NASB — 2 Kings 19 — KJV

Isaiah Encourages Hezekiah

1 aAnd when King Hezekiah heard [it], he btore his clothes, ccovered himself with sackcloth and entered the house of the LORD. 2 Then he sent Eliakim who was over the household with Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, acovered with sackcloth, to bIsaiah the prophet the son of Amoz. 3 They said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah, ‘This day is a day of distress, rebuke, and rejection; for children have come to birth and there is no strength to [deliver]. 4 aPerhaps the LORD your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent bto reproach the living God, and will rebuke the words which the LORD your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for cthe remnant that is left.’” 5 So the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah. 6 Isaiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to your master, ‘Thus says the LORD, “Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the aservants of the king of Assyria bhave blasphemed Me. 7 Behold, I will put a spirit in him so that ahe will hear a rumor and return to his own land. And bI will make him fall by the sword in his own land.”’”

[1] a2Ch 32:20-22; Is 37:1 b2K 18:37 c1K 21:27
[2] a2S 3:31 bIs 1:1; 2:1
[4] aJsh 14:12; 2S 16:12 b2K 18:35 cIs 1:9
[6] a2K 18:17 b2K 18:22-25, 30, 35
[7] a2K 7:6 b2K 19:37

Sennacherib Defies God

8 ¶ Then Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria fighting against aLibnah, for he had heard that Ithe king had left bLachish. 9 When he heard [them] say concerning Tirhakah king of ICush, “Behold, he has come out to fight against you,” he sent messengers again to Hezekiah saying, 10 “Thus you shall say to Hezekiah king of IJudah, ‘Do not alet your God in whom you trust deceive you saying, “bJerusalem will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 11 Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying them completely. So will you be Ispared? 12 aDid the gods of Ithose nations which my fathers destroyed deliver them, [even] bGozan and cHaran and Rezeph and dthe sons of Eden who [were] in Telassar? 13 aWhere is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of Sepharvaim, and [of] Hena and Ivvah?’”

[8] ILit he aJsh 10:29 b2K 18:14
[9] IOr Ethiopia
[10] ILit Judah, saying, a2K 18:5 b2K 18:30
[11] ILit delivered
[12] ILit the a2K 18:33 b2K 17:6 cGn 11:31 dIs 37:12
[13] a2K 18:34

Hezekiah’s Prayer

14 ¶ Then aHezekiah took the Iletter from the hand of the messengers and read it, and he went up to the house of the LORD and IIspread it out before the LORD. 15 Hezekiah prayed before the LORD and said, “O LORD, the God of Israel, awho are Ienthroned [above] the cherubim, bYou are the God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth. 16 aIncline Your ear, O LORD, and hear; bopen Your eyes, O LORD, and see; and listen to the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent cto reproach the living God. 17 Truly, O LORD, the kings of Assyria have devastated the nations and their lands 18 and have cast their gods into the fire, afor they were not gods but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. So they have destroyed them. 19 Now, O LORD our God, I pray, deliver us from his hand athat all the kingdoms of the earth may know that You alone, O bLORD, are God.”

[14] ILit them IILit Hezekiah spread aIs 37:14
[15] ILit seated aEx 25:22; Is 37:14 b2K 5:15
[16] aPs 31:2; Is 37:17 b1K 8:29; 2Ch 6:40 c2K 19:4
[18] aIs 44:9-20; Ac 17:29
[19] a1K 8:42, 43 b2K 19:15

God’s Answer through Isaiah

20 ¶ Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah saying, “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Because you have prayed to Me about Sennacherib king of Assyria, aI have heard [you].’ 21 This is the word that the LORD has spoken against him:
  ‘She has despised you and mocked you,
  aThe virgin daughter of Zion;
  She bhas shaken [her] head behind you,
  The daughter of Jerusalem!
  22 ‘Whom have you areproached and bblasphemed?
  And against whom have you raised [your] voice,
  And Ihaughtily lifted up your eyes?
  Against the cHoly One of Israel!
  23aThrough your messengers you have reproached the Lord,
  And you have said, “With my many chariots
  I came up to the heights of the mountains,
  To the remotest parts of Lebanon;
  And I Icut down its tall cedars [and] its choice cypresses.
  And I Ientered its farthest lodging place, its bthickest forest.
  24 “I dug [wells] and drank foreign waters,
  And with the sole of my feet I Iadried up
  All the rivers of IIEgypt.”

[20] a2K 20:5
[21] aJr 14:17; Lm 2:13 bPs 109:25; Mt 27:39
[22] ILit on high a2K 19:4 b2K 19:6 cIs 5:24; 30:11-15
[23] ISo with some ancient versions; M.T. will cut...will enter a2K 18:17 b2Ch 26:10; Is 10:18
[24] ISo with some ancient versions; M.T. will dry up IILit the besieged place aIs 19:6

  25 ¶ ‘aHave you not heard?
  Long ago I did it;
  From ancient times I planned it.
  bNow I have brought it to pass,
  That you should turn fortified cities into ruinous heaps.
  26 ‘Therefore their inhabitants were short of strength,
  They were dismayed and put to shame;
  They were aas the vegetation of the field and as the green herb,
  As grass on the housetops is scorched before it is grown up.
  27 ‘But aI know your sitting down,
  And your going out and your coming in,
  And your raging against Me.
  28 ‘Because of your raging against Me,
  And because your Iarrogance has come up to My ears,
  Therefore I awill put My hook in your nose,
  And My bridle in your lips,
  And bI will turn you back by the way which you came.

[25] aIs 45:7 bIs 10:5
[26] aPs 129:6
[27] aPs 139:1
[28] ILit complacency aEzk 19:9; 29:4 b2K 19:33, 36

29 ¶ ‘Then this shall be athe sign for you: Iyou will eat this year what grows of itself, in the second year what springs from the same, and in the third year sow, reap, plant vineyards, and eat their fruit. 30 aThe surviving remnant of the house of Judah will again take root downward and bear fruit upward. 31 For out of Jerusalem will go forth a remnant, and aout of Mount Zion Isurvivors. bThe zeal of IIthe LORD will perform this.

[29] ILit eating aEx 3:12; 2K 20:8, 9
[30] a2K 19:4; 2Ch 32:22, 23
[31] ILit those who escape IISome ancient mss read the LORD of hosts aIs 10:20 bIs 9:7

32 ¶ ‘Therefore thus says the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, “aHe will not come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not come before it with a shield or throw up a siege ramp against it. 33 aBy the way that he came, by the same he will return, and he shall not come to this city,”’ declares the LORD. 34aFor I will defend this city to save it for My own sake and bfor My servant David’s sake.’”

[32] aIs 8:7-10
[33] a2K 19:28
[34] a2K 20:6; Is 31:5 b1K 11:12, 13

35aThen it happened that night that the angel of the LORD went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when Imen rose early in the morning, behold, all of them were IIdead. 36 So aSennacherib king of Assyria departed and returned [home], and lived at bNineveh. 37 It came about as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, that IaAdrammelech and Sharezer killed him with the sword; and they escaped into bthe land of Ararat. And cEsarhaddon his son became king in his place.

[35] ILit they IILit dead bodies a2S 24:16; 2Ch 32:21
[36] a2K 19:7, 28, 33 bJna 1:2
[37] ISome ancient mss read Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him a2K 19:17, 31 bGn 8:4; Jr 51:27 cEzr 4:2

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Hezekiah mourning sendeth to Isaiah to pray for them.

1 ¶ And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard [it], that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD. 2 And he sent Eliakim, which [was] over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz. 3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and [there is] not strength to bring forth. 4 It may be the LORD thy God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God; and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that are left. 5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.

[1] Gn 37:34; 1S 4:12; 1K 21:27, 29; 2K 5:7; 6:30; 18:37; 2Ch 7:15; Ezr 9:3; Es 4:1; Jb 1:20; Ps 35:13; Is 37:1; Jr 36:24; Jna 3:8; Mt 11:21; 26:65.
[2] 2K 18:18; 22:13; 2Ch 26:22; Is 1:1; 2:1; 37:2; Mt 4:14; Lk 3:4.
[3] 2K 18:29; Ps 39:11; 95:8; 123:3; Is 26:17; 66:9; Jr 30:5; Ho 5:15; 6:1; 13:13; He 3:15.
[4] Gn 22:14; Dt 32:36; Jsh 14:12; 1S 14:6; 17:45; 2S 16:12; 2K 17:5; 18:13, 17; 19:22; 2Ch 28:5; 32:20; Ps 50:15, 21; 74:18; Is 8:7; 10:6; Jr 33:3; Ezk 36:37; Ro 9:27; Jm 5:16.

Isaiah comforteth them.

6 ¶ And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words which thou hast heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me. 7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

[6] Ex 14:13; Lv 26:8; Dt 20:1, 3; Jsh 11:6; 2K 6:16; 18:17, 35; 2Ch 20:15, 17; Ps 74:18, 23; Is 37:6, 7; 41:10; 51:7, 12; Rv 13:6.
[7] 2K 7:6; 19:35, 36; 2Ch 32:21; Jb 4:9; 15:21; Ps 11:6; 18:14; 50:3; Is 10:16; 11:4; Jr 49:14; 51:1, 46; Ob 1:1.

Sennacherib, going to encounter Tirhakah, sendeth a blasphemous letter to Hezekiah.

8 ¶ So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish. 9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee: he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying, 10 Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria. 11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered? 12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed; [as] Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which [were] in Thelasar? 13 Where [is] the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivah?

[8] Jsh 10:29; 12:11, 15; 15:39, 42; 2K 8:22; 18:14; Is 37:8; Mi 1:13.
[9] 1S 23:27; 2K 18:17; Is 37:9.
[10] 2K 18:5, 29; 2Ch 32:15; Is 37:10.
[11] 2K 17:5; 19:17; 2Ch 32:13; Is 10:8.
[12] Gn 2:8; 11:31; 29:4; 2K 17:6; 18:33; 1Ch 5:26; Is 37:12; Ezk 27:23; Ac 7:4.
[13] Nu 13:21; 34:8; 2K 17:24; 18:34; Is 11:11; 37:13; Jr 39:5; 49:23; Zc 9:2.

Hezekiah's prayer.

14 ¶ And Hezekiah received the letter of the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up into the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD. 15 And Hezekiah prayed before the LORD, and said, O LORD God of Israel, which dwellest [between] the cherubims, thou art the God, [even] thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth. 16 LORD, bow down thine ear, and hear: open, LORD, thine eyes, and see: and hear the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent him to reproach the living God. 17 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have destroyed the nations and their lands, 18 And have cast their gods into the fire: for they [were] no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them. 19 Now therefore, O LORD our God, I beseech thee, save thou us out of his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou [art] the LORD God, [even] thou only.

[14] 1K 8:28; Ezr 9:5; Ps 74:10; 91:1; 123:1; Is 37:14.
[15] Gn 1:1; 2:4; 32:28; 33:20; Ex 25:22; 1S 4:4; 2S 7:18; 1K 8:23; 18:39; 2K 5:15; 1Ch 4:10; 2Ch 5:7; 14:11; 20:6; 32:20; Ps 33:9; 80:1; 99:1; 102:25; 146:6; Is 41:17; 43:10; 44:6, 8; 45:22; Jr 10:10; Dn 4:34; 9:3; Jn 1:1.
[16] 1K 8:29; 2K 19:4; 2Ch 6:40; Ps 31:2; 79:12; Is 37:4, 17; Dn 9:18; He 11:26.
[17] 2K 16:9; 17:6, 24; 1Ch 5:26; Jb 9:2; Is 5:9; 7:17; 10:9; Jr 26:15; Dn 2:47; Mt 14:33; Lk 22:59; Ac 4:27; 1Co 14:25.
[18] 2S 5:21; Ps 115:4; Is 37:18; 44:9; 46:1; Jr 10:3, 14; Ac 17:29.
[19] Ex 9:15; Jsh 7:9; 1S 17:45; 1K 8:43; 18:36; 20:28; Ps 67:1; 83:18; Dn 4:34.

Isaiah's prophecy of the pride and destruction of Sennacherib, and the good of Zion.

20 ¶ Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, [That] which thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria I have heard. 21 This [is] the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin the daughter of Zion hath despised thee, [and] laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. 22 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted [thy] voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? [even] against the Holy [One] of Israel. 23 By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, [and] the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, [and into] the forest of his Carmel. 24 I have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of besieged places. 25 Hast thou not heard long ago [how] I have done it, [and] of ancient times that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste fenced cities [into] ruinous heaps. 26 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded; they were [as] the grass of the field, and [as] the green herb, [as] the grass on the housetops, and [as corn] blasted before it be grown up. 27 But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. 28 Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest. 29 And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such things as grow of themselves, and in the second year that which springeth of the same; and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruits thereof. 30 And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall yet again take root downward, and bear fruit upward. 31 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD [of hosts] shall do this. 32 Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a bank against it. 33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the LORD. 34 For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.

[20] 2S 15:31; 17:23; 2K 20:5; 2Ch 32:20; Jb 22:27; Ps 50:15; 65:2; Is 58:9; 65:24; Jr 33:3; Dn 9:20; Jn 11:42; Ac 10:4, 31; 1Jn 5:14.
[21] Jb 16:4; Ps 9:14; 22:7; 137:8; Is 1:8; 23:10, 12; 37:21, 22; 47:1, 5; Jr 14:17; 18:13; 31:4; 46:11; Lm 1:15; 2:13, 15; 4:21; Am 5:2; Mi 4:8; Zc 9:9; Mt 27:39.
[22] Ex 5:2; 9:17; 2K 18:28; Ps 71:22; 73:9; 74:22; Pv 30:13; Is 5:24; 10:15; 14:13; 30:11, 15; Jr 51:5; Ezk 28:2; Dn 5:20; 2Co 10:5; 2Th 2:4.
[23] 2K 18:17, 23, 33; 2Ch 32:17; Ps 20:7; Is 10:7, 14; 37:24; Ezk 31:3.
[24] Ex 15:9; 2S 17:13; 1K 20:10; Dn 4:30.
[25] Ps 33:11; 76:10; Is 10:5, 15; 37:26; 45:7; 46:10; 54:16; Ac 4:27.
[26] Nu 11:23; 14:9; Ps 48:4; 92:7; 102:11; 127:1; 129:6; Is 40:6; Jr 37:10; 50:36; 51:30, 32; Jm 1:10; 1P 1:24.
[27] Dt 28:6, 19; Ps 121:8; 139:1; Is 37:28; Jr 23:23.
[28] 2K 19:33, 36; Jb 41:2; Ps 2:1; 7:6; 10:13; 32:9; 46:6; 65:7; 74:4, 23; 83:2; 93:3; Ezk 29:4; 38:4; Am 4:2; Lk 6:11; Jn 15:18, 23; Ac 7:51.
[29] Ex 3:12; Lv 25:4, 20; 1S 2:34; 2K 19:21, 31; 20:8; Is 7:11; 37:30; Lk 2:12.
[30] 2K 19:4; 2Ch 32:22; Ps 80:9; Is 1:9; 10:20; 27:6; 37:31.
[31] 2K 19:4; Is 9:7; 59:17; 63:15; Jr 44:14; Ezk 5:13; 20:9; Zc 1:14; Jn 2:17; Ro 9:27; 11:5.
[32] 2S 20:15; Is 8:7; 10:24, 28; 37:33; Ezk 21:22; Lk 19:43.
[33] 2K 19:28, 36.
[34] Dt 32:27; 1K 11:12; 15:4; 2K 20:6; Ps 46:5; 48:2; Is 9:7; 31:5; 38:6; 43:25; 48:9, 11; Jr 23:5; 33:21, 26; Ezk 36:22; Ep 1:6, 14.

An angel slayeth the Assyrians.

35 ¶ And it came to pass that night, that the angel of the LORD went out, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they [were] all dead corpses.

[35] Ex 12:29, 30; 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:12, 16; 2Ch 32:21; Ps 35:5; 76:5, 10; Is 10:16, 33; 30:30; 37:36; Dn 5:30; Ho 1:7; Ac 12:23; 1Th 5:2.

Sennacherib is slain at Nineveh by his own sons.

36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. 37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.

[36] Gn 10:11; 2K 19:7, 28, 33; Jna 1:2; 3:2; Na 1:1; 2:8; Mt 12:41.
[37] Gn 8:4; Dt 32:31; 2K 18:5, 30; 19:7, 10; 2Ch 32:14, 19, 21; Ezr 4:2; Is 37:37; Jr 51:27.

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