22 regards Him as “the head-stone of the corner,” that is, the foundation-stone. Compare the angels acclamations at His birth, Luke 2:14. Here it is the top-stone. Messiah is not only the “Author,” but also the Finisher (Hebrews 12:2). “Grace” is ascribed “unto it,” that is, the stone, Messiah. Hence the benediction begins, “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ” (2 Corinthians 13:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 4:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 4:7

O great mountain — All opposers put together. Become a plain — Thou shalt sink into nothing. The head stone — Shall assist at the laying of the finishing stone, as he assisted when the foundation stone was laid. Grace, grace — Wishing all prosperity, and a long continuance of it, to the temple and those that are to worship God therein. As the free favour of God began, and finished, may the same ever dwell in it and replenish it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 4:7

Who [art] thou, O (e) great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and (f) he shall bring forth its headstone [with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace to it.

(e) He compares the power of the adversaries to a great mountain, who thought the Jews were nothing with regard to them, and would have hindered Zerubbabel, who represented Christ, whom the enemies daily labour to stop in the building of his spiritual Temple, but all in vain.

(f) Though the enemies think to stop this building, yet Zerubbabel will lay the highest stone of it, and bring it to perfection, so that all the godly will rejoice, and pray to God that he would continue his grace and favour toward the Temple.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O great:

Zechariah 14:4-5 And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which [is] before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, [and there shall be] a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. ... And ye shall flee [to] the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, [and] all the saints with thee.
Psalms 114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, [and] the little hills like lambs.
Psalms 114:6 Ye mountains, [that] ye skipped like rams; [and] ye little hills, like lambs?
Isaiah 40:3-4 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. ... Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
Isaiah 41:15 Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing instrument having teeth: thou shalt thresh the mountains, and beat [them] small, and shalt make the hills as chaff.
Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence, ... When thou didst terrible things [which] we looked not for, thou camest down, the mountains flowed down at thy presence.
Jeremiah 51:25 Behold, I [am] against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.
Daniel 2:34-35 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. ... Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Micah 1:4 And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, [and] as the waters [that are] poured down a steep place.
Micah 4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, [that] the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.
Nahum 1:5-6 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yea, the world, and all that dwell therein. ... Who can stand before his indignation? and who can abide in the fierceness of his anger? his fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are thrown down by him.
Habakkuk 3:6 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways [are] everlasting.
Haggai 2:6-9 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it [is] a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry [land]; ... The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts.
Haggai 2:21-23 Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth; ... In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 21:21 Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this [which is done] to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.
Luke 3:5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways [shall be] made smooth;
Revelation 16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

headstone:

Zechariah 4:9 The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.
Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Mark 12:10 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:
Luke 20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.
Ephesians 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone];
1 Peter 2:7 Unto you therefore which believe [he is] precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,

shoutings:

Ezra 3:11-13 And they sang together by course in praising and giving thanks unto the LORD; because [he is] good, for his mercy [endureth] for ever toward Israel. And all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the LORD, because the foundation of the house of the LORD was laid. ... So that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people: for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off.
Ezra 6:15-17 And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king. ... And offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.
Job 38:6-7 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; ... When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Revelation 5:9-13 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation; ... And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.
Revelation 19:1-6 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God: ... And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.

Grace:

Jeremiah 33:11 The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD [is] good; for his mercy [endureth] for ever: [and] of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.
Romans 11:6 And if by grace, then [is it] no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if [it be] of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work.
Ephesians 1:6-7 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved. ... In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;
Ephesians 2:4-8 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:
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Ezr 3:11; 6:15. Jb 38:6. Ps 114:4, 6; 118:22. Is 28:16; 40:3; 41:15; 64:1. Jr 33:11; 51:25. Dn 2:34. Mi 1:4; 4:1. Na 1:5. Hab 3:6. Hg 2:6, 21. Zc 4:9; 14:4. Mt 21:21, 42. Mk 12:10. Lk 3:5; 20:17. Ac 4:11. Ro 11:6. Ep 1:6; 2:4, 20. 1P 2:7. Rv 5:9; 16:20; 19:1.

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