NASB — Genesis 41 — KJV

Pharaoh’s Dream

1 Now it happened at the end of two full years that Pharaoh had a dream, and behold, he was standing by the Nile. 2 And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and Ifat; and they grazed in the amarsh grass. 3 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them from the Nile, ugly and Igaunt, and they stood by the [other] cows on the bank of the Nile. 4 The ugly and Igaunt cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. Then Pharaoh awoke. 5 He fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came up on a single stalk, plump and good. 6 Then behold, seven ears, thin and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them. 7 The thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. Then Pharaoh awoke, and behold, [it was] a dream. 8 Now in the morning ahis spirit was troubled, so he sent and called for all the Ibmagicians of Egypt, and all its cwise men. And Pharaoh told them his IIdreams, but dthere was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh.

[2] ILit fat of flesh aJb 8:11; Is 19:6, 7
[3] ILit lean of flesh
[4] ILit lean of flesh
[8] IOr soothsayer priests IILit dream aDn 2:1, 3 bEx 7:11, 22; Dn 1:20; 2:2 cMt 2:1 dDn 2:27; 4:7

9 ¶ Then the chief cupbearer spoke to Pharaoh, saying, “I would make mention today of amy [own] Ioffenses. 10 Pharaoh was afurious with his servants, and bhe put me in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, [both] me and the chief baker. 11 aWe had a dream Ion the same night, IIhe and I; each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his [own] dream. 12 Now a Hebrew youth [was] with us there, a aservant of the captain of the bodyguard, and we related [them] to him, and bhe interpreted our dreams for us. To each one he interpreted according to his [own] dream. 13 And just aas he interpreted for us, so it happened; he restored me in my Ioffice, but he hanged him.”

[9] IOr sins aGn 40:14, 23
[10] aGn 40:2, 3 bGn 39:20
[11] ILit one night IILit I and he aGn 40:5
[12] aGn 37:36 bGn 40:12
[13] ILit place aGn 40:21, 22

Joseph Interprets

14 ¶ Then Pharaoh sent and acalled for Joseph, and they bhurriedly brought him out of the dungeon; and when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came to Pharaoh. 15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, abut no one can interpret it; and bI have heard Iit said about you, that IIwhen you hear a dream you can interpret it.” 16 Joseph then answered Pharaoh, saying, “IaIt is not in me; bGod will IIgive Pharaoh a favorable answer.” 17 So Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, “In my dream, behold, I was standing on the bank of the Nile; 18 and behold, seven cows, Ifat and sleek came up out of the Nile, and they grazed in the marsh grass. 19 Lo, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and Igaunt, such as I had never seen for IIugliness in all the land of Egypt; 20 and the lean and Iugly cows ate up the first seven fat cows. 21 Yet when they had Idevoured them, it could not be IIdetected that they had Idevoured them, IIIfor they were just as ugly as IVbefore. Then I awoke. 22 I saw also in my dream, and behold, seven ears, full and good, came up on a single stalk; 23 and lo, seven ears, withered, thin, [and] scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them; 24 and the thin ears swallowed the seven good ears. Then aI told it to the Imagicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”

[14] aPs 105:20 bDn 2:25
[15] ILit about you, saying IILit you hear a dream to interpret it aGn 41:8 bDn 5:16
[16] ILit Apart from me IILit answer the peace of Pharaoh aDn 2:30; Zc 4:6; Ac 3:12; 2Co 3:5 bGn 40:8; 41:25, 28, 32; Dt 29:29; Dn 2:22, 28, 47
[18] ILit fat of flesh
[19] ILit lean of flesh IILit badness
[20] ILit bad
[21] ILit entered their inward parts IIOr known IIILit and IVLit in the beginning
[24] IOr soothsayer priests aIs 8:19; Dn 4:7

25 ¶ Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, “Pharaoh’s Idreams are one [and the same]; aGod has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. 26 The seven good cows are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years; the Idreams are one [and the same]. 27 The seven lean and ugly cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven thin ears scorched by the east wind awill be seven years of famine. 28 IIt is as I have spoken to Pharaoh: aGod has shown to Pharaoh what He is about to do. 29 Behold, aseven years of great abundance are coming in all the land of Egypt; 30 and after them aseven years of famine will Icome, and all the abundance will be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine will IIravage the land. 31 So the abundance will be unknown in the land because of that subsequent famine; for it [will be] very severe. 32 Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, [it means] that athe matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about. 33 Now let Pharaoh look for a man adiscerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers Iin charge of the land, and let him exact a fifth [of the produce] of the land of Egypt in the seven years of abundance. 35 Then let them agather all the food of these good years that are coming, and store up the grain for food in the cities under Pharaoh’s authority, and let them guard [it]. 36 Let the food become as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which will occur in the land of Egypt, so that the land will not perish during the famine.”

[25] ILit dream is aGn 41:28, 32; Dn 2:28, 29, 45
[26] ILit dream is
[27] a2K 8:1
[28] ILit That is the thing which I spoke aGn 41:25, 32
[29] aGn 41:47
[30] ILit arise IILit destroy aGn 41:54, 56; 47:13; Ps 105:16
[32] aGn 41:25, 28
[33] aGn 41:39
[34] ILit over
[35] aGn 41:48

37 ¶ Now the Iproposal seemed good IIto Pharaoh and IIto all his servants.

[37] ILit word IILit in the sight of

Joseph Is Made a Ruler of Egypt

38 Then Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find a man like this, ain whom is a divine spirit?” 39 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so adiscerning and wise as you are. 40 aYou shall be over my house, and according to your Icommand all my people shall IIdo homage; only in the throne I will be greater than you.” 41 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you aover all the land of Egypt.” 42 Then Pharaoh atook off his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and clothed him in garments of fine linen and bput the gold necklace around his neck. 43 He had him ride in Ihis second chariot; and they proclaimed before him, “IIBow the knee!” And he set him over all the land of Egypt. 44 Moreover, Pharaoh said to Joseph, “[Though] I am Pharaoh, yet awithout Iyour permission no one shall raise his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45 Then Pharaoh named Joseph IZaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of IIaOn, as his wife. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt.

[38] aJb 32:8; Dn 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11, 14
[39] aGn 41:33
[40] ILit mouth IILit kiss aPs 105:21; Ac 7:10
[41] aGn 42:6; Ps 105:21; Dn 6:3; Ac 7:10
[42] aEs 3:10; 8:2 bDn 5:7, 16, 29
[43] ILit the second...which was his IIHeb Abreck: Attention or Make way
[44] ILit you no one aPs 105:22
[45] IProbably Egyptian for “God speaks; he lives” IIOr Heliopolis aJr 43:13; Ezk 30:17

46 ¶ Now Joseph was athirty years old when he Istood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh and went through all the land of Egypt. 47 During the seven years of plenty the land brought forth Iabundantly. 48 So he gathered all the food of [these] seven years which occurred in the land of Egypt and placed the food in the cities; he placed in every city the food from its own surrounding fields. 49 Thus Joseph stored up grain Iin great abundance like the sand of the sea, until he stopped IImeasuring [it], for it was IIIbeyond measure.

[46] IOr entered the service of aGn 37:2
[47] ILit by handfuls
[49] ILit very much IILit numbering IIIOr without number

The Sons of Joseph

50 ¶ Now before the year of famine came, atwo sons were born to Joseph, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of IOn, bore to him. 51 Joseph named the firstborn IManasseh, “For,” [he said], “God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s household.” 52 He named the second IEphraim, “For,” [he said], “aGod has made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.”

[50] IOr Heliopolis aGn 48:5
[51] II.e. making to forget
[52] II.e. fruitfulness aGn 17:6; 28:3; 49:22

53 ¶ When the seven years of plenty which had been in the land of Egypt came to an end, 54 and athe seven years of famine began to come, just as Joseph had said, then there was famine in all the lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55 So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried out to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; awhatever he says to you, you shall do.” 56 When the famine was [spread] over all the face of the earth, then Joseph opened all Ithe storehouses, and sold to the Egyptians; and the famine was severe in the land of Egypt. 57 [The people of] all the earth came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph, because athe famine was severe in all the earth.

[54] aGn 41:30; Ps 105:16; Ac 7:11
[55] aJn 2:5
[56] ILit that which was in them
[57] aGn 12:10


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Pharaoh's two dreams.

1 ¶ And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. 2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. 3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; and stood by the [other] kine upon the brink of the river. 4 And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat up the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh awoke. 5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good. 6 And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them. 7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, [it was] a dream. 8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but [there was] none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.

[1] Gn 20:3; 29:14; 31:21; 37:5; 40:5; Ex 1:22; 4:9; Dt 11:10; Jg 7:13; Es 6:1; Jb 33:15; Is 19:5; Ezk 29:3, 9; Dn 2:1; 4:5; 7:1; Mt 27:19.
[2] Gn 41:17; Jb 8:11.
[3] Gn 41:4, 20.
[4] 1K 3:15.
[5] Dt 32:14.
[6] Ezk 17:10; 19:12; Ho 13:15.
[7] Gn 20:3; 37:5.
[8] Gn 40:6, 8; Ex 7:11, 22; 8:7, 18; 9:11; Lv 19:31; 20:6; Dt 18:9; Jb 5:12; Ps 25:14; Is 8:19; 19:3, 11; 29:14; 47:12; Dn 1:20; 2:1, 2, 4, 27; 4:5, 7, 19; 5:6, 7, 8, 11; 7:28; 8:27; Hab 3:16; Mt 2:1; Ac 7:22; 17:18; 1Co 1:19; 3:18.

9 ¶ Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day: 10 Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard's house, [both] me and the chief baker: 11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. 12 And [there was] there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret. 13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.

[9] Gn 40:1, 14, 23.
[10] Gn 37:36; 39:20; 40:2.
[11] Gn 40:5.
[12] Gn 37:36; 39:1, 20; 40:12.
[13] Gn 40:12, 20; Jr 1:10; Ezk 43:3.

14 ¶ Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved [himself], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh. 15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and [there is] none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, [that] thou canst understand a dream to interpret it. 16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, [It is] not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace. 17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river: 18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow: 19 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness: 20 And the lean and the ill favoured kine did eat up the first seven fat kine: 21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them; but they [were] still ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke. 22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good: 23 And, behold, seven ears, withered, thin, [and] blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: 24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears: and I told [this] unto the magicians; but [there was] none that could declare [it] to me.

[14] Ex 10:16; 1S 2:7, 8; 2S 19:24; 2K 25:29; Es 4:1; 5:1; Ps 105:19; 113:7; Is 61:3, 10; Jr 52:32; Dn 2:25.
[15] Gn 41:9; Ps 25:14; Dn 5:12, 16.
[16] Gn 37:14; 40:8; Nu 12:6; 2K 6:27; Dn 2:18, 28, 47; 4:2; Lk 19:42; Ac 3:7, 12; 14:14; 1Co 15:10; 2Co 3:5.
[17] Gn 41:1.
[18] Jr 24:1, 5, 8.
[21] Ps 37:19; Is 9:20; Ezk 3:3; Rv 10:9.
[23] Gn 41:6; 2K 19:26; Ps 129:6; Ho 8:7; 9:16; 13:15.
[24] Gn 41:8; Ex 8:19; Dn 4:7.

Joseph interpreteth them.

25 ¶ And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh [is] one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he [is] about to do. 26 The seven good kine [are] seven years; and the seven good ears [are] seven years: the dream [is] one. 27 And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up after them [are] seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine. 28 This [is] the thing which I have spoken unto Pharaoh: What God [is] about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh. 29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt: 30 And there shall arise after them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine shall consume the land; 31 And the plenty shall not be known in the land by reason of that famine following; for it [shall be] very grievous. 32 And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; [it is] because the thing [is] established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.

[25] Gn 41:16; Ex 9:14; Jsh 11:6; Ps 98:2; Is 41:22; 43:9; Dn 2:28, 45, 47; Am 3:7; Mt 24:40; Mk 13:23; Ep 1:17; Rv 4:1.
[26] Gn 2:24; 40:12, 18; 41:2, 5, 29, 47, 53; Ex 12:11; 26:6; 1Co 10:4; 1Jn 5:7.
[27] 2S 24:19; 2K 8:1.
[28] Gn 41:16, 25.
[29] Gn 41:26, 46, 49.
[30] Gn 41:21, 27, 51, 54; 47:13; 2S 24:13; 1K 17:1; 2K 8:1; Ps 105:16; Pv 31:7; Is 65:16; Lk 4:25; Jm 5:17.
[31] 1S 5:6; Is 24:20.
[32] Gn 37:7, 9; Nu 23:19; Jb 33:14; Is 14:24; 30:33; 46:10; Mt 24:35; 25:34, 41; Mk 10:40; 1Co 2:9; 2Co 13:1; Rv 9:15.

He giveth Pharaoh counsel.

33 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh do [this], and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. 35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. 36 And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine.

[33] Ex 18:19; Dt 1:13; Dn 4:27; Ac 6:3.
[34] Nu 31:14; 2K 11:11; 2Ch 34:12; Ne 11:9; Jb 5:20; Ps 33:19; Pv 6:6; 22:3; 27:12; Lk 16:5.
[35] Gn 41:48, 56; 45:6; Ex 4:13.
[36] Gn 41:30; 47:13.

37 ¶ And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants.

[37] Jsh 22:30; 2S 3:36; 1K 21:2; Ps 105:19; Pv 10:20; 25:11; Ac 7:10.

Joseph is advanced.

38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]? 39 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as thou [art]: 40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. 41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. 42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; 43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Egypt. 44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I [am] Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. 45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnathpaaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over [all] the land of Egypt.

[38] Nu 27:18; Jb 32:8; Dn 4:6, 8, 18; 5:11, 14; 6:3.
[39] Gn 41:16, 25, 28, 33.
[40] Gn 39:4; 45:8, 26; 1S 10:1; Jb 31:27; Ps 2:12; 105:21; Pv 22:29; Dn 2:46; 5:29; 6:3.
[41] Gn 39:5, 22; 41:44; Es 10:3; Pv 17:2; 22:29; Dn 2:7; 4:2; 6:3; Mt 28:18; Php 2:9.
[42] Es 3:10, 12; 6:7; 8:2, 8, 10, 15; 10:3; Pv 1:9; 31:22, 24; So 1:10; Ezk 16:10; 27:7; Dn 2:46; 5:7, 16, 29; Lk 15:22; 19:16.
[43] Gn 42:6, 30, 33; 45:8, 26; Es 6:8; Ac 7:10; Php 2:10.
[44] Ex 11:7.
[45] Gn 14:18; 46:20; Ex 2:16; 2S 8:18; 20:26; Ezk 30:17; Lk 2:1; Ac 11:28.

46 ¶ And Joseph [was] thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt. 47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls. 48 And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which [was] round about every city, laid he up in the same. 49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for [it was] without number.

[46] Gn 37:2; Nu 4:3; 1S 16:21; 2S 5:4; 1K 12:6, 8; Pv 22:29; Dn 1:19; Lk 3:23; 21:36; Jde 1:24.
[47] Gn 26:12; Ps 72:16.
[48] Gn 41:34; 47:21.
[49] Gn 22:17; Jg 6:5; 7:12; 1S 13:5; Jb 1:3; Ps 78:27; Jr 33:22.

He begetteth Manasseh and Ephraim.

50 And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him. 51 And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, [said he], hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house. 52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.

[50] Gn 41:45; 46:20; 48:5; 2S 8:18.
[51] Gn 41:30; 48:5, 13, 18; Dt 33:17; Ps 30:5, 11; 45:10; Pv 31:7; Is 57:16; 65:16.
[52] Gn 29:32; 30:6; 48:16; 49:22; 50:23; Ps 105:17; Is 40:1; Am 6:6; Ac 7:10.

The famine beginneth.

53 ¶ And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended. 54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do. 56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth: And Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. 57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy [corn]; because that the famine was [so] sore in all lands.

[53] Gn 41:29; Ps 73:20; Lk 16:25.
[54] Gn 41:3, 6, 27, 30; 42:2, 5; 43:1; 45:11; 47:13; Ps 105:16; Ac 7:11.
[55] Gn 41:40; 2K 6:25; Ps 105:20; Jr 14:1; Lm 4:3; Mt 3:17; 17:5; Jn 1:14; Php 4:19; Col 1:19.
[56] Gn 42:6; 47:14; Is 23:17; Zc 5:3; Lk 21:35; Ac 17:26.
[57] Gn 41:54, 56; 42:1, 5; 50:20; Dt 9:28; Ps 105:16.


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