NASB — Ezekiel 31 — KJV

Pharaoh Warned of Assyria’s Fate

1 In the aeleventh year, in the third [month], on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me saying, 2 “Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his ahordes,
  ‘Whom are you like in your greatness?
  3 ‘Behold, Assyria [was] a acedar in Lebanon
  With beautiful branches and forest shade,
  And Ibvery high,
  And its top was among the IIclouds.
  4 ‘The awaters made it grow, the Ideep made it high.
  With its rivers it continually IIextended all around its planting place,
  And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.
  5 ‘Therefore aits height was loftier than all the trees of the field
  And its boughs became many and its branches long
  Because of bmany waters Ias it spread them out.
  6 ‘All the abirds of the heavens nested in its boughs,
  And under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth,
  And all great nations lived under its shade.
  7 ‘So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches;
  For its Iroots extended to many waters.
  8 ‘The acedars in bGod’s garden Icould not match it;
  The IIcypresses Icould not compare with its boughs,
  And the plane trees IIIcould not match its branches.
  No tree in bGod’s garden Icould compare with it in its beauty.
  9 ‘I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches,
  And all the trees of aEden, which were in the agarden of God, were jealous of it.

[1] aJr 52:5, 6; Ezk 30:20; 32:1
[2] aEzk 29:19; 30:10; Na 3:9
[3] ILit high of stature IISo Gr; M.T. thick boughs aIs 10:33, 34; Ezk 17:3, 4, 22; 31:16; Dn 4:10, 20-23 bIs 10:33; Ezk 31:5, 10
[4] II.e. subterranean waters IILit was going aEzk 17:5, 8; Rv 17:1, 15
[5] ILit in its sending forth aDn 4:11 bPs 1:3; Ezk 17:5
[6] aEzk 17:23; 31:13; Dn 4:12, 21; Mt 13:32
[7] ILit root was
[8] ILit did IIOr Phoenician junipers IIILit were not like aPs 80:10; Ezk 31:3 bGn 2:8, 9; 13:10; Is 51:3; Ezk 28:13; 31:16, 18
[9] aGn 2:8, 9; 13:10; Is 51:3; Ezk 28:13; 31:16, 18

10 ¶ ‘Therefore thus says the Lord IGOD, “Because IIit is high in stature and has set its top among the IIIclouds, and its aheart is haughty in its loftiness, 11 therefore I will give it into the hand of a Iadespot of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have bdriven it away. 12 aAlien btyrants of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the cmountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have dgone down from its shade and left it. 13 On its ruin all the abirds of the heavens will dwell, and all the beasts of the field will be on its [fallen] branches 14 so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the Iclouds, nor their IIwell-watered mighty ones stand [erect] in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the aearth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit.”

[10] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD, and so throughout the ch IILit you are IIIOr thick boughs a2Ch 32:25; Is 10:12; 14:13, 14; Ezk 28:17; Dn 5:20
[11] IOr mighty one aEzk 30:10, 11; 32:11, 12; Dn 5:18, 19 bDt 18:12; Na 3:18
[12] aEzk 7:21; 28:7; 30:12; Hab 1:6 bEzk 28:7; 30:11; 32:12 cEzk 32:5; 35:8 dEzk 31:17; Dn 4:14; Na 3:17, 18
[13] aIs 18:6; Ezk 29:5; 31:6; 32:4
[14] IOr thick boughs IILit drinkers of water aNu 16:30, 33; Ps 63:9; Ezk 26:20; 31:18; 32:24; Am 9:2; Jna 2:2, 6; Ep 4:9

15 ¶ ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “On the day when it went down to Sheol I acaused lamentations; I closed the Ideep over it and held back its rivers. And [its] many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon IImourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it. 16 I made the nations aquake at the sound of its fall when I made it bgo down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the Iwell-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of cLebanon, were dcomforted in the earth beneath. 17 They also awent down with it to Sheol to those who were bslain by the sword; and those who were its Istrength lived cunder its shade among the nations.

[15] II.e. subterranean waters IILit be darkened aEzk 32:7; Na 2:10
[16] ILit drinkers of water aEzk 26:15; 27:28; Hg 2:7 bIs 14:15; Ezk 32:18 cIs 14:8; Hab 2:17 dEzk 14:22, 23; 32:31
[17] ILit arm aPs 9:17 bEzk 32:20f cEzk 31:3, 6; Dn 4:12

18 ¶ “To which among the trees of Eden are you thus Iequal in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the auncircumcised, with those who were slain by the sword. bSo is Pharaoh and all his hordes!”’ declares the Lord GOD.”

[18] ILit like aJr 9:25, 26; Ezk 28:10; 32:19, 21 bPs 52:7; Mt 13:19


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A relation unto Pharaoh,

1 ¶ And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third [month], in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 2 Son of man, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness?

[1] Jr 52:5; Ezk 1:2; 30:20.
[2] Is 14:13; Jr 1:5, 17; Ezk 29:19; 30:10; 31:18; Na 3:8; Rv 10:11.

of the glory of Assyria,

3 ¶ Behold, the Assyrian [was] a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs. 4 The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field. 5 Therefore his height was exalted above all the trees of the field, and his boughs were multiplied, and his branches became long because of the multitude of waters, when he shot forth. 6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations. 7 Thus was he fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches: for his root was by great waters. 8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty. 9 I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that [were] in the garden of God, envied him.

[3] Jg 9:15; Is 10:33; 37:24; Ezk 17:3, 22; 31:6; Dn 4:10, 12, 20; Na 3:1; Zp 2:13; Zc 11:2.
[4] Pv 14:28; Jr 51:36; Ezk 17:5, 8; Rv 17:1, 15.
[5] Ps 37:35; Is 10:8; 36:4, 18; 37:11; Dn 4:11.
[6] Ezk 17:23; Dn 4:12, 21; Mt 13:32.
[8] Gn 2:8; 13:10; Ps 37:35; 80:10; Is 10:7; 36:4; 37:11; 51:3; Ezk 28:13.
[9] Gn 26:14; 37:11; Ex 9:16; Jg 9:8; 1S 18:15; Ps 75:6; 96:12; Pv 27:4; Ec 4:4; Is 55:12; Ezk 16:14; 17:22, 24; Dn 2:21, 37; 4:22; 5:20; Zc 11:2; Jm 4:5.

and the fall thereof for pride.

10 ¶ Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast lifted up thyself in height, and he hath shot up his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height; 11 I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness. 12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him. 13 Upon his ruin shall all the fowls of the heaven remain, and all the beasts of the field shall be upon his branches: 14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit. 15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him. 16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth. 17 They also went down into hell with him unto [them that be] slain with the sword; and [they that were] his arm, [that] dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen.

[10] 2Ch 25:19; 32:25; Jb 11:11; Pv 16:18; 18:12; Is 14:13; Ezk 28:17; 31:14; Dn 4:30; 5:20; Ob 1:3; Mt 23:12; Jm 4:6.
[11] Lv 18:24; 20:22; Dt 18:12; Jg 1:7; 16:23; Jr 25:9; Lm 1:21; Ezk 11:9; 21:31; 23:28; 32:11; Dn 5:18; Na 3:18; Mt 7:1; 1Ti 1:20; Jm 2:13.
[12] Is 34:5; Ezk 28:7; 30:11; 32:4; 35:5, 8; 39:4; Dn 4:12; Na 3:17; Hab 1:6, 11; Rv 17:16.
[13] Is 18:6; Ezk 29:5; 32:4; Rv 19:17.
[14] Dt 13:11; 21:21; Ne 13:18; Ps 63:9; 82:7; Ezk 32:18; Dn 4:32; 5:22; 1Co 10:11; He 9:27; 2P 2:6.
[15] Na 2:8; Mal 3:4; Rv 18:9, 18.
[16] Is 14:8, 15; Ezk 26:10, 15; 27:28; 31:9, 14, 18; 32:18, 31; Na 2:3; Hab 2:17; Hg 2:7; He 12:26; Rv 11:13; 18:9.
[17] Ne 3:17; Ps 9:17; Is 14:9; Lm 4:20; Ezk 30:6, 21; 31:3, 6; 32:20, 31; Dn 4:11; Mk 4:32.

The like destruction of Egypt.

18 ¶ To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with [them that be] slain by the sword. This [is] Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.

[18] 1S 17:26, 36; 2S 1:20; 2Ch 28:22; Ps 52:7; Jr 9:25; Ezk 28:10; 31:2, 9, 16; 32:10, 19, 21, 24; Mt 13:19; 26:26; 1Co 10:14.


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