NASB — Proverbs 20 — KJV

On Life and Conduct

  1 aWine is a mocker, bstrong drink a brawler,
  And whoever Iis intoxicated by it is not wise.
  2 The terror of a king is like the growling of a lion;
  He who provokes him to anger Iaforfeits his own life.
  3 IaKeeping away from strife is an honor for a man,
  But any fool will IIquarrel.
  4 The asluggard does not plow after the autumn,
  So he Ibegs during the harvest and has nothing.
  5 A plan in the heart of a man is [like] deep water,
  But a man of understanding draws it out.
  6 Many a man aproclaims his own loyalty,
  But who can find a btrustworthy man?
  7 A righteous man who awalks in his integrity
  bHow blessed are his sons after him.
  8 aA king who sits on the throne of justice
  IDisperses all evil with his eyes.
  9 aWho can say, “I have cleansed my heart,
  I am pure from my sin”?
  10 IaDiffering weights and differing measures,
  Both of them are abominable to the LORD.
  11 It is by his deeds that a lad Iadistinguishes himself
  If his conduct is pure and right.
  12 The hearing aear and the seeing eye,
  The LORD has made both of them.
  13 aDo not love sleep, or you will become poor;
  Open your eyes, [and] you will be satisfied with Ifood.
  14 “Bad, bad,” says the buyer,
  But when he goes his way, then he boasts.
  15 There is gold, and an abundance of Ijewels;
  But the lips of knowledge are a more precious thing.
  16 Take his garment when he becomes surety for a stranger;
  And for foreigners, hold him in pledge.
  17 aBread obtained by falsehood is sweet to a man,
  But afterward his mouth will be filled with gravel.
  18 Prepare aplans by consultation,
  And bmake war by wise guidance.
  19 He who agoes about as a slanderer reveals secrets,
  Therefore do not associate with Iba gossip.
  20 He who acurses his father or his mother,
  His blamp will go out in Itime of darkness.
  21 An inheritance gained hurriedly at the beginning
  Will not be blessed in the end.
  22 aDo not say, “I will repay evil”;
  bWait for the LORD, and He will save you.
  23 IaDiffering weights are an abomination to the LORD,
  And a IIbfalse scale is not good.
  24 aMan’s steps are [ordained] by the LORD,
  How then can man understand his way?
  25 It is a trap for a man to say rashly, “It is holy!”
  And aafter the vows to make inquiry.
  26 A awise king winnows the wicked,
  And Idrives the b[threshing] wheel over them.
  27 The Iaspirit of man is the lamp of the LORD,
  Searching all the IIinnermost parts of his being.
  28 ILoyalty and atruth preserve the king,
  And he upholds his throne by Irighteousness.
  29 The glory of young men is their strength,
  And the Iahonor of old men is their gray hair.
  30 aStripes that wound scour away evil,
  And strokes [reach] the Iinnermost parts.

[1] ILit errs aGn 9:21; Pv 23:29, 30; Is 28:7; Ho 4:11 bPv 31:4; Is 5:22; 56:12
[2] ILit sins against aNu 16:38; 1K 2:23; Pv 8:36; Hab 2:10
[3] ILit Ceasing IILit burst out aGn 13:7f; Pv 17:14
[4] ILit asks aPv 13:4; 21:25
[6] aPv 25:14; Mt 6:2; Lk 18:11 bPs 12:1; Lk 18:8
[7] aPv 19:1 bPs 37:26; 112:2
[8] IOr Sifts aPv 20:26; 25:5
[9] a1K 8:46; 2Ch 6:36; Jb 14:4; Ec 7:20; Ro 3:9; 1 Jn 1:8
[10] ILit A stone and a stone, an ephah and an ephah aPv 11:1; 20:23
[11] IOr makes himself known aMt 7:16
[12] aEx 4:11; Ps 94:9
[13] ILit bread aPv 6:9, 10; 19:15; 24:33
[15] IOr corals
[17] aPv 9:17
[18] aPv 11:14; 15:22 bPv 24:6; Lk 14:31
[19] ILit one who opens his lips aPv 11:13 bPv 13:3
[20] ILit pupil (of eye) aEx 21:17; Lv 20:9; Pv 30:11; Mt 15:4 bJb 18:5; Pv 13:9; 24:20
[22] aPv 24:29; Mt 5:39; Ro 12:17, 19; 1Th 5:15; 1P 3:9 bPs 27:14
[23] ILit A stone and a stone IILit balance of deceit aPv 20:10 bPv 11:1
[24] aPv 16:9
[25] aEc 5:4, 5
[26] ILit turns aPv 20:8 bIs 28:27
[27] ILit breath IILit chambers of the body a1Co 2:11
[28] ILit Covenant loyalty aPv 29:14
[29] IOr splendor aPv 16:31
[30] ILit chambers of the body aPs 89:32; Pv 22:15; Is 53:5; 1P 2:24


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Sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices (10-24).

1 ¶ Wine [is] a mocker, strong drink [is] raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. 2 The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoso] provoketh him to anger sinneth [against] his own soul. 3 [It is] an honour for a man to cease from strife: but every fool will be meddling. 4 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; [therefore] shall he beg in harvest, and [have] nothing. 5 Counsel in the heart of man [is like] deep water; but a man of understanding will draw it out. 6 Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find? 7 The just [man] walketh in his integrity: his children [are] blessed after him. 8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes. 9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin? 10 Divers weights, [and] divers measures, both of them [are] alike abomination to the LORD. 11 Even a child is known by his doings, whether his work [be] pure, and whether [it be] right. 12 The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the LORD hath made even both of them. 13 Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty; open thine eyes, [and] thou shalt be satisfied with bread. 14 [It is] naught, [it is] naught, saith the buyer: but when he is gone his way, then he boasteth. 15 There is gold, and a multitude of rubies: but the lips of knowledge [are] a precious jewel. 16 Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman. 17 Bread of deceit [is] sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel. 18 [Every] purpose is established by counsel: and with good advice make war. 19 He that goeth about [as] a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips. 20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness. 21 An inheritance [may be] gotten hastily at the beginning; but the end thereof shall not be blessed. 22 Say not thou, I will recompense evil; [but] wait on the LORD, and he shall save thee. 23 Divers weights [are] an abomination unto the LORD; and a false balance [is] not good. 24 Man's goings [are] of the LORD; how can a man then understand his own way? 25 [It is] a snare to the man [who] devoureth [that which is] holy, and after vows to make enquiry. 26 A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them. 27 The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly. 28 Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy. 29 The glory of young men [is] their strength: and the beauty of old men [is] the gray head. 30 The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil: so [do] stripes the inward parts of the belly.

[1] Gn 9:21; 19:31; 1S 25:36; 2S 11:13; 13:28; 1K 20:16; Pv 23:29; 31:4; Is 28:7; Ho 4:11; 7:5; Hab 2:15; 1Co 6:10; Ga 5:21; Ep 5:18.
[2] 1K 2:23; Pv 8:36; 16:14; 19:12; Ec 10:4; Ho 11:10; Am 3:8.
[3] 2K 14:9; Pv 14:17, 29; 16:32; 17:14; 18:6; 19:11; 21:24; 25:8; Ep 1:6; 4:32; 5:1; Jm 3:14; 4:1.
[4] Pv 6:10; 10:4; 19:15, 24; 24:34; 26:13; Mt 25:3, 24; 2P 1:5.
[5] Ps 64:6; Pv 18:4; 1Co 2:11.
[6] Ps 12:1; Pv 25:14; 27:2; Ec 7:28; Jr 5:1; Mi 7:2; Mt 6:2; Lk 18:8, 11, 28; 22:33; Jn 1:47; 2Co 12:11.
[7] Gn 17:7; Ps 15:2; 26:1, 11; 37:26; 112:2; Pv 13:22; 14:2; 19:1; Is 33:15; Jr 32:39; Lk 1:6; Ac 2:39; 2Co 1:12; Tit 2:11; 3Jn 1:3.
[8] 1S 23:3; 2S 23:4; Ps 72:4; 92:9; 99:4; 101:6; Pv 16:12; 20:26; 29:14; Is 32:1.
[9] 1K 8:46; 2Ch 6:36; Jb 14:4; 15:14; 25:4; Ps 51:5; Ec 7:20; 1Co 4:4; Jm 3:2; 1Jn 1:8.
[10] Lv 19:35; Dt 7:25; 25:13; Pv 11:1; 16:11; 20:23; Am 8:4; Mi 6:10; Rv 21:8.
[11] Ps 51:5; 58:3; Pv 21:8; 22:15; Mt 7:16; Lk 1:15, 66; 2:46; 6:43.
[12] Ex 4:11; Ps 94:9; 119:18; Mt 13:13; Ac 26:18; Ep 1:17.
[13] Pv 6:9; 10:4; 12:11; 13:4; 19:15; 24:30; Jna 1:6; Ro 12:11; 13:11; 1Co 15:34; Ep 5:14; 2Th 3:10.
[14] Ec 1:10; Ho 12:7; 1Th 4:6.
[15] Jb 28:12; Pv 3:15; 8:11; 10:20; 15:7, 23; 16:16, 21, 24; 25:12; Ec 12:9; Ro 10:14; Ep 4:29.
[16] Ex 22:26; Pv 2:16; 5:3; 7:5, 10; 11:15; 22:26; 23:27; 27:13.
[17] Gn 3:6; Jb 20:12; Pv 4:17; 9:17; Ec 11:9; Lm 3:15; He 11:25.
[18] Jg 1:1; 9:29; 20:7, 18, 23, 26; 2S 2:26; 2Ch 25:17; Pv 15:22; 24:6; 25:8; Lk 14:31.
[19] Lv 19:16; Pv 11:13; 16:29; 18:8; 24:21; 26:20; Ro 16:18.
[20] Ex 20:12; 21:17; Lv 20:9; Dt 27:16; Jb 18:5, 18; Pv 13:9; 20:27; 24:20; 30:11, 17; Mt 15:4; 22:13; 25:8; Mk 7:10; Jde 1:13.
[21] Jb 27:16; Pv 13:22; 23:4; 28:8, 20, 22; Hab 2:6; Zc 5:4; Mal 2:2; 1Ti 6:9.
[22] Dt 32:35; 2S 16:12; Ps 27:14; 37:34; Pv 17:13; 24:29; Is 40:31; Lm 3:25; Ro 12:17; 1Th 5:15; 1P 2:23; 3:9; 4:19.
[23] Pv 20:10; Ezk 45:10; Ho 12:7; Am 8:5.
[24] Ps 25:4, 12; 37:23; Pv 14:8; 16:9; Is 10:6; Jr 10:23; Dn 5:23; Ac 17:28.
[25] Lv 5:15; 22:10; 27:9, 30, 31; Nu 30:2; Pv 18:7; Ec 5:4; Mal 3:8; Mt 5:33.
[26] 2S 4:9; 12:31; Ps 101:5; Pv 20:8; Is 28:27.
[27] Gn 2:7; Jb 32:8; Pv 20:20, 30; Ro 2:15; 1Co 2:11; 2Co 4:2; He 4:12; 1Jn 3:19.
[28] Ps 21:7; 26:1; 61:7; 101:1; Pv 16:6, 12; 29:14; Is 16:5.
[29] Lv 19:32; Pv 16:31; Jr 9:23; 1Jn 2:14.
[30] Pv 19:25; 22:15; Is 27:9; He 12:10.


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