NASB — Daniel 1 — KJV

The Choice Young Men

1 In the third year of the reign of aJehoiakim king of Judah, bNebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 The aLord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the bvessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of cShinar, to the house of his Igod, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his Idgod.

[1] a2K 24:1; 2Ch 36:5, 6 bJr 25:1; 52:12, 28-30
[2] IOr gods aIs 42:24; Dn 2:37, 38 b2Ch 36:7; Jr 27:19, 20; Dn 5:2 cGn 10:10; 11:2; Is 11:11; Zc 5:11 dJr 50:2; 51:44

3 ¶ Then the king Iordered Ashpenaz, the chief of his IIofficials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some of the IIIroyal afamily and of the nobles, 4 youths in whom was ano defect, who were good-looking, showing bintelligence in every [branch of] wisdom, endowed with understanding and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for Iserving in the king’s IIcourt; and [he ordered him] to teach them the IIIliterature and clanguage of the dChaldeans. 5 The king appointed for them a daily ration from the aking’s choice food and from the wine which he drank, and [appointed] that they should be Ieducated three years, at the end of which they were to IIbenter the king’s personal service. 6 Now among them from the sons of Judah were aDaniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7 Then the commander of the officials assigned [new] names to them; and to Daniel he assigned [the name] aBelteshazzar, to Hananiah bShadrach, to Mishael bMeshach and to Azariah bAbed-nego.

[3] IOr said to IIOr eunuchs, and so throughout the ch IIILit seed of the a2K 24:15; Is 39:7
[4] ILit standing IILit palace IIIOr writing a2S 14:25 bDn 1:17 cIs 36:11; Jr 5:15; Dn 2:4 dDn 2:2, 4, 5, 10; 3:8; 4:7; 5:7, 11, 30; 9:1
[5] IOr reared IILit stand before the king aDn 1:8 b1S 16:22; Dn 1:19
[6] aEzk 14:14, 20; 28:3; Mt 24:15
[7] aDn 2:26; 4:8; 5:12 bDn 2:49; 3:12

Daniel’s Resolve

8 ¶ But Daniel Imade up his mind that he would not adefile himself with the bking’s choice food or with the cwine which he drank; so he sought [permission] from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself. 9 Now God granted Daniel Iafavor and compassion in the sight of the commander of the officials, 10 and the commander of the officials said to Daniel, “I am afraid of my lord the king, who has appointed your food and your drink; for why should he see your faces looking more haggard than the youths who are your own age? Then you would Imake me forfeit my head to the king.” 11 But Daniel said to the overseer whom the commander of the officials had appointed over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah, 12 “Please test your servants for ten days, and let us be agiven some vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance be Iobserved in your presence and the appearance of the youths who are eating the king’s choice food; and deal with your servants according to what you see.”

[8] ILit set upon his heart aLv 11:47; Ezk 4:13, 14; Ho 9:3, 4 bPs 141:4; Dn 1:5 cDt 32:38; Dn 5:4
[9] ILit lovingkindness aGn 39:21; 1K 8:50; Jb 5:15, 16; Ps 106:46; Pv 16:7
[10] ILit make my head guilty
[12] aDn 1:16
[13] ILit seen

14 ¶ So he listened to them in this matter and tested them for ten days. 15 At the end of ten days their appearance seemed abetter and Ithey were fatter than all the youths who had been eating the king’s choice food. 16 So the overseer continued to Iwithhold their choice food and the wine they were to drink, and kept agiving them vegetables.

[15] ILit fat of flesh aEx 23:25; Pv 10:22
[16] ILit take away aDn 1:12

17 ¶ As for these four youths, aGod gave them knowledge and intelligence in every [branch of] Iliterature and wisdom; Daniel even understood all [kinds of] bvisions and dreams.

[17] IOr writing a1K 3:12, 28; Jb 32:8; Dn 1:20; 2:21, 23; Ac 7:22 bDn 2:19; 7:1; 8:1

18 ¶ Then at the end of the days which the king had Ispecified IIfor presenting them, the commander of the officials IIIpresented them before Nebuchadnezzar. 19 The king talked with them, and out of them all not one was found like aDaniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they Ibentered the king’s personal service. 20 As for every matter of awisdom Iand understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them bten times cbetter than all the IIdmagicians [and] conjurers who [were] in all his realm. 21 And Daniel Icontinued until the afirst year of Cyrus the king.

[18] ILit said IILit to bring them in IIILit brought in
[19] ILit stood before the king aDn 1:6, 7 bGn 41:46; Dn 1:5
[20] ILit of IIOr soothsayer priests a1K 4:30, 31; Dn 1:17 bGn 31:7; Nu 14:22; Ne 4:12; Jb 19:3 cDn 2:27, 28, 46, 48 dIs 19:3; Dn 2:2; 4:18; 5:7
[21] ILit was until aDn 6:28; 10:1


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Jehoiakim's captivity.

1 ¶ In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.

[1] 2K 24:1, 13; 2Ch 36:5.
[2] Gn 10:10; 11:2; Dt 28:49; 32:30; Jg 2:14; 3:8; 4:2; 16:23; 1S 5:2; 31:9; 2Ch 36:7; Ezr 1:7; Ps 106:41; Is 11:11; 42:24; Jr 27:19; 51:44; Dn 2:37; 5:2, 18; Hab 1:16; Zc 5:11.

Ashpenaz taketh Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.

3 ¶ And the king spake unto Ashpenaz the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring [certain] of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes; 4 Children in whom [was] no blemish, but well favoured, and skilful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as [had] ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. 5 And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. 6 Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: 7 Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel [the name] of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.

[3] 2K 20:17; Is 39:7; Jr 41:1.
[4] Gn 21:8, 14; Lv 21:18; 24:19; Jg 8:18; 2S 14:25; Pv 22:29; Ec 7:19; Dn 1:17; 2:20; 5:11; Ac 7:20, 22; Ep 5:27.
[5] Gn 41:46; 1S 16:22; 1K 4:22; 10:8; 2K 25:30; 2Ch 9:7; Jr 15:19; Dn 1:19; Mt 6:11; Lk 1:19; 11:3; 21:36.
[6] Ezk 14:14, 20; 28:3; Dn 2:17; Mt 24:15; Mk 13:14.
[7] Gn 41:45; 2K 23:34; 24:17; Dn 1:3, 10; 2:49; 3:12; 4:8; 5:12.

They refusing the king's portion do prosper with pulse and water.

8 ¶ But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. 9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. 10 And the prince of the eunuchs said unto Daniel, I fear my lord the king, who hath appointed your meat and your drink: for why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which [are] of your sort? then shall ye make [me] endanger my head to the king. 11 Then said Daniel to Melzar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 Prove thy servants, I beseech thee, ten days; and let them give us pulse to eat, and water to drink. 13 Then let our countenances be looked upon before thee, and the countenance of the children that eat of the portion of the king's meat: and as thou seest, deal with thy servants. 14 So he consented to them in this matter, and proved them ten days. 15 And at the end of ten days their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children which did eat the portion of the king's meat. 16 Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them pulse.

[8] Lv 11:45; Dt 32:38; Ru 1:17; 1K 5:5; Ps 106:28; 119:106, 115; 141:4; Ezk 4:13; Ho 9:3; Ac 10:14; 11:23; Ro 14:15; 1Co 7:37; 8:7; 10:18, 28; 2Co 9:7.
[9] Gn 32:28; 39:21; 1K 8:50; Ezr 7:27; Ne 1:11; 2:4; Ps 4:3; 106:46; Pv 16:7; Ac 7:10.
[10] Pv 29:25; Mt 6:16; Jn 12:42.
[11] Dn 1:16.
[12] Gn 1:29; Dt 8:3; Dn 1:16; Ro 14:2.
[15] Ex 23:25; Dt 28:1; 2K 4:42; Ps 37:16; Pv 10:22; Hg 1:6, 9; Mal 2:2; Mt 4:4; Mk 6:41.
[16] Dn 1:11.

Their excellency in wisdom.

17 ¶ As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom: and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams. 18 Now at the end of the days that the king had said he should bring them in, then the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19 And the king communed with them; and among them all was found none like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah: therefore stood they before the king. 20 And in all matters of wisdom [and] understanding, that the king enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians [and] astrologers that [were] in all his realm. 21 And Daniel continued [even] unto the first year of king Cyrus.

[17] Gn 41:8; Nu 12:6; 1K 3:12, 28; 4:29; 2Ch 1:10, 12; 26:5; Jb 32:8; Ps 119:98; Pv 2:6; Ec 2:26; Is 28:26; Ezk 28:3; Dn 2:21, 23; 4:9; 5:11, 14; 10:1; Lk 21:15; Ac 6:10; 7:10, 22; 1Co 12:7; Col 1:9; Jm 1:5, 17.
[19] Gn 41:46; 1K 17:1; Pv 22:29; Jr 15:19; Dn 1:5.
[20] Gn 31:7; 41:8; Ex 7:11, 22; 8:7, 19; Nu 14:22; 1K 4:29; 10:1, 23; Ne 4:12; Jb 19:3; Ps 119:99; Is 19:3; 47:12; Dn 2:2, 21; 4:7, 8; 5:7, 17; 2Ti 3:8.
[21] Ps 110:1; 112:8; Dn 6:28; 10:1.


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