NASB — 1 Corinthians 14 — KJV

Prophecy a Superior Gift

1 aPursue love, yet bdesire earnestly cspiritual [gifts], but especially that you may dprophesy. 2 For one who aspeaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one Iunderstands, but IIin [his] spirit he speaks bmysteries. 3 But one who prophesies speaks to men for aedification and bexhortation and consolation. 4 One who aspeaks in a tongue bedifies himself; but one who cprophesies bedifies the church. 5 Now I wish that you all aspoke in tongues, but b[even] more that you would prophesy; and greater is one who prophesies than one who aspeaks in tongues, unless he interprets, so that the church may receive cedifying.

[1] a1Co 16:14 b1Co 12:31; 14:39 c1Co 12:1 d1Co 13:2
[2] ILit hears IIOr by the Spirit aMk 16:17; 1Co 12:10, 28, 30; 13:1; 14:18ff b1Co 13:2
[3] aRo 14:19; 1Co 14:5, 12, 17, 26 bAc 4:36
[4] aMk 16:17; 1Co 12:10, 28, 30; 13:1; 14:18ff, 26f bRo 14:19; 1Co 14:5, 12, 17, 26 c1Co 13:2
[5] aMk 16:17; 1Co 12:10, 28, 30; 13:1; 14:18ff, 26f bNu 11:29 cRo 14:19; 1Co 14:4, 12, 17, 26

6 ¶ But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking in tongues, what will I profit you unless I speak to you either by way of arevelation or of bknowledge or of cprophecy or of dteaching? 7 Yet [even] lifeless things, either flute or harp, in producing a sound, if they do not produce a distinction in the tones, how will it be known what is played on the flute or on the harp? 8 For if athe Ibugle produces an indistinct sound, who will prepare himself for battle? 9 So also you, unless you utter by the tongue speech that is clear, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will be aspeaking into the air. 10 There are, perhaps, a great many kinds of Ilanguages in the world, and no [kind] is without meaning. 11 If then I do not know the meaning of the language, I will be to the one who speaks a Iabarbarian, and the one who speaks will be a Ibarbarian IIto me. 12 So also you, since you are zealous of Ispiritual [gifts], seek to abound for the aedification of the church.

[6] a1Co 14:26; Ep 1:17 b1Co 12:8 c1Co 13:2 dAc 2:42; Ro 6:17; 1Co 14:26
[8] ILit trumpet aNu 10:9; Jr 4:19; Ezk 33:3-6; Jol 2:1
[9] a1Co 9:26
[10] ILit voices
[11] IOr foreigner IIOr in my estimation aAc 28:2
[12] ILit spirits aRo 14:19; 1Co 14:4, 5, 17, 26

13 ¶ Therefore let one who speaks in a tongue pray that he may interpret. 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays, but my mind is unfruitful. 15 aWhat is [the outcome] then? I will pray with the spirit and I will pray with the mind also; I will bsing with the spirit and I will sing with the mind also. 16 Otherwise if you bless Iin the spirit [only], how will the one who fills the place of the IIungifted say athe “Amen” at your bgiving of thanks, since he does not know what you are saying? 17 For you are giving thanks well enough, but the other person is not aedified. 18 I thank God, I speak in tongues more than you all; 19 however, in the church I desire to speak five words with my mind so that I may instruct others also, rather than ten thousand words in a tongue.

[15] aAc 21:22; 1Co 14:26 bEp 5:19; Col 3:16
[16] IOr with the III.e. unversed in spiritual gifts aDt 27:15-26; 1Ch 16:36; Ne 5:13; 8:6; Ps 106:48; Jr 11:5; 28:6; Rv 5:14; 7:12 bMt 15:36
[17] aRo 14:19; 1Co 14:4, 5, 12, 26

Instruction for the Church

20aBrethren, bdo not be children in your thinking; yet in evil cbe infants, but in your thinking be mature. 21 In athe Law it is written, “bBY MEN OF STRANGE TONGUES AND BY THE LIPS OF STRANGERS I WILL SPEAK TO THIS PEOPLE, AND EVEN SO THEY WILL NOT LISTEN TO ME,” says the Lord. 22 So then tongues are for a sign, not to those who believe but to unbelievers; but aprophecy [is for a sign], not to unbelievers but to those who believe. 23 Therefore if the whole church assembles together and all speak in tongues, and Iungifted men or unbelievers enter, will they not say that ayou are mad? 24 But if all aprophesy, and an unbeliever or an Iungifted man enters, he is bconvicted by all, he is called to account by all; 25 athe secrets of his heart are disclosed; and so he will bfall on his face and worship God, cdeclaring that God is certainly among you.

[20] aRo 1:13 bEp 4:14; He 5:12f cPs 131:2; Mt 18:3; Ro 16:19; 1P 2:2
[21] aJn 10:34; 1Co 14:34 bIs 28:11f
[22] a1Co 14:1
[23] IV 16, note 2 aAc 2:13
[24] IV 16, note 2 a1Co 14:1 bJn 16:8
[25] aJn 4:19 bLk 17:16 cIs 45:14; Dn 2:47; Zc 8:23; Ac 4:13

26aWhat is [the outcome] then, bbrethren? When you assemble, ceach one has a dpsalm, has a eteaching, has a erevelation, has a ftongue, has an ginterpretation. Let hall things be done for edification. 27 If anyone speaks in a atongue, [it should be] by two or at the most three, and [each] in turn, and one must binterpret; 28 but if there is no interpreter, he must keep silent in the church; and let him speak to himself and to God. 29 Let two or three aprophets speak, and let the others bpass judgment. 30 But if a revelation is made to another who is seated, the first one must keep silent. 31 For you can all prophesy one by one, so that all may learn and all may be exhorted; 32 and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets; 33 for God is not [a God] of aconfusion but of Ipeace, as in ball the churches of the csaints.

[26] a1Co 14:15 bRo 1:13 c1Co 12:8-10 dEp 5:19 e1Co 14:6 f1Co 14:2 g1Co 12:10; 14:5, 13, 27f hRo 14:19
[27] a1Co 14:2 b1Co 12:10; 14:5, 13, 26ff
[29] a1Co 13:2; 14:32, 37 b1Co 12:10
[33] IOr peace. As in all...saints, let a1Co 14:40 b1Co 4:17; 7:17 cAc 9:13

34 ¶ The women are to akeep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but bare to subject themselves, just as cthe Law also says. 35 If they desire to learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is Iimproper for a woman to speak in church. 36 IWas it from you that the word of God [first] went forth? Or has it come to you only?

[34] a1Co 11:5, 13 b1Ti 2:11f; 1P 3:1 c1Co 14:21
[35] IOr disgraceful
[36] ILit Or was

37aIf anyone thinks he is a prophet or bspiritual, let him recognize that the things which I write to you care the Lord’s commandment. 38 But if anyone does not recognize [this], he Iis not recognized.

[37] a2Co 10:7 b1Co 2:15 c1 Jn 4:6
[38] ITwo early mss read is not to be recognized

39 ¶ Therefore, my brethren, adesire earnestly to bprophesy, and do not forbid to speak in tongues. 40 But aall things must be done properly and in an orderly manner.

[39] a1Co 12:31 b1Co 13:2; 14:1
[40] a1Co 14:33


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Prophecy is commended,

1 ¶ Follow after charity, and desire spiritual [gifts], but rather that ye may prophesy.

[1] Nu 11:25; Pv 15:9; 21:21; Is 51:1; Ro 9:30; 12:6; 14:19; 1Co 12:1, 31; 13:1, 2, 9, 13; 14:3, 24, 37, 39; Ep 1:3; 1Th 5:20; 1Ti 4:14; 5:10; 6:11; 2Ti 2:22; He 12:14; 1P 3:11; 2P 1:7; 3Jn 1:11.

and preferred before speaking with tongues,

2 For he that speaketh in an [unknown] tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth [him]; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. 3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men [to] edification, and exhortation, and comfort. 4 He that speaketh in an [unknown] tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church. 5 I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater [is] he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying.

[2] Gn 11:7; 42:23; Dt 28:49; 2K 18:26; Ps 49:3; 78:2; Mt 13:11; Mk 4:11; Ac 2:4; 10:46; 19:6; 22:9; Ro 16:25; 1Co 2:7, 10; 13:2; 14:9, 16, 21; 15:51; Ep 3:3; 6:19; Col 1:26; 2:2; 1Ti 3:9, 16; Rv 10:7.
[3] Lk 3:18; Ac 9:31; 13:15; 14:22; 15:32; Ro 12:8; 14:19; 15:2; 1Co 8:1; 10:23; 14:4, 12, 26, 31; 2Co 1:4; 2:7; Ep 4:12, 29; 6:22; Col 4:8; 1Th 2:3, 11; 3:2; 4:1, 18; 5:11, 14; 2Th 3:12; 1Ti 1:4; 4:13; 6:2; 2Ti 4:2; Tit 1:9; 2:6, 9, 15; He 3:13; 10:25; 13:22; 1P 5:12; Jde 1:20.
[4] 1Co 14:3, 14, 18.
[5] Nu 11:28; 1Co 12:10, 28, 30; 13:4; 14:1, 3, 12, 26.

by a comparison drawn from musical instruments.

6 Now, brethren, if I come unto you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine? 7 And even things without life giving sound, whether pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped? 8 For if the trumpet give an uncertain sound, who shall prepare himself to the battle? 9 So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and none of them [is] without signification. 11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh [shall be] a barbarian unto me.

[6] 1S 12:21; Jr 16:19; 23:32; Mt 11:25; 16:17, 26; Ro 15:14; 16:17; 1Co 10:33; 12:7, 8; 13:2, 3, 8; 14:1, 26; 2Co 11:6; 12:1, 7; Ep 1:17; 3:4; Php 3:15; 2Ti 2:14; 3:10, 16; 4:2; Tit 3:8; He 13:9; 2P 1:5; 3:18; 2Jn 1:9.
[7] Nu 10:2; Mt 11:17; Lk 7:32; 1Co 13:1; 14:8.
[8] Nu 10:9; Jsh 6:4; Jg 7:16; Ne 4:18; Jb 39:24; Is 27:13; Am 3:6; Ep 6:11.
[9] 1Co 9:26; 14:19.
[11] Ac 28:2, 4; Ro 1:14; 1Co 14:21; Col 3:11.

Both must be referred to edification,

12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual [gifts], seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church. 13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in an [unknown] tongue pray that he may interpret. 14 For if I pray in an [unknown] tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. 15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also. 16 Else when thou shalt bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupieth the room of the unlearned say Amen at thy giving of thanks, seeing he understandeth not what thou sayest? 17 For thou verily givest thanks well, but the other is not edified. 18 I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all: 19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that [by my voice] I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an [unknown] tongue. 20 Brethren, be not children in understanding: howbeit in malice be ye children, but in understanding be men. 21 In the law it is written, With [men of] other tongues and other lips will I speak unto this people; and yet for all that will they not hear me, saith the Lord.

[12] 1Co 12:7, 31; 14:1, 3, 26, 32; Tit 2:14.
[13] Mk 11:24; Jn 14:13; Ac 1:14; 4:29; 8:15; 1Co 12:10, 30; 14:27.
[14] 1Co 14:2, 15, 19.
[15] Ps 47:7; Jn 4:23; Ro 1:9; 3:5; 8:31; 12:1; 1Co 10:19; 14:19; Ep 5:17; 6:18; Php 1:18; Col 3:16; Jde 1:20.
[16] Nu 5:22; Dt 27:15; 1K 1:36; 1Ch 16:36; Ps 41:13; 72:19; 89:52; 106:48; Is 29:11; Jr 28:6; Mt 6:13; 28:20; Mk 16:20; Jn 7:15; 21:25; Ac 4:13; 1Co 1:4; 11:24; 14:2, 14, 23; 16:24; Rv 5:14; 22:20.
[17] 1Co 14:4, 6.
[18] 1Co 1:4; 4:7.
[19] 1Co 14:4, 21.
[20] Ps 119:99; 131:1; Is 11:3; Mt 11:25; 18:3; 19:4; Mk 10:15; Ro 16:19; 1Co 2:6; 3:1; 13:11; Ep 4:14; Php 1:9; 3:15; He 5:12; 6:1; 1P 2:2; 2P 3:18.
[21] Dt 28:49; Is 28:11; Jr 5:15; Jn 10:34; Ro 3:19.

as to their true and proper end.

22 Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying [serveth] not for them that believe not, but for them which believe. 23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in [those that are] unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad? 24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or [one] unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: 25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on [his] face he will worship God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

[22] Mk 16:17; Ac 2:6, 32; 1Co 14:3; 1Ti 1:9.
[23] Ho 9:7; Jn 10:20; Ac 2:13; 26:24; 1Co 11:18.
[24] Jn 1:47; 4:29; Ac 2:37; 1Co 2:15; He 4:12.
[25] Gn 44:14; Dt 9:18; Ps 72:11; Is 45:14; 60:14; Zc 8:23; Lk 5:8; 8:28; Rv 5:8; 19:4.

The true use of each is taught,

26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.

[26] Ro 14:19; 1Co 12:7, 8; 14:4, 6, 12, 40; 2Co 12:19; 13:10; Ep 4:12, 16, 29; 1Th 5:11.

and the abuse taxed.

27 If any man speak in an [unknown] tongue, [let it be] by two, or at the most [by] three, and [that] by course; and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God. 29 Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the other judge. 30 If [any thing] be revealed to another that sitteth by, let the first hold his peace. 31 For ye may all prophesy one by one, that all may learn, and all may be comforted. 32 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. 33 For God is not [the author] of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.

[29] 1Co 12:10; 14:39; 1Th 5:19; 1Jn 4:1.
[30] Jb 32:11, 15; 33:31; 1Co 14:6, 26; 1Th 5:19.
[31] Pv 1:5; 9:9; Ro 1:12; 1Co 14:3, 19, 35; 2Co 1:4; 7:6; Ep 4:11; 6:22; 1Th 4:18; 5:11, 14.
[32] 1S 10:10; 19:19; 2K 2:3, 5; Jb 32:8; Jr 20:9; Ac 4:19; 1Co 14:29; 1Jn 4:1.
[33] Lk 2:14; Ro 15:33; 1Co 4:17; 7:15, 17; 11:16; Ga 5:22; 2Th 3:16; He 13:20; Jm 3:17.

Women are forbidden to speak in the Church.

34 Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but [they are commanded] to be under obedience, as also saith the law. 35 And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church. 36 What? came the word of God out from you? or came it unto you only? 37 If any man think himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I write unto you are the commandments of the Lord. 38 But if any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant. 39 Wherefore, brethren, covet to prophesy, and forbid not to speak with tongues. 40 Let all things be done decently and in order.

[34] Gn 3:16; Nu 30:3; Es 1:17; 1Co 11:3, 5, 7; 14:21, 35; Ep 5:22, 33; Col 3:18; 1Ti 2:11; Tit 2:5; 1P 3:1.
[35] 1Co 11:6, 14; 14:34; Ep 5:12, 25; 1P 3:7.
[36] Is 2:3; Mi 4:1; Zc 14:8; Ac 13:1; 15:35; 16:9; 17:1, 10, 15; 18:1; 1Co 4:7; 2Co 10:13; 1Th 1:8.
[37] Nu 24:3, 16; Lk 10:16; Ro 12:3; 1Co 7:25, 40; 8:2; 13:1; 2Co 10:7, 12; 11:4, 12; Ga 6:8; 1Th 4:1; 2P 3:2; 1Jn 4:6; Jde 1:17.
[38] Ho 4:17; Mt 7:6; 15:14; 1Ti 6:3; 2Ti 4:3; Rv 22:11.
[39] 1Co 12:31; 14:1, 3, 5, 24; 1Th 5:20.
[40] Ro 13:13; 1Co 11:34; 14:26; Col 2:5; Tit 1:5.


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