Amnon and Tamar
1 Now it was after° this° that aAbsalom° the son° of David° had a beautiful° sister° whose name° was bTamar°, and cAmnon° the son° of David° loved° her. 2 Amnon° was so frustrated° because° of his sister° Tamar° that he made° himself ill°, for she was a virgin°, and it seemed° Ihard° to Amnon° to do° anything° to her. 3 But Amnon° had a friend° whose name° was Jonadab°, the son° of IaShimeah°, David’s° brother°; and Jonadab° was a very° shrewd° man°. 4 He said° to him, “O son° of the king°, why° are you so° depressed° morning° after morning°? Will you not tell° me?” Then Amnon° said° to him, “I am in love° with Tamar°, the sister° of my brother° Absalom°.” 5 Jonadab° then said° to him, “Lie° down° on your bed° and pretend° to be ill°; when your father° comes° to see° you, say° to him, ‘Please° let my sister° Tamar° come° and give me [some] food° to eat°, and let her prepare° the food° in my sight°, that I may see° [it] and eat° from her hand°.’” 6 So Amnon° lay° down° and pretended° to be ill°; when the king° came° to see° him, Amnon° said° to the king°, “Please° let my sister° Tamar° come° and amake° me a couple° of cakes° in my sight°, that I may eat° from her hand°.”
 a2S 3:2, 3; 1Ch 3:2 b1Ch 3:9 c2S 3:2
 ILit hard in Amnon’s eyes
 IIn 1S 16:9, Shammah; in 1Ch 2:13, Shimea a1S 16:9
 aGn 18:6
7 ¶ Then David° sent° to the house° for Tamar°, saying°, “Go° now° to your brother° Amnon’s° house°, and prepare° food° for him.” 8 So Tamar° went° to her brother° Amnon’s° house°, and he was lying° down°. And she took° dough°, kneaded° [it], made° cakes° in his sight°, and baked° the cakes°. 9 She took° the pan° and Idished° [them] out before° him, but he refused° to eat°. And Amnon° said°, “aHave everyone°° go° out from me.” So everyone°° went° out from him. 10 Then Amnon° said° to Tamar°, “Bring° the food° into the Ibedroom°, that I may eat° from your hand°.” So Tamar° took° the cakes° which° she had made° and brought° them into the bedroom° to her brother° Amnon°. 11 When she brought° [them] to him to eat°, he atook° hold° of her and said° to her, “Come°, lie° with me, my sister°.” 12 But she answered° him, “No°, my brother°, do not violate° me, for asuch° a thing° is not done° in Israel°; do not do° this° bdisgraceful° thing°! 13 As for me, where° could I Iget° rid° of my reproach°? And as for you, you will be like one° of the IIfools° in Israel°. Now° therefore, please° speak° to the king°, for ahe will not withhold° me from you.” 14 However, he would° not listen° to Iher; since he was stronger° than° she, he aviolated° her and lay° with her.
 ILit poured aGn 45:1
 IOr inner room
 aGn 39:12
 aLv 20:17 bJg 19:23; 20:6
 ILit cause to go IIOr disgraceful ones aGn 20:12
 ILit her voice aLv 18:9; Dt 22:25; 27:22; 2S 12:11
15 ¶ Then Amnon° hated° her with a very° great° hatred°; for the hatred° with which° he hated° her was greater° than° the love° with which° he had loved° her. And Amnon° said° to her, “Get° up, go° away!” 16 But she said° to him, “No°, because° this° wrong° in sending° me away° is greater° than° the other° that you have done° to me!” Yet he would° not listen° to her. 17 Then he called° his young° man° who attended° him and said°, “Now° throw° this° woman° out of my [presence], and lock° the door° behind° her.” 18 Now she had on aa Ilong-sleeved° garment°; for in this° manner° the virgin° daughters° of the king° dressed° themselves in robes°. Then his attendant° took° her out and locked° the door° behind° her. 19 aTamar° put° Iashes° on her head° and btore° her IIlong-sleeved° garment° which° [was] on her; and cshe put° her hand° on her head° and went° away, crying° aloud° as she went°.
 ILit a varicolored tunic aGn 37:3, 23
 IOr dust IILit varicolored tunic a1S 4:12; Es 4:1 bGn 37:29; 2S 1:11 cJr 2:37
20 ¶ Then Absalom° her brother° said° to her, “Has Amnon° your brother° been° with you? But now° keep° silent°, my sister°, he is your brother°; do not take° this° matter° to heart°.” So Tamar° remained° and was desolate° in her brother° Absalom’s° house°. 21 Now when King° David° heard° of all° these° matters°, he was very° angry°. 22 But Absalom° did not speak° to Amnon° aeither° good° or° bad°; for bAbsalom° hated° Amnon° because°°° he had violated° his sister° Tamar°.
Absalom Avenges Tamar
24 Absalom° came° to the king° and said°, “Behold° now°, your servant° has sheepshearers°; please° let the king° and his servants° go° with your servant°.” 25 But the king° said° to Absalom°, “No°, my son°, we should not all° go°, for we will be burdensome° to you.” Although he Iurged° him, he would° not go°, but blessed° him. 26 Then aAbsalom° said°, “If not, please° let my brother° Amnon° go° with us.” And the king° said° to him, “Why° should he go° with you?” 27 But when Absalom° Iurged° him, he let° Amnon° and all° the king’s° sons° go° with him.
28 ¶ Absalom° commanded° his servants°, saying°, “See° now°, awhen Amnon’s° heart° is merry° with wine°, and when I say° to you, ‘Strike° Amnon°,’ then put° him to death°. Do not fear°; have not I myself° commanded° you? Be courageous° and be Ivaliant°°.” 29 The servants° of Absalom° did° to Amnon° just° as Absalom° had commanded°. Then all° the king’s° sons° arose° and each° mounted° ahis mule° and fled°.
30 ¶ Now it was while they were on the way° that the report° came° to David°, saying°, “Absalom° has struck° down° all° the king’s° sons°, and not one° of them is left°.” 31 Then the king° arose°, atore° his clothes° and blay° on the ground°; and all° his servants° were standing° by with clothes° torn°. 32 aJonadab°, the son° of Shimeah°, David’s° brother°, Iresponded°°, “Do not let my lord° IIsuppose° they have put° to death° all° the young° men°, the king’s° sons°, for Amnon° alone° is dead°; because° by the IIIintent° of Absalom° this has been° determined° since° the day° that he violated° his sister° Tamar°. 33 Now° therefore, do not let my lord° the king° atake° the report° to Iheart°, namely°, ‘all° the king’s° sons° are dead°,’ for only° Amnon° is dead°.”
 a2S 1:11 b2S 12:16
 ILit answered and said IILit say IIILit mouth a2S 13:3-5
 ILit his heart a2S 19:19
34 ¶ Now aAbsalom° had fled°. And bthe young° man° who was the watchman° raised° his eyes° and looked°, and behold°, many° people° were coming° from the road° behind° him by the side° of the mountain°. 35 Jonadab° said° to the king°, “Behold°, the king’s° sons° have come°; according to your servant’s° word°, so° it happened°.” 36 As soon as he had finished° speaking°, behold°, the king’s° sons° came° and lifted° their voices° and wept°; and also° the king° and all° his servants° wept° Ivery° bitterly°°.
37 ¶ Now aAbsalom° fled° and went° to bTalmai° the son° of Ammihud°, the king° of cGeshur°. And [David] mourned° for his son° every° day°. 38 aSo Absalom° had fled° and gone° to Geshur°, and was there° three° years°. 39 [The heart of] King° David° longed° to go° out to Absalom°; for ahe was comforted° concerning° Amnon°, since° he was dead°.
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Amnon loving Tamar, by Jonadab's cousel feigning himself sick, ravisheth her.
1 ¶ And it came to pass² afterº this,² that Absalomº the sonº of Davidº had a fairº sister,º whose nameº [was] Tamar;º and Amnonº the sonº of Davidº lovedºª her. 2 And Amnonº was so vexed,¹ª² that he fell sickºª for² his sisterº Tamar;º for² she² [was] a virgin;º and Amnonº thoughtº it hardºª for him to doºª any thingº to her. 3 But Amnonº had a friend,º whose nameº [was] Jonadab,º the sonº of Shimeahº David'sº brother:º and Jonadabº [was] a veryº subtilº man.º 4 And he saidºª unto him, Why² [art] thou,² [being] the king'sº son,º leanº² from dayº to day?º wilt thou not² tellºª me? And Amnonº saidºª unto him, I² loveºª² Tamar,º my brotherº Absalom'sº sister.º 5 And Jonadab¹² saidºª unto him, Lay thee downºª on² thy bed,º and make thyself sick:ºª and when thy fatherº comethºª to seeºª thee, sayºª unto² him, I pray thee,² let my sisterº Tamarº come,ºª and giveºª me meat,º and dressºª² the meatº in my sight,º that²² I may seeºª [it], and eatºª [it] at her hand.º²
 Gn 6:2; 29:18, 20; 34:3; 39:6; 2S 3:2; 11:2; 13:15; 14:27; 1K 11:1; 1Ch 3:2, 9; Pv 6:25; 31:30.
 1K 21:4; So 5:8; 2Co 7:10.
 Gn 3:1; 38:1, 20; Jg 14:20; 1S 16:9; 2S 13:32; 14:2, 19; Es 5:10, 14; 6:13; Pv 19:6; Jr 4:22; 1Co 3:19; Jm 3:15.
 Lv 18:9; 20:17; 1K 21:7; Es 5:13; Is 3:9; Jr 8:12; Mi 7:3; Lk 12:32.
 2S 16:21; 17:1; Ps 50:18; Pv 19:27; Mk 6:24; Ac 23:15.
6 ¶ So Amnonº lay down,ºª and made himself sick:ºª and when the kingº was comeºª to seeºª him, Amnonº saidºª unto² the king,º I pray thee,² let Tamarº my sisterº come,ºª and makeºª me a coupleº of cakesº in my sight,º that I may eatºª at her hand.º² 7 Then Davidº sentºª homeº to² Tamar,º saying,ºª Go¹ª² now² to thy brotherº Amnon'sº house,º and dressºª him meat.º 8 So Tamarº went¹ª² to her brotherº Amnon'sº house;º and he² was laid down.ºª And she tookºª² flour,º and kneadedºª [it], and made cakesºª in his sight,º and did bakeºª² the cakes.º 9 And she tookºª² a pan,º and poured [them] outºª beforeº him; but he refusedºª to eat.ºª And Amnonº said,ºª Have outºª all² menº from²² me. And they went outºª every² manº from²² him. 10 And Amnonº saidºª unto² Tamar,º Bringºª the meatº into the chamber,º that I may eatºª of thine hand.º² And Tamarº tookºª² the cakesº which² she had made,ºª and broughtºª [them] into the chamberº to Amnonº her brother.º 11 And when she had broughtºª [them] unto² him to eat,ºª he took holdºª of her, and saidºª unto her, Comeºª lieºª with² me, my sister.º 12 And she answeredºª him, Nay,² my brother,º do not² forceºª me; for² no² such thing² ought¹ to be doneºª in Israel:º doºª not² thou² this² folly.º 13 And I,² whither² shall I cause² my shameº to go?¹ª² and as for thee,² thou shalt be² as oneº of the foolsº in Israel.º Now² therefore, I pray thee,² speakºª unto² the king;º for² he will not² withholdºª me from² thee. 14 Howbeit he wouldºª not² hearkenºª unto her voice:º but, being strongerºª than she, forcedºª her, and lay¹ª with² her.
 Gn 18:6; Mt 13:33.
 2S 13:8.
 Gn 45:1; Jg 3:19; Jn 3:20.
 Gn 39:11.
 Gn 34:2, 7; Lv 18:9, 11; 20:17; Dt 22:29; Jg 19:23; 20:6; Pv 5:22; 7:7.
 Gn 19:8; Jg 19:24.
 Dt 22:25; Jg 20:5; 2S 12:11; Es 7:8.
He hateth her, and shamefully turneth her away.
15 ¶ Then Amnonº hatedºª her exceedingly;ºº² so that² the hatredº wherewith² he hatedºª her [was] greaterº than the loveº² wherewith² he had lovedºª her. And Amnonº saidºª unto her, Arise,ºª be gone.¹ª² 16 And she saidºª unto him, [There is] no² cause:º this² evilº in sending me awayºª [is] greaterº than the otherº² that² thou didstºª unto² me. But he wouldºª not² hearkenºª unto her. 17 Then he calledºª² his servantº that ministeredºª unto him, and said,ºª Putºª now²² this² [woman] out¹ from me,²²² and boltºª the doorº afterº her. 18 And [she had] a garmentº of divers coloursº upon² her: for² with such² robesº were the king'sº daughtersº [that were] virginsº apparelled.ºª Then his servantºª broughtºª her out,º and boltedºª the doorº afterº her.
Absalom entertaineth her, and concealeth his purpose.
19 ¶ And Tamarº putºª ashesº on² her head,º and rentºª her garmentº of divers coloursº that² [was] on² her, and laidºª her handº on² her head,º and went¹ª onºª crying.ºª 20 And Absalomº her brotherº saidºª unto² her, Hath Amnonº thy brotherº been² with² thee? but hold² now² thy peace,¹ª my sister:º he² [is] thy brother;º regardººª² not² this² thing.º So Tamarº remainedºª desolateºª in her brotherº Absalom'sº house.º
21 ¶ But when kingº Davidº heardºª of² all² these² things,º he was veryº wroth.ºª 22 And Absalomº spakeºª unto² his brother Amnonº neither² goodº nor² bad:º² for² Absalomº hatedºª² Amnon,º becauseº²² he had forcedºª² his sisterº Tamar.º
 Gn 34:7; 1S 2:22, 29; 2S 3:28; 12:5, 10; Ps 101:8.
 Gn 24:50; 31:24, 29; Lv 19:17; Pv 10:18; 25:9; 26:24; 27:4; Ec 7:9; Mt 18:15; Ep 4:26, 31; 1Jn 3:15.
At the sheepshearing, among all the king's sons, he killeth Amnon.
23 ¶ And it came to pass² after two full¹ years,º² that Absalomº had² sheepshearersºª in Baalhazor,º which² [is] beside² Ephraim:º and Absalomº invitedºª all² the king'sº sons.º 24 And Absalomº cameºª to² the king,º and said,ºª Behold² now,² thy servantº hath sheepshearers;ºª let¹ª the king,º I beseech thee,² and his servantsº go¹ª² with² thy servant.º 25 And the kingº saidºª to² Absalom,º Nay,² my son,º let us not² all² now² go,¹ª² lest² we be chargeableºª unto² thee. And he pressedºª him: howbeit he wouldºª not² go,¹ª² but blessedºª him. 26 Then saidºª Absalom,º If not,² I pray thee,² let my brotherº Amnonº go¹ª² with² us. And the kingº saidºª unto him, Why² should he go¹ª² with² thee? 27 But Absalomº pressedºª him, that he let² Amnonº and all² the king'sº sonsº goºª with² him.
 Gn 38:12; 1S 25:2, 4, 36; 1K 1:9, 19, 25; 2K 3:4; 2Ch 26:10.
 2S 11:8; Ps 12:2; 55:21; Jr 41:6.
 Gn 19:2; Jg 19:7; Ru 2:4; 2S 14:22; Lk 14:23; 24:29; Ac 16:15.
 2S 3:27; 11:13; 20:9; Ps 55:21.
 Pv 26:24.
28 ¶ Now Absalomº had commandedºª² his servants,º saying,ºª Markºª ye now² when Amnon'sº heartº is merry¹² with wine,º and when I sayºª unto² you, Smiteºª² Amnon;º then killºª him, fearºª not:² have not² I² commandedºª you? be courageous,ºª and be² valiant.ºº 29 And the servantsº of Absalomº didºª unto Amnonº as² Absalomº had commanded.ºª Then all² the king'sº sonsº arose,ºª and every manº gat him upºª upon² his mule,º and fled.ºª
 Gn 9:21; 19:32; Ex 1:16; Nu 22:16; Jsh 1:9; Jg 19:6, 9, 22; Ru 3:7; 1S 22:17; 25:36; 28:10, 13; 2S 11:13, 15; 1K 20:16; Es 1:10; Ps 104:15; Ec 9:7; 10:19; Dn 5:2, 30; Na 1:10; Lk 21:34; Ac 5:29.
 Gn 36:24; Lv 19:19; 1S 22:18; 2S 18:9; 1K 1:33; 21:11; 2K 1:9; Pv 29:12; Mi 7:3.
David grieving at the news is comforted by Jonadab.
30 ¶ And it came to pass,² while they² were in the way,º that tidingsº cameºª to² David,º saying,ºª Absalomº hath slainºª² all² the king'sº sons,º and there is not² oneº of² them left.ºª 31 Then the kingº arose,ºª and tareºª² his garments,º and layºª on the earth;º and all² his servantsº stood¹ª by² with their clothesº rent.ºª 32 And Jonadab,º the sonº of Shimeahº David'sº brother,º answeredºª and said,ºª Let not² my lordº supposeºª [that] they have slainºª² all² the young menº the king'sº sons;º for² Amnonº only² is dead:ºª for² by² the appointmentº of Absalomº this hath been² determinedºª from the dayº² that he forcedºª² his sisterº Tamar.º 33 Now² therefore let not² my lordº the kingº takeºª the thingº to² his heart,º to thinkºª that all² the king'sº sonsº are dead:ºª for²² Amnonº only² is dead.ºª 34 But Absalomº fled.ºª And the young manº that kept the watchºª lifted upºª² his eyes,º and looked,ºª and, behold,² there cameºª muchº peopleº by the wayº² of the hill¹ sideº²² behindº him. 35 And Jonadabº saidºª unto² the king,º Behold,² the king'sº sonsº come:ºª as thy servantº said,º so² it is.² 36 And it came to pass,² as soon as he had made an endºª of speaking,ºª that, behold,² the king'sº sonsº came,ºª and lifted upºª their voiceº and wept:ºª and the kingº also² and all² his servantsº weptºª veryº sore.º¹
 Gn 37:29, 34; Jsh 7:6; 2S 1:11; 3:31; 12:16; Jb 1:20.
 Gn 27:41; 1S 16:9; 2S 13:3; Ps 7:14; Pv 24:11.
 2S 19:19.
 Gn 4:8; 2S 13:38; Pv 28:17; Am 5:19.
 2S 13:35.
 2S 12:21; 13:15; 18:33.
Absalom fleeth to Talmai at Geshur.
37 ¶ But Absalomº fled,ºª and went¹ª² to² Talmai,º the sonº of Ammihud,º¹ª kingº of Geshur.º And [David] mournedºª for² his sonº every² day.º 38 So Absalomº fled,ºª and went¹ª² to Geshur,º and was² there² threeº years.º 39 And [the soul of] kingº Davidº longedºª to go forthºª unto² Absalom:º for² he was comfortedºª concerning² Amnon,º seeing² he was dead.ºª
 2S 3:3; 1Ch 3:2.
 Dt 3:14; Jsh 12:5; 13:13; 1S 27:8; 2S 14:23, 32; 15:8.
 Gn 24:67; 31:30; 37:35; 38:12; Dt 28:32; 2S 12:23; Ps 84:2; 119:20; Php 2:26.
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