NASB — 1 Kings 2 — KJV

David’s Charge to Solomon

1 As David’s Iatime to die drew near, he charged Solomon his son, saying, 2aI am going the way of all the earth. bBe strong, therefore, and Ishow yourself a man. 3 Keep the charge of the LORD your God, to walk in His ways, to keep His statutes, His commandments, His ordinances, and His testimonies, aaccording to what is written in the Law of Moses, that byou may succeed in all that you do and wherever you turn, 4 so that athe LORD may carry out His promise which He spoke concerning me, saying, ‘bIf your sons are careful of their way, cto walk before Me in Itruth with all their heart and with all their soul, IIdyou shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’

[1] ILit days aGn 47:29; Dt 31:14
[2] ILit become a man aJsh 23:14 bDt 31:7, 23; Jsh 1:6, 7
[3] aDt 17:18-20 b1Ch 22:12, 13
[4] IOr faithfulness IILit there shall not be cast off to you a man from before Me a2S 7:25 bPs 132:12 c2K 20:3 d2S 7:12, 13; 1K 8:25; 9:5

5 ¶ “Now you also know what Joab the ason of Zeruiah did to me, what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to bAbner the son of Ner, and to cAmasa the son of Jether, whom he killed; he also Ished the blood of war in peace. And he put the blood of war on his belt IIabout his waist, and on his sandals IIIon his feet. 6 aSo act according to your wisdom, and do not let his gray hair go down to ISheol in peace. 7 But ashow kindness to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and blet them be among those who eat at your table; cfor they Iassisted me when I fled from Absalom your brother. 8 Behold, athere is with you Shimei the son of Gera the Benjamite, of Bahurim; now it was he who cursed me with a Iviolent curse on the day I went to Mahanaim. But when bhe came down to me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the LORD, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’ 9 Now therefore, do not let him go unpunished, afor you are a wise man; and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you will bring his gray hair down to ISheol with blood.”

[5] ILit made IILit that was about IIILit that were on a2S 2:13, 18 b2S 3:27; 1K 2:32 c2S 20:10
[6] II.e. the nether world a1K 2:9
[7] ILit came near to a2S 19:31-38 b2S 9:7, 10 c2S 17:27-29
[8] IOr grievous a2S 16:5-8 b2S 19:18-23
[9] II.e. the nether world a1K 2:6

Death of David

10 ¶ Then aDavid slept with his fathers and was buried in bthe city of David. 11 aThe days that David reigned over Israel [were] forty years: bseven years he reigned in Hebron and thirty-three years he reigned in Jerusalem. 12 And aSolomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.

[10] aAc 2:29; 13:36 b2S 5:7; 1K 3:1
[11] a2S 5:4, 5; 1Ch 3:4; 29:26, 27 b2S 5:5
[12] a1Ch 29:23; 2Ch 1:1

13 ¶ Now Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, “aDo you come peacefully?” And he said, “Peacefully.” 14 Then he said, “I have something [to say] to you.” And she said, “Speak.” 15 So he said, “You know that athe kingdom was mine and bthat all Israel Iexpected me to be king; chowever, the kingdom has turned about and become my brother’s, dfor it was his from the LORD. 16 Now I am making one request of you; do not Irefuse me.” And she said to him, “Speak.” 17 Then he said, “Please speak to Solomon the king, for he will not Irefuse you, that he may give me aAbishag the Shunammite as a wife.” 18 Bathsheba said, “Very well; I will speak to the king for you.”

[13] a1S 16:4
[15] ILit set their faces on me a2S 3:3, 4; 1K 2:22 b1K 1:5-25 c1K 1:38-50 d1Ch 22:9, 10; 28:5-7
[16] ILit turn away my face
[17] ILit turn away your face a1K 1:3, 4

Adonijah Executed

19 ¶ So Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him for Adonijah. And the king arose to meet her, bowed before her, and sat on his throne; then he ahad a throne set for the king’s mother, and bshe sat on his right. 20 Then she said, “I am making one small request of you; ado not Irefuse me.” And the king said to her, “Ask, my mother, for I will not IIrefuse you.” 21 So she said, “aLet Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as a wife.” 22 King Solomon answered and said to his mother, “And why are you asking Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? aAsk for him also the kingdombfor he is my older brother—even for him, for cAbiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah!” 23 Then King Solomon swore by the LORD, saying, “May God do so to me and more also, if Adonijah has anot spoken this word against his own Ilife. 24 Now therefore, as the LORD lives, who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father and awho has made me a house as He promised, surely Adonijah shall be put to death today.” 25 So King Solomon asent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell upon him so that he died.

[19] a1K 15:13 bPs 45:9
[20] ILit turn away my face IILit turn away your face a1K 2:16
[21] a1K 1:3, 4
[22] a2S 12:8 b1K 1:6; 2:15; 1Ch 3:2, 5 c1K 1:7
[23] ILit soul aRu 1:17
[24] a2S 7:11, 13; 1Ch 22:10
[25] a2S 8:18

26 ¶ Then to Abiathar the priest the king said, “aGo to Anathoth to your own field, bfor you Ideserve to die; but I will not put you to death at this time, because cyou carried the ark of the Lord IIGOD before my father David, and because dyou were afflicted in everything with which my father was afflicted.” 27 So Solomon dismissed Abiathar from being priest to the LORD, in order to fulfill athe word of the LORD, which He had spoken concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.

[26] ILit are a man of death IIHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aJsh 21:18; Jr 1:1 b1S 26:16 c1S 23:6; 2S 15:24-29 d1S 22:20-23; 23:8, 9
[27] a1S 2:27-36

Joab Executed

28 ¶ Now the news came to Joab, afor Joab had followed Adonijah, balthough he had not followed Absalom. And Joab fled to the tent of the LORD and ctook hold of the horns of the altar. 29 It was told King Solomon that Joab had fled to the tent of the LORD, and behold, he is beside the altar. Then Solomon asent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “bGo, fall upon him.” 30 So Benaiah came to the tent of the LORD and said to him, “Thus the king has said, ‘Come out.’” But he said, “No, for I will die here.” And Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus spoke Joab, and thus he answered me.” 31 The king said to him, “aDo as he has spoken and fall upon him and bury him, bthat you may remove from me and from my father’s house the blood which Joab shed without cause. 32 aThe LORD will return his blood on his own head, bbecause he fell upon two men more righteous and better than he and killed them with the sword, while my father David did not know [it]: cAbner the son of Ner, commander of the army of Israel, and dAmasa the son of Jether, commander of the army of Judah. 33 aSo shall their blood return on the head of Joab and on the head of his Idescendants forever; but to David and his Idescendants and his house and his throne, may there be peace from the LORD forever.” 34 Then aBenaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and fell upon him and put him to death, and he was buried at his own house bin the wilderness. 35 aThe king appointed Benaiah the son of Jehoiada over the army in his place, and the king appointed bZadok the priest cin the place of Abiathar.

[28] a1K 1:7 b2S 17:25; 18:2 c1K 1:50
[29] a1K 2:25 bEx 21:14
[31] aEx 21:14 bNu 35:33; Dt 19:13; 21:8, 9
[32] aGn 9:6; Jg 9:24, 57; Ps 7:16 b2Ch 21:13, 14 c2S 3:27 d2S 20:9, 10
[33] ILit seed a2S 3:29
[34] a1K 2:25 bJsh 15:61; Mt 3:1
[35] a1K 4:4 b1Ch 6:53; 24:3; 29:22 c1K 2:27

Shimei Executed

36 ¶ Now the king sent and called for aShimei and said to him, “Build for yourself a house in Jerusalem and live there, and do not go out from there to any place. 37 For on the day you go out and across over the Ibrook Kidron, you will know for certain that you shall surely die; byour blood shall be on your own head.” 38 Shimei then said to the king, “The word is good. As my lord the king has said, so your servant will do.” So Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.

[36] a2S 16:5; 1K 2:8
[37] IOr wadi a2S 15:23; 2K 23:6; Jn 18:1 bJsh 2:19; 2S 1:16; Ezk 18:13

39 ¶ But it came about at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away ato Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, “Behold, your servants are in Gath.” 40 Then Shimei arose and saddled his donkey, and went to Gath to Achish to look for his servants. And Shimei went and brought his servants from Gath. 41 It was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and had returned. 42 So the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by the LORD and solemnly warn you, saying, ‘You will know for certain that on the day you depart and go anywhere, you shall surely die’? And you said to me, ‘The word which I have heard is good.’ 43 Why then have you not kept the oath of the LORD, and the command which I Ihave laid on you?” 44 The king also said to Shimei, “aYou know all the evil which Iyou acknowledge in your heart, which you did to my father David; therefore bthe LORD shall return your evil on your own head. 45 But King Solomon shall be blessed, and athe throne of David shall be established before the LORD forever.” 46 aSo the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and fell upon him so that he died.

bThus the kingdom was established in the hands of Solomon.

[39] a1S 27:2
[43] ILit commanded
[44] ILit your heart acknowledges a2S 16:5-13 b1S 25:39; 2K 11:1, 12-16; Ps 7:16
[45] a2S 7:13; Pv 25:5
[46] a1K 2:25, 34 b1K 2:12; 2Ch 1:1

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David, having given a charge to Solomon,

1 ¶ Now the days of David drew nigh¬ that he should die;¬ and he charged¬ Solomon his son, saying,¬ 2 I go¬ the way of all the earth: be thou strong¬ therefore, and shew thyself a man;

[1] Gn 47:29; Nu 27:19; Dt 3:28; 31:14, 23; 33:1; Ac 20:28; 1Ti 1:18; 6:13; 2Ti 4:1, 6; 2P 1:13.
[2] Dt 17:19; 31:6; Jsh 1:6; 23:14; 2S 10:12; 1K 3:7; 1Ch 28:20; Jb 16:22; 30:23; Ps 89:48; Ec 12:13; 1Co 16:13; Ep 6:10; 1Ti 4:12; 2Ti 2:1; He 9:27.

of religiousness,

3 And keep¬ the charge of the LORD thy God, to walk¬ in his ways, to keep¬ his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and his testimonies, as it is written¬ in the law of Moses, that thou mayest prosper¬ in all that thou doest,¬ and whithersoever thou turnest¬ thyself: 4 That the LORD may continue¬ his word which he spake¬ concerning me, saying,¬ If thy children take heed¬ to their way, to walk¬ before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail¬ thee (said¬ he) a man on the throne of Israel.

[3] Dt 4:1, 5, 8, 45; 5:1; 6:1; 17:18; 29:9; Jsh 1:7; 22:5; 1S 18:5, 14, 30; 2S 8:6, 14; 2K 18:7; 1Ch 22:12; 28:8; 29:19; 2Ch 31:20; Ps 1:2; 19:7; 119:2, 98, 111, 138; Pv 3:1; Mal 4:4.
[4] Gn 17:1; 18:19; Lv 26:3; Dt 6:5; 7:12; 10:12; 11:13; 2S 7:11, 12, 16, 25; 1K 3:3, 14; 8:23, 25; 2K 20:3; 23:3, 25; 1Ch 17:11; 22:9; 28:5, 9; 2Ch 17:3; Ps 37:9, 22; 89:29; 132:11; Zc 14:2; Mt 22:37; Lk 1:6; Jn 15:9; Jde 1:20, 24.

of Joab,

5 Moreover thou knowest¬ also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did¬ to me, [and] what he did¬ to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew,¬ and shed¬ the blood of war in peace, and put¬ the blood of war upon his girdle that [was] about his loins, and in his shoes that [were] on his feet. 6 Do¬ therefore according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar head go down¬ to the grave in peace.

[5] 2S 3:27, 39; 17:25; 18:5, 12, 14; 19:5; 20:10; 1K 1:7, 18; Jr 2:34; 6:15; Ezk 24:7.
[6] Gn 9:6; 42:38; Nu 35:33; 1K 2:9, 28; 2K 22:20; Ps 37:37; Pv 20:26; 28:17; Ec 8:11; Is 48:22; 57:2, 21; 65:20.

of Barzillai,

7 But shew¬ kindness unto the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be of those that eat¬ at thy table: for so they came¬ to me when I fled¬ because of Absalom thy brother.

[7] 2S 9:7, 10; 15:13; 17:27; 19:28, 31; Pv 27:10; Lk 12:37; 22:28; Rv 3:20.

of Shimei,

8 And, behold, [thou hast] with thee Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim, which cursed¬ me with a grievous¬ curse in the day when I went¬ to Mahanaim: but he came down¬ to meet¬ me at Jordan, and I sware¬ to him by the LORD, saying,¬ I will not put thee to death¬ with the sword. 9 Now therefore hold him not guiltless:¬ for thou [art] a wise man, and knowest¬ what thou oughtest to do¬ unto him; but his hoar head bring thou down¬ to the grave with blood.

[8] 2S 16:5; 19:16; 1K 2:36; Jr 4:2.
[9] Gn 42:38; 44:31; Ex 20:7; 22:28; Nu 32:23; Jg 5:30; 1S 2:3; 1K 2:6; 3:12, 28; Jb 9:28; Ps 1:5; 9:18; 38:1; 75:5; Pv 5:16; 24:12.


10 So David slept¬ with his fathers, and was buried¬ in the city of David. 11 And the days that David reigned¬ over Israel [were] forty years: seven years reigned¬ he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned¬ he in Jerusalem.

[10] 2S 5:7; 1K 1:21; 3:1; 11:43; 1Ch 11:7; 29:28; Ac 2:29; 13:36.
[11] 2S 5:4; 1Ch 29:26.

Solomon succeedeth.

12 ¶ Then sat¬ Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established¬ greatly.

[12] 2S 7:12, 29; 1K 1:46; 1Ch 29:23; 2Ch 1:1; Ps 72:8; 89:36; 132:12.

Adonijah, moving Bath-sheba to sue unto Solomon for Abishag, is put to death.

13 ¶ And Adonijah the son of Haggith came¬ to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said,¬ Comest¬ thou peaceably? And he said,¬ Peaceably. 14 He said¬ moreover, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And she said,¬ Say on.¬ 15 And he said,¬ Thou knowest¬ that the kingdom was mine, and [that] all Israel set¬ their faces on me, that I should reign:¬ howbeit the kingdom is turned about,¬ and is become my brother's: for it was his from the LORD. 16 And now I ask¬ one petition of thee, deny¬ me not. And she said¬ unto him, Say on.¬ 17 And he said,¬ Speak,¬ I pray thee, unto Solomon the king, (for he will not say¬ thee nay,)¬ that he give¬ me Abishag the Shunammite to wife. 18 And Bathsheba said,¬ Well; I will speak¬ for thee unto the king.

[13] 1S 16:4; 1K 1:5, 50; 2K 9:18; 1Ch 12:17; Lk 10:5.
[14] 2S 14:12; Lk 7:40.
[15] 2S 7:12; 12:24; 15:6, 13; 16:18; 1K 1:5, 25; 1Ch 22:9; 28:5; Pv 21:30; Jr 27:5; Dn 2:22.
[16] Ps 132:10; Pv 30:7.
[17] 2S 3:7; 12:8; 1K 1:2.
[18] Pv 14:15.

19 ¶ Bathsheba therefore went¬ unto king Solomon, to speak¬ unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up¬ to meet¬ her, and bowed¬ himself unto her, and sat down¬ on his throne, and caused a seat to be set¬ for the king's mother; and she sat¬ on his right hand. 20 Then she said,¬ I desire¬ one small petition of thee; [I pray thee], say¬ me not nay.¬ And the king said¬ unto her, Ask on,¬ my mother: for I will not say¬ thee nay.¬ 21 And she said,¬ Let Abishag the Shunammite be given¬ to Adonijah thy brother to wife. 22 And king Solomon answered¬ and said¬ unto his mother, And why dost thou ask¬ Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? ask¬ for him the kingdom also; for he [is] mine elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest, and for Joab the son of Zeruiah. 23 Then king Solomon sware¬ by the LORD, saying,¬ God do¬ so to me, and more also,¬ if Adonijah have not spoken¬ this word against his own life. 24 Now therefore, [as] the LORD liveth, which hath established¬ me, and set¬ me on the throne of David my father, and who hath made¬ me an house, as he promised,¬ Adonijah shall be put to death¬ this day. 25 And king Solomon sent¬ by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell¬ upon him that he died.¬

[19] Ex 20:12; Lv 19:3, 32; Ps 45:9; 110:1; Mt 25:33.
[20] Mt 7:7; 10:35; 11:24; 18:19; 20:20; Lk 11:9; Jn 2:3; 14:13; 15:16.
[21] 2S 16:21.
[22] 1K 1:5, 11, 24; Mt 20:22; Mk 10:38; Jm 4:3.
[23] Ru 1:17; 1S 14:44; 2S 3:9, 35; 16:23; 19:13; 1K 20:10; 2K 6:31; Ps 64:8; 140:9; Pv 18:6; Ec 10:12; Lk 19:22.
[24] Ex 1:21; 1S 25:28; 2S 7:11, 27; 1K 1:29, 52; 3:6; 10:9; 1Ch 17:10, 17, 23; 22:10; 29:23; 2Ch 1:8; Ps 127:1; Ec 8:11.
[25] Jg 8:20; 1S 15:33; 2S 1:15; 4:12; 1K 2:31, 34, 46.

Abiathar, having his life given to him, is deprived of the priesthood.

26 ¶ And unto Abiathar the priest said¬ the king, Get¬ thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death,¬ because thou barest¬ the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted¬ in all wherein my father was afflicted.¬ 27 So Solomon thrust out¬ Abiathar from being priest unto the LORD; that he might fulfil¬ the word of the LORD, which he spake¬ concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.

[26] Jsh 21:18; 1S 22:20; 23:6; 26:16; 2S 12:5; 15:24, 29; 1K 1:7, 25; 2:35; 1Ch 15:11; Is 10:30; Jr 1:1; Mt 10:42; Lk 22:28; Ga 3:4.
[27] Jsh 18:1; 1S 2:30; 3:12; Ps 78:60; Jr 7:12; Mt 26:56; Jn 12:38; 19:24, 28, 36.

Joab fleeing to the horns of the altar is there slain.

28 ¶ Then tidings came¬ to Joab: for Joab had turned¬ after Adonijah, though he turned¬ not after Absalom. And Joab fled¬ unto the tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold¬ on the horns of the altar. 29 And it was told¬ king Solomon that Joab was fled¬ unto the tabernacle of the LORD; and, behold, [he is] by the altar. Then Solomon sent¬ Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying,¬ Go,¬ fall¬ upon him. 30 And Benaiah came¬ to the tabernacle of the LORD, and said¬ unto him, Thus saith¬ the king, Come forth.¬ And he said,¬ Nay; but I will die¬ here. And Benaiah brought¬ the king word again,¬ saying,¬ Thus said¬ Joab, and thus he answered¬ me. 31 And the king said¬ unto him, Do¬ as he hath said,¬ and fall¬ upon him, and bury¬ him; that thou mayest take away¬ the innocent blood, which Joab shed,¬ from me, and from the house of my father. 32 And the LORD shall return¬ his blood upon his own head, who fell¬ upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew¬ them with the sword, my father David not knowing¬ [thereof, to wit], Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. 33 Their blood shall therefore return¬ upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD. 34 So Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up,¬ and fell¬ upon him, and slew¬ him: and he was buried¬ in his own house in the wilderness.

[28] Ex 27:2; Dt 32:35; 2S 18:2, 14; 1K 1:7, 50.
[29] Ex 21:14; 1K 2:25, 31, 46; Ezk 9:6; 1P 4:17.
[31] Gn 9:5; Ex 21:14; Nu 35:33; Dt 19:12; 21:8; 2S 3:28; 1K 2:5; 2K 9:26; Pv 28:17; Ac 28:4.
[32] Gn 4:11; Jg 9:24, 57; 1S 15:28; 2S 3:26, 27, 37; 4:11; 17:25; 20:10; 1K 2:5, 44; 2Ch 21:13; Es 1:19; Ps 7:16.
[33] 2S 3:28, 29; 1K 2:32; 2K 5:27; Ps 89:29, 36; 101:8; 109:6; 132:12; Pv 25:5; Is 9:6; 11:1; Mt 27:25; Lk 1:31; 2:14.
[34] Ex 24:14; Jsh 15:61; 1K 2:25, 31, 46; 2K 21:18; 2Ch 33:20; Mt 3:1.

Benaiah is put in Joab's room, and Zadok in Abiathar's.

35 ¶ And the king put¬ Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put¬ in the room of Abiathar.

[35] Nu 25:11; 1S 2:35; 1K 2:27; 1Ch 6:4, 50; 24:3; Jb 34:24; Ps 109:8; Ac 1:20.

Shimei, confined to Jerusalem, by occasion of going thence to Gath, is put to death.

36 ¶ And the king sent¬ and called¬ for Shimei, and said¬ unto him, Build¬ thee an house in Jerusalem, and dwell¬ there, and go not forth¬ thence any whither. 37 For it shall be, [that] on the day thou goest out,