NASB — 1 Samuel 30 — KJV

David’s Victory over the Amalekites

1 Then it happened when David and his men came to aZiklag on the third day, that bthe Amalekites had made a raid on the INegev and on cZiklag, and had IIoverthrown Ziklag and burned it with fire; 2 and they took captive the women [and all] who were in it, both small and great, Iawithout killing anyone, and carried [them] off and went their way. 3 When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire, and their wives and their sons and their daughters had been taken captive. 4 Then David and the people who were with him alifted their voices and wept until there was no strength in them to weep. 5 Now aDavid’s two wives had been taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the Iwidow of Nabal the Carmelite. 6 Moreover David was greatly distressed because athe people spoke of stoning him, for all the people were Iembittered, each one because of his sons and his daughters. But bDavid strengthened himself in the LORD his God.

[1] II.e. South country IILit smote a1S 29:4, 11 b1S 15:7; 27:8-10 c1S 27:6, 8
[2] ILit they did not kill a1S 27:11
[4] aNu 14:1
[5] ILit wife a1S 25:42, 43; 2S 2:2
[6] ILit bitter in soul aEx 17:4; Jn 8:59 b1S 23:16; Ps 18:2; 27:14; 31:24; 71:4, 5; Ro 4:20

7 ¶ Then aDavid said to bAbiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring me the ephod.” So Abiathar brought the ephod to David. 8 aDavid inquired of the LORD, saying, “bShall I pursue this band? Shall I overtake them?” And He said to him, “Pursue, for you will surely overtake them, cand you will surely rescue [all].” 9 So David went, ahe and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor, [where] those left behind remained. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men, for atwo hundred who were too exhausted to cross the brook Besor remained [behind].

[7] a1S 23:6, 9 b1S 22:20-23
[8] a1S 23:2, 4; Ps 50:15; 91:15 bEx 15:9 c1S 30:18
[9] a1S 27:2
[10] a1S 30:9, 21

11 ¶ Now they found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David, and gave him bread and he ate, and they provided him water to drink. 12 They gave him a piece of fig cake and two clusters of raisins, and he ate; athen his spirit Irevived. For he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights. 13 David said to him, “To whom do you belong? And where are you from?” And he said, “I am a young man of Egypt, a servant of an Amalekite; and my master left me behind when I fell sick three days ago. 14 We made a raid on athe INegev of the Cherethites, and on that which belongs to Judah, and on bthe INegev of Caleb, and cwe burned Ziklag with fire.” 15 Then David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this band?” And he said, “Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this band.”

[12] ILit returned to him aJg 15:19
[14] II.e. South country a1S 30:1, 16; 2S 8:18; 1K 1:38, 44; Ezk 25:16; Zp 2:5 bJsh 14:13; 15:13; 21:12 c1S 30:1

16 ¶ When he had brought him down, behold, they were Ispread over all the land, aeating and drinking and IIdancing because of ball the great spoil that they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. 17 David Islaughtered them afrom the twilight IIuntil the evening of IIIthe next day; and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on bcamels and fled. 18 So David arecovered all that the Amalekites had taken, and Irescued his two wives. 19 But nothing of theirs was missing, whether small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything that they had taken for themselves; aDavid brought [it] all back. 20 So David had Icaptured all the sheep and the cattle [which the people] drove ahead of IIthe [other] livestock, and they said, “aThis is David’s spoil.”

[16] ILit left IILit keeping a pilgrim-feast aLk 12:19; 17:27f b1S 30:14
[17] ILit smote IILit even until IIILit their a1S 11:11 bJg 7:12; 1S 15:3
[18] ILit David rescued aGn 14:16
[19] a1S 30:8
[20] ILit taken IILit those livestock a1S 30:26-31

The Spoils Are Divided

21 ¶ When aDavid came to the two hundred men who were too exhausted to follow David, who had also been left at the brook Besor, and they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him, then David approached the people and greeted them. 22 Then all the wicked and worthless men among those who went with David said, “Because they did not go with Ius, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away and depart.” 23 Then David said, “You must not do so, my brothers, with what the LORD has given us, who has kept us and delivered into our hand the band that came against us. 24 And who will listen to you in this matter? For aas his share is who goes down to the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the baggage; they shall share alike.” 25 So it has been from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.

[21] a1S 30:10
[22] ILit me
[24] aNu 31:27; Jsh 22:8

26 ¶ Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent [some] of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, “Behold, aa Igift for you from the spoil of bthe enemies of the LORD: 27 to those who were in aBethel, and to those who were in bRamoth of the INegev, and to those who were in cJattir, 28 and to those who were in aAroer, and to those who were in Siphmoth, and to those who were in bEshtemoa, 29 and to those who were in Racal, and to those who were in the cities of athe Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of bthe Kenites, 30 and to those who were in aHormah, and to those who were in bBor-ashan, and to those who were in Athach, 31 and to those who were in aHebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to bgo.”

[26] ILit blessing a1S 25:27 b1S 18:17; 25:28
[27] II.e. South country aGn 12:8; Jsh 7:2; 8:9; 16:1 bJsh 19:8 cJsh 15:48; 21:14
[28] aJsh 13:16; 1Ch 11:44 bJsh 15:50
[29] a1S 27:10 bJg 1:16; 1S 15:6
[30] aNu 14:45; 21:3; Jsh 12:14; 15:30; 19:4; Jg 1:17 bJsh 15:42; 19:7
[31] aNu 13:22; Jsh 14:13-15; 21:11-13; 2S 2:1 b1S 23:22


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The Amalekites spoil Ziklag.

1 ¶ And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 2 And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried [them] away, and went on their way.

[1] Gn 24:62; Jsh 11:6; 1S 15:7; 27:8; 29:11; 2S 1:2.
[2] 1S 27:11; 30:19; Jb 38:11; Ps 76:10; Is 27:8.

3 ¶ So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, [it was] burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives.

[3] Ps 34:19; He 12:6; 1P 1:6; Rv 3:9.

David asking counsel is encouraged by God to pursue them.

4 Then David and the people that [were] with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God. 7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. 8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake [them], and without fail recover [all]. 9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that [were] with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those that were left behind stayed. 10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.

[4] Gn 37:33; Nu 14:1, 39; Jg 2:4; 21:2; 1S 4:13; 11:4; Ezr 10:1.
[5] 1S 1:2; 25:42; 27:3; 2S 2:2; 3:2.
[6] Gn 32:7; Ex 17:4; Nu 14:10; Jg 18:25; 1S 1:10; 2S 17:8; 2K 4:27; Jb 13:15; Ps 18:6; 25:17; 26:1; 27:1; 34:1; 40:1; 42:5, 7, 11; 56:3, 11; 62:1, 5, 8, 9; 116:3, 10; 118:8; Pv 18:10; Is 25:4; 37:14; Jr 16:19; Hab 3:17; Mt 21:9; 27:22; Ro 4:18; 8:31; 2Co 1:6, 8, 9; 4:8; 7:5; He 13:6.
[7] 1S 22:20; 23:2; 1K 2:26; Mk 2:26.
[8] Nu 27:21; Jg 20:18, 23, 28; 1S 14:37; 23:2, 4, 10; 28:6, 15; 2S 5:19, 23; Ps 50:15; 91:15; Pv 3:5.
[10] Jsh 15:4; Jg 8:4; 1S 14:20, 31; 30:21; Am 6:14.

By the means of a revived Egyptian he is brought to the enemies, and recovereth all the spoil.

11 ¶ And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk [any] water, three days and three nights. 13 And David said unto him, To whom [belongest] thou? and whence [art] thou? And he said, I [am] a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. 14 We made an invasion [upon] the south of the Cherethites, and upon [the coast] which [belongeth] to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. 15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.

[11] Dt 15:7; 23:7; Pv 25:21; Mt 25:35; Lk 10:36; Ro 12:20.
[12] Jg 15:19; 1S 14:27; 30:13; Es 4:16; Is 40:29; Jna 1:17; Mt 27:63.
[13] Jb 31:13; Pv 12:10; Jm 2:13.
[14] Jsh 14:13; 15:13; 1S 30:1, 16; 2S 8:18; 1K 1:38, 44; 1Ch 18:17; Ezk 25:16; Zp 2:5.
[15] Dt 23:15; Jsh 2:12; 9:15, 19; 1S 29:6; Ezk 17:13, 16, 19.

16 ¶ And when he had brought him down, behold, [they were] spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. 18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. 19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any [thing] that they had taken to them: David recovered all. 20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, [which] they drave before those [other] cattle, and said, This [is] David's spoil.

[16] Ex 32:6, 17, 27; Jg 1:24; 16:23; 1S 25:36; 2S 13:28; Jb 20:5; Is 22:13; Dn 5:1; Lk 12:19; 17:27; 21:34; 1Th 5:3; Rv 11:10.
[17] Jg 4:16; 1S 11:11; 1K 20:29; Ps 18:42.
[19] Gn 14:14; Nu 31:49; 1S 30:8; Jb 1:10; Ps 34:9; 91:9; Mt 6:33.
[20] Nu 31:9; 1S 30:26; 2Ch 20:25; Is 53:12; Ro 8:37.

21 ¶ And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that [were] with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.

[21] Jg 8:15; 1S 30:10; He 13:1; 1P 3:8.

David's law to divide the spoil equally between them that fight and them that keep the stuff.

22 Then answered all the wicked men and [men] of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them [ought] of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart. 23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand. 24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part [is] that goeth down to the battle, so [shall] his part [be] that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike. 25 And it was [so] from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day.

[22] Dt 13:13; Jg 19:22; 1S 22:2; 25:17, 25; 1K 21:10, 13; Mt 7:12.
[23] Gn 19:7; Nu 31:49; Dt 8:10, 18; Jg 19:23; 1S 2:7; 30:8; 1Ch 29:12; Ps 44:2; 121:7; Hab 1:16; Ac 7:2; 22:1.
[24] Nu 31:27; Jsh 22:8; 1S 25:13; Ps 68:12.
[25] 1S 16:13.

He sendeth presents to his friends.

26 ¶ And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, [even] to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD; 27 To [them] which [were] in Bethel, and to [them] which [were] in south Ramoth, and to [them] which [were] in Jattir, 28 And to [them] which [were] in Aroer, and to [them] which [were] in Siphmoth, and to [them] which [were] in Eshtemoa, 29 And to [them] which [were] in Rachal, and to [them] which [were] in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to [them] which [were] in the cities of the Kenites, 30 And to [them] which [were] in Hormah, and to [them] which [were] in Chorashan, and to [them] which [were] in Athach, 31 And to [them] which [were] in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.

[26] Gn 33:11; 1S 25:27; 2K 5:15; 1Ch 12:1; Ps 35:27; 68:18; Pv 18:16; Is 32:8; 2Co 9:5.
[27] Gn 28:19; Jsh 15:48; 16:2; 19:4, 8; 21:14; Jg 1:22; 1K 12:29.
[28] Nu 34:10; Jsh 13:16; 15:50; 21:14.
[29] Jg 1:16; 1S 23:19; 27:10; 1Ch 2:9, 25.
[30] Jsh 15:42; 19:4, 7; Jg 1:17.
[31] Jsh 14:13; 2S 2:1; 4:1; 15:10.


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