NASB — Exodus 16 — KJV

The LORD Provides Manna

1 Then they set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of aSin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on bthe fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt. 2 The whole congregation of the sons of Israel agrumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. 3 The sons of Israel said to them, “aWould that we had died by the LORDS hand in the land of Egypt, bwhen we sat by the pots of Imeat, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

[1] aNu 33:10, 11; Ezk 30:15 bEx 12:6, 51; 19:1
[2] aEx 14:11; 15:24; Ps 106:25; 1Co 10:10
[3] IOr flesh aEx 17:3; Nu 14:2, 3; 20:3; Lm 4:9 bNu 11:4, 5

4 ¶ Then the LORD said to Moses, “Behold, aI will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may btest them, whether or not they will walk in My Iinstruction. 5 aOn the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” 6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, “At evening Iayou will know that the LORD has brought you out of the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning Iyou will see athe glory of the LORD, for bHe hears your grumblings against the LORD; and cwhat are we, that you grumble against us?”

[4] IOr law aNe 9:15; Ps 78:23-25; 105:40; Jn 6:31; 1Co 10:3 bEx 15:25; Dt 8:2, 16
[5] aEx 16:22
[6] ILit and you aEx 6:7
[7] ILit and you aEx 16:10, 12; Is 35:2; 40:5; Jn 11:4, 40 bNu 14:27; 17:5 cNu 16:11

The LORD Provides Meat

8 Moses said, “[This will happen] when the LORD gives you Imeat to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; for the LORD hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are anot against us but against the LORD.”

[8] IOr flesh a1S 8:7; Lk 10:16; Ro 13:2; 1Th 4:8

9 ¶ Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, ‘aCome near before the LORD, for He has heard your grumblings.’” 10 It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they Ilooked toward the wilderness, and behold, athe glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. 11 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 12aI have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, ‘IAt twilight you shall eat IImeat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and byou shall know that I am the LORD your God.’”

[9] aNu 16:16
[10] ILit turned aEx 13:21; 16:7; Nu 16:19; 1K 8:10f
[12] ILit Between the two evenings IIOr flesh aEx 16:8; Nu 14:27 bEx 6:7; 16:7; 1K 20:28; Jol 3:17

13 ¶ So it came about at evening that athe quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning bthere was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 aWhen the layer of dew Ievaporated, behold, on the IIsurface of the wilderness bthere was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground. 15 When the sons of Israel saw [it], they said to one another, “IWhat is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “aIt is the bread which the LORD has given you to eat. 16 This is Iwhat the LORD has commanded, ‘Gather of it every man IIas much as he should eat; you shall take IIIaan omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.’” 17 The sons of Israel did so, and [some] gathered much and [some] little. 18 When they measured it with an omer, ahe who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered Ias much as he should eat. 19 Moses said to them, “aLet no man leave any of it until morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. 21 They gathered it morning by morning, every man Ias much as he should eat; but when the sun grew hot, it would melt.

[13] aNu 11:31; Ps 78:27-29; 105:40 bNu 11:9
[14] ILit had gone up IILit face of aNu 11:7-9 bEx 16:31; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:24; 105:40
[15] IHeb Man hu, cf v 31 aEx 16:4; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:24; Jn 6:31; 1Co 10:3
[16] ILit the thing which IILit according to his eating IIILit an omer for a head aEx 16:32, 36
[18] ILit according to his eating a2Co 8:15
[19] aEx 12:10; 16:23; 23:18
[21] ILit according to his eating

The Sabbath Observed

22aNow on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the bleaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the LORD Imeant: aTomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the LORD. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and ball that is left over IIput aside to be kept until morning.” 24 So they Iput it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and ait did not become foul nor was there any worm in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the LORD; today you will not find it in the field. 26 aSix days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, [the] sabbath, there will be Inone.”

[22] aEx 16:5 bEx 34:31
[23] ILit spoke IILit lay up for you aGn 2:3; Ex 20:8-11; 23:12; 31:15; 35:2; Lv 23:3; Ne 9:13, 14 bEx 16:19
[24] ILit laid it up aEx 16:20
[26] ILit none on it aEx 20:9, 10

27 ¶ It came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 Then the LORD said to Moses, “aHow long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My Iinstructions? 29 See, Ithe LORD has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

[28] IOr laws a2K 17:14; Ps 78:10; 106:13
[29] ILit for the LORD

31 ¶ The house of aIsrael named it Imanna, and it was like bcoriander seed, white, and its taste was like wafers with honey. 32 Then Moses said, “This is Iwhat the LORD has commanded, ‘Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “aTake a jar and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before the LORD to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before athe Testimony, to be kept. 35 aThe sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (Now aan omer is a tenth of an Iephah.)

[31] IHeb man, cf v 15 aNu 11:7-9; Dt 8:3, 16 bEx 16:14
[32] ILit the thing which
[33] aHe 9:4; Rv 2:17
[34] aEx 25:16, 21; 27:21; 40:20; Nu 17:10
[35] aDt 8:2f; Jsh 5:12; Ne 9:20, 21
[36] II.e. Approx one bu aEx 16:16


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The Israelites come to Sin.

1 ¶ And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which [is] between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

[1] Ex 15:27; 17:1; Nu 33:10, 12; Ezk 30:15.

They murmur for want of bread.

2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: 3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, [and] when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

[2] Gn 19:4; Ex 15:24; Ps 106:7, 13, 25; 1Co 10:10.
[3] Ex 2:23; 5:21; 17:3; Nu 11:4, 15; 14:2; 16:13, 41; 20:3; Dt 8:3; 28:67; Jsh 7:7; 2S 18:33; Jb 3:1, 10, 20; Jr 2:6; 20:14; Lm 4:9; Jna 4:8; Ac 26:29; 1Co 4:8; 2Co 11:1.

God promiseth them bread from heaven.

4 ¶ Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare [that] which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. 6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt: 7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what [are] we, that ye murmur against us? 8 And Moses said, [This shall be], when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what [are] we? your murmurings [are] not against us, but against the LORD.

[4] Ex 15:25; Dt 8:2, 16; Jsh 24:15; Ne 11:23; Ps 78:24; 105:40; Pv 30:8; Mt 6:11, 32; Lk 11:3; Jn 6:31; 1Co 10:3.
[5] Ex 16:23; 35:2; Lv 25:21.
[6] Ex 6:7; 12:51; 16:3, 8, 12; 32:1, 7, 11; Nu 16:28, 30; Ps 77:20; Is 63:11.
[7] Ex 16:2, 8, 10, 13; 24:10, 16; 40:34; Lv 9:6; Nu 14:10; 16:11, 42; Is 35:2; 40:5; Jn 11:4, 40.
[8] Ex 16:9, 12; Nu 14:27; 21:7; 1S 8:7; Is 32:6; 37:29; Mt 9:4; 10:40; Lk 10:16; Jn 6:41; 13:20; Ro 13:2; 1Co 10:10; 1Th 4:8.

9 ¶ And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings. 10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

[9] Ex 16:2, 8; Nu 16:16.
[10] Ex 13:21; 16:7; 40:34; Lv 9:6; Nu 14:10; 16:19, 42; 1K 8:10; Mt 17:5.

Quails are sent,

11 ¶ And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD your God. 13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

[12] Ex 4:5; 6:7; 7:17; 16:6, 7, 8; Jr 31:24; Ezk 34:30; 39:22; Jol 3:17; Zc 13:9.
[13] Nu 11:9, 31; Ps 78:27; 105:40.

and manna.

14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness [there lay] a small round thing, [as] small as the hoar frost on the ground. 15 And when the children of Israel saw [it], they said one to another, It [is] manna: for they wist not what it [was]. And Moses said unto them, This [is] the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.

[14] Nu 11:7; Dt 8:3; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:24; 105:40; 147:16.
[15] Ex 16:4, 31, 33; Nu 21:5; Dt 8:3, 16; Jsh 5:12; Ne 9:15, 20; Pv 9:5; Lk 12:30; Jn 6:31, 49, 58; 1Co 10:3; He 9:4; Rv 2:17.

The ordering of manna.

16 ¶ This [is] the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, [according to] the number of your persons; take ye every man for [them] which [are] in his tents. 17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. 18 And when they did mete [it] with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. 20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. 21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

[16] Ex 16:18, 33, 36.
[18] 2Co 8:14.
[19] Ex 12:10; 23:18; Mt 6:34.
[20] Nu 12:3; 16:15; Mt 6:19; Mk 3:5; 10:14; Lk 12:15, 33; Ep 4:26; He 13:5; Jm 5:2.
[21] Pv 6:6; Ec 9:10; 12:1; Mt 6:33; Jn 12:35; 2Co 6:2.

22 ¶ And it came to pass, [that] on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one [man]: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 And he said unto them, This [is that] which the LORD hath said, To morrow [is] the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake [that] which ye will bake [to day], and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

[22] Ex 16:5, 16, 20, 21; Lv 25:12, 22; Dt 8:3, 16.
[23] Gn 2:2; Ex 20:8; 31:15; 35:3; Lv 23:3; Nu 11:8; Mk 2:27; Lk 23:56; Rv 1:10.
[24] Ex 16:20, 33.

It was not to be found on the Sabbath.

25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day [is] a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, [which is] the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

[25] Ex 16:23, 29; Ne 9:14.
[26] Ex 20:9; Dt 5:13; Ezk 46:1; Lk 13:14.

27 ¶ And it came to pass, [that] there went out [some] of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 30 So the people rested on the seventh day. 31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it [was] like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it [was] like wafers [made] with honey.

[27] Pv 20:4.
[28] Ex 10:3; Nu 14:11; 20:12; 2K 17:14; Ps 78:10, 22; 81:13; 106:13; Is 7:9, 13; Jr 4:14; 9:6; Ezk 5:6; 20:13, 16; Mk 9:19.
[29] Ex 31:13; Ne 9:14; Is 58:13; Ezk 20:12; Lk 23:56.
[30] Lv 23:3; Dt 5:12; He 4:9.
[31] Ex 16:15; Nu 11:6; So 2:3.

An omer of it is preserved.

32 ¶ And Moses said, This [is] the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. 33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer [is] the tenth [part] of an ephah.

[32] Ps 103:1; 105:5; 111:4; Lk 22:19; He 2:1.
[33] He 9:4.
[34] Ex 25:16, 21; 27:21; 30:6, 36; 31:18; 38:21; 40:20; Nu 1:50, 53; 17:10; Dt 10:5; 1K 8:9.
[35] Nu 33:38, 48; Dt 1:8; 8:2; 34:1; Jsh 5:12; Ne 9:15, 20; Ps 78:24; Jn 6:30.
[36] Ex 16:16, 32.


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