NASB — 1 Kings 5 — KJV

Alliance with King Hiram

1 IaNow Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, when he heard that they had anointed him king in place of his father, for bHiram had IIalways been a friend of David. 2 Then aSolomon sent [word] to Hiram, saying, 3 “You know that aDavid my father was unable to build a house for the name of the LORD his God because of the wars which surrounded him, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 4 But now athe LORD my God has given me rest on every side; there is neither adversary nor Imisfortune. 5 Behold, aI Iintend to build a house for the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spoke to David my father, saying, ‘Your son, whom I will set on your throne in your place, he will build the house for My name.’ 6 Now therefore, command that they cut for me acedars from Lebanon, and my servants will be with your servants; and I will give you wages for your servants according to all that you say, for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”

[1] ICh 5:15 in Heb IILit all the day a2Ch 2:3 b2S 5:11; 1Ch 14:1
[2] a2Ch 2:3
[3] a2S 7:5; 1Ch 28:2, 3
[4] ILit evil occurrence a1K 4:24; 1Ch 22:9
[5] ILit say a2S 7:12, 13; 1Ch 17:12; 22:10; 28:6; 2Ch 2:4
[6] a2Ch 2:8

7 ¶ When Hiram heard the words of Solomon, he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed be the LORD today, who has given to David a wise son over this great people.” 8 So Hiram sent [word] to Solomon, saying, “I have heard [the message] which you have sent me; I will do Iwhat you desire concerning the cedar and cypress timber. 9 My servants will bring [them] down from Lebanon to the sea; and I will make them into rafts [to go] by sea ato the place where you Idirect me, and I will have them broken up there, and you shall carry [them] away. Then byou shall accomplish my desire by giving food to my household.” 10 So IHiram IIgave Solomon IIIas much as he desired of the cedar and cypress timber. 11 aSolomon then gave Hiram 20,000 Ikors of wheat as food for his household, and twenty Ikors of beaten oil; thus Solomon would give Hiram year by year. 12 aThe LORD gave wisdom to Solomon, just as He Ipromised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a covenant.

[8] ILit all your pleasure
[9] ILit send a2Ch 2:16 bEzr 3:7; Ezk 27:17
[10] IHeb Hirom IILit was giving IIILit all his desire
[11] II.e. One kor equals approx 10 bu a2Ch 2:10
[12] ILit spoke to a1K 3:12

Conscription of Laborers

13 ¶ Now aKing Solomon Ilevied forced laborers from all Israel; and the forced laborers IInumbered 30,000 men. 14 He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month in relays; they were in Lebanon a month [and] two months at home. And aAdoniram [was] over the forced laborers. 15 Now aSolomon had 70,000 Itransporters, and 80,000 hewers [of stone] in the mountains, 16 abesides Solomon’s 3,300 chief deputies who [were] over the Iproject [and] who ruled over the people who were doing the work. 17 Then athe king commanded, and they quarried great stones, costly stones, to lay the foundation of the house with cut stones. 18 So Solomon’s builders and IHiram’s builders and athe Gebalites IIcut them, and prepared the timbers and the stones to build the house.

[13] ILit raised up IILit was a1K 4:6; 9:15
[14] a1K 4:6; 12:18
[15] IOr burden bearers a1K 9:20-22; 2Ch 2:17, 18
[16] ILit work a1K 9:23
[17] a1K 6:7; 1Ch 22:2
[18] IHeb Hirom’s IIOr chiseled aJsh 13:5; Ezk 27:9


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Hiram, sending to congratulate Solomon, is certified of his purpose to build the Temple, and desired to furnish him with timber thereto.

1 ¶ And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. 2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, 3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, [so that there is] neither adversary nor evil occurrent. 5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name. 6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that [there is] not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.

[1] 2S 5:11; 8:10; 10:1; 1K 5:10, 13; 9:12; 1Ch 14:1; 2Ch 2:3; Ps 45:12; Am 1:9.
[2] 2Ch 2:3.
[3] Jsh 10:24; 2S 7:5; 1Ch 22:4, 8; 28:3; 2Ch 6:6; Ps 8:6; 110:1; Mal 4:3; 1Co 15:25; Ep 1:22.
[4] 1K 4:24; 1Ch 22:9; Ps 72:7; Is 9:7; Ac 9:31.
[5] 2S 7:12; 1Ch 17:12; 22:10; 28:6, 10; 2Ch 2:1, 5; Zc 6:12.
[6] Gn 10:15; 1K 6:9, 16, 20; 2Ch 2:8, 10; Ezr 3:7; Ps 29:5; Ro 12:17; 1Co 12:14; Ep 4:7; Php 4:8.

Hiram, blessing God for Solomon, and requesting food for his family, furnisheth him with trees.

7 ¶ And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed [be] the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people. 8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: [and] I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 9 My servants shall bring [them] down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive [them]: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. 10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees [according to] all his desire. 11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat [for] food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year. 12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.

[7] Gn 33:5; 1K 1:48; 3:9; 10:9; 2Ch 2:11; 9:7; Ps 122:6; 137:6; Pv 10:1; 13:1; 15:20; 23:24; Is 8:18; 9:6.
[8] 2S 6:5; 1K 6:15, 34; 2Ch 3:5.
[9] Dt 3:25; 2Ch 1:15; 2:16; Ezr 3:7; Ezk 27:17; Ac 12:20.
[11] 1K 4:22; 2Ch 2:10.
[12] Gn 21:32; 1K 3:12; 4:29; 15:19; 2Ch 1:12; Am 1:9; Jm 1:5.

The number of Solomon's workmen and labourers.

13 ¶ And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men. 14 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, [and] two months at home: and Adoniram [was] over the levy. 15 And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains; 16 Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which [were] over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work. 17 And the king commanded, and they brought great stones, costly stones, [and] hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the house. 18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew [them], and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.

[13] 1K 4:6; 9:15.
[14] 1K 4:6, 7; 1Ch 27:1.
[15] 1K 9:20; 2Ch 2:17; 8:7; Ezr 2:58; Ne 7:57, 60.
[16] 1K 9:23; 2Ch 2:2.
[17] 1K 6:7; 7:9; 1Ch 22:2; Is 28:16; 1Co 3:11; 1P 2:6; Rv 21:14.
[18] Jsh 13:5; Ps 83:7; Ezk 27:9.


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