NASB — Exodus 32 — KJV

The Golden Calf

1 Now when the people saw that Moses adelayed to come down from the mountain, the people assembled about Aaron and said to him, “Come, bmake us Ia god who will go before us; as for cthis Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.” 2 Aaron said to them, “aTear off the gold rings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring [them] to me.” 3 Then all the people tore off the gold rings which were in their ears and brought [them] to Aaron. 4 He took [this] from their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool and made it into a amolten calf; and they said, “IThis is your god, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.” 5 Now when Aaron saw [this], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made a proclamation and said, “Tomorrow [shall be] a feast to the LORD.” 6 So the next day they rose early and aoffered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and bthe people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up cto play.

[1] IOr gods aEx 24:18; Dt 9:11, 12 bAc 7:40 cEx 14:11
[2] aEx 35:22
[4] IOr These are your gods aDt 9:16; Ne 9:18; Ps 106:19; Ac 7:41
[6] aAc 7:41 b1Co 10:7 cEx 32:17-19; Nu 25:2

7 ¶ Then the LORD spoke to Moses, “Go Idown at once, for your people, whom ayou brought up from the land of Egypt, have bcorrupted [themselves]. 8 They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them. aThey have made for themselves a molten calf, and have worshiped it and bhave sacrificed to it and said, ‘IcThis is your god, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt!’” 9 aThe LORD said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and behold, they are Iban obstinate people. 10 Now then alet Me alone, that My anger may burn against them and that I may destroy them; and bI will make of you a great nation.”

[7] ILit go down aEx 32:4, 11; Dt 9:12 bGn 6:11f
[8] IOr These are your gods aEx 20:3, 4, 23 bEx 22:20; 34:15; Dt 32:17 c1K 12:28
[9] IOr a stiff-necked aNu 14:11-20 bEx 33:3, 5; 34:9; Is 48:4; Ac 7:51
[10] aDt 9:14 bNu 14:12

Moses’ Entreaty

11 ¶ Then aMoses entreated the LORD his God, and said, “O LORD, why does Your anger burn against Your people whom You have brought out from the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand? 12 Why should athe Egyptians speak, saying, ‘With evil [intent] He brought them out to kill them in the mountains and to destroy them from the face of the earth’? Turn from Your burning anger and change Your mind about [doing] harm to Your people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants to whom You aswore by Yourself, and said to them, ‘I will bmultiply your Idescendants as the stars of the heavens, and call this land of which I have spoken I will give to your Idescendants, and they shall inherit [it] forever.’” 14 aSo the LORD changed His mind about the harm which He said He would do to His people.

[11] aDt 9:18, 26
[12] aNu 14:13-19; Dt 9:28; Jsh 7:9
[13] ILit seed aGn 22:16-18; He 6:13 bGn 15:5; 26:4 cGn 12:7; 13:15; 15:18; 17:8; 35:12; Ex 13:5, 11; 33:1
[14] aPs 106:45

15aThen Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, btablets which were written on both Isides; they were written on one [side] and the other. 16 The tablets were God’s work, and the writing was God’s writing engraved on the tablets. 17 Now when Joshua heard the sound of the people Ias they shouted, he said to Moses, “There is a sound of war in the camp.” 18 But he said,
  “It is not the sound of the cry of triumph,
  Nor is it the sound of the cry of defeat;
  But the sound of singing I hear.”

[15] ILit their sides aDt 9:15 bEx 31:18
[17] ILit in its shouting

Moses’ Anger

19 It came about, as soon as IMoses came near the camp, that ahe saw the calf and [the] dancing; and Moses’ anger burned, and bhe threw the tablets from his hands and shattered them IIat the foot of the mountain. 20 aHe took the calf which they had made and burned [it] with fire, and ground it to powder, and scattered it over the surface of the water and made the sons of Israel drink [it].

[19] ILit he IILit beneath aEx 32:6; Dt 9:16 bDt 9:17
[20] aDt 9:21

21 ¶ Then Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you, that you have brought [such] great sin upon them?” 22 Aaron said, “Do not let the anger of my lord burn; you know the people yourself, athat they are Iprone to evil. 23 For athey said to me, ‘Make Ia god for us who will go before us; for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.’ 24 I said to them, ‘Whoever has any gold, let them tear it off.’ So they gave [it] to me, and aI threw it into the fire, and out came this calf.”

[22] ILit in evil aDt 9:24
[23] IOr gods aEx 32:1-4
[24] aEx 32:4

25 ¶ Now when Moses saw that the people were Iout of control—for Aaron had alet them IIget out of control to be a derision among IIItheir enemies26 then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, “Whoever is for the LORD, [come] to me!” And all the sons of Levi gathered together to him. 27 He said to them, “Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Every man [of you] put his sword upon his thigh, and go back and forth from gate to gate in the camp, and kill every man his brother, and every man his friend, and every man his Ineighbor.’” 28 So athe sons of Levi did Ias Moses instructed, and about three thousand men of the people fell that day. 29 Then Moses said, “IDedicate yourselves today to the LORD—for every man has been against his son and against his brother—in order that He may bestow a blessing upon you today.”

[25] ILit let loose IILit go loose IIILit those who rise against them a1K 12:28-30; 14:16
[27] IOr kin
[28] ILit according to Moses’ word aNu 25:7-13; Dt 33:9
[29] ILit Fill your hand

30 ¶ On the next day Moses said to the people, “aYou yourselves have Icommitted a great sin; and now I am going up to the LORD, perhaps I can bmake atonement for your sin.” 31 Then Moses returned to the LORD, and said, “Alas, this people has Icommitted a great sin, and they have made IIa agod of gold for themselves. 32 But now, if You will, forgive their sin—and if not, please blot me out from Your abook which You have written!” 33 The LORD said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, aI will blot him out of My book. 34 But go now, lead the people awhere I told you. Behold, bMy angel shall go before you; nevertheless cin the day when I Ipunish, dI will IIpunish them for their sin.” 35 aThen the LORD smote the people, because of bwhat they did with the calf which Aaron had made.

[30] ILit sinned a1S 12:20, 23 bNu 25:13
[31] ILit sinned IIOr gods aEx 20:23
[32] aPs 69:28; Is 4:3; Dn 12:1; Mal 3:16, 17; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5; 21:27
[33] aEx 17:14; Dt 29:20; Ps 9:5; Rv 3:5
[34] ILit visit IILit visit their sin upon them aEx 3:17 bEx 23:20 cDt 32:35; Ro 2:5, 6 dPs 99:8
[35] aEx 32:28 bEx 32:4, 24


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The people, in the absence of Moses, cause Aaron to make a calf.

1 ¶ And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for [as for] this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. 2 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which [are] in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring [them] unto me. 3 And all the people brake off the golden earrings which [were] in their ears, and brought [them] unto Aaron. 4 And he received [them] at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 5 And when Aaron saw [it], he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow [is] a feast to the LORD. 6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

[1] Gn 19:14; 21:26; 39:8; 44:4, 15; Ex 13:21; 14:11; 16:3; 20:3; 24:18; 32:7, 11; 33:3, 14; Dt 4:15; 9:9; Jsh 7:13; Ho 12:13; Mi 6:4; Mt 24:43, 48; Ac 7:40; 17:29; 19:26; 2P 3:4.
[2] Gn 24:22, 47; Ex 12:35; Jg 8:24; Ezk 16:11, 17; Ho 2:8.
[3] Jg 17:3; Is 40:19; 46:6; Jr 10:9.
[4] Ex 20:2, 23; 28:9, 11; 32:1, 8; Dt 9:16; Jg 17:3; 1K 12:28, 32; 2K 10:29; 2Ch 11:15; 13:8; Ne 9:18; Ps 106:19; Is 40:18; 44:9; 46:6; Ho 8:4; 10:5; 13:2; Ac 7:41; 17:29; Ro 1:21.
[5] Ex 10:9; 12:14; 32:4; Lv 23:2, 4, 21, 37; 1S 14:35; 1K 12:32; 21:9; 2K 10:20; 16:11; 2Ch 30:5; Ho 8:11, 14; 1Co 5:8.
[6] Ex 24:4; Nu 25:2; Jg 16:23; Am 2:8; 8:10; Ac 7:41; 1Co 10:7; Rv 11:10.

God is angered thereby.

7 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted [themselves]: 8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 9 And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it [is] a stiffnecked people: 10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.

[7] Gn 6:11; Ex 19:24; 32:1, 11; 33:1; Dt 4:16; 9:12; 32:5; Jg 2:19; Dn 9:24; Ho 9:9.
[8] Ex 20:3, 23; 32:4; Dt 9:16; Jg 2:17; 1K 12:28.
[9] Ex 33:3, 5; 34:9; Dt 9:6, 13; 10:16; 31:27; 2Ch 30:8; Ne 9:17; Ps 78:8; Pv 29:1; Is 48:4; Jr 13:27; Ho 6:10; Zc 7:11; Ac 7:51.
[10] Gn 18:32; 32:26; Ex 22:24; 32:11, 19; Nu 14:12, 19; 16:22, 45; Dt 9:14, 19; Jr 14:11; 15:1; Jm 5:16.

At the intreaty of Moses he is appeased.

11 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? 12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people. 13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit [it] for ever. 14 And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.

[11] Ex 32:7; Nu 11:11; 16:22; Dt 9:18, 26; Ps 74:1; 106:23; Is 63:17; Jr 12:1.
[12] Gn 6:6; Ex 32:14; Nu 14:13; Dt 9:28; 13:17; 32:26, 36; Jsh 7:9, 26; Ezr 10:14; Ps 74:18; 78:38; 79:9; 85:3; 90:13; 106:45; Ezk 20:9, 14, 22; Am 7:3, 6; Jna 3:9; Zc 8:14.
[13] Gn 12:2, 7; 13:15; 15:5, 7, 18; 22:16; 26:3, 4; 28:13; 35:11; 48:16; Lv 26:42; Dt 7:8; 9:27; Lk 1:54; He 6:13.
[14] Dt 32:26; 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:15; Ps 106:45; Jr 18:8; 26:13, 19; Jol 2:13; Jna 3:10; 4:2.

15 ¶ And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony [were] in his hand: the tables [were] written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other [were] they written. 16 And the tables [were] the work of God, and the writing [was] the writing of God, graven upon the tables. 17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, [There is] a noise of war in the camp. 18 And he said, [It is] not the voice of [them that] shout for mastery, neither [is it] the voice of [them that] cry for being overcome: [but] the noise of [them that] sing do I hear.

[15] Ex 16:34; 24:18; 40:20; Dt 5:22; 9:15; Ps 19:7; Rv 5:1.
[16] Ex 31:18; 34:1, 4; Dt 9:9, 15; 10:1; 2Co 3:3, 7; He 8:10.
[17] Ex 17:9; 24:13; 32:18; Jsh 6:5, 10, 16, 20; Jg 15:14; 1S 4:5; 17:20, 52; Ezr 3:11; Jb 39:25; Ps 47:1; Jr 51:14; Am 1:14; 2:2.
[18] Ex 15:1; Dn 5:4, 23.

He breaketh them.

19 ¶ And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.

[19] Ex 15:20; 32:4, 11; Nu 12:3; Dt 9:16, 17; 27:26; 2S 6:14; Jr 31:32; Lm 5:15; Zc 11:10, 14; Mt 5:22; Mk 3:5; 10:14; Ep 4:26.

He destroyeth the calf.

20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt [it] in the fire, and ground [it] to powder, and strawed [it] upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink [of it]. 21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

[20] Dt 7:5, 25; 9:21; 2K 23:6, 15; Pv 1:31; 14:14.
[21] Gn 20:9; 26:10; Dt 13:6; Jsh 7:19; 1S 26:19; 1K 14:16; 21:22; 2K 21:9.

Aaron's excuse for himself.

22 And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they [are set] on mischief. 23 For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for [as for] this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. 24 And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break [it] off. So they gave [it] me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.

[22] Ex 14:11; 15:24; 16:2, 20, 28; 17:2; Dt 9:7, 24; 31:27; 1S 15:24; Ps 36:4; Pv 4:16.
[23] Ex 32:1, 8.
[24] Gn 3:12; Ex 32:4; Lk 10:29; Ro 3:10.

Moses causeth the idolaters to be slain.

25 ¶ And when Moses saw that the people [were] naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto [their] shame among their enemies:) 26 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who [is] on the LORD'S side? [let him come] unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him. 27 And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, [and] go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. 28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. 29 For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.

[25] Gn 3:10; Ex 33:4; Dt 9:20; 2Ch 28:19; Is 47:3; Ezk 16:63; Dn 12:2; Ho 2:3; Mi 1:11; Ro 6:21; Rv 3:17; 16:15.
[26] Jsh 5:13; 2S 20:11; 2K 9:32; Mt 12:30.
[27] Ex 32:26, 29; Nu 25:5, 7; Dt 33:8; Lk 14:26; 2Co 5:16.
[28] Nu 16:32, 41; Dt 33:9; Mal 2:4; 1Co 10:8; He 2:2.
[29] Nu 25:11; Dt 13:6; 33:9; 1S 15:18; Pv 21:3; Jol 2:12; Zc 13:3; Mt 10:37.

He prayeth for the people.

30 ¶ And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin. 31 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. 32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written. 33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book. 34 Therefore now go, lead the people unto [the place] of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them. 35 And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

[30] Ex 32:31, 32; Nu 16:47; 25:13; 1S 2:17; 12:20, 23; 2S 12:9; 16:12; 2K 17:21; Jb 42:7; Am 5:15; Jna 3:9; Lk 7:47; 15:18; Ro 9:3; Ga 3:13; 2Ti 2:25; Jm 5:16.
[31] Ex 20:4, 23; 32:30; 34:28; Dt 9:18; Ezr 9:6, 15; Ne 9:33; Dn 9:5, 8, 11.
[32] Ex 32:10; Nu 14:19; Dt 9:14; 25:19; 29:20; Ps 56:8; 69:28; 139:16; Ezk 13:9; Dn 9:18; 12:1; Am 7:2; Lk 23:34; Ro 9:3; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5; 17:8; 21:27; 22:19.
[33] Lv 23:30; Ps 69:28; 109:13; Ezk 18:4; Php 4:3; Rv 13:8; 20:12.
[34] Ex 20:5; 23:20; 33:2, 14; Nu 14:27; 20:16; Dt 32:35; Is 63:9; Jr 5:9, 29; Am 3:14; Mt 23:35; Ro 2:4.
[35] Ex 32:25; 2S 12:9; Mt 27:3; Ac 1:18; 7:41.


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