NASB — Proverbs 23 — KJV

On Life and Conduct

  1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler,
  Consider carefully Iwhat is before you,
  2 And put a knife to your throat
  If you are a aman of [great] appetite.
  3 Do not adesire his delicacies,
  For it is deceptive food.

[1] IOr who
[2] aPv 23:20
[3] aPs 141:4; Pv 23:6; Dn 1:5, 8, 13, 15, 16

  4aDo not weary yourself to gain wealth,
  bCease from your Iconsideration [of it].
  5 IWhen you set your eyes on it, it is gone.
  For a[wealth] certainly makes itself wings
  Like an eagle that flies [toward] the heavens.

[4] IOr understanding aPv 15:27; 28:20; Mt 6:19; 1Ti 6:9; He 13:5 bPv 3:5, 7
[5] ILit Will your eyes fly upon it and it is not? aPv 27:24; 1Ti 6:17

  6aDo not eat the bread of Ia bselfish man,
  Or desire his delicacies;
  7 For as he Ithinks within himself, so he is.
  He says to you, “Eat and drink!”
  But ahis heart is not with you.
  8 You will avomit up Ithe morsel you have eaten,
  And waste your IIcompliments.

[6] ILit an evil eye aPs 141:4 bDt 15:9; Pv 28:22
[7] ILit reckons in his soul aPv 26:24, 25
[8] ILit your IILit pleasant words aPv 25:16

  9aDo not speak in the Ihearing of a fool,
  For he will bdespise the wisdom of your words.

[9] ILit ears aMt 7:6 bPv 1:7

  10 ¶ Do not move the ancient boundary
  Or ago into the fields of the fatherless,
  11 For their aRedeemer is strong;
  bHe will plead their case against you.
  12 Apply your heart to discipline
  And your ears to words of knowledge.

[10] aJr 22:3; Zc 7:10
[11] aJb 19:25; Jr 50:34 bPv 22:23

  13aDo not hold back discipline from the child,
  Although you Istrike him with the rod, he will not die.
  14 You shall Istrike him with the rod
  And arescue his soul from Sheol.

[13] ILit smite aPv 13:24; 19:18
[14] ILit smite a1Co 5:5

  15 ¶ My son, if your heart is awise,
  My own heart also will be glad;
  16 And my Iinmost being will rejoice
  When your lips speak awhat is right.

[15] aPv 23:24f; 27:11; 29:3
[16] ILit kidneys aPv 8:6

  17aDo not let your heart envy sinners,
  But [live] in the Ibfear of the LORD IIalways.
  18 Surely there is a Iafuture,
  And your bhope will not be cut off.
  19 Listen, my son, and abe wise,
  And bdirect your heart in the way.
  20 Do not be with aheavy drinkers of wine,
  [Or] with bgluttonous eaters of meat;
  21 For the aheavy drinker and the glutton will come to poverty,
  And bdrowsiness will clothe [one] with rags.

[17] IOr reverence IILit all the day aPs 37:1; Pv 24:1, 19 bPv 28:14
[18] ILit latter end aPs 19:11; 58:11; Pv 24:14 bPs 9:18
[19] aPv 6:6 bPv 4:23; 9:6
[20] aPv 20:1; 23:29, 30; Is 5:22; Mt 24:49; Lk 21:34; Ro 13:13; Ep 5:18 bDt 21:20; Pv 28:7
[21] aPv 21:17 bPv 6:10, 11

  22aListen to your father who begot you,
  And bdo not despise your mother when she is old.
  23 aBuy truth, and do not sell [it],
  [Get] wisdom and instruction and understanding.

[22] aPv 1:8; Ep 6:1 bPv 15:20; 30:17
[23] aPv 4:7; 18:15; Mt 13:44

  24 ¶ The father of the righteous will greatly rejoice,
  And ahe who sires a wise son will be glad in him.
  25 Let your afather and your mother be glad,
  And let her rejoice who gave birth to you.

[24] aPv 10:1; 15:20; 29:3
[25] aPv 27:11

  26aGive me your heart, my son,
  And let your eyes Ibdelight in my ways.
  27 For a harlot is a adeep pit
  And an Ibadulterous woman is a narrow well.
  28 Surely she alurks as a robber,
  And increases the Ifaithless among men.

[26] IAnother reading is observe aPv 3:1; 4:4 bPs 1:2; 119:24
[27] ILit strange aPv 22:14 bPv 5:20
[28] ILit treacherous aPv 6:26; 7:12; Ec 7:26

  29 ¶ Who has awoe? Who has sorrow?
  Who has contentions? Who has complaining?
  Who has wounds without cause?
  Who has redness of eyes?
  30 Those who alinger long over wine,
  Those who go to Itaste bmixed wine.
  31 Do not look on the wine when it is red,
  When it Isparkles in the cup,
  When it agoes down smoothly;
  32 At the last it abites like a serpent
  And stings like a bviper.
  33 Your eyes will see strange things
  And your Imind will autter perverse things.
  34 And you will be like one who lies down in the Imiddle of the sea,
  Or like one who lies down on the top of a IImast.
  35 “They astruck me, [but] I did not become Iill;
  They beat me, [but] I did not know [it].
  When shall I awake?
  I will bseek IIanother drink.”

[29] aIs 5:11, 22
[30] IOr search out a1S 25:36; Pv 20:1; Is 5:11; 28:7; Ep 5:18 bPs 75:8
[31] ILit gives its eye aSo 7:9
[32] aJb 20:16; Pv 20:1; Ep 5:18 bPs 91:13; Is 11:8
[33] ILit heart aPv 2:12
[34] ILit heart IIOr lookout
[35] II.e. from the effect of wounds IILit it yet again aPv 27:22; Jr 5:3 bPv 26:11; Is 56:12


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Sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices (10-24).

1 ¶ When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what [is] before thee: 2 And put a knife to thy throat, if thou [be] a man given to appetite. 3 Be not desirous of his dainties: for they [are] deceitful meat. 4 Labour not to be rich: cease from thine own wisdom. 5 Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for [riches] certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven. 6 Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats: 7 For as he thinketh in his heart, so [is] he: Eat and drink, saith he to thee; but his heart [is] not with thee. 8 The morsel [which] thou hast eaten shalt thou vomit up, and lose thy sweet words. 9 Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom of thy words. 10 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless: 11 For their redeemer [is] mighty; he shall plead their cause with thee. 12 Apply thine heart unto instruction, and thine ears to the words of knowledge. 13 Withhold not correction from the child: for [if] thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die. 14 Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell. 15 My son, if thine heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine. 16 Yea, my reins shall rejoice, when thy lips speak right things. 17 Let not thine heart envy sinners: but [be thou] in the fear of the LORD all the day long. 18 For surely there is an end; and thine expectation shall not be cut off. 19 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way. 20 Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh: 21 For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe [a man] with rags. 22 Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old. 23 Buy the truth, and sell [it] not; [also] wisdom, and instruction, and understanding. 24 The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth a wise [child] shall have joy of him. 25 Thy father and thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice. 26 My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways. 27 For a whore [is] a deep ditch; and a strange woman [is] a narrow pit. 28 She also lieth in wait as [for] a prey, and increaseth the transgressors among men. 29 Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes? 30 They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine. 31 Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, [when] it moveth itself aright. 32 At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder. 33 Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things. 34 Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast. 35 They have stricken me, [shalt thou say, and] I was not sick; they have beaten me, [and] I felt [it] not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.

[1] Gn 43:32; Jde 1:12.
[2] Mt 18:8; 1Co 9:27; Php 3:19.
[3] Ps 141:4; Pv 23:6; Dn 1:8; Lk 21:34; Ep 4:22.
[4] Pv 3:5; 26:12; 28:20; Is 5:21; Jn 6:27; Ro 11:25; 12:16; 1Ti 6:8.
[5] Gn 42:36; Jb 1:14; Ps 39:6; 119:36; Pv 27:24; Ec 1:2; 5:13; 12:8; Is 55:2; Jr 22:17; Mt 6:19; 1Co 7:29; 1Ti 6:17; Jm 5:1; 1Jn 2:16.
[6] Dt 15:9; 28:56; Ps 141:4; Pv 22:9; 23:3; Dn 1:8; Mt 20:15; Mk 7:22.
[7] Jg 16:15; 2S 13:26; Ps 12:2; 55:21; Pv 19:22; Dn 11:27; Mt 9:3; Lk 7:39; 11:37.
[9] Pv 9:7; 26:4; Is 36:21; Mt 7:6; Lk 16:14; Jn 8:52; 9:30, 40; 10:20; Ac 13:45; 17:18, 32; 28:25; 1Co 1:21; 4:10.
[10] Dt 19:14; 27:17; Jb 6:27; 22:9; 24:2, 3, 9; 31:21; Ps 94:6; Pv 22:28; Jr 7:5; 22:3; Zc 7:10; Mal 3:5; Jm 1:27.
[11] Ex 22:22; Dt 27:19; Ps 12:5; Pv 22:23; Jr 50:33; 51:36.
[12] Pv 2:2; 5:1; 22:17; 23:19; Ezk 33:31; Mt 13:52; Jm 1:21.
[13] Pv 13:24; 19:18; 29:15, 17.
[14] Pv 22:15; 1Co 5:5; 11:32.
[15] Pv 1:10; 2:1; 4:1; 10:1; 15:20; 23:24; 29:3; Jr 32:41; Zp 3:17; Mt 9:2; Lk 15:23, 32; Jn 15:11; 21:5; 1Th 2:19; 3:8; 1Jn 2:1; 2Jn 1:4; 3Jn 1:3.
[16] Pv 8:6; Ep 4:29; 5:4; Col 4:4; Jm 3:2.
[17] Ps 37:1; 73:3; 111:10; 112:1; Pv 3:31; 15:16; 24:1; 28:14; Ec 5:7; 12:13; Ac 9:31; 2Co 7:1; 1P 1:17.
[18] Ps 9:18; 37:37; Pv 24:14; Jr 29:11; Lk 16:25; Ro 6:21; Php 1:20; He 10:35.
[19] Pv 4:10; 23:12, 26.
[20] Pv 20:1; 23:29; 28:7; 31:6; Is 5:11, 22; 22:13; Mt 24:49; Lk 15:13; 16:19; 21:34; Ro 13:13; Ep 5:18; 1P 4:3.
[21] Dt 21:20; Pv 6:9; 19:15; 21:17; 24:30; Is 28:1; Jol 1:5; 1Co 5:11; 6:10; Ga 5:21; Php 3:19.
[22] Lv 19:3; Dt 21:18; 27:16; Pv 1:8; 6:20; 30:11; Mt 15:4; Mk 7:10; Jn 19:26; Ep 6:1.
[23] Jb 28:12; Ps 119:72, 127; Pv 2:2; 4:5; 10:1; 16:16; 17:16; Is 55:1; Mt 13:44, 46; 16:26; Ac 20:23; Php 3:7; He 11:26; Rv 3:18; 12:11.
[24] 1K 1:48; 2:1, 9; Pv 10:1; 15:20; 23:15; Ec 2:19; Phm 1:9, 20.
[25] 1Ch 4:9; Pv 17:25; Lk 1:31, 40, 58; 11:27.
[26] Dt 6:5; Ps 107:43; 119:2, 9; Pv 4:23, 25; 23:15; Ho 14:9; Mt 10:37; Lk 14:26; 2Co 5:14; 8:5; Ep 3:17; 2P 1:19.
[27] Pv 22:14.
[28] Nu 25:1; Jg 16:4; Pv 2:16; 7:12, 22; 9:18; 22:14; Ec 7:26; Jr 3:2; Ho 4:11; 1Co 10:8; Rv 17:1.
[29] Gn 49:12; 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; 1K 20:16; Pv 20:1; 23:21; Is 5:11, 22; 28:7; Na 1:10; Mt 24:49; Lk 12:45; Ep 5:18.
[30] Gn 9:21; Ps 75:8; Pv 9:2; 20:1; Is 5:11; Am 6:6; Ep 5:18.
[31] 2S 11:2; Jb 33:1; Ps 119:37; Pv 6:25; Mt 5:28; Mk 9:47; 1Jn 2:16.
[32] Ex 7:5, 12; Pv 5:11; Ec 10:8; Is 28:3, 7; 59:5; Jr 5:31; 8:17; Am 5:19; 9:3; Lk 16:25; Ro 6:21.
[33] Gn 19:32; Ps 69:12; Pv 31:5; Dn 5:4; Ho 7:5; Jde 1:12.
[34] Ex 15:8; 1S 25:33; 30:16; 2S 13:28; 1K 16:9; 20:16; Jol 1:5; Mt 24:38; Lk 17:27; 21:34; 1Th 5:2.
[35] Dt 29:19; Pv 26:11; 27:22; Is 22:13; 56:12; Jr 5:3; 31:18; 1Co 15:32; Ep 4:19; 2P 2:22.


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