NASB — James 5 — KJV

Misuse of Riches

1 aCome now, byou rich, cweep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you. 2 aYour riches have rotted and your garments have become moth-eaten. 3 Your gold and your silver have rusted; and their rust will be a witness against you and will consume your flesh like fire. It is ain the last days that you have stored up your treasure! 4 Behold, athe pay of the laborers who mowed your fields, [and] which has been withheld by you, cries out [against you]; and bthe outcry of those who did the harvesting has reached the ears of cthe Lord of ISabaoth. 5 You have alived luxuriously on the earth and led a life of wanton pleasure; you have Ifattened your hearts in ba day of slaughter. 6 You have condemned and Iaput to death bthe righteous [man]; he does not resist you.

[1] aJm 4:13 bLk 6:24; 1Ti 6:9 cIs 13:6; 15:3; Ezk 30:2
[2] aJb 13:28; Is 50:9; Mt 6:19f
[3] aJm 5:7, 8
[4] II.e. Hosts aLv 19:13; Jb 24:10f; Jr 22:13; Mal 3:5 bEx 2:23; Dt 24:15; Jb 31:38f cRo 9:29; Is 5:9
[5] ILit nourished aEzk 16:49; Lk 16:19; 1Ti 5:6; 2P 2:13 bJr 12:3; 25:34
[6] IOr murdered aJm 4:2 bHe 10:38; 1P 4:18

Exhortation

7 ¶ Therefore be patient, abrethren, buntil the coming of the Lord. cThe farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until Iit gets dthe early and late rains. 8 aYou too be patient; bstrengthen your hearts, for cthe coming of the Lord is dnear. 9 aDo not Icomplain, bbrethren, against one another, so that you yourselves may not be judged; behold, cthe Judge is standing IIdright at the IIIdoor. 10 As an example, abrethren, of suffering and patience, take bthe prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord. 11 We count those ablessed who endured. You have heard of bthe Iendurance of Job and have seen cthe IIoutcome of the Lord’s dealings, that dthe Lord is full of compassion and [is] merciful.

[7] IOr he aJm 4:11; 5:9, 10 bJn 21:22; 1Th 2:19 cGa 6:9 dDt 11:14; Jr 5:24; Jol 2:23
[8] aLk 21:19 b1Th 3:13 cJn 21:22; 1Th 2:19 dRo 13:11, 12; 1P 4:7
[9] ILit groan IILit before IIILit doors aJm 4:11 bJm 5:7, 10 c1Co 4:5; Jm 4:12; 1P 4:5 dMt 24:33; Mk 13:29
[10] aJm 4:11; 5:7, 9 bMt 5:12
[11] IOr steadfastness IILit end of the Lord aMt 5:10; 1P 3:14 bJb 1:21f; 2:10 cJb 42:10, 12 dEx 34:6; Ps 103:8

12 ¶ But above all, amy brethren, bdo not swear, either by heaven or by earth or with any other oath; but Iyour yes is to be yes, and your no, no, so that you may not fall under judgment.

[12] ILit yours is to be yes, yes, and no, no aJm 1:16 bMt 5:34-37

13 ¶ Is anyone among you asuffering? b[Then] he must pray. Is anyone cheerful? He is to csing praises. 14 Is anyone among you sick? [Then] he must call for athe elders of the church and they are to pray over him, Ibanointing him with oil in the name of the Lord; 15 and the aprayer Ioffered in faith will IIbrestore the one who is sick, and the Lord will craise him up, and if he has committed sins, IIIthey will be forgiven him. 16 Therefore, aconfess your sins to one another, and pray for one another so that you may be bhealed. cThe effective Iprayer of a righteous man can accomplish much. 17 Elijah was aa man with a nature like ours, and bhe prayed Iearnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the earth for cthree years and six months. 18 Then he aprayed again, and bthe Isky IIpoured rain and the earth produced its fruit.

[13] aJm 5:10 bPs 50:15 c1Co 14:15; Col 3:16
[14] ILit having anointed aAc 11:30 bMk 6:13; 16:18
[15] ILit of IIOr save IIILit it aJm 1:6 b1Co 1:21; Jm 5:20 cJn 6:39; 2Co 4:14
[16] ILit supplication aMt 3:6; Mk 1:5; Ac 19:18 bHe 12:13; 1P 2:24 cGn 18:23-32; Jn 9:31
[17] ILit with prayer aAc 14:15 b1K 17:1; 18:1 cLk 4:25
[18] ILit heaven IILit gave a1K 18:42 b1K 18:45

19 ¶ My brethren, aif any among you strays from bthe truth and one turns him back, 20 let him know that Ihe who turns a sinner from the error of his way will asave his soul from death and will bcover a multitude of sins.

[19] aMt 18:15; Ga 6:1 bJm 3:14
[20] ILit he who has turned aRo 11:14; 1Co 1:21; Jm 1:21 bPv 10:12; 1P 4:8


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Wicked rich men are to fear God's vengeance.

1 ¶ Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. 2 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are motheaten. 3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. Ye have heaped treasure together for the last days. 4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth. 5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. 6 Ye have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he doth not resist you.

[1] Dt 8:12; 32:15; Ne 9:25; Jb 20:15; Ps 17:14; 49:6; 73:3, 18; Pv 11:4, 28; Ec 5:13; Is 13:6; 22:12; Jr 4:8; 9:23; Ezk 19:2; Jol 1:5, 11, 13; Am 6:6; Mi 6:12; Zp 1:18; Zc 11:2; Mt 19:23; Lk 6:24, 25; 12:16; 16:19; 23:28; 1Ti 6:9; Jm 1:11; 2:6; 4:9, 13; Rv 6:15.
[2] Jb 13:28; Ps 39:11; Is 50:9; 51:8; Jr 17:11; Ho 5:12; Mt 6:19; Lk 12:33; Jm 2:2; 1P 1:4.
[3] Gn 31:48, 52; 49:1; Dt 32:33; Jsh 24:27; Jb 14:16; 16:8; Is 2:2; Jr 19:9; Mi 3:3; 4:1; Ac 2:17; Ro 2:5; 2Ti 2:17; 2P 3:3; Rv 17:16; 20:15; 21:8.
[4] Gn 4:10; Ex 2:23; 3:9; 22:22, 27; Lv 19:13; Dt 24:14, 15; Jb 24:10; 31:38; 34:28; Ps 9:12; Is 1:9; 5:7; Jr 22:13; Hab 2:11; Mal 3:5; Lk 18:7; Ro 9:29; Col 4:1.
[5] 1S 25:6, 36; Jb 21:11; Ps 17:14; 73:7; Pv 7:14; 17:1; Ec 11:9; Is 3:16; 5:11; 22:13; 47:8; 56:12; Ezk 39:17; Am 6:1, 4; Lk 16:19, 25; Ro 13:13; 1Ti 5:6; 2Ti 3:4; Jde 1:12; Rv 18:7; 19:17.
[6] Is 53:7; Mt 5:39; 21:38; 23:34; 26:53; 27:20, 24; Lk 22:51; Jn 16:2; 19:9; Ac 2:22; 3:14; 4:10; 7:52; 8:32; 13:27; 22:14; 1Th 2:15; Jm 2:6; 1P 2:22.

We ought to be patient in afflictions, after the example of the prophets, and Job:

7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. 8 Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh. 9 Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door. 10 Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. 11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

[7] Dt 11:14; Jr 5:24; Ho 6:3; Jol 2:23; Zc 10:1; Mt 24:27, 44; Lk 8:15; 18:8; 21:27; Ro 2:7; 8:24; 15:4; 1Co 1:7; 2Co 6:4; Ga 5:5; 6:9; Col 1:11; 1Th 1:3; 2:19; 3:13; He 6:15; 12:1; Jm 5:8; 2P 3:4.
[8] Gn 49:18; Ps 27:14; 37:7; 40:1; 130:5; Lm 3:25; Mi 7:7; Hab 2:3; Ro 8:25; Ga 5:22; Php 4:5; 1Th 1:10; 2Th 3:5; He 10:25, 35; Jm 5:9; 1P 4:7; Rv 22:20.
[9] Gn 4:7; Lv 19:18; Ps 59:15; Mt 6:14; 7:1; 24:33; Mk 6:19; 1Co 4:5; 10:11; 2Co 9:7; Ga 5:14, 26; Jm 4:11; 1P 4:9; Rv 3:20.
[10] 2Ch 36:16; Is 39:8; Jr 2:30; 23:22; 26:16; Mt 5:11; 21:34; 23:34; Lk 6:23; 13:34; Ac 3:21; 7:52; 1Th 2:14; He 11:32; 13:7.
[11] Ex 34:6; Nu 14:18; 1Ch 21:13; 2Ch 30:9; Ne 9:17, 31; Jb 1:21; 2:10; 13:15; 23:10; 42:10; Ps 25:6; 37:37; 51:1; 78:38; 86:5, 15; 94:12; 103:8, 13; 116:5; 119:132; 136:1; 145:8; Ec 7:8; Is 55:6; 63:7, 9; Lm 3:22; Dn 9:9, 18; Jol 2:13; Jna 4:2; Mi 7:18; Mt 5:10; 10:22; Lk 1:50; 6:36; Ro 2:4; Ep 1:6; 2:4; He 3:6, 14; 10:39; Jm 1:12; 1P 1:6, 13; 2P 2:9.

to forbear swearing,

12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and [your] nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation.

[12] Mt 5:33; 23:16; 1Co 11:34; 2Co 1:17; Jm 3:1; 1P 4:8; 3Jn 1:2.

to pray in adversity, to sing in prosperity:

13 Is any among you afflicted? let him pray. Is any merry? let him sing psalms. 14 Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: 15 And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.

[13] Jg 16:23; 1Ch 16:9; 2Ch 33:12; Jb 33:26; Ps 18:6; 50:15; 91:15; 95:2; 105:2; 116:3; 118:5; 142:1; Lm 3:55; Dn 5:4; Ho 6:1; Jna 2:2, 7; Mi 4:5; Mt 26:30; Lk 22:44; 23:42; Ac 16:24; 1Co 14:26; 2Co 12:7; Ep 5:19; Col 3:16; He 5:7; Rv 5:9; 7:10; 14:3; 19:1.
[14] 1K 17:21; 2K 4:33; 5:11; Mk 6:13; 16:18; Ac 9:40; 14:23; 15:4; 28:8; Tit 1:5.
[15] Is 33:24; Mt 9:2; 17:20; 21:21; Mk 2:5; 11:22; 16:17; Jn 5:14; 1Co 11:30; 12:28; Jm 1:6; 5:13, 16; 1Jn 5:14.

to acknowledge mutually our several faults, to pray one for another,

16 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much. 17 Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rained not on the earth by the space of three years and six months. 18 And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

[16] Gn 18:23; 19:29; 20:7, 17; 32:28; 41:9; Ex 9:28, 33; 17:11; 32:10; Nu 11:2; 14:13; 21:7; Dt 9:18; Jsh 10:12; 1S 12:18; 2S 19:19; 1K 13:6; 17:18; 2K 4:33; 19:15; 20:2; 2Ch 14:11; 30:20; 32:20; Jb 42:8; Ps 10:17; 34:15; 145:18; Pv 15:8, 29; 28:9; Jr 15:1; 29:12; 33:3; Dn 2:18; 9:20; Ho 12:3; Mt 3:6; 7:7; 18:15; 21:22; Lk 7:3; 9:6; 11:11; 18:1; Jn 9:31; Ac 4:24; 10:38; 12:5; 19:18; Ro 3:10; 5:19; Col 1:9; 1Th 5:17, 23, 25; He 11:4, 7; 13:18; 1Jn 3:22.
[17] 1K 17:1; Lk 4:25; Ac 10:26; 14:15; Ro 11:2; Rv 11:6.
[18] 1K 18:18, 42; Jr 14:22; Ac 14:17.

and to reduce a straying brother to the truth.

19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him; 20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.

[19] Ps 119:21, 118; Pv 19:27; Is 3:12; Ezk 34:4, 16; Mt 18:15; Lk 22:32; Ga 6:1; 1Ti 6:10, 21; 2Ti 2:18; He 12:12; Jm 5:20; 2P 3:17; Jde 1:11, 22.
[20] Ps 32:1; Pv 10:2, 12; 11:4, 30; Jn 5:24; Ro 11:14; 1Co 9:22; 1Ti 4:16; Phm 1:19; Jm 1:15; 5:19; 1P 4:8; Rv 20:6.


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