NASB — 1 Kings 12 — KJV

King Rehoboam Acts Foolishly

1 aThen Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to bShechem to make him king. 2 Now awhen Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard [of it], Ihe was living in Egypt (for he was yet in Egypt, where he had fled from the presence of King Solomon). 3 Then they sent and called him, and Jeroboam and all the assembly of Israel came and spoke to Rehoboam, saying, 4aYour father made our yoke hard; now therefore lighten the hard service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you.” 5 Then he said to them, “aDepart Ifor three days, then return to me.” So the people departed.

[1] a2Ch 10:1 bJg 9:6
[2] ILit Jeroboam a1K 11:26, 40
[4] a1S 8:11-18; 1K 4:7, 21-25; 9:15
[5] ILit yet three a1K 12:12

6 ¶ King Rehoboam aconsulted with the elders who had Iserved his father Solomon while he was still alive, saying, “How do you counsel [me] to answer this people?” 7 Then they spoke to him, saying, “aIf you will be a servant to this people today, and will serve them and Igrant them their petition, and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants forever.” 8 But he forsook the counsel of the elders which they had given him, and consulted with the young men who grew up with him Iand served him. 9 So he said to them, “What counsel do you give that we may answer this people who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Lighten the yoke which your father put on us’?” 10 The young men who grew up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you shall say to this people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, now you make it lighter for us!’ But you shall speak to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s loins! 11 Whereas my father loaded you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions.’”

[6] ILit stood before a1K 4:1-6; Jb 12:12; 32:7
[7] ILit answer them a2Ch 10:7; Pv 15:1
[8] ILit who stood before

12 ¶ Then Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day as the king had Idirected, saying, “aReturn to me on the third day.” 13 The king answered the people harshly, for he forsook the advice of the elders which they had Igiven him, 14 and he spoke to them according to the advice of the young men, saying, “aMy father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions.” 15 So the king did not listen to the people; afor it was a turn [of events] from the LORD, bthat He might establish His word, which the LORD spoke through Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

[12] ILit spoken a1K 12:5
[13] ILit advised
[14] aEx 1:13, 14; 5:5-9, 16-18
[15] aDt 2:30; Jg 14:4; 1K 12:24; 2Ch 10:15 b1K 11:11, 31

The Kingdom Divided; Jeroboam Rules Israel

16 ¶ When all Israel [saw] that the king did not listen to them, the people answered the king, saying,
  “What portion do we have in David?
  [We have] no inheritance in the son of Jesse;
  aTo your tents, O Israel!
  Now look after your own house, David!”
So Israel departed to their tents. 17 But aas for the sons of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. 18 Then King Rehoboam sent aAdoram, who was over the forced labor, and all Israel stoned him Ito death. And King Rehoboam made haste to mount his chariot to flee to Jerusalem. 19 aSo Israel has been in rebellion against the house of David to this day.

[16] a2S 20:1
[17] a1K 11:13, 36
[18] ILit with stones that he died a2S 20:24; 1K 4:6; 5:14
[19] a2K 17:21

20 ¶ It came about when all Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, that they sent and called him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. aNone but the tribe of Judah followed the house of David.

[20] a1K 11:13, 32, 36

21aNow when Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men who were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel to restore the kingdom to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. 22 But the word of God came to aShemaiah the man of God, saying, 23 “Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin and to the arest of the people, saying, 24 ‘Thus says the LORD, “You must not go up and fight against your Irelatives the sons of Israel; return every man to his house, afor this thing has come from Me.”’” So they listened to the word of the LORD, and returned and went [their way] according to the word of the LORD.

[21] a2Ch 11:1
[22] a2Ch 11:2; 12:5-7
[23] a1K 12:17
[24] ILit brothers a1K 12:15

Jeroboam’s Idolatry

25 ¶ Then aJeroboam built Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and lived Ithere. And he went out from there and built bPenuel. 26 Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom will return to the house of David. 27 aIf this people go up to offer sacrifices in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will return to their lord, [even] to Rehoboam king of Judah; and they will kill me and return to Rehoboam king of Judah.” 28 So the king Iconsulted, and amade two golden bcalves, and he said to them, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem; cbehold your gods, O Israel, that brought you up from the land of Egypt.” 29 He set aone in bBethel, and the other he put in cDan. 30 Now athis thing became a sin, for the people went [to worship] before the one as far as Dan. 31 And ahe made houses on high places, and bmade priests from among Iall the people who were not of the sons of Levi. 32 Jeroboam Iinstituted a feast in the eighth month on the fifteenth day of the month, alike the feast which is in Judah, and he IIwent up to the altar; thus he did in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves which he had made. And he stationed in Bethel bthe priests of the high places which he had made. 33 Then he Iwent up to the altar which he had made in Bethel on the fifteenth day in the eighth month, even in the month which he had IIadevised IIIin his own heart; and he IIinstituted a feast for the sons of Israel and Iwent up to the altar bto burn IVincense.

[25] ILit in it aGn 12:6; Jg 9:45-49 bGn 32:30, 31; Jg 8:8, 17
[27] aDt 12:5-7, 14
[28] ILit took counsel a2K 10:29; 17:16; Ho 8:4-7 bHo 10:5 cEx 32:4, 8
[29] aHo 10:5 bGn 28:19 cJg 18:26-31
[30] a1K 13:34; 2K 17:21
[31] IOr extremities of a1K 13:32 b1K 13:33; 2K 17:32; 2Ch 11:15; 13:9
[32] ILit made IIOr offered upon aLv 23:33, 34; Nu 29:12; 1K 8:2, 5 bAm 7:10-13
[33] IOr offered upon IILit made IIILit from IVOr sacrifices aNu 15:39 b1K 13:1


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The Israelites, assembled at Shechem to crown Rehoboam, by Jeroboam make a suit of relaxation unto him.

1 ¶ And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king. 2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard [of it], (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;) 3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, 4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee. 5 And he said unto them, Depart yet [for] three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.

[1] Gn 12:6; 33:18; Jsh 20:7; 24:1, 32; Jg 9:1; 1K 11:43; 2Ch 10:1; Ps 60:6; Ac 7:16.
[2] 1K 11:26, 40; 2Ch 10:2.
[4] 1S 8:11; 1K 4:7, 20, 22, 25; 9:15, 22; 2Ch 10:4; Mt 11:29; 23:4; 1Jn 5:3.

Rehoboam, refusing the old men's counsel, by the advice of young men, answereth them roughly.

6 ¶ And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye advise that I may answer this people? 7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever. 8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, [and] which stood before him: 9 And he said unto them, What counsel give ye that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter? 10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou [it] lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little [finger] shall be thicker than my father's loins. 11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

[6] 2S 16:20; 17:5; Jb 12:12; 32:7; Pv 27:10; Jr 42:2; 43:2.
[7] 2S 15:3; 1K 12:13; 2Ch 10:6; Pv 15:1; Ec 10:4; Zc 1:13; Mk 10:43; Php 2:7.
[8] 2Ch 10:8; 25:15; Pv 1:2, 25, 30; 19:20; 25:12; Ec 10:2.
[9] 2S 17:5; 1K 22:6; 2Ch 10:9; 18:5.
[10] 2S 17:7; 2Ch 10:10; Pv 10:14; 18:6; 28:25; 29:23; Is 47:6.
[11] Ex 1:13; 5:5, 18; 1S 8:18; 1K 12:14; 2Ch 16:10; Is 58:6; Jr 27:11; 28:13; Ezk 2:6; Rv 9:3.

12 ¶ So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father [also] chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

[12] 1K 12:5; 2Ch 10:12.
[13] Gn 16:6; 42:7, 30; Ex 5:2; 10:28; Jg 12:1; 1S 20:10, 30; 25:10; 2S 19:43; 1K 20:6; Pv 10:11, 32; 13:20; 15:1; 18:23; Ec 10:12; Jm 3:17.
[14] 1K 12:10; 2Ch 22:4; Es 1:16; 2:2; Pv 12:5; 13:10; 16:18; 17:14; Ec 7:8; Is 19:11; Dn 6:7; Jm 3:14; 4:1.
[15] Dt 2:30; Jg 14:4; 1S 15:29; 2S 17:14; 24:1; 1K 11:11, 29; 12:24; 22:23; 2K 9:36; 10:10; 2Ch 10:15; 22:7; 25:16, 20; Ps 5:10; Is 14:13; 46:10; Dn 4:35; Am 3:6; Jn 19:23, 28, 32; Ac 2:23; 3:17; 4:28; 13:27.

Ten tribes revolting, kill Adoram, and make Rehoboam to flee.

16 ¶ So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither [have we] inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents. 17 But [as for] the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. 18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who [was] over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. 19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. 20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

[16] Jg 8:35; 2S 7:15; 15:13; 16:11; 20:1; 1K 11:13, 34, 36, 39; 22:17, 36; 2Ch 10:16; Ps 2:1; 76:10; 89:29; 132:17; Is 7:2, 6; 9:6; Jr 23:5; 33:15, 21; Lk 19:14, 27.
[17] 1K 11:13, 36; 2Ch 10:17; 11:13.
[18] Ex 17:4; Nu 14:10; 2S 20:24; 1K 4:6; 5:14; 20:18; 2Ch 10:18; 24:21; Pv 28:1; Am 2:16; Ac 5:26; 7:57.
[19] Jsh 4:9; 1S 10:19; 2K 17:21; 2Ch 10:19; 13:5, 17; Is 7:17; He 6:6.
[20] 1S 10:24; 1K 11:13, 32; 12:17; Ho 8:4; 11:12.

Rehoboam, raising an army, is forbidden by Shemaiah.

21 ¶ And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon. 22 But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 23 Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the people, saying, 24 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD.

[21] 1Ch 21:5; 2Ch 11:1; 14:8, 11; 17:14; Pv 21:30.
[22] Dt 33:1; 1K 13:1, 4, 11; 17:18, 24; 2K 4:16, 22, 25, 27; 2Ch 11:2; 12:5, 7; 1Ti 6:11.
[23] 1K 12:6.
[24] Nu 14:42; 1K 11:29; 12:15; 2Ch 11:4; 25:7, 10; 28:9, 13; Ho 8:4.

Jeroboam strengtheneth himself by cities,

25 ¶ Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.

[25] Gn 32:30; Jg 8:8, 17; 9:1, 45; 1K 9:15, 17; 12:1; 15:17; 16:24; 2Ch 11:5.

and by the idolatry of the two calves.

26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: 27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, [even] unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah. 28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves [of] gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. 30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went [to worship] before the one, [even] unto Dan. 31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi. 32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that [is] in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. 33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, [even] in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.

[26] 1S 27:1; 1K 11:38; 2Ch 20:20; Ps 14:1; Is 7:9; Jr 38:18; Mk 2:6; Lk 7:39; Jn 11:47; 12:10, 19; Ac 4:16.
[27] Gn 12:12; 26:7; Dt 12:5, 14; 16:2, 6; 1K 8:29, 44; 11:32; Pv 29:25; 1Co 1:19.
[28] Ex 1:10; 20:4; 32:4, 8; Dt 4:14; 1K 12:8; 2K 10:29; 17:16; 2Ch 11:15; Is 30:1, 10; Ho 8:4; 10:5; 2P 2:19.
[29] Gn 12:8; 14:14; 28:19; 35:1; Dt 34:1; Jg 18:29; 20:1; 2K 10:29; Jr 8:16; Ho 4:15; Am 8:14.
[30] 1K 13:34; 2K 10:31; 17:21.
[31] Nu 3:10; Dt 24:15; 1K 13:24, 32, 33; 2K 17:32; 2Ch 11:14; 13:9; Ezk 16:25; 44:6; Ho 12:11.
[32] Lv 23:33, 34; Nu 29:12; 1K 8:2, 5; Ezk 43:8; Am 7:10; Mt 15:8.
[33] Nu 15:39; 1S 13:12; 1K 12:32; 13:1; 2Ch 26:6; Ps 106:39; Is 29:13; Mt 15:6; Mk 7:13.


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