NASB — Nehemiah 13 — KJV

Foreigners Excluded

1 On that day athey read aloud from the book of Moses in the hearing of the people; and there was found written in it that bno Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God, 2 because they did not meet the sons of Israel with bread and water, but ahired Balaam against them to curse them. However, bour God turned the curse into a blessing. 3 So when they heard the law, athey excluded ball foreigners from Israel.

[1] aNe 9:3 bDt 23:3-5; Ne 13:23
[2] aNu 22:3-11 bDt 23:5
[3] aNe 9:2; 10:28 bEx 12:38

Tobiah Expelled and the Temple Cleansed

4 ¶ Now prior to this, Eliashib the priest, awho was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being Irelated to bTobiah, 5 had prepared a large Iroom for him, where formerly they put the grain offerings, the frankincense, the utensils and the tithes of grain, wine and oil aprescribed for the Levites, the singers and the gatekeepers, and the IIcontributions for the priests. 6 But during all this [time] I was not in Jerusalem, for in athe thirty-second year of bArtaxerxes king of Babylon I had gone to the king. After some time, however, I asked leave from the king, 7 and I came to Jerusalem and Ilearned about the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, aby preparing a IIroom for him in the courts of the house of God. 8 It was very displeasing to me, so I athrew all of Tobiah’s household goods out of the room. 9 Then I gave an order and athey cleansed the rooms; and I returned there the utensils of the house of God with the grain offerings and the frankincense.

[4] ILit close to aNe 12:44 bNe 2:10; 6:1, 17, 18
[5] IOr chamber IILit heave offerings aNu 18:21
[6] aNe 5:14 bEzr 6:22
[7] IOr understood IIOr chamber, and so in vv 8, 9 aNe 13:5
[8] aJn 2:13-16
[9] a2Ch 29:5, 15, 16

Tithes Restored

10 ¶ I also Idiscovered that athe portions of the Levites had not been given [them], so that the Levites and the singers who performed the service had IIgone away, beach to his own field. 11 So I Iareprimanded the officials and said, “bWhy is the house of God forsaken?” Then I gathered them together and restored them to their posts. 12 All Judah then brought athe tithe of the grain, wine and oil into the storehouses. 13 In charge of the storehouses I appointed Shelemiah the priest, Zadok the scribe, and Pedaiah of the Levites, and in addition to them was Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah; for athey were considered reliable, and it was Itheir task to distribute to their IIkinsmen. 14 aRemember me for this, O my God, and do not blot out my loyal deeds which I have performed for the house of my God and its services.

[10] IOr knew IILit fled aDt 12:19; Ne 10:37 bNe 12:28, 29
[11] IOr contended with aNe 13:17, 25 bNe 10:39
[12] aNe 10:37; 12:44; Mal 3:10
[13] ILit on them to IILit brothers aNe 7:2
[14] aNe 5:19; 13:22, 31

Sabbath Restored

15 ¶ In those days I saw in Judah some who were treading wine presses aon the sabbath, and bringing in sacks of grain and loading [them] on donkeys, as well as wine, grapes, figs and all kinds of loads, band they brought [them] into Jerusalem on the sabbath day. So cI admonished [them] on the day they sold food. 16 Also men of Tyre were living Ithere [who] imported fish and all kinds of merchandise, and sold [them] to the sons of Judah on the sabbath, even in Jerusalem. 17 Then aI Ireprimanded the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing you are doing, IIby profaning the sabbath day? 18 aDid not your fathers do the same, so that our God brought on us and on this city all this trouble? Yet you are adding to the wrath on Israel by profaning the sabbath.”

[15] aEx 20:8; 34:21; Dt 5:12-14; Jr 17:22 bNe 10:31; Jr 17:21 cNe 9:29; 13:21
[16] ILit in it
[17] IOr contended with IILit and aNe 13:11, 25
[18] aEzr 9:13; Jr 17:21

19aIt came about that just as it grew dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the sabbath, I commanded that the doors should be shut Iand that they should not open them until after the sabbath. Then I stationed some of my servants at the gates [so that] no load would enter on the sabbath day. 20 Once or twice the traders and merchants of every kind of merchandise spent the night outside Jerusalem. 21 Then aI Iwarned them and said to them, “Why do you spend the night in front of the wall? If you do so again, I will IIuse force against you.” From that time on they did not come on the sabbath. 22 And I commanded the Levites that athey should purify themselves and come as gatekeepers to sanctify the sabbath day. [For] this also bremember me, O my God, and have compassion on me according to the greatness of Your lovingkindness.

[19] ILit and commanded aLv 23:32
[21] ILit witnessed against IILit send a hand against aNe 13:15
[22] a1Ch 15:12; Ne 12:30 bNe 13:14, 31

Mixed Marriages Forbidden

23 ¶ In those days I also saw that the Jews had Iamarried women from bAshdod, cAmmon [and] Moab. 24 As for their children, half spoke in the language of Ashdod, and none of them was able to speak the language of Judah, but Ithe language of his own people. 25 So aI contended with them and cursed them and bstruck some of them and pulled out their hair, and cmade them swear by God, “You shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor take of their daughters for your sons or for yourselves. 26 aDid not Solomon king of Israel sin regarding these things? bYet among the many nations there was no king like him, and che was loved by his God, and God made him king over all Israel; nevertheless the foreign women caused even him to sin. 27 IDo we then hear about you that you have committed all this great evil aby acting unfaithfully against our God by IImarrying foreign women?” 28 Even one of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, was a son-in-law of aSanballat the Horonite, so I drove him away from me. 29 aRemember them, O my God, Ibecause they have defiled the priesthood and the bcovenant of the priesthood and the Levites.

[23] ILit given dwelling to aEx 34:11-16; Dt 7:1-5; Ezr 9:2; Ne 10:30 bNe 4:7 cEzr 9:1; Ne 13:1
[24] ILit according to the tongue of people and people
[25] aNe 13:11, 17 bDt 25:2 cNe 10:29, 30
[26] a1K 11:1 b1K 3:13; 2Ch 1:12 c2S 12:24, 25
[27] IOr Is it reported IILit giving dwelling to aEzr 10:2; Ne 13:23
[28] aNe 2:10, 19; 4:1
[29] ILit for the defilings of aNe 6:14 bNu 25:13

30aThus I purified them from everything foreign and appointed duties for the priests and the Levites, each in his task, 31 and [I arranged] afor the supply of wood at appointed times and for the first fruits. bRemember me, O my God, for good.

[30] aNe 10:30
[31] aNe 10:34 bNe 13:14, 22


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Upon the reading of the Law, separation is made from the mixed multitude.

1 ¶ On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God for ever; 2 Because they met not the children of Israel with bread and with water, but hired Balaam against them, that he should curse them: howbeit our God turned the curse into a blessing. 3 Now it came to pass, when they had heard the law, that they separated from Israel all the mixed multitude.

[1] Dt 23:3; 31:11; 2K 23:2; Ne 2:10, 19; 4:3; 8:3; 9:3; 13:23; Ps 83:7; Is 15:1; 34:16; Jr 48:1; 49:1; Ezk 25:1; Am 1:13; 2:1; Lk 4:16; 10:26; Ac 13:15; 15:21.
[2] Nu 22:3; 23:8, 18; 24:5; Dt 23:5; Jsh 24:9; Ps 109:28; Mi 6:5; Mt 25:40.
[3] Ex 12:38; Nu 11:4; Ezr 10:11; Ne 9:2; 10:28; Ps 19:7; 119:9, 11; Pv 6:23; Ro 3:20; Jm 1:27.

Nehemiah at his return causeth the chambers to be cleansed.

4 ¶ And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] allied unto Tobiah: 5 And he had prepared for him a great chamber, where aforetime they laid the meat offerings, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of the corn, the new wine, and the oil, which was commanded [to be given] to the Levites, and the singers, and the porters; and the offerings of the priests. 6 But in all this [time] was not I at Jerusalem: for in the two and thirtieth year of Artaxerxes king of Babylon came I unto the king, and after certain days obtained I leave of the king: 7 And I came to Jerusalem, and understood of the evil that Eliashib did for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God. 8 And it grieved me sore: therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber. 9 Then I commanded, and they cleansed the chambers: and thither brought I again the vessels of the house of God, with the meat offering and the frankincense.

[4] Ne 6:17; 12:10, 44; 13:7, 28.
[5] Nu 18:21; 2Ch 34:11; Ne 10:38; 12:44.
[6] Ex 32:1; 2Ch 24:17; Ne 2:1, 5; 5:14; Mt 13:25.
[7] Ezr 9:1; Ne 13:1, 5; Lm 1:10; Mt 21:12; Ac 21:28; 1Co 1:11.
[8] Ezr 9:3; 10:1; Ps 69:9; Mk 11:15; Jn 2:13.
[9] 2Ch 29:5, 15; Ne 12:45.

He reformeth the offices in the house of God.

10 ¶ And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been given [them]: for the Levites and the singers, that did the work, were fled every one to his field. 11 Then contended I with the rulers, and said, Why is the house of God forsaken? And I gathered them together, and set them in their place. 12 Then brought all Judah the tithe of the corn and the new wine and the oil unto the treasuries. 13 And I made treasurers over the treasuries, Shelemiah the priest, and Zadok the scribe, and of the Levites, Pedaiah: and next to them [was] Hanan the son of Zaccur, the son of Mattaniah: for they were counted faithful, and their office [was] to distribute unto their brethren. 14 Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe not out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof.

[10] Nu 35:2; Ne 10:37; 12:47; Mal 1:6; 3:8; 1Ti 5:17.
[11] 1S 2:17; Ne 5:6; 10:39; 13:17, 25; Jb 31:34; Pv 28:4; Mal 3:8.
[12] Lv 27:30; Nu 18:20; Dt 14:22; Ne 10:37; 12:44; Mal 3:10.
[13] 2K 12:15; 22:7; 2Ch 31:12; Ne 3:30; 7:2; 8:4; 10:12; 11:22; 12:35, 44; Lk 12:42; 16:10; Ac 4:35; 6:1, 3; 1Co 4:2; 1Ti 1:12; 3:10.
[14] 1Ch 29:3; 2Ch 24:16; 31:20; Ezr 7:20, 24, 27; Ne 5:19; 13:22, 31; Ps 122:6; He 6:10; Rv 3:5.

The violation of the Sabbath,

15 ¶ In those days saw I in Judah [some] treading wine presses on the sabbath, and bringing in sheaves, and lading asses; as also wine, grapes, and figs, and all [manner of] burdens, which they brought into Jerusalem on the sabbath day: and I testified [against them] in the day wherein they sold victuals. 16 There dwelt men of Tyre also therein, which brought fish, and all manner of ware, and sold on the sabbath unto the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. 17 Then I contended with the nobles of Judah, and said unto them, What evil thing [is] this that ye do, and profane the sabbath day? 18 Did not your fathers thus, and did not our God bring all this evil upon us, and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath. 19 And it came to pass, that when the gates of Jerusalem began to be dark before the sabbath, I commanded that the gates should be shut, and charged that they should not be opened till after the sabbath: and [some] of my servants set I at the gates, [that] there should no burden be brought in on the sabbath day. 20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. 21 Then I testified against them, and said unto them, Why lodge ye about the wall? if ye do [so] again, I will lay hands on you. From that time forth came they no [more] on the sabbath. 22 And I commanded the Levites that they should cleanse themselves, and [that] they should come [and] keep the gates, to sanctify the sabbath day. Remember me, O my God, [concerning] this also, and spare me according to the greatness of thy mercy.

[15] Ex 20:8; 34:21; 35:2; Nu 15:32; Dt 8:19; 2Ch 24:19; Ne 9:29; 10:31; 13:21; Ps 50:7; Is 58:13; Jr 17:21, 24, 27; 42:19; Ezk 20:13; Mi 6:3; Ac 2:40; 20:21; Ga 5:3; Ep 4:17; 1Th 4:6; Rv 22:18.
[16] Ex 23:12; Dt 5:14.
[17] Ne 5:7; 13:11, 25; Ps 82:1; Pv 28:4; Is 1:10; Jr 5:5; 13:18; 22:2; Mi 3:1, 9.
[18] Lv 26:18, 28; Nu 32:14; Jsh 22:17; Ezr 9:13; Jr 17:21, 27; 44:9, 22; Ezk 23:8, 26; Zc 1:4.
[19] Ex 31:14; Lv 23:22; Ne 7:3; Jr 17:19.
[21] Ezr 7:26; Ne 13:15; Ro 13:3; 1P 2:14.
[22] Dt 5:12; 2K 23:4; 1Ch 15:12; 2Ch 29:4, 24, 27, 30; Ne 5:19; 7:64; 12:10, 30; 13:14, 31; Ps 5:7; 25:6; 51:1; 130:3, 7; 132:1; 143:1; Is 38:3; 49:23; 55:7; 2Co 1:12; 2Ti 4:7.

and the marriages with strange wives.

23 ¶ In those days also saw I Jews [that] had married wives of Ashdod, of Ammon, [and] of Moab: 24 And their children spake half in the speech of Ashdod, and could not speak in the Jews' language, but according to the language of each people. 25 And I contended with them, and cursed them, and smote certain of them, and plucked off their hair, and made them swear by God, [saying], Ye shall not give your daughters unto their sons, nor take their daughters unto your sons, or for yourselves. 26 Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin. 27 Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress against our God in marrying strange wives? 28 And [one] of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, [was] son in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me. 29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites. 30 Thus cleansed I them from all strangers, and appointed the wards of the priests and the Levites, every one in his business; 31 And for the wood offering, at times appointed, and for the firstfruits. Remember me, O my God, for good.

[23] 1S 5:1; Ezr 9:2, 11; 10:10, 44; Ne 10:30; 13:1; 2Co 6:14.
[24] Zp 3:9.
[25] Ex 34:16; Dt 6:13; 7:3; 25:2; 27:14; 2Ch 15:12; Ezr 7:26; 10:5; Ne 5:13; 10:29; 13:11, 17; Ps 15:4; Pv 28:4; Is 50:6; Lk 11:45.
[26] 2S 12:24; 1K 3:13; 11:1; 2Ch 1:12; 9:22; Ec 7:26.
[27] 1S 30:24; Ezr 10:2.
[28] Ne 2:19; 3:1; 6:17; 12:10, 22; 13:4, 25; Ps 101:8; Pv 20:8, 26; Ro 13:3.
[29] Lv 21:1; Nu 16:9; 25:12; 1S 2:30; Ne 6:14; Ps 59:5; Mal 2:4, 10; 2Ti 4:14.
[30] 1Ch 23:1; Ne 10:30; 12:1.
[31] Ne 10:34; 13:14, 22; Ps 25:7; 26:8; 106:4; Lk 23:42.


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