1 On that day° athey read° aloud from the book° of Moses° in the hearing° of the people°; and there was found° written° in it that bno° Ammonite° or Moabite° should ever° enter° the assembly° of God°, 2 because° they did not meet° the sons° of Israel° with bread° and water°, but ahired° Balaam° against° them to curse° them. However, bour God° turned° the curse° into a blessing°. 3 So when they heard° the law°, athey excluded° ball° foreigners° from Israel°.
Tobiah Expelled and the Temple Cleansed
4 ¶ Now prior° to this°, Eliashib° the priest°, awho was appointed° over the chambers° of the house° of our God°, being Irelated° to bTobiah°, 5 had prepared° a large° Iroom° for him, where° formerly° they put° the grain offerings°, the frankincense°, the utensils° and the tithes° of grain°, wine° and oil° aprescribed° for the Levites°, the singers° and the gatekeepers°, and the IIcontributions° for the priests°. 6 But during all° this° [time] I was not in Jerusalem°, for in athe thirty-second°° year° of bArtaxerxes° king° of Babylon° I had gone° to the king°. After° some time°, however, I asked° leave from the king°, 7 and I came° to Jerusalem° and Ilearned° about the evil° that Eliashib° had done° for Tobiah°, aby preparing° a IIroom° for him in the courts° of the house° of God°. 8 It was very° displeasing° to me, so I athrew° all° of Tobiah’s° household° goods° out of the room°. 9 Then I gave° an order° and athey cleansed° the rooms°; and I returned° there° the utensils° of the house° of God° with the grain offerings° and the frankincense°.
 ILit close to aNe 12:44 bNe 2:10; 6:1, 17, 18
 IOr chamber IILit heave offerings aNu 18:21
 aNe 5:14 bEzr 6:22
 IOr understood IIOr chamber, and so in vv 8, 9 aNe 13:5
 aJn 2:13-16
 a2Ch 29:5, 15, 16
10 ¶ I also Idiscovered° that athe portions° of the Levites° had not been given° [them], so that the Levites° and the singers° who performed° the service° had IIgone° away°, beach° to his own field°. 11 So I Iareprimanded° the officials° and said°, “bWhy° is the house° of God° forsaken°?” Then I gathered° them together and restored° them to their posts°. 12 All° Judah° then brought° athe tithe° of the grain°, wine° and oil° into the storehouses°. 13 In charge° of the storehouses° I appointed° Shelemiah° the priest°, Zadok° the scribe°, and Pedaiah° of the Levites°, and in addition°° to them was Hanan° the son° of Zaccur°, the son° of Mattaniah°; for athey were considered° reliable°, and it was Itheir task° to distribute° to their IIkinsmen°. 14 aRemember° me for this°, O my God°, and do not blot° out my loyal° deeds° which° I have performed° for the house° of my God° and its services°.
 IOr knew IILit fled aDt 12:19; Ne 10:37 bNe 12:28, 29
 IOr contended with aNe 13:17, 25 bNe 10:39
 aNe 10:37; 12:44; Mal 3:10
 ILit on them to IILit brothers aNe 7:2
 aNe 5:19; 13:22, 31
15 ¶ In those° days° I saw° in Judah° some who were treading° wine° presses° aon the sabbath°, and bringing° in sacks° of grain° and loading° [them] on donkeys°, as well° as wine°, grapes°, figs° and all° kinds of loads°, band they brought° [them] into Jerusalem° on the sabbath° day°. So cI admonished° [them] on the day° they sold° food°. 16 Also men° of Tyre° were living° Ithere [who] imported° fish° and all° kinds of merchandise°, and sold° [them] to the sons° of Judah° on the sabbath°, even in Jerusalem°. 17 Then aI Ireprimanded° the nobles° of Judah° and said° to them, “What° is this° evil° thing° you are doing°, IIby profaning° the sabbath° day°? 18 aDid not your fathers° do° the same°, so that our God° brought° on us and on this° city° all° this° trouble°? Yet you are adding° to the wrath° on Israel° by profaning° the sabbath°.”
 aEx 20:8; 34:21; Dt 5:12-14; Jr 17:22 bNe 10:31; Jr 17:21 cNe 9:29; 13:21
 ILit in it
 IOr contended with IILit and aNe 13:11, 25
 aEzr 9:13; Jr 17:21
19 ¶ aIt came° about that just° as it grew° dark° at the gates° of Jerusalem° before° the sabbath°, I commanded° that the doors° should be shut° Iand that they should not open° them until° after° the sabbath°. Then I stationed° some of my servants° at the gates° [so that] no° load° would enter° on the sabbath° day°. 20 Once° or twice° the traders° and merchants° of every° kind of merchandise° spent° the night° outside°° Jerusalem°. 21 Then aI Iwarned° them and said° to them, “Why° do you spend° the night° in front° of the wall°? If° you do° so again°, I will IIuse° force° against you.” From that time° on they did not come° on the sabbath°. 22 And I commanded° the Levites° that athey should purify° themselves and come° as gatekeepers°° to sanctify° the sabbath° day°. [For] this° also° bremember° me, O my God°, and have° compassion° on me according to the greatness° of Your lovingkindness°.
 ILit and commanded aLv 23:32
 ILit witnessed against IILit send a hand against aNe 13:15
 a1Ch 15:12; Ne 12:30 bNe 13:14, 31
Mixed Marriages Forbidden
23 ¶ In those° days° I also° saw° that the Jews° had Iamarried° women° from bAshdod°, cAmmon° [and] Moab°. 24 As for their children°, half° spoke° in the language° of Ashdod°, and none° of them was able° to speak° the language° of Judah°, but Ithe language° of his own° people°. 25 So aI contended° with them and cursed° them and bstruck° some° of them and pulled° out their hair°, and cmade them swear° by God°, “You shall not give° your daughters° to their sons°, nor° take° of their daughters° for your sons° or for yourselves. 26 aDid not Solomon° king° of Israel° sin° regarding° these° things°? bYet among the many° nations° there was no° king° like° him, and che was loved° by his God°, and God° made° him king° over° all° Israel°; nevertheless° the foreign° women° caused even° him to sin°. 27 IDo we then hear° about you that you have committed° all° this° great° evil° aby acting° unfaithfully° against our God° by IImarrying° foreign° women°?” 28 Even one of the sons° of Joiada°, the son° of Eliashib° the high° priest°, was a son-in-law° of aSanballat° the Horonite°, so I drove° him away° from me. 29 aRemember° them, O my God°, Ibecause° they have defiled° the priesthood° and the bcovenant° of the priesthood° and the Levites°.
 ILit given dwelling to aEx 34:11-16; Dt 7:1-5; Ezr 9:2; Ne 10:30 bNe 4:7 cEzr 9:1; Ne 13:1
 ILit according to the tongue of people and people
 aNe 13:11, 17 bDt 25:2 cNe 10:29, 30
 a1K 11:1 b1K 3:13; 2Ch 1:12 c2S 12:24, 25
 IOr Is it reported IILit giving dwelling to aEzr 10:2; Ne 13:23
 aNe 2:10, 19; 4:1
 ILit for the defilings of aNe 6:14 bNu 25:13
30 ¶ aThus I purified° them from everything° foreign° and appointed° duties° for the priests° and the Levites°, each° in his task°, 31 and [I arranged] afor the supply° of wood° at appointed° times° and for the first° fruits°. bRemember° me, O my God°, for good°.
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Upon the reading of the Law, separation is made from the mixed multitude.
1 ¶ On that² dayº they readºª in the bookº of Mosesº in the audienceº of the people;º and therein was foundºª written,ºª that² the Ammoniteº and the Moabiteº should not² comeºª into the congregationº of Godº for¹ ever;º² 2 Because² they metºª not²² the childrenº of Israelº with breadº and with water,º but hiredºª² Balaamº against² them, that he should curseºª them: howbeit our Godº turnedºª the curseº into a blessing.º 3 Now it came to pass,² when they had heardºª² the law,º that they separatedºª from Israelº² all² the mixed multitude.º
 Dt 23:3; 31:11; 2K 23:2; Ne 2:10, 19; 4:3; 8:3; 9:3; 13:23; Ps 83:7; Is 15:1; 34:16; Jr 48:1; 49:1; Ezk 25:1; Am 1:13; 2:1; Lk 4:16; 10:26; Ac 13:15; 15:21.
 Nu 22:3; 23:8, 18; 24:5; Dt 23:5; Jsh 24:9; Ps 109:28; Mi 6:5; Mt 25:40.
 Ex 12:38; Nu 11:4; Ezr 10:11; Ne 9:2; 10:28; Ps 19:7; 119:9, 11; Pv 6:23; Ro 3:20; Jm 1:27.
Nehemiah at his return causeth the chambers to be cleansed.
4 ¶ And beforeº this,²² Eliashibº the priest,º having the oversightºª of the chamberº of the houseº of our God,º [was] alliedº unto Tobiah:º 5 And he had preparedºª for him a greatº chamber,º where² aforetimeº² they laidºª² the meat offerings,º the frankincense,º and the vessels,º and the tithesº of the corn,º the new wine,º and the oil,º which was commandedº [to be given] to the Levites,º and the singers,ºª and the porters;º and the offeringsº of the priests.º 6 But in all² this² [time] was² not² I at Jerusalem:º for² in the twoº and thirtiethº yearº of Artaxerxesº kingº of Babylonº cameºª I unto² the king,º and afterº certain daysº obtained I leaveºª of² the king:º 7 And I cameºª to Jerusalem,º and understoodºª of the evilº that² Eliashibº didºª for Tobiah,º in preparingºª him a chamberº in the courtsº of the houseº of God.º 8 And it grieved¹ª² me sore:º therefore I cast forthºª² all² the householdº stuffº of Tobiahº out² of¹² the chamber.º 9 Then I commanded,ºª and they cleansedºª the chambers:º and thither² brought I againºª the vesselsº of the houseº of God,º with² the meat offeringº and the frankincense.º
 Ne 6:17; 12:10, 44; 13:7, 28.
 Nu 18:21; 2Ch 34:11; Ne 10:38; 12:44.
 Ex 32:1; 2Ch 24:17; Ne 2:1, 5; 5:14; Mt 13:25.
 Ezr 9:1; Ne 13:1, 5; Lm 1:10; Mt 21:12; Ac 21:28; 1Co 1:11.
 Ezr 9:3; 10:1; Ps 69:9; Mk 11:15; Jn 2:13.
 2Ch 29:5, 15; Ne 12:45.
He reformeth the offices in the house of God.
10 ¶ And I perceivedºª that² the portionsº of the Levitesº had not² been givenºª [them]: for the Levitesº and the singers,ºª that didºª the work,º were fledºª every oneº to his field.º 11 Then contendedºª I with² the rulers,º and said,ºª Why² is the houseº of Godº forsaken?ºª And I gathered them together,ºª and setºª them in² their place.º 12 Then broughtºª all² Judahº the titheº of the cornº and the new wineº and the oilº unto the treasuries.º 13 And I made treasurersºª over² the treasuries,º Shelemiahº the priest,º and Zadokº the scribe,ºª and of² the Levites,º Pedaiah:º and next to²² them¹ [was] Hananº the sonº of Zaccur,º the sonº of Mattaniah:º for² they were countedºª faithful,ºª and their office² [was] to distributeºª unto their brethren.º 14 Rememberºª me, O my God,º concerning² this,² and wipe not outºª² my good¹ deeds² that² I have doneºª for the houseº of my God,º and for the officesº thereof.
 Nu 35:2; Ne 10:37; 12:47; Mal 1:6; 3:8; 1Ti 5:17.
 1S 2:17; Ne 5:6; 10:39; 13:17, 25; Jb 31:34; Pv 28:4; Mal 3:8.
 Lv 27:30; Nu 18:20; Dt 14:22; Ne 10:37; 12:44; Mal 3:10.
 2K 12:15; 22:7; 2Ch 31:12; Ne 3:30; 7:2; 8:4; 10:12; 11:22; 12:35, 44; Lk 12:42; 16:10; Ac 4:35; 6:1, 3; 1Co 4:2; 1Ti 1:12; 3:10.
 1Ch 29:3; 2Ch 24:16; 31:20; Ezr 7:20, 24, 27; Ne 5:19; 13:22, 31; Ps 122:6; He 6:10; Rv 3:5.
The violation of the Sabbath,
15 ¶ In those² daysº sawºª I in Judahº [some] treadingºª wine pressesº on the sabbath,º and bringing inºª sheaves,º and ladingºª² asses;º as also² wine,º grapes,º and figs,º and all² [manner of] burdens,º which they brought¹ª into² Jerusalemº on the sabbathº day:º and I testifiedºª [against them] in the dayº wherein they soldºª victuals.º 16 There dweltºª men of Tyreº also therein, which broughtºª fish,ºª and all² manner of ware,º and soldºª on the sabbathº unto the childrenº of Judah,º and in Jerusalem.º 17 Then I contendedºª with² the noblesº of Judah,º and saidºª unto them, What² evilº thingº [is] this² that² ye² do,ºª and profaneºª² the sabbathº day?º 18 Didºª not² your fathersº thus,² and did¹ª not our Godº bringºª² all² this² evilº upon² us, and upon² this² city?º yet ye² bring¹ª moreºª wrathº upon² Israelº by profaningºª² the sabbath.º 19 And it came to pass,² that when² the gatesº of Jerusalemº began to be darkºª beforeº the sabbath,º I commandedºª that the gatesº should be shut,ºª and chargedºª that² they should not² be openedºª till² afterº the sabbath:º and [some] of my servantsº² setºª I at² the gates,º [that] there should no² burdenº be brought inºª on the sabbathº day.º 20 So the merchantsºª and sellersºª of all² kind of wareº lodgedºª withoutº² Jerusalemº onceº or twice.º 21 Then I testifiedºª against them, and saidºª unto² them, Why² lodgeºª ye² aboutº the wall?º if² ye do [so] again,ºª I will layºª handsº on you. From² that² timeº forth cameºª they no² [more] on the sabbath.º 22 And I commandedºª the Levitesº that² they should² cleanse¹ª themselves,² and [that] they should comeºª [and] keepºª the gates,º to sanctifyºª² the sabbathº day.º Rememberºª me, O my God,º [concerning] this² also,² and spareºª² me according to the greatnessº of thy mercy.º
 Ex 20:8; 34:21; 35:2; Nu 15:32; Dt 8:19; 2Ch 24:19; Ne 9:29; 10:31; 13:21; Ps 50:7; Is 58:13; Jr 17:21, 24, 27; 42:19; Ezk 20:13; Mi 6:3; Ac 2:40; 20:21; Ga 5:3; Ep 4:17; 1Th 4:6; Rv 22:18.
 Ex 23:12; Dt 5:14.
 Ne 5:7; 13:11, 25; Ps 82:1; Pv 28:4; Is 1:10; Jr 5:5; 13:18; 22:2; Mi 3:1, 9.
 Lv 26:18, 28; Nu 32:14; Jsh 22:17; Ezr 9:13; Jr 17:21, 27; 44:9, 22; Ezk 23:8, 26; Zc 1:4.
 Ex 31:14; Lv 23:22; Ne 7:3; Jr 17:19.
 Ezr 7:26; Ne 13:15; Ro 13:3; 1P 2:14.
 Dt 5:12; 2K 23:4; 1Ch 15:12; 2Ch 29:4, 24, 27, 30; Ne 5:19; 7:64; 12:10, 30; 13:14, 31; Ps 5:7; 25:6; 51:1; 130:3, 7; 132:1; 143:1; Is 38:3; 49:23; 55:7; 2Co 1:12; 2Ti 4:7.
and the marriages with strange wives.
23 ¶ In those² daysº also² sawºª I² Jewsº [that] had marriedºª wivesº of Ashdod,º of Ammon,º [and] of Moab:º 24 And their childrenº spakeºª halfº in the speech of Ashdod,º and couldºª not² speakºª in the Jews' language,º but according to the languageº of eachº people.º 25 And I contendedºª with² them, and cursedºª them, and smoteºª certain¹² of² them, and plucked off their hair,ºª and made them swearºª by God,º [saying], Ye shall not² giveºª your daughtersº unto their sons,º nor² takeºª their daughtersº² unto your sons,º or for yourselves. 26 Did not² Solomonº kingº of Israelº sinºª by² these things?² yet among manyº nationsº was² there no² kingº like him,² who was² belovedºª of his God,º and Godº madeºª him kingº over² all² Israel:º nevertheless² even him¹ did outlandishº womenº cause to sin.ºª 27 Shall we then hearkenºª unto you to doºª² all² this² greatº evil,º to transgressºª against our Godº in marryingºª strangeº wives?º 28 And [one] of the sonsº² of Joiada,º the sonº of Eliashibº the highº priest,º [was] son in lawº to Sanballatº the Horonite:º therefore I chasedºª him from²² me. 29 Rememberºª them, O my God,º because² they have defiledº the priesthood,º and the covenantº of the priesthood,º and of the Levites.º 30 Thus cleansedºª I them from all²² strangers,º and appointedºª the wardsº of the priestsº and the Levites,º every oneº in his business;º 31 And for the woodº offering,º at timesº appointed,ºª and for the firstfruits.º Rememberºª me, O my God,º for good.º
 1S 5:1; Ezr 9:2, 11; 10:10, 44; Ne 10:30; 13:1; 2Co 6:14.
 Zp 3:9.
 Ex 34:16; Dt 6:13; 7:3; 25:2; 27:14; 2Ch 15:12; Ezr 7:26; 10:5; Ne 5:13; 10:29; 13:11, 17; Ps 15:4; Pv 28:4; Is 50:6; Lk 11:45.
 2S 12:24; 1K 3:13; 11:1; 2Ch 1:12; 9:22; Ec 7:26.
 1S 30:24; Ezr 10:2.
 Ne 2:19; 3:1; 6:17; 12:10, 22; 13:4, 25; Ps 101:8; Pv 20:8, 26; Ro 13:3.
 Lv 21:1; Nu 16:9; 25:12; 1S 2:30; Ne 6:14; Ps 59:5; Mal 2:4, 10; 2Ti 4:14.
 1Ch 23:1; Ne 10:30; 12:1.
 Ne 10:34; 13:14, 22; Ps 25:7; 26:8; 106:4; Lk 23:42.
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