NASB — 2 Samuel 13 — KJV

Amnon and Tamar

1 Now it was after this that aAbsalom the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was bTamar, and cAmnon the son of David loved her. 2 Amnon was so frustrated because of his sister Tamar that he made himself ill, for she was a virgin, and it seemed Ihard to Amnon to do anything to her. 3 But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab, the son of IaShimeah, David’s brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd man. 4 He said to him, “O son of the king, why are you so depressed morning after morning? Will you not tell me?” Then Amnon said to him, “I am in love with Tamar, the sister of my brother Absalom.” 5 Jonadab then said to him, “Lie down on your bed and pretend to be ill; when your father comes to see you, say to him, ‘Please let my sister Tamar come and give me [some] food to eat, and let her prepare the food in my sight, that I may see [it] and eat from her hand.’” 6 So Amnon lay down and pretended to be ill; when the king came to see him, Amnon said to the king, “Please let my sister Tamar come and amake me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat from her hand.”

[1] a2S 3:2, 3; 1Ch 3:2 b1Ch 3:9 c2S 3:2
[2] ILit hard in Amnon’s eyes
[3] IIn 1S 16:9, Shammah; in 1Ch 2:13, Shimea a1S 16:9
[6] aGn 18:6

7 ¶ Then David sent to the house for Tamar, saying, “Go now to your brother Amnon’s house, and prepare food for him.” 8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon’s house, and he was lying down. And she took dough, kneaded [it], made cakes in his sight, and baked the cakes. 9 She took the pan and Idished [them] out before him, but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, “aHave everyone go out from me.” So everyone went out from him. 10 Then Amnon said to Tamar, “Bring the food into the Ibedroom, that I may eat from your hand.” So Tamar took the cakes which she had made and brought them into the bedroom to her brother Amnon. 11 When she brought [them] to him to eat, he atook hold of her and said to her, “Come, lie with me, my sister.” 12 But she answered him, “No, my brother, do not violate me, for asuch a thing is not done in Israel; do not do this bdisgraceful thing! 13 As for me, where could I Iget rid of my reproach? And as for you, you will be like one of the IIfools in Israel. Now therefore, please speak to the king, for ahe will not withhold me from you.” 14 However, he would not listen to Iher; since he was stronger than she, he aviolated her and lay with her.

[9] ILit poured aGn 45:1
[10] IOr inner room
[11] aGn 39:12
[12] aLv 20:17 bJg 19:23; 20:6
[13] ILit cause to go IIOr disgraceful ones aGn 20:12
[14] ILit her voice aLv 18:9; Dt 22:25; 27:22; 2S 12:11

15 ¶ Then Amnon hated her with a very great hatred; for the hatred with which he hated her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. And Amnon said to her, “Get up, go away!” 16 But she said to him, “No, because this wrong in sending me away is greater than the other that you have done to me!” Yet he would not listen to her. 17 Then he called his young man who attended him and said, “Now throw this woman out of my [presence], and lock the door behind her.” 18 Now she had on aa Ilong-sleeved garment; for in this manner the virgin daughters of the king dressed themselves in robes. Then his attendant took her out and locked the door behind her. 19 aTamar put Iashes on her head and btore her IIlong-sleeved garment which [was] on her; and cshe put her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.

[18] ILit a varicolored tunic aGn 37:3, 23
[19] IOr dust IILit varicolored tunic a1S 4:12; Es 4:1 bGn 37:29; 2S 1:11 cJr 2:37

20 ¶ Then Absalom her brother said to her, “Has Amnon your brother been with you? But now keep silent, my sister, he is your brother; do not take this matter to heart.” So Tamar remained and was desolate in her brother Absalom’s house. 21 Now when King David heard of all these matters, he was very angry. 22 But Absalom did not speak to Amnon aeither good or bad; for bAbsalom hated Amnon because he had violated his sister Tamar.

[22] aGn 31:24 bLv 19:17; 1 Jn 2:9, 11; 3:10, 12, 15

23 ¶ Now it came about after two full years that Absalom ahad sheepshearers in Baal-hazor, which is near Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the king’s sons.

[23] a1S 25:7

Absalom Avenges Tamar

24 Absalom came to the king and said, “Behold now, your servant has sheepshearers; please let the king and his servants go with your servant.” 25 But the king said to Absalom, “No, my son, we should not all go, for we will be burdensome to you.” Although he Iurged him, he would not go, but blessed him. 26 Then aAbsalom said, “If not, please let my brother Amnon go with us.” And the king said to him, “Why should he go with you?” 27 But when Absalom Iurged him, he let Amnon and all the king’s sons go with him.

[25] ILit broke through
[26] a2S 3:27; 11:13-15
[27] ILit broke through

28 ¶ Absalom commanded his servants, saying, “See now, awhen Amnon’s heart is merry with wine, and when I say to you, ‘Strike Amnon,’ then put him to death. Do not fear; have not I myself commanded you? Be courageous and be Ivaliant.” 29 The servants of Absalom did to Amnon just as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king’s sons arose and each mounted ahis mule and fled.

[28] ILit sons of valor aJg 19:6, 9, 22; 1S 25:36-38
[29] a2S 18:9; 1K 1:33, 38

30 ¶ Now it was while they were on the way that the report came to David, saying, “Absalom has struck down all the king’s sons, and not one of them is left.” 31 Then the king arose, atore his clothes and blay on the ground; and all his servants were standing by with clothes torn. 32 aJonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother, Iresponded, “Do not let my lord IIsuppose they have put to death all the young men, the king’s sons, for Amnon alone is dead; because by the IIIintent of Absalom this has been determined since the day that he violated his sister Tamar. 33 Now therefore, do not let my lord the king atake the report to Iheart, namely, ‘all the king’s sons are dead,’ for only Amnon is dead.”

[31] a2S 1:11 b2S 12:16
[32] ILit answered and said IILit say IIILit mouth a2S 13:3-5
[33] ILit his heart a2S 19:19

34 ¶ Now aAbsalom had fled. And bthe young man who was the watchman raised his eyes and looked, and behold, many people were coming from the road behind him by the side of the mountain. 35 Jonadab said to the king, “Behold, the king’s sons have come; according to your servant’s word, so it happened.” 36 As soon as he had finished speaking, behold, the king’s sons came and lifted their voices and wept; and also the king and all his servants wept Ivery bitterly.

[34] a2S 13:37, 38 b2S 18:24
[36] ILit with a very great weeping

37 ¶ Now aAbsalom fled and went to bTalmai the son of Ammihud, the king of cGeshur. And [David] mourned for his son every day. 38 aSo Absalom had fled and gone to Geshur, and was there three years. 39 [The heart of] King David longed to go out to Absalom; for ahe was comforted concerning Amnon, since he was dead.

[37] a2S 13:34 b2S 3:3 c2S 14:23, 32
[38] a2S 13:34
[39] a2S 12:19-23

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Amnon loving Tamar, by Jonadab's cousel feigning himself sick, ravisheth her.

1 ¶ And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name [was] Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her. 2 And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she [was] a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her. 3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name [was] Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab [was] a very subtil man. 4 And he said unto him, Why [art] thou, [being] the king's son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister. 5 And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see [it], and eat [it] at her hand.

[1] Gn 6:2; 29:18, 20; 34:3; 39:6; 2S 3:2; 11:2; 13:15; 14:27; 1K 11:1; 1Ch 3:2, 9; Pv 6:25; 31:30.
[2] 1K 21:4; So 5:8; 2Co 7:10.
[3] Gn 3:1; 38:1, 20; Jg 14:20; 1S 16:9; 2S 13:32; 14:2, 19; Es 5:10, 14; 6:13; Pv 19:6; Jr 4:22; 1Co 3:19; Jm 3:15.
[4] Lv 18:9; 20:17; 1K 21:7; Es 5:13; Is 3:9; Jr 8:12; Mi 7:3; Lk 12:32.
[5] 2S 16:21; 17:1; Ps 50:18; Pv 19:27; Mk 6:24; Ac 23:15.

6 ¶ So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand. 7 Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat. 8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded [it], and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes. 9 And she took a pan, and poured [them] out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him. 10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought [them] into the chamber to Amnon her brother. 11 And when she had brought [them] unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister. 12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly. 13 And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee. 14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.

[6] Gn 18:6; Mt 13:33.
[8] 2S 13:8.
[9] Gn 45:1; Jg 3:19; Jn 3:20.
[11] Gn 39:11.
[12] Gn 34:2, 7; Lv 18:9, 11; 20:17; Dt 22:29; Jg 19:23; 20:6; Pv 5:22; 7:7.
[13] Gn 19:8; Jg 19:24.
[14] Dt 22:25; Jg 20:5; 2S 12:11; Es 7:8.

He hateth her, and shamefully turneth her away.

15 ¶ Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her [was] greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone. 16 And she said unto him, [There is] no cause: this evil in sending me away [is] greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her. 17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this [woman] out from me, and bolt the door after her. 18 And [she had] a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters [that were] virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.

[15] Ezk 23:17.
[18] Gn 37:3, 32; Jg 5:30; Ps 45:13.

Absalom entertaineth her, and concealeth his purpose.

19 ¶ And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that [was] on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying. 20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he [is] thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.

[19] Jsh 7:6; 2S 1:2; Jb 2:12; 42:6; Jr 2:37.
[20] Gn 34:2; 46:15; Pv 26:24; Ro 12:19.

21 ¶ But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth. 22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.

[21] Gn 34:7; 1S 2:22, 29; 2S 3:28; 12:5, 10; Ps 101:8.
[22] Gn 24:50; 31:24, 29; Lv 19:17; Pv 10:18; 25:9; 26:24; 27:4; Ec 7:9; Mt 18:15; Ep 4:26, 31; 1Jn 3:15.

At the sheepshearing, among all the king's sons, he killeth Amnon.

23 ¶ And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which [is] beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons. 24 And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant. 25 And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him. 26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee? 27 But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.

[23] Gn 38:12; 1S 25:2, 4, 36; 1K 1:9, 19, 25; 2K 3:4; 2Ch 26:10.
[24] 2S 11:8; Ps 12:2; 55:21; Jr 41:6.
[25] Gn 19:2; Jg 19:7; Ru 2:4; 2S 14:22; Lk 14:23; 24:29; Ac 16:15.
[26] 2S 3:27; 11:13; 20:9; Ps 55:21.
[27] Pv 26:24.

28 ¶ Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. 29 And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.

[28] Gn 9:21; 19:32; Ex 1:16; Nu 22:16; Jsh 1:9; Jg 19:6, 9, 22; Ru 3:7; 1S 22:17; 25:36; 28:10, 13; 2S 11:13, 15; 1K 20:16; Es 1:10; Ps 104:15; Ec 9:7; 10:19; Dn 5:2, 30; Na 1:10; Lk 21:34; Ac 5:29.
[29] Gn 36:24; Lv 19:19; 1S 22:18; 2S 18:9; 1K 1:33; 21:11; 2K 1:9; Pv 29:12; Mi 7:3.

David grieving at the news is comforted by Jonadab.

30 ¶ And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of them left. 31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent. 32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose [that] they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar. 33 Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead. 34 But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him. 35 And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king's sons come: as thy servant said, so it is. 36 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.

[31] Gn 37:29, 34; Jsh 7:6; 2S 1:11; 3:31; 12:16; Jb 1:20.
[32] Gn 27:41; 1S 16:9; 2S 13:3; Ps 7:14; Pv 24:11.
[33] 2S 19:19.
[34] Gn 4:8; 2S 13:38; Pv 28:17; Am 5:19.
[35] 2S 13:35.
[36] 2S 12:21; 13:15; 18:33.

Absalom fleeth to Talmai at Geshur.

37 ¶ But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And [David] mourned for his son every day. 38 So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years. 39 And [the soul of] king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.

[37] 2S 3:3; 1Ch 3:2.
[38] Dt 3:14; Jsh 12:5; 13:13; 1S 27:8; 2S 14:23, 32; 15:8.
[39] Gn 24:67; 31:30; 37:35; 38:12; Dt 28:32; 2S 12:23; Ps 84:2; 119:20; Php 2:26.

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