NASB — Isaiah 28 — KJV

Ephraim’s Captivity Predicted

  1 Woe to the proud crown of the adrunkards of bEphraim,
  And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
  Which is at the head of the Ifertile valley
  Of those who are IIovercome with wine!
  2 Behold, the Lord has a strong and amighty [agent];
  As a storm of bhail, a tempest of destruction,
  Like a storm of cmighty overflowing waters,
  He has cast [it] down to the earth with [His] hand.
  3 The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is atrodden under foot.
  4 And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,
  Which is at the head of the Ifertile valley,
  Will be like the afirst-ripe fig prior to summer,
  Which IIone sees,
  [And] IIIas soon as it is in his IVhand,
  He swallows it.
  5 In that day the aLORD of hosts will become a beautiful bcrown
  And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;
  6 A aspirit of justice for him who sits in judgment,
  A bstrength to those who repel the Ionslaught at the gate.
  7 And these also areel with wine and stagger from strong drink:
  bThe priest and cthe prophet reel with strong drink,
  They are confused by wine, they stagger from dstrong drink;
  They reel while Ihaving evisions,
  They totter [when rendering] judgment.
  8 For all the tables are full of filthy avomit, without a [single clean] place.

[1] ILit valley of fatness IILit smitten aIs 28:7; Ho 7:5 bIs 9:9
[2] aIs 8:7; 40:10 bIs 28:17; 30:30; 32:19; Ezk 13:11 cIs 8:6, 7; 30:28; Na 1:8
[3] aIs 26:6; 28:18
[4] ILit valley of fatness IILit the one seeing sees IIILit while it is yet IVLit palm aHo 9:10; Mi 7:1; Na 3:12
[5] aIs 41:16; 45:25; 60:1, 19 bIs 62:3
[6] ILit battle a1K 3:28; Is 11:2; 32:15, 16; Jn 5:30 b2Ch 32:6-8; Is 25:4
[7] ILit seeing aIs 5:11, 22; 22:13; 56:12; Ho 4:11 bIs 24:2 cIs 9:15 dHab 2:15, 16 eIs 29:11
[8] aJr 48:26

  9 ¶ “To awhom would He teach knowledge,
  And to whom would He interpret the message?
  Those [just] bweaned from milk?
  Those [just] taken from the breast?
  10 “For [He says],
  ‘IaOrder on order, order on order,
  Line on line, line on line,
  A little here, a little there.’”
  11 Indeed, He will speak to this people
  Through astammering lips and a foreign tongue,
  12 He who said to them, “Here is arest, give rest to the weary,”
  And, “Here is repose,” but they would not listen.
  13 So the word of the LORD to them will be,
  “IOrder on order, order on order,
  Line on line, line on line,
  A little here, a little there,”
  That they may go and astumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

[9] aIs 2:3; 28:26; 30:20; 48:17; 50:4; 54:13 bPs 131:2
[10] IHeb Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze’ er sham, ze’ er sham These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet’s preaching a2Ch 36:15; Ne 9:30
[11] aIs 33:19; 1Co 14:21
[12] aIs 11:10; 30:15; 32:17, 18; Jr 6:16; Mt 11:28, 29
[13] IV 10, note 1 The LORD responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror aIs 8:15; Mt 21:44

Judah Is Warned

  14 Therefore, ahear the word of the LORD, O bscoffers,
  Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,
  15 Because you have said, “We have made a acovenant with death,
  And with ISheol we have made a IIpact.
  bThe overwhelming IIIscourge will not reach us when it passes by,
  For we have made cfalsehood our refuge and we have dconcealed ourselves with deception.”
16 Therefore thus says the Lord IGOD,
  “aBehold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested bstone,
  A costly cornerstone [for] the foundation, IIfirmly placed.
  He who believes [in it] will not be IIIdisturbed.
  17 “I will make ajustice the measuring line
  And righteousness the level;
  Then bhail will sweep away the refuge of lies
  And the waters will overflow the secret place.
  18 “Your acovenant with death will be Ibcanceled,
  And your pact with Sheol will not stand;
  When the aoverwhelming scourge passes through,
  Then you become its ctrampling [place].
  19 “As aoften as it passes through, it will Iseize you;
  For bmorning after morning it will pass through, [anytime] during the day or night,
  And it will be IIsheer cterror to understand IIIwhat it means.”
  20 The bed is too short on which to stretch out,
  And the ablanket is too Ismall to wrap oneself in.
  21 For the LORD will rise up as [at] Mount aPerazim,
  He will be stirred up as in the valley of bGibeon,
  To do His ctask, His Idunusual task,
  And to work His work, His IIextraordinary work.
  22 And now do not carry on as ascoffers,
  Or your fetters will be made stronger;
  For I have heard from the Lord IGOD of hosts
  Of decisive bdestruction on all the earth.

[14] aIs 1:10; 28:22 bIs 29:20
[15] II.e. the nether world IISo some ancient versions; Heb seer IIIOr flood aIs 28:18 bIs 8:8; 28:2; 30:28; Dn 11:22 cIs 9:15; 30:9; 44:20; 59:3, 4; Ezk 13:22 dIs 29:15
[16] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD IILit well-laid IIILit in a hurry aRo 9:33; 10:11; 1P 2:6 bPs 118:22; Is 8:14, 15; Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; Ac 4:11; Ep 2:20
[17] a2K 21:13; Is 5:16; 30:18; 61:8; Am 7:7-9 bIs 28:2
[18] ILit covered over aIs 28:15 bIs 7:7; 8:10 cIs 28:3; Dn 8:13
[19] ILit take IILit only IIILit the report, or, the message a2K 24:2 bIs 50:4 cJb 6:4; 18:11; 24:17; Ps 55:4; 88:15; Lm 2:22
[20] ILit narrow aIs 59:6
[21] ILit task is strange IILit work is alien a2S 5:20; 1Ch 14:11 bJsh 10:10, 12; 2S 5:25; 1Ch 14:16 cIs 10:12; 29:14; 65:7 dLm 2:15; 3:33; Lk 19:41-44
[22] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 28:14 bIs 10:22, 23

  23 ¶ Give ear and hear my voice,
  Listen and hear my words.
  24 Does the Ifarmer plow IIcontinually to plant seed?
  Does he [continually] IIIturn and harrow the ground?
  25 Does he not level its surface
  And sow dill and scatter acummin
  And Iplant bwheat in rows,
  Barley in its place and rye within its IIarea?
  26 For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
  27 For dill is not threshed with a athreshing sledge,
  Nor is the cartwheel Idriven over cummin;
  But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.
  28 [Grain for] bread is crushed,
  Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.
  Because the wheel of [his] cart and his horses [eventually] Idamage [it],
  He does not thresh it longer.
  29 This also comes from the LORD of hosts,
  [Who] has made [His] counsel awonderful and [His] wisdom bgreat.

[24] ILit plowman IILit all day IIILit open
[25] ILit put IILit region aMt 23:23 bEx 9:32
[27] ILit rolled aAm 1:3
[28] ILit discomfit
[29] aIs 9:6 bIs 31:2; Ro 11:33


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The prophet threateneth Ephraim for thier pride and drunkenness.

1 ¶ Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty [is] a fading flower, which [are] on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine! 2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, [which] as a tempest of hail [and] a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand. 3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet: 4 And the glorious beauty, which [is] on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, [and] as the hasty fruit before the summer; which [when] he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

[1] 2K 14:25; 15:29; 18:10; 2Ch 28:6; 30:6; Pv 23:29; Is 5:11, 22; 7:8; 8:4; 28:3, 4, 7; Ho 4:11; 5:5; 6:10; 7:5; Am 2:8, 12; 6:1, 6.
[2] Is 8:7; 9:9; 25:4; 27:1; 28:15; 29:6; 30:30; Ezk 13:11; 30:10; Na 1:8; Mt 7:25; Rv 18:8.
[3] 2K 9:33; Is 25:10; 26:6; 28:1; Lm 1:15; Dn 8:13; He 10:29; Rv 11:2.
[4] Ps 73:19; Is 28:1; Ho 6:4; 9:10, 16; 13:1, 15; Mi 7:1; Na 3:12; Jm 1:10; Rv 6:13.

The residue shall be advanced in the Kingdom of Christ.

5 ¶ In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people, 6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.

[5] Jb 29:14; Ps 90:16; Is 10:20; 11:16; 37:31; 41:16; 45:25; 60:1, 19; 62:3; Jr 9:23; Zc 6:13; Lk 2:32; Ro 11:5; 1Co 1:30; 2Co 4:17; 1P 5:4.
[6] Gn 41:38; Nu 11:16; 27:16; Dt 20:4; Jsh 1:9; 1K 3:28; Ps 18:32; 46:1, 11; 72:1; Pv 20:8; Is 11:2; 32:15; Jn 3:34; 5:30; 1Co 12:8.

He rebuketh their error.

7 ¶ But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment. 8 For all tables are full of vomit [and] filthiness, [so that there is] no place [clean].

[7] Lv 10:9; Ps 107:27; Pv 20:1; 31:4; Ec 10:17; Is 3:12; 9:16; 19:14; 56:10; Jr 14:14; 23:13, 16; Lm 2:4; Ezk 13:7; 44:21; Ho 4:11, 12; Mi 2:11; Mt 24:29; Lk 21:34; Ep 5:28.
[8] Pv 26:11; Jr 48:26; Hab 2:15.

Their untowardness to learn,

9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? [them that are] weaned from the milk, [and] drawn from the breasts. 10 For precept [must be] upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little: 11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people. 12 To whom he said, This [is] the rest [wherewith] ye may cause the weary to rest; and this [is] the refreshing: yet they would not hear. 13 But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, [and] there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

[9] Ps 50:17; 131:2; Pv 1:29; Is 30:10; 53:1; Jr 5:31; 6:10; Mt 11:25; 21:15; Mk 10:15; Jn 3:19; 12:38, 47; 1P 2:2.
[10] Dt 6:1; 2Ch 36:15; Ne 9:29; Is 5:4; 28:13; Jr 11:7; 25:3; Mt 21:34; Php 3:1; 2Ti 3:7; He 5:12.
[11] Dt 28:49; Jr 5:15; 1Co 14:21.
[12] 2Ch 14:11; 16:8; Ps 81:11; Is 30:15; Jr 6:16; 44:16; Zc 7:11, 14; Mt 11:28; He 12:25.
[13] Ps 69:22; Is 6:9; 8:14; 28:10; Jr 23:36; Ho 6:5; 8:12; Mt 13:14; 21:44; Ro 11:9; 2Co 2:16; 1P 2:7; 2P 3:16.

and their security.

14 ¶ Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scornful men, that rule this people which [is] in Jerusalem. 15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:

[14] Pv 1:22; 3:34; 29:8; Is 1:10; 5:9; 28:22; 29:20; Ho 7:5; Ac 13:41.
[15] Jb 5:23; 15:25; Ec 8:8; Is 5:18; 8:7; 30:10; Jr 5:31; 14:13; 16:19; 28:15; 44:17; Ezk 8:12; 13:16, 22; Dn 11:22; Ho 2:18; Am 2:4; Jna 2:8; Zp 1:12; 2Th 2:9.

Christ the sure foundation is promised.

16 ¶ Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste. 17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.

[16] Gn 49:10, 24; Ps 112:7; 118:22; Is 8:14; 30:18; Hab 2:3; Zc 3:9; Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10; Lk 20:17; Ac 4:11; Ro 9:33; 10:11; 1Co 3:11; Ep 2:20; Jm 5:7; 1P 2:6.
[17] Ex 9:18; Jsh 10:11; 2K 21:13; Jb 22:16; Ps 94:15; Is 10:22; 25:4; 28:2, 15; 30:28; 32:2, 18; Jr 7:4, 14, 20; 23:19; 30:23; Ezk 13:10; 38:22; Dn 11:22; Am 7:7; Mt 7:27; Ro 2:2, 5; 9:28; 2P 3:6; Rv 8:7; 11:19; 16:21; 19:2.

Their security shall be tried.

18 ¶ And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it. 19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only [to] understand the report. 20 For the bed is shorter than that [a man] can stretch himself [on it]: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself [in it]. 21 For the LORD shall rise up as [in] mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as [in] the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act. 22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.

[18] Is 2:15; 7:7; 8:8, 10; 28:3; Jr 44:28; 47:2; Ezk 17:15; Dn 8:9; 9:26; 11:40; Zc 1:6; Mal 4:1; Rv 12:15; 17:15.
[19] 1S 3:11; 2K 17:6; 18:13; 21:12; Is 10:5; 33:7; 36:22; 37:3; Jr 19:3; Ezk 21:19; Dn 7:28; 8:27; Hab 3:16; Lk 21:25.
[20] Is 57:12; 59:5; 64:6; 66:3; Jr 7:8; Ro 9:30; 1Co 1:18.
[21] Dt 29:21; Jsh 10:10, 12; 2S 5:20, 25; 1Ch 14:11, 16; Is 28:19; Jr 30:14; Lm 2:15; 3:33; Ezk 33:21; Lk 19:41.
[22] 2Ch 30:10; 33:11; 36:16; Ps 107:16; Is 10:22; 24:1; 28:15; 32:12; Jr 15:17; 20:7; 25:11; 39:7; Lm 1:14; Dn 9:26; Mt 27:39, 44; Lk 21:24; Ac 13:40; 17:32; Rv 22:18.

They are incited to the consideration of God's discreet providence.

23 ¶ Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech. 24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he open and break the clods of his ground? 25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place? 26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion, [and] doth teach him. 27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod. 28 Bread [corn] is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break [it with] the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it [with] his horsemen. 29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, [which] is wonderful in counsel, [and] excellent in working.

[23] Dt 32:1; Is 1:2; Jr 22:29; Rv 2:7, 11, 14, 29.
[24] Jr 4:3; Ho 10:11.
[25] Ex 9:31; Ezk 4:9.
[26] Ex 28:3; 31:3; 36:2; Jb 35:11; 39:17; Ps 144:1; Dn 1:17; Jm 1:17.
[27] 2K 13:7; Is 27:7; 41:15; Jr 10:24; 46:28; Am 1:3.
[28] Is 21:10; 28:27; Am 9:9; Mt 3:12; 13:37; Lk 22:31; Jn 12:24; 1Co 3:9; 9:9.
[29] Jb 5:9; 37:23; Ps 40:5; 92:5; Is 9:6; 28:21; Jr 32:19; Dn 4:2; Ro 11:33.


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