NASB — Genesis 31 — KJV

Jacob Leaves Secretly for Canaan

1 Now IJacob heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father’s, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this IIwealth.” 2 Jacob saw the Iattitude of Laban, and behold, it was not [friendly] toward him as formerly. 3 Then the LORD said to Jacob, “aReturn to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and bI will be with you.” 4 So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to his flock in the field, 5 and said to them, “aI see your father’s Iattitude, that it is not [friendly] toward me as formerly, but bthe God of my father has been with me. 6 aYou know that I have served your father with all my strength. 7 Yet your father has acheated me and bchanged my wages ten times; however, cGod did not allow him to hurt me. 8 If ahe spoke thus, ‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flock brought forth speckled; and if he spoke thus, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock brought forth striped. 9 Thus God has ataken away your father’s livestock and given [them] to me. 10 And it came about at the time when the flock were Imating that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the male goats which were IImating [were] striped, speckled, and mottled. 11 Then athe angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am.’ 12 He said, ‘Lift up now your eyes and see [that] all the male goats which are Imating are striped, speckled, and mottled; for aI have seen all that Laban has been doing to you. 13 I am athe God [of] Bethel, where you banointed a pillar, where you made a vow to Me; now arise, Ileave this land, and creturn to the land of your birth.’” 14 Rachel and Leah said to him, “Do we still have any portion or inheritance in our father’s house? 15 Are we not reckoned by him as foreigners? For ahe has sold us, and has also Ientirely consumed IIour purchase price. 16 Surely all the wealth which God has taken away from our father belongs to us and our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you.”

[1] ILit he IILit glory
[2] ILit face
[3] aGn 32:9 bGn 28:15
[5] ILit face aGn 31:2 bGn 21:22; 28:13, 15; 31:29, 42, 53; Is 41:10; He 13:5
[6] aGn 30:29
[7] aGn 29:25 bGn 31:41 cGn 15:1; 31:29
[8] aGn 30:32
[9] aGn 31:1, 16
[10] IOr conceiving IILit leaping upon the flock
[11] aGn 16:7-11; 22:11, 15; 31:13; 48:16
[12] ILit leaping upon the flock aEx 3:7
[13] ILit go out from aGn 28:13, 19 bGn 28:18, 20 cGn 28:15; 32:9
[15] II.e. enjoyed the benefit of IILit our money aGn 29:20, 23, 27

17 ¶ Then Jacob arose and put his children and his wives upon camels; 18 and he drove away all his livestock and all his property which he had gathered, his acquired livestock which he had gathered in Paddan-aram, ato go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac. 19 When Laban had gone to shear his flock, then Rachel stole the Iahousehold idols that were her father’s. 20 And Jacob Ideceived Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was fleeing. 21 So he fled with all that he had; and he arose and crossed the [Euphrates] River, and set his face toward the hill country of aGilead.

[18] aGn 35:27
[19] IHeb teraphim aGn 31:30, 34; 35:2; Jg 17:5; 1S 19:13; Ho 3:4
[20] ILit stole the heart of
[21] aGn 37:25

Laban Pursues Jacob

22 ¶ When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled, 23 then he took his Ikinsmen with him and pursued him [a distance of] seven days’ journey, and he overtook him in the hill country of Gilead. 24 aGod came to Laban the Aramean in a bdream of the night and said to him, “IcBe careful that you do not speak to Jacob either good or bad.”

[23] ILit brothers
[24] ILit Take heed to yourself aGn 20:3; 31:29 bGn 20:3, 6; 31:11 cGn 24:50; 31:7, 29

25 ¶ Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his Ikinsmen camped in the hill country of Gilead. 26 Then Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done Iby deceiving me and carrying away my daughters like captives of the sword? 27 Why did you flee secretly and Ideceive me, and did not tell me so that I might have sent you away with joy and with songs, with atimbrel and with blyre; 28 and did not allow me ato kiss my sons and my daughters? Now you have done foolishly. 29 It is in Imy power to do you harm, but athe God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘IIbBe careful not to speak either good or bad to Jacob.’ 30 Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father’s house; [but] why did you steal amy gods?” 31 Then Jacob replied to Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force. 32 aThe one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our Ikinsmen IIpoint out what is yours IIIamong my belongings and take [it] for yourself.” For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.

[25] ILit brothers
[26] ILit and you have stolen my heart
[27] ILit steal me aEx 15:20 bGn 4:21
[28] aGn 31:55
[29] ILit the power of my hand IILit Take heed to yourself aGn 31:5, 24, 42, 53 bGn 31:24
[30] aGn 31:19; Jsh 24:2; Jg 18:24
[32] ILit brothers IILit recognize IIILit with me aGn 44:9

33 ¶ So Laban went into Jacob’s tent and into Leah’s tent and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find [them]. Then he went out of Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s tent. 34 Now Rachel had taken the Ihousehold idols and put them in the camel’s saddle, and she sat on them. And Laban felt through all the tent but did not find [them]. 35 She said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot arise before you, for the manner of women is upon me.” So he searched but did not find the Ibhousehold idols.

[34] IHeb teraphim
[35] IHeb teraphim aLv 19:32 bGn 31:19

36 ¶ Then Jacob became angry and contended with Laban; and Jacob said to Laban, “What is my transgression? What is my sin that you have hotly pursued me? 37 Though you have felt through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Set [it] here before my Ikinsmen and your Ikinsmen, that they may decide between us two. 38 These twenty years I [have been] with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten the rams of your flocks. 39 That which was torn [of beasts] I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself. You required it of my hand [whether] stolen by day or stolen by night. 40 [Thus] I was: by day the Iheat consumed me and the frost by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes. 41 These twenty years I have been in your house; aI served you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flock, and you bchanged my wages ten times. 42 If athe God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had not been for me, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. bGod has seen my affliction and the toil of my hands, so He crendered judgment last night.”

[37] ILit brothers
[40] IOr drought
[41] aGn 29:27, 30 bGn 31:7
[42] aGn 31:5, 29, 53 bGn 29:32; Ex 3:7 cGn 31:24, 29

The Covenant of Mizpah

43 ¶ Then Laban replied to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, and the children are my children, and athe flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne? 44 So now come, let us amake a covenant, Iyou and I, and blet it be a witness between IIyou and me.” 45 Then Jacob took aa stone and set it up [as] a pillar. 46 Jacob said to his Ikinsmen, “Gather stones.” So they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there by the heap. 47 Now Laban acalled it IJegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it IIGaleed. 48 Laban said, “aThis heap is a witness between Iyou and me this day.” Therefore it was named Galeed, 49 and IaMizpah, for he said, “May the LORD watch between IIyou and me when we are IIIabsent one from the other. 50 If you mistreat my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, [although] no man is with us, see, aGod is witness between Iyou and me.” 51 Laban said to Jacob, “Behold this heap and behold the pillar which I have set between Iyou and me. 52 This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass by this heap to you for harm, and you will not pass by this heap and this pillar to me, for harm. 53 aThe God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, bjudge between us.” So Jacob swore by cthe fear of his father Isaac. 54 Then Jacob aoffered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his Ikinsmen to IIthe meal; and they ate IIIthe meal and spent the night on the mountain. 55 IEarly in the morning Laban arose, and akissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Then Laban departed and returned to his place.

[43] aGn 31:1
[44] ILit I and you IILit me and you aGn 21:27, 32; 26:28 bJsh 24:27
[45] aGn 28:18; Jsh 24:26, 27
[46] ILit brothers
[47] II.e. the heap of witness, in Aram III.e. the heap of witness, in Heb aJsh 22:34
[48] ILit me and you aJsh 24:27
[49] ILit the Mizpah; i.e. the watchtower IILit me and you IIILit hidden aJg 11:29; 1S 7:5, 6
[50] ILit me and you aJr 29:23; 42:5
[51] ILit me and you
[53] aGn 28:13 bGn 16:5 cGn 31:42
[54] ILit brothers IILit eat bread IIILit bread aEx 18:12
[55] ICh 32:1 in Heb aGn 31:28, 43

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Jacob upon displeasure departeth secretly.

1 ¶ And he heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, Jacob hath taken away all that [was] our father's; and of [that] which [was] our father's hath he gotten all this glory. 2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it [was] not toward him as before. 3 And the LORD said unto Jacob, Return unto the land of thy fathers, and to thy kindred; and I will be with thee. 4 And Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field unto his flock, 5 And said unto them, I see your father's countenance, that it [is] not toward me as before; but the God of my father hath been with me. 6 And ye know that with all my power I have served your father. 7 And your father hath deceived me, and changed my wages ten times; but God suffered him not to hurt me. 8 If he said thus, The speckled shall be thy wages; then all the cattle bare speckled: and if he said thus, The ringstraked shall be thy hire; then bare all the cattle ringstraked. 9 Thus God hath taken away the cattle of your father, and given [them] to me. 10 And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle [were] ringstraked, speckled, and grisled. 11 And the angel of God spake unto me in a dream, [saying], Jacob: And I said, Here [am] I. 12 And he said, Lift up now thine eyes, and see, all the rams which leap upon the cattle [are] ringstraked, speckled, and grisled: for I have seen all that Laban doeth unto thee. 13 I [am] the God of Bethel, where thou anointedst the pillar, [and] where thou vowedst a vow unto me: now arise, get thee out from this land, and return unto the land of thy kindred. 14 And Rachel and Leah answered and said unto him, [Is there] yet any portion or inheritance for us in our father's house? 15 Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money. 16 For all the riches which God hath taken from our father, that [is] ours, and our children's: now then, whatsoever God hath said unto thee, do.

[1] Gn 31:8; 45:13; Es 5:11; Jb 31:24, 31; Ps 17:14; 49:16; 57:4; 64:3; 120:3; Pv 14:30; 27:4; Ec 4:4; Is 5:14; Jr 9:23; Ezk 16:44; Mt 4:8; 1Ti 6:4; Tit 3:3; 1P 1:24.
[2] Gn 4:5; 30:27; Ex 4:10; Dt 19:4; 28:54; 1S 18:9; 19:7; Dn 3:19.
[3] Gn 13:15; 21:22; 26:3, 24; 28:4, 13, 15, 20; 30:25; 31:13, 18; 32:9; 35:1; 46:2; 50:24; Ps 46:1; 50:15; 90:15; Is 41:10; He 13:5.
[5] Gn 31:2, 3, 13, 42, 53; 32:9; 48:15; 50:17.
[6] Gn 30:29; 31:38; Ep 6:5; Col 3:22; Tit 2:9; 1P 2:18.
[7] Gn 20:6; 31:29, 41; Lv 26:26; Nu 14:22; Ne 4:12; Jb 1:10; 19:8; Ps 37:28; 105:14; Is 4:1; 54:17; Zc 8:23.
[8] Gn 30:32.
[9] Gn 31:1, 16; Es 8:1; Ps 50:10; Pv 13:22; Mt 20:15.
[10] Gn 20:6; 28:12; 30:39; 31:24; Nu 12:6; Dt 13:1; 1K 3:5.
[11] Gn 16:7; 18:1, 17; 22:1; 31:5, 13; 48:15; Ex 3:4; 1S 3:4, 6, 8, 16; Is 58:9.
[12] Gn 30:37; 31:42; Ex 3:7, 9; Lv 19:13; Dt 24:15; Ps 12:5; 139:3; Ec 5:8; Ac 7:34; Ep 6:9.
[13] Gn 28:12; 31:3; 32:9; 35:7.
[14] Gn 2:24; 29:24, 29; Ru 4:11.
[15] Gn 29:15, 27; 30:26; 31:41; Ex 21:7; Ne 5:8.
[16] Gn 30:35; 31:1, 9; Ps 45:10.

17 ¶ Then Jacob rose up, and set his sons and his wives upon camels; 18 And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.

[17] Gn 24:10, 61; 1S 30:17.
[18] Gn 27:1, 41; 28:21; 35:27.

Rachel stealeth her father's images.

19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that [were] her father's. 20 And Jacob stole away unawares to Laban the Syrian, in that he told him not that he fled. 21 So he fled with all that he had; and he rose up, and passed over the river, and set his face [toward] the mount Gilead.

[19] Gn 31:30, 32; 35:2; Jsh 24:2; Jg 17:4; 18:14, 31; 1S 19:13; Ezk 21:21; Ho 3:4.
[20] Gn 31:20, 27.
[21] Gn 2:14; 15:18; 31:23; 46:28; Nu 24:1; 32:1; Dt 3:12; Jsh 13:8; 24:2; Jg 10:18; 1K 17:1; 2K 12:17; Jr 50:5; Lk 9:51.

Laban pursueth after Jacob,

22 And it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob was fled. 23 And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven days' journey; and they overtook him in the mount Gilead. 24 And God came to Laban the Syrian in a dream by night, and said unto him, Take heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad.

[22] Gn 30:36; Ex 14:5; Jb 5:12.
[23] Gn 13:8; 24:27; Ex 2:11, 13.
[24] Gn 20:3; 24:50; 28:5; 31:10, 29, 42; 40:5; 41:1; Nu 12:6; 22:20, 26; 24:13; Dt 26:5; 2S 13:22; 1K 3:5; Jb 33:15, 25; Ps 105:14; Is 37:29; Ho 12:12; Mt 1:20; 2:12; 27:19.

25 ¶ Then Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mount: and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead.

[25] Gn 12:8; 33:18; He 11:9.

and complaineth of the wrong.

26 And Laban said to Jacob, What hast thou done, that thou hast stolen away unawares to me, and carried away my daughters, as captives [taken] with the sword? 27 Wherefore didst thou flee away secretly, and steal away from me; and didst not tell me, that I might have sent thee away with mirth, and with songs, with tabret, and with harp? 28 And hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and my daughters? thou hast now done foolishly in [so] doing. 29 It is in the power of my hand to do you hurt: but the God of your father spake unto me yesternight, saying, Take thou heed that thou speak not to Jacob either good or bad. 30 And now, [though] thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father's house, [yet] wherefore hast thou stolen my gods? 31 And Jacob answered and said to Laban, Because I was afraid: for I said, Peradventure thou wouldest take by force thy daughters from me. 32 With whomsoever thou findest thy gods, let him not live: before our brethren discern thou what [is] thine with me, and take [it] to thee. For Jacob knew not that Rachel had stolen them. 33 And Laban went into Jacob's tent, and into Leah's tent, and into the two maidservants' tents; but he found [them] not. Then went he out of Leah's tent, and entered into Rachel's tent.

[26] Gn 2:24; 3:13; 4:10; 12:18; 20:9; 26:10; 31:16, 36; 34:29; Jsh 7:19; 1S 14:43; 17:29; 30:2; Jn 18:35.
[27] Gn 24:59; 31:3, 20, 31; Ex 15:20; Jg 6:27; Jb 21:11; Pv 26:23.
[28] Gn 29:13; 31:3, 13, 24, 55; Ex 4:27; Ru 1:9, 14; 1S 13:13; 1K 19:20; 2Ch 16:9; Ac 20:37; 1Co 2:14.
[29] Gn 28:13; 31:24, 42, 53; Jsh 24:2; 2K 19:10; Ps 52:1; Dn 2:47; 3:28; 6:20, 26; Jn 19:10; Ac 5:38; 9:5.
[30] Gn 31:19; Ex 12:12; Nu 33:4; Jg 6:31; 18:24; 1S 5:2; 2S 5:21; Is 37:19; 46:1; Jr 10:11; 43:12.
[31] Gn 20:11; 31:26; Pv 29:25.
[32] Gn 13:8; 19:7; 30:33; 31:19, 23, 30; 44:9; 1S 12:3; 14:24; 2Co 8:20; 12:17.
[33] Gn 24:28, 67.

Rachel's policy to hide the images.

34 Now Rachel had taken the images, and put them in the camel's furniture, and sat upon them. And Laban searched all the tent, but found [them] not. 35 And she said to her father, Let it not displease my lord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom of women [is] upon me. And he searched, but found not the images.

[34] Gn 31:17, 19.
[35] Gn 18:11, 12; Ex 20:12; Lv 15:19; 19:3, 32; 1K 2:19; Ep 6:1; 1P 2:18; 3:6.

Jacob's complaint of Laban.

36 ¶ And Jacob was wroth, and chode with Laban: and Jacob answered and said to Laban, What [is] my trespass? what [is] my sin, that thou hast so hotly pursued after me? 37 Whereas thou hast searched all my stuff, what hast thou found of all thy household stuff? set [it] here before my brethren and thy brethren, that they may judge betwixt us both. 38 This twenty years [have] I [been] with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. 39 That which was torn [of beasts] I brought not unto thee; I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it, [whether] stolen by day, or stolen by night. 40 [Thus] I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes. 41 Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my wages ten times. 42 Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my hands, and rebuked [thee] yesternight.

[36] Gn 30:2; 34:7; 49:7; Nu 16:15; 2K 5:11; 13:19; Pv 28:1; Mk 3:5; Ep 4:26; Jm 1:19.
[37] Gn 31:32; Jsh 7:23; 1S 12:3; Mt 18:16; 1Co 6:4; 1Th 2:10; He 13:18; 1P 2:12; 3:16.
[38] Gn 30:27, 30; 31:41; Ex 23:26; Dt 28:4; Ezk 34:2.
[39] Ex 22:10, 31; Lv 22:8; 1S 17:34; Lk 2:8; Jn 10:12.
[40] Ex 2:19; 3:1; Ps 78:70; Ho 12:12; Lk 2:8; Jn 21:15; He 13:7; 1P 5:2.
[41] Gn 29:18; 30:33; 31:7, 38; 1Co 15:10; 2Co 11:26.
[42] Gn 11:5; 16:11, 13; 27:33; 29:32; 31:12, 24, 29, 53; Ex 3:7; 1Ch 12:17; Ps 31:7; 76:11; 124:1; Is 8:13; Jde 1:9.

The covenant of Laban and Jacob at Galeed.

43 ¶ And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, [These] daughters [are] my daughters, and [these] children [are] my children, and [these] cattle [are] my cattle, and all that thou seest [is] mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? 44 Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee. 45 And Jacob took a stone, and set it up [for] a pillar. 46 And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap. 47 And Laban called it Jegarsahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed. 48 And Laban said, This heap [is] a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed; 49 And Mizpah; for he said, The LORD watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another. 50 If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take [other] wives beside my daughters, no man [is] with us; see, God [is] witness betwixt me and thee. 51 And Laban said to Jacob, Behold this heap, and behold [this] pillar, which I have cast betwixt me and thee; 52 This heap [be] witness, and [this] pillar [be] witness, that I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me, for harm. 53 The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge betwixt us. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac. 54 Then Jacob offered sacrifice upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount. 55 And early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his sons and his daughters, and blessed them: and Laban departed, and returned unto his place.

[44] Gn 15:18; 21:22, 30; 26:28; 31:48, 52; Dt 31:19, 21, 26; Jsh 22:27; 24:25; 1S 20:14.
[45] Gn 28:18.
[46] Gn 31:23, 32, 37, 54; Jsh 4:5, 20; 7:26; Jg 2:1; 3:19; 20:1; 1S 7:16; 10:8, 17; 11:15; 13:7; 15:33; 2S 18:17; 19:15, 40; 2K 2:1; Ec 3:5.
[47] He 12:1.
[48] Gn 31:23; Dt 2:36; 3:16; Jsh 13:8; 24:27.
[49] Jg 10:17; 11:11, 29; 1S 7:5; 1K 15:22; Ho 5:1.
[50] Lv 18:18; Jg 11:10; 1S 12:5; Jr 29:23; 42:5; Mi 1:2; Mal 2:14; 3:5; Mt 19:5; 1Th 2:5.
[51] Gn 31:45, 51.
[52] Gn 31:44, 48.
[53] Gn 11:24, 31; 14:22; 16:5; 17:7; 21:23; 22:20; 24:3; 26:28; 31:42; Ex 3:6; Dt 6:13; Jsh 24:2.
[54] Gn 21:8; 26:30; 37:25; Ex 18:12; 2S 3:20.
[55] Gn 18:33; 24:60; 28:1; 30:25; 31:28; 33:4; Nu 23:5, 8, 11; 24:25; Dt 23:5; 32:36; Ru 1:14; Ps 76:10; Pv 16:7; Ac 28:4.

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