The Golden Calf
1 Now when the people° saw° that Moses° adelayed° to come° down° from the mountain°, the people° assembled° about° Aaron° and said° to him, “Come°, bmake° us Ia god° who° will go° before° us; as for cthis° Moses°, the man° who° brought° us up from the land° of Egypt°, we do not know° what° has become° of him.” 2 Aaron° said° to them, “aTear° off° the gold° rings° which° are in the ears° of your wives°, your sons°, and your daughters°, and bring° [them] to me.” 3 Then all° the people° tore° off° the gold° rings° which° were in their ears° and brought° [them] to Aaron°. 4 He took° [this] from their hand°, and fashioned° it with a graving° tool° and made° it into a amolten° calf°; and they said°, “IThis° is your god°, O Israel°, who° brought° you up from the land° of Egypt°.” 5 Now when Aaron° saw° [this], he built° an altar° before° it; and Aaron° made° a proclamation° and said°, “Tomorrow° [shall be] a feast° to the LORD°.” 6 So the next° day° they rose° early° and aoffered° burnt° offerings°, and brought° peace° offerings°; and bthe people° sat° down° to eat° and to drink°, and rose° up cto play°.
 IOr gods aEx 24:18; Dt 9:11, 12 bAc 7:40 cEx 14:11
 aEx 35:22
 IOr These are your gods aDt 9:16; Ne 9:18; Ps 106:19; Ac 7:41
 aAc 7:41 b1Co 10:7 cEx 32:17-19; Nu 25:2
7 ¶ Then the LORD° spoke° to Moses°, “Go° Idown°° at once°, for your people°, whom° ayou brought° up from the land° of Egypt°, have bcorrupted° [themselves]. 8 They have quickly° turned° aside° from the way° which° I commanded° them. aThey have made° for themselves a molten° calf°, and have worshiped° it and bhave sacrificed° to it and said°, ‘IcThis° is your god°, O Israel°, who° brought° you up from the land° of Egypt°!’” 9 aThe LORD° said° to Moses°, “I have seen° this° people°, and behold°, they are Iban obstinate°° people°. 10 Now° then alet° Me alone°, that My anger° may burn° against them and that I may destroy° them; and bI will make° of you a great° nation°.”
 ILit go down aEx 32:4, 11; Dt 9:12 bGn 6:11f
 IOr These are your gods aEx 20:3, 4, 23 bEx 22:20; 34:15; Dt 32:17 c1K 12:28
 IOr a stiff-necked aNu 14:11-20 bEx 33:3, 5; 34:9; Is 48:4; Ac 7:51
 aDt 9:14 bNu 14:12
11 ¶ Then aMoses° entreated° the LORD° his God°, and said°, “O LORD°, why° does Your anger° burn° against Your people° whom° You have brought° out from the land° of Egypt° with great° power° and with a mighty° hand°? 12 Why° should athe Egyptians° speak°, saying°, ‘With evil° [intent] He brought° them out to kill° them in the mountains° and to destroy° them from the face° of the earth°’? Turn° from Your burning° anger° and change° Your mind° about° [doing] harm° to Your people°. 13 Remember° Abraham°, Isaac°, and Israel°, Your servants° to whom° You aswore° by Yourself, and said° to them, ‘I will bmultiply° your Idescendants° as the stars° of the heavens°, and call° this° land° of which° I have spoken° I will give° to your Idescendants°, and they shall inherit° [it] forever°.’” 14 aSo the LORD° changed° His mind° about° the harm° which° He said° He would do° to His people°.
 aDt 9:18, 26
 aNu 14:13-19; Dt 9:28; Jsh 7:9
 ILit seed aGn 22:16-18; He 6:13 bGn 15:5; 26:4 cGn 12:7; 13:15; 15:18; 17:8; 35:12; Ex 13:5, 11; 33:1
 aPs 106:45
15 ¶ aThen Moses° turned° and went° down° from the mountain° with the two° tablets° of the testimony° in his hand°, btablets° which were written° on both° Isides°; they were written° on one° [side] and the other°.
16 The tablets° were God’s° work°, and the writing° was God’s° writing° engraved° on the tablets°.
17 Now when Joshua° heard° the sound° of the people° Ias they shouted°, he said° to Moses°, “There is a sound° of war° in the camp°.”
18 But he said°,
19 It came° about, as soon° as IMoses came° near° the camp°, that ahe saw° the calf° and [the] dancing°; and Moses’° anger° burned°, and bhe threw° the tablets° from his hands° and shattered° them IIat the foot° of the mountain°. 20 aHe took° the calf° which° they had made° and burned° [it] with fire°, and ground° it to powder°°, and scattered° it over° the surface° of the water° and made the sons° of Israel° drink° [it].
21 ¶ Then Moses° said° to Aaron°, “What° did this° people° do° to you, that you have brought° [such] great° sin° upon them?” 22 Aaron° said°, “Do not let the anger° of my lord° burn°; you know° the people° yourself°, athat they are Iprone to evil°. 23 For athey said° to me, ‘Make° Ia god° for us who° will go° before° us; for this° Moses°, the man° who° brought° us up from the land° of Egypt°, we do not know° what° has become° of him.’ 24 I said° to them, ‘Whoever° has any gold°, let them tear° it off°.’ So they gave° [it] to me, and aI threw° it into the fire°, and out came° this° calf°.”
25 ¶ Now when Moses° saw° that the people° were Iout of control°for Aaron° had alet them IIget° out of control° to be a derision° among IIItheir enemies° 26 then Moses° stood° in the gate° of the camp°, and said°, “Whoever° is for the LORD°, [come] to me!” And all° the sons° of Levi° gathered° together to him. 27 He said° to them, “Thus° says° the LORD°, the God° of Israel°, ‘Every° man° [of you] put° his sword° upon his thigh°, and go°° back° and forth° from gate° to gate° in the camp°, and kill° every° man° his brother°, and every° man° his friend°, and every° man° his Ineighbor°.’” 28 So athe sons° of Levi° did° Ias Moses° instructed°, and about three° thousand° men° of the people° fell° that day°. 29 Then Moses° said°, “IDedicate° yourselves° today° to the LORD°for every° man° has been against his son° and against his brother°in order that He may bestow° a blessing° upon you today°.”
 ILit let loose IILit go loose IIILit those who rise against them a1K 12:28-30; 14:16
 IOr kin
 ILit according to Moses’ word aNu 25:7-13; Dt 33:9
 ILit Fill your hand
30 ¶ On the next° day° Moses° said° to the people°, “aYou yourselves° have Icommitted° a great° sin°; and now° I am going° up to the LORD°, perhaps° I can bmake° atonement° for your sin°.” 31 Then Moses° returned° to the LORD°, and said°, “Alas°, this° people° has Icommitted° a great° sin°, and they have made° IIa agod° of gold° for themselves. 32 But now°, if° You will, forgive° their sin°and if° not, please° blot° me out from Your abook° which° You have written°!” 33 The LORD° said° to Moses°, “Whoever°° has sinned° against Me, aI will blot° him out of My book°. 34 But go° now°, lead° the people° awhere°° I told° you. Behold°, bMy angel° shall go° before° you; nevertheless cin the day° when I Ipunish°, dI will IIpunish° them for their sin°.” 35 aThen the LORD° smote° the people°, because°° of bwhat° they did° with the calf° which° Aaron° had made°.
 ILit sinned a1S 12:20, 23 bNu 25:13
 ILit sinned IIOr gods aEx 20:23
 aPs 69:28; Is 4:3; Dn 12:1; Mal 3:16, 17; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5; 21:27
 aEx 17:14; Dt 29:20; Ps 9:5; Rv 3:5
 ILit visit IILit visit their sin upon them aEx 3:17 bEx 23:20 cDt 32:35; Ro 2:5, 6 dPs 99:8
 aEx 32:28 bEx 32:4, 24
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The people, in the absence of Moses, cause Aaron to make a calf.
1 ¶ And when the peopleº sawºª that² Mosesº delayedºª to come downºª out of² the mount,º the peopleº gathered themselves togetherºª unto² Aaron,º and saidºª unto² him, Up,ºª makeºª us gods,º which² shall go¹ª² beforeº us; for² [as for] this² Moses,º the manº that² brought¹ª us up² out of the landº² of Egypt,º we wotºª not² what² is become² of him. 2 And Aaronº saidºª unto² them, Break offºª the goldenº earrings,º which² [are] in the earsº of your wives,º of your sons,º and of your daughters,º and bringºª [them] unto² me. 3 And all² the peopleº brake offºª² the goldenº earringsº which² [were] in their ears,º and broughtºª [them] unto² Aaron.º 4 And he receivedºª [them] at their hand,º² and fashionedºª it with a graving tool,º after he had madeºª it a moltenº calf:º and they said,ºª These² [be] thy gods,º O Israel,º which² brought¹ª thee up² out of the landº² of Egypt.º 5 And when Aaronº sawºª [it], he builtºª an altarº beforeº it; and Aaronº made proclamation,ºª and said,ºª To morrowº [is] a feastº to the LORD.º 6 And they rose up earlyºª on the morrow,º² and offeredºª burnt offerings,º and broughtºª peace offerings;º and the peopleº sat¹ª down² to eatºª and to drink,ºª and rose upºª to play.ºª
 Gn 19:14; 21:26; 39:8; 44:4, 15; Ex 13:21; 14:11; 16:3; 20:3; 24:18; 32:7, 11; 33:3, 14; Dt 4:15; 9:9; Jsh 7:13; Ho 12:13; Mi 6:4; Mt 24:43, 48; Ac 7:40; 17:29; 19:26; 2P 3:4.
 Gn 24:22, 47; Ex 12:35; Jg 8:24; Ezk 16:11, 17; Ho 2:8.
 Jg 17:3; Is 40:19; 46:6; Jr 10:9.
 Ex 20:2, 23; 28:9, 11; 32:1, 8; Dt 9:16; Jg 17:3; 1K 12:28, 32; 2K 10:29; 2Ch 11:15; 13:8; Ne 9:18; Ps 106:19; Is 40:18; 44:9; 46:6; Ho 8:4; 10:5; 13:2; Ac 7:41; 17:29; Ro 1:21.
 Ex 10:9; 12:14; 32:4; Lv 23:2, 4, 21, 37; 1S 14:35; 1K 12:32; 21:9; 2K 10:20; 16:11; 2Ch 30:5; Ho 8:11, 14; 1Co 5:8.
 Ex 24:4; Nu 25:2; Jg 16:23; Am 2:8; 8:10; Ac 7:41; 1Co 10:7; Rv 11:10.
God is angered thereby.
7 ¶ And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Go,¹ª² get thee down;ºª for² thy people,º which² thou broughtestºª out of the landº² of Egypt,º have corruptedºª [themselves]: 8 They have turned¹ª aside² quicklyº out of² the wayº which² I commandedºª them: they have madeºª them a moltenº calf,º and have worshippedºª it, and have sacrificedºª thereunto, and said,ºª These² [be] thy gods,º O Israel,º which² have brought thee upºª out of the landº² of Egypt.º 9 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º I have seenºª² this² people,º and, behold,² it² [is] a stiffneckedºº people:º 10 Now² therefore let me alone,¹ª² that my wrathº may wax hotºª against them, and that I may consumeºª them: and I will makeºª of thee a greatº nation.º
 Gn 6:11; Ex 19:24; 32:1, 11; 33:1; Dt 4:16; 9:12; 32:5; Jg 2:19; Dn 9:24; Ho 9:9.
 Ex 20:3, 23; 32:4; Dt 9:16; Jg 2:17; 1K 12:28.
 Ex 33:3, 5; 34:9; Dt 9:6, 13; 10:16; 31:27; 2Ch 30:8; Ne 9:17; Ps 78:8; Pv 29:1; Is 48:4; Jr 13:27; Ho 6:10; Zc 7:11; Ac 7:51.
 Gn 18:32; 32:26; Ex 22:24; 32:11, 19; Nu 14:12, 19; 16:22, 45; Dt 9:14, 19; Jr 14:11; 15:1; Jm 5:16.
At the intreaty of Moses he is appeased.
11 And Mosesº besoughtºª¹² the LORDº his God,º and said,ºª LORD,º why² doth thy wrathº wax hotºª against thy people,º which² thou hast brought forthºª out of the landº² of Egyptº with greatº power,º and with a mightyº hand?º 12 Wherefore² should the Egyptiansº speak,ºª and say,ºª For mischiefº did he bring¹ª them out,² to slayºª them in the mountains,º and to consumeºª them from²² the faceº of the earth?º Turnºª from thy fierce¹ wrath,º²² and repentºª of² this evilº against thy people.º 13 Rememberºª Abraham,º Isaac,º and Israel,º thy servants,º to whom² thou swarestºª by thine own self, and saidstºª unto² them, I will multiplyºª² your seedº as the starsº of heaven,º and all² this² landº that² I have spokenºª of will I giveºª unto your seed,º and they shall inheritºª [it] for ever.º 14 And the LORDº repentedºª of² the evilº which² he thoughtºª to doºª unto his people.º
 Ex 32:7; Nu 11:11; 16:22; Dt 9:18, 26; Ps 74:1; 106:23; Is 63:17; Jr 12:1.
 Gn 6:6; Ex 32:14; Nu 14:13; Dt 9:28; 13:17; 32:26, 36; Jsh 7:9, 26; Ezr 10:14; Ps 74:18; 78:38; 79:9; 85:3; 90:13; 106:45; Ezk 20:9, 14, 22; Am 7:3, 6; Jna 3:9; Zc 8:14.
 Gn 12:2, 7; 13:15; 15:5, 7, 18; 22:16; 26:3, 4; 28:13; 35:11; 48:16; Lv 26:42; Dt 7:8; 9:27; Lk 1:54; He 6:13.
 Dt 32:26; 2S 24:16; 1Ch 21:15; Ps 106:45; Jr 18:8; 26:13, 19; Jol 2:13; Jna 3:10; 4:2.
15 ¶ And Mosesº turned,ºª and went downºª from² the mount,º and the twoº tablesº of the testimonyº [were] in his hand:º the tablesº [were] writtenºª on bothº² their sides;º on the one side²² and on the other²² [were] they² written.ºª 16 And the tablesº [were] the workº of God,º and the writingº [was] the writingº of God,º gravenºª upon² the tables.º 17 And when Joshuaº heardºª² the noiseº of the peopleº as they shouted,º he saidºª unto² Moses,º [There is] a noiseº of warº in the camp.º 18 And he said,ºª [It is] not² the voiceº of [them that] shoutºª for mastery,º neither² [is it] the voiceº of [them that] cryºª for being overcome:º [but] the noiseº of [them that] singºª do I² hear.ºª
 Ex 16:34; 24:18; 40:20; Dt 5:22; 9:15; Ps 19:7; Rv 5:1.
 Ex 31:18; 34:1, 4; Dt 9:9, 15; 10:1; 2Co 3:3, 7; He 8:10.
 Ex 17:9; 24:13; 32:18; Jsh 6:5, 10, 16, 20; Jg 15:14; 1S 4:5; 17:20, 52; Ezr 3:11; Jb 39:25; Ps 47:1; Jr 51:14; Am 1:14; 2:2.
 Ex 15:1; Dn 5:4, 23.
He breaketh them.
19 ¶ And it came to pass,² as soon as² he came nighºª unto² the camp,º that he sawºª² the calf,º and the dancing:º and Moses'º angerº waxed hot,ºª and he castºª² the tablesº out of his hands,º² and brakeºª them beneathº the mount.º
 Ex 15:20; 32:4, 11; Nu 12:3; Dt 9:16, 17; 27:26; 2S 6:14; Jr 31:32; Lm 5:15; Zc 11:10, 14; Mt 5:22; Mk 3:5; 10:14; Ep 4:26.
He destroyeth the calf.
20 And he tookºª² the calfº which² they had made,ºª and burntºª [it] in the fire,º and groundºª [it] to² powder,ºª² and strawedºª [it] uponº² the water,º and made² the childrenº of Israelº drinkºª [of it]. 21 And Mosesº saidºª unto² Aaron,º What² didºª this² peopleº unto thee, that² thou hast broughtºª so greatº a sinº upon² them?
 Dt 7:5, 25; 9:21; 2K 23:6, 15; Pv 1:31; 14:14.
 Gn 20:9; 26:10; Dt 13:6; Jsh 7:19; 1S 26:19; 1K 14:16; 21:22; 2K 21:9.
Aaron's excuse for himself.
22 And Aaronº said,ºª Let not² the angerº of my lordº wax hot:ºª thou² knowestºª² the people,º that² they² [are set] on mischief.º 23 For they saidºª unto me, Makeºª us gods,º which² shall go¹ª² beforeº us: for² [as for] this² Moses,º the manº that² brought us upºª out of the landº² of Egypt,º we wotºª not² what² is become² of him. 24 And I saidºª unto them, Whosoever² hath any gold,º let them break¹ª [it] off.² So they gaveºª [it] me: then I castºª it into the fire,º and there came outºª this² calf.º
 Ex 14:11; 15:24; 16:2, 20, 28; 17:2; Dt 9:7, 24; 31:27; 1S 15:24; Ps 36:4; Pv 4:16.
 Ex 32:1, 8.
 Gn 3:12; Ex 32:4; Lk 10:29; Ro 3:10.
Moses causeth the idolaters to be slain.
25 ¶ And when Mosesº sawºª that²² the peopleº [were] naked;ºª (for² Aaronº had made them nakedºª unto [their] shameº among their enemies:)ºª 26 Then Mosesº stoodºª in the gateº of the camp,º and said,ºª Who² [is] on the LORD'Sº side? [let him come] unto² me. And all² the sonsº of Leviº gathered¹ª themselves together² unto² him. 27 And he saidºª unto them, Thus² saithºª the LORDº Godº of Israel,º Putºª every manº his swordº by² his side,º [and] go¹ª in² and outºª from gateº² to gateº throughout the camp,º and slayºª every manº² his brother,º and every manº² his companion,º and every manº² his neighbour.º 28 And the childrenº of Leviº didºª according to the wordº of Moses:º and there fellºª of² the peopleº that² dayº about threeº thousandº men.º 29 For Mosesº had said,ºª Consecrate²² yourselves¹ª¹ to dayº to the LORD,º evenº every manº upon his son,º and upon his brother;º that he may bestowºª upon² you a blessingº this day.º
 Gn 3:10; Ex 33:4; Dt 9:20; 2Ch 28:19; Is 47:3; Ezk 16:63; Dn 12:2; Ho 2:3; Mi 1:11; Ro 6:21; Rv 3:17; 16:15.
 Jsh 5:13; 2S 20:11; 2K 9:32; Mt 12:30.
 Ex 32:26, 29; Nu 25:5, 7; Dt 33:8; Lk 14:26; 2Co 5:16.
 Nu 16:32, 41; Dt 33:9; Mal 2:4; 1Co 10:8; He 2:2.
 Nu 25:11; Dt 13:6; 33:9; 1S 15:18; Pv 21:3; Jol 2:12; Zc 13:3; Mt 10:37.
He prayeth for the people.
30 ¶ And it came to pass² on the morrow,º² that Mosesº saidºª unto² the people,º Ye² have sinnedºª a greatº sin:º and now² I will go upºª unto² the LORD;º peradventureº I shall make an atonementºª forº your sin.º 31 And Mosesº returnedºª unto² the LORD,º and said,ºª Oh,º this² peopleº have sinnedºª a greatº sin,º and have madeºª them godsº of gold.º 32 Yet now,² if² thou wilt forgiveºª their sin--;º and if² not,² blotºª me, I pray thee,² out of thy bookº² which² thou hast written.ºª 33 And the LORDº saidºª unto² Moses,º Whosoeverº² hath sinnedºª against me, him will I blot outºª of my book.º² 34 Therefore now² go,¹ª² leadºª² the peopleº unto² [the place] of which² I have spokenºª unto thee: behold,² mine Angelº shall go¹ª² beforeº thee: nevertheless in the dayº when I visitºª I will visitºª their sinº upon² them. 35 And the LORDº plaguedºª² the people,º becauseº² they madeºª² the calf,º whichº Aaronº made.ºª
 Ex 32:31, 32; Nu 16:47; 25:13; 1S 2:17; 12:20, 23; 2S 12:9; 16:12; 2K 17:21; Jb 42:7; Am 5:15; Jna 3:9; Lk 7:47; 15:18; Ro 9:3; Ga 3:13; 2Ti 2:25; Jm 5:16.
 Ex 20:4, 23; 32:30; 34:28; Dt 9:18; Ezr 9:6, 15; Ne 9:33; Dn 9:5, 8, 11.
 Ex 32:10; Nu 14:19; Dt 9:14; 25:19; 29:20; Ps 56:8; 69:28; 139:16; Ezk 13:9; Dn 9:18; 12:1; Am 7:2; Lk 23:34; Ro 9:3; Php 4:3; Rv 3:5; 17:8; 21:27; 22:19.
 Lv 23:30; Ps 69:28; 109:13; Ezk 18:4; Php 4:3; Rv 13:8; 20:12.
 Ex 20:5; 23:20; 33:2, 14; Nu 14:27; 20:16; Dt 32:35; Is 63:9; Jr 5:9, 29; Am 3:14; Mt 23:35; Ro 2:4.
 Ex 32:25; 2S 12:9; Mt 27:3; Ac 1:18; 7:41.
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