Laws about Animals for Food
1 The LORD° spoke° again to Moses° and to Aaron°, saying° to them, 2 “Speak° to the sons° of Israel°, saying°, ‘aThese° are the creatures° which° you may eat° from all° the animals° that are on the earth°. 3 Whatever° divides° a hoof°, thus making° split° hoofs°, [and] chews° the cud°, among the animals°, that you may eat°. 4 Nevertheless°, ayou are not to eat° of these°, among those which chew° the cud°, or among those which divide° the hoof°: the camel°, for though it chews° cud°, it does not divide° the hoof°, it is unclean° to you. 5 Likewise, the Ishaphan°, for though it chews° cud°, it does not divide° the hoof°, it is unclean° to you; 6 the Irabbit° also, for though it chews° cud°, it does not divide° the hoof°, it is unclean° to you; 7 and the pig°, for though it divides° the hoof°, thus making° a split° hoof°, it does not chew° cud°, it is unclean° to you. 8 You shall not eat° of their flesh° nor° touch° their carcasses°; they are unclean° to you.
 aDt 14:3-21
 aAc 10:14
 IA small, shy, furry animal (Hyrax syriacus) found in the peninsula of the Sinai, northern Israel, and the region round the Dead Sea; KJV coney, orig NASB rock badger
 IOr hare
9 ¶ ‘aThese° you may eat°, whatever°° is in the water°: all° that have fins° and scales°, those in the water°, in the seas° or in the rivers°, you may eat°. 10 aBut whatever°° is in the seas° and in the rivers° that does not have° fins° and scales° among° all° the teeming° life° of the water°, and among° all° the living° creatures° that are in the water°, they are detestable° things° to you, 11 and they shall be Iabhorrent° to you; you may not eat° of their flesh°, and their carcasses° you shall detest°. 12 Whatever°° in the water° does not have° fins° and scales° is Iabhorrent° to you.
Avoid the Unclean
13 ¶ ‘These°, moreover, ayou shall detest° among° the birds°; they are Iabhorrent°, not to be eaten°: the IIeagle° and the vulture° and the IIIbuzzard°, 14 and the kite° and the falcon° in its kind°, 15 every° raven° in its kind°, 16 and the ostrich° and the owl° and the sea° gull° and the hawk° in its kind°, 17 and the little° owl° and the cormorant° and the Igreat° owl°, 18 and the white° owl° and the Ipelican° and the carrion° vulture°, 19 and the stork°, the heron° in its kinds°, and the hoopoe°, and the bat°.
 ILit a detestable thing IIOr vulture IIIOr black vulture aDt 14:12-19
 ISpecifically, great horned owl
 IOr owl or jackdaw
20 ¶ ‘All° the Iwinged° insects° that walk° on [all] fours° are detestable° to you. 21 Yet° these° you may eat° among° all° the Iwinged° insects° which walk° on [all] fours°: those which° have above°° their feet° jointed legs° with which° to jump° on the earth°. 22 These° of them you may eat°: the locust° in its kinds°, and the devastating° locust° in its kinds°, and the cricket° in its kinds°, and the grasshopper° in its kinds°. 23 But all° other Iwinged° insects° which° are four-footed°° are detestable° to you.
24 ¶ ‘By these°, moreover, you will be made° unclean°: whoever° touches° their carcasses° becomes° unclean° until° evening°, 25 and awhoever° picks° up any° of their carcasses° shall wash° his clothes° and be unclean° until° evening°. 26 Concerning all° the animals° which° divide° the hoof° but do not make° a split° [hoof], or which do not chew° cud°, they are unclean° to you: whoever° touches° them becomes° unclean°. 27 Also whatever° walks° on its paws°, among all° the creatures° that walk° on [all] fours°, are unclean° to you; whoever° touches° their carcasses° becomes° unclean° until° evening°, 28 and the one who picks° up their carcasses° shall wash° his clothes° and be unclean° until° evening°; they are unclean° to you.
29 ¶ ‘Now these° are to you the unclean° among the swarming° things° which swarm° on the earth°: the mole°, and the mouse°, and the Igreat° lizard° in its kinds°, 30 and the gecko°, and the Icrocodile°, and the lizard°, and the IIsand° reptile°, and the chameleon°. 31 These° are to you the unclean° among all° the swarming° things°; whoever° touches° them when they are dead° becomes° unclean° until° evening°. 32 Also anything° on which° one of them may fall° when they are dead° becomes° unclean°, including° any° wooden° article°, or° clothing°, or° a skin°, or° a sack°any° article° Iof which° use° is made°ait shall be put° in the water° and be unclean° until° evening°, then it becomes° clean°. 33 As for any° aearthenware° vessel° into which° one of them may fall°, whatever°° is in it becomes° unclean° and you shall break° Ithe vessel. 34 Any°° of the Ifood° which° may be eaten°, on which° water° comes°, shall become° unclean°, and any° Iliquid° which° may be drunk° in every° vessel° shall become° unclean°. 35 Everything°, moreover, on which° part of their carcass° may fall° becomes° unclean°; an oven° or a Istove° shall be smashed°; they are unclean° and shall continue° as unclean° to you. 36 Nevertheless° a spring° or a cistern° Icollecting° water° shall be clean°, though the one who touches° their carcass° shall be unclean°. 37 If° a part of their carcass° falls° on any° seed° for sowing° which° is to be sown°, it is clean°. 38 Though if° water° is put° on the seed° and a part of their carcass° falls° on it, it is unclean° to you.
 IOr thorn-tailed lizard
 IOr lizard IISpecies as yet undefined
 ILit with which work is done aLv 15:12
 ILit it aLv 6:28; 15:12
 II.e. if touched by a carcass; cf vv 29-32
 ILit hearth for supporting (two) pots
 ILit of a gathering of
39 ¶ ‘Also if° one of the animals° dies° which° you have for food°, the one who touches° its carcass° becomes° unclean° until° evening°. 40 aHe too, who eats° some° of its carcass° shall wash° his clothes° and be unclean° until° evening°, and the one who picks° up its carcass° shall wash° his clothes° and be unclean° until° evening°.
41 ¶ ‘aNow every° swarming° thing° that swarms° on the earth° is detestable°, not to be eaten°. 42 Whatever° crawls° on its belly°, and whatever° walks° on [all] fours°, whatever° has many° feet°, in respect to every° swarming° thing° that swarms° on the earth°, you shall not eat° them, for they are detestable°. 43 aDo not render° Iyourselves° detestable° through any° of the swarming° things° that swarm°; and you shall not make° yourselves unclean° with them so that you become° unclean°. 44 For aI am the LORD° your God°. Consecrate° yourselves therefore, and bbe holy°, for I am holy°. And you shall not make° yourselves° unclean° with any° of the swarming° things° that swarm° on the earth°. 45 aFor I am the LORD° who brought° you up from the land° of Egypt° to be your God°; thus byou shall be holy°, for I am holy°.’”
 aLv 11:29
 ILit your souls aLv 20:25
 aEx 6:7; 16:12; 23:25; Is 43:3; 51:15 bLv 19:2; 1P 1:16
 aEx 6:7; 20:2; Lv 22:33; 25:38; 26:45 bLv 19:2; 1P 1:16
46 ¶ This° is the law° regarding the animal° and the bird°, and every° living° thing° that moves° in the waters° and everything° that swarms° on the earth°, 47 ato make° a distinction° between° the unclean° and the clean°, and between° the edible° creature° and the creature° which° is not to be eaten°.
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What beasts may,
1 ¶ And the LORDº spakeºª unto² Mosesº and to² Aaron,º sayingºª unto² them, 2 Speakºª unto² the childrenº of Israel,º saying,ºª Theseº [are] the beastsº which² ye shall eatºª among all²² the beastsº that² [are] on² the earth.º 3 Whatsoever² partethºª the hoof,º and is clovenfooted,ººª² [and] chewethºª the cud,º among the beasts,º that shall ye eat.ºª
 Dt 14:1, 3; Ezk 4:14; Dn 1:8; Mt 15:11; Mk 7:15; Ac 10:12, 14; Ro 14:2, 14; 1Ti 4:4; He 9:10; 13:9.
 Dt 6:6; 16:3; Ps 1:1, 2; Pv 2:1, 10; 9:6; Ac 17:11; 2Co 6:17; 1Ti 4:15.
and what may not be eaten.
4 Neverthelessº² these² shall ye not² eatºª of them that chewºª² the cud,º or of them that divideºª² the hoof:º [as]² the camel,º because² he² chewethºª the cud,º but dividethºª not² the hoof;º he² [is] uncleanº unto you. 5 And the coney,º because² he² chewethºª the cud,º but dividethºª not² the hoof;º he² [is] uncleanº unto you. 6 And the hare,º because² he² chewethºª the cud,º but dividethºª not² the hoof;º he² [is] uncleanº unto you. 7 And the swine,º though² he² divideºª the hoof,º and be clovenfooted,ººª² yet he² chewethºª not² the cud;º he² [is] uncleanº to you. 8 Of their fleshº² shall ye not² eat,ºª and their carcaseº shall ye not² touch;ºª they² [are] uncleanº to you.
 Gn 7:1; Dt 14:1; Is 52:11; 1Co 8:13; 1Th 5:22; 1Jn 3:4.
 Jb 36:14; Ps 104:18; Pv 30:26; Mt 7:26; Ro 2:18; Php 3:18; 2Ti 3:5; Tit 1:16.
 Dt 14:7.
 Dt 14:8; Is 65:4; 66:3, 17; Mt 7:6; Lk 8:33; 15:15; 2P 2:18.
 Lv 5:2; Is 52:11; Ho 9:3; Mt 15:11, 20; Mk 7:2, 15, 18; Ac 10:10, 28; 15:29; Ro 14:14, 21; 1Co 8:8; 2Co 6:17; Ep 5:7, 11; Col 2:16, 21; He 9:10.
9 ¶² These² shall ye eatºª of all²² that² [are] in the waters:º whatsoever²² hath finsº and scalesº in the waters,º in the seas,º and in the rivers,º them shall ye eat.ºª 10 And all² that² have not² finsº and scalesº in the seas,º and in the rivers,º of all²² that moveº in the waters,º and of any²² livingº thingº which² [is] in the waters,º they² [shall be] an abominationº unto you: 11 They shall be² even an abominationº unto you; ye shall not² eatºª of their flesh,º² but ye shall have their carcases¹ in abomination.ºª²² 12 Whatsoever²² hath no² finsº nor scalesº in the waters,º that² [shall be] an abominationº unto you.
 Dt 14:9; Ac 20:21; Ga 5:6; Jm 2:18; 1Jn 5:2.
 Lv 7:18; Dt 14:3; Ps 139:21; Pv 13:20; 29:27; Rv 21:8.
13 ¶ And these² [are they which] ye shall have in abominationºª amongº the fowls;º they shall not² be eaten,ºª they² [are] an abomination:º² the eagle,º and the ossifrage,º and the ospray,º 14 And the vulture,º and the kiteº after his kind;º 15 ² Every² ravenº after his kind;º 16 And the owl,ºº and the night hawk,º and the cuckow,º and the hawkº after his kind,º 17 And the little owl,º and the cormorant,º and the great owl,º 18 And the swan,º and the pelican,º and the gier eagle,º 19 And the stork,º the heronº after her kind,º and the lapwing,º and the bat.º 20 All² fowlsº that creep,º goingºª upon² [all] four,º [shall be] an abominationº unto you. 21 Yet²² these² may ye eatºª of every²² flyingº creeping¹ thing² that goethºª upon² [all] four,º which² have legsº aboveº² their feet,º to leapºª withalº upon² the earth;º 22 [Even]² these² of² them ye may eat;ºª² the locustº after his kind,º and the bald locustº after his kind,º and the beetleº after his kind,º and the grasshopperº after his kind.º 23 But all² [other] flyingº creeping things,º which² have fourº feet,º [shall be] an abominationº unto you. 24 And for these² ye shall be unclean:ºª whosoever² touchethºª the carcaseº of them shall be uncleanºª until² the even.º 25 And whosoever² bearethºª [ought] of the carcaseº² of them shall washºª his clothes,º and be uncleanºª until² the even.º 26 [The carcases] of every² beastº which² dividethºª the hoof,º and [is] not² clovenfooted,ººª nor² chewethºª the cud,º [are] uncleanº unto you: every one² that touchethºª them shall be unclean.ºª 27 And whatsoeverº¹ goethºª upon² his paws,º among all manner² of beastsº that goºª on² [all] four,º those² [are] uncleanº unto you: whoso² touchethºª their carcaseº shall be uncleanºª until² the even.º 28 And he that bearethºª² the carcaseº of them shall washºª his clothes,º and be uncleanºª until² the even:º they² [are] uncleanº unto you.
 Dt 14:12; Jb 28:7; 38:41; 39:27; Jr 4:13, 22; 48:40; Lm 4:19; Ho 8:1; Hab 1:8; Mt 24:28; Ro 1:28; 3:13; Tit 3:3.
 Gn 8:7; 1K 17:4, 6; Pv 30:17; Lk 12:24.
 Dt 14:15; Ps 102:6; Is 13:21; 34:11; Jn 3:19; Ep 2:2; 4:18; 5:7; Php 3:18; 1Th 5:5; Rv 18:2.
 Is 2:20; 66:17.
 Lv 11:23, 27; Dt 14:19; 2K 17:28; Ps 17:14; Mt 6:24; Php 3:18; 2Ti 4:10; 1Jn 2:15; Jde 1:10, 19.
 Ex 10:4; Is 35:3; Mt 3:4; Mk 1:6; Ro 14:1; 15:1; He 5:11; 12:12.
 Lv 11:8, 27, 31, 38; 17:15; Is 22:14; 1Co 15:33; 2Co 6:17; Ep 2:1; 5:11; Col 2:16, 20; He 9:26; 1Jn 1:7.
 Ex 19:10, 14; Lv 11:28, 40; 14:8; 15:5, 7, 13; 16:28; Nu 19:8, 10, 19, 21; 31:24; Ps 51:2, 7; Zc 13:1; Jn 13:8; Ac 22:16; He 9:10; 10:22; 1P 3:21; 1Jn 1:7; Rv 7:14.
 Lv 11:20, 23.
 Lv 11:14, 24.
The creeping things which are unclean.
29 ¶ These² also [shall be] uncleanº unto you among the creeping thingsº that creepºª upon² the earth;º the weasel,º and the mouse,º and the tortoiseº after his kind,º 30 And the ferret,º and the chameleon,º and the lizard,º and the snail,º and the mole.º 31 These² [are] uncleanº to you among all² that creep:º whosoever² doth touchºª them, when they be dead,º shall be uncleanºª until² the even.º 32 And upon² whatsoever²² [any] of² them, when they are dead,º doth fall,ºª it shall be unclean;ºª whether [it be] any²² vesselº of wood,º or² raiment,º or² skin,º or² sack,º whatsoever² vesselº [it be], wherein² [any] workº is done,ºª it must be putºª into water,º and it shall be uncleanºª until² the even;º so it shall be cleansed.ºª 33 And every² earthenº vessel,º whereinto²²² [any] of² them falleth,ºª¹ whatsoever²² [is] in² it shall be unclean;ºª and ye shall breakºª it. 34 Of all²² meatº which² may be eaten,ºª [that] on² which² [such] waterº comethºª shall be unclean:ºª and all² drinkº that² may be drunkºª in every² [such] vesselº shall be unclean.ºª 35 And every² [thing] whereupon²² [any part] of their carcaseº² fallethºª shall be unclean;ºª [whether it be] oven,º or ranges¹ for pots,² they shall be broken down:ºª [for] they² [are] unclean,º and shall be² uncleanº unto you. 36 Nevertheless² a fountainº or pit,º [wherein there is] plentyº of water,º shall be² clean:º but that which touchethºª their carcaseº shall be unclean.ºª 37 And if² [any part] of² their carcaseº fallºª upon² any² sowingº seedº which² is to be sown,ºª it² [shall be] clean.º 38 But if² [any] waterº be putºª upon² the seed,º and [any part] of their carcaseº² fallºª thereon,² it² [shall be] uncleanº unto you. 39 And if² any beast,º of² which² ye may eat,º die;ºª he that touchethºª the carcaseº thereof shall be uncleanºª until² the even.º 40 And he that eatethºª of the carcaseº² of it shall washºª his clothes,º and be uncleanºª until² the even:º he also that bearethºª² the carcaseº of it shall washºª his clothes,º and be uncleanºª until² the even.º 41 And every² creeping thingº that creepethºª upon² the earthº [shall be] an abomination;º it shall not² be eaten.ºª 42 Whatsoever² goethºª upon² the belly,º and whatsoever² goethºª upon² [all] four,º or whatsoever² hath moreºª feetº among all² creeping thingsº that creepºª upon² the earth,º them ye shall not² eat;ºª for² they² [are] an abomination.º 43 Ye shall not² make¹ª yourselves¹ abominableºª²² with any² creeping thingº that creepeth,ºª neither² shall ye make yourselves unclean¹ª² with them, that ye should be defiledºª thereby. 44 For² I² [am] the LORDº your God:º ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves,ºª and ye shall be² holy;º for² I² [am] holy:º neither² shall ye defileºª² yourselvesº with any manner² of creeping thingº that creepethºª upon² the earth.º 45 For² I² [am] the LORDº that bringeth¹ª you up²² out of the landº² of Egypt,º to be² your God:º ye shall therefore be² holy,º for² I² [am] holy.º 46 This² [is] the lawº of the beasts,º and of the fowl,º and of every² livingº creatureº that movethºª in the waters,º and of every² creatureº that creepethºª upon² the earth:º 47 To make a differenceºª between² the uncleanº and the clean,º and between² the beastº that may be eatenºª and the beastº that² may not² be eaten.ºª
 Lv 11:20, 41; Ps 10:3; 17:13; Hg 2:6; Lk 12:15; 16:14; Jn 6:26, 66; Ep 4:14; Php 3:19; Col 3:5; 2Ti 3:2; He 13:5.
 Lv 11:8, 24.
 Lv 6:28; 15:12; Tit 2:14; 3:5.
 Lv 11:35; 14:45; Jr 48:38; 2Co 5:1; Php 3:21.
 Pv 15:8; 21:4, 27; 28:8; Tit 1:15.
 Lv 6:28; 11:33; 15:12; 2Co 5:1.
 Zc 13:1; Jn 4:14.
 1Co 15:37; 1P 1:23; 1Jn 3:9; 5:18.
 Lv 11:24, 28, 31, 40; 15:5, 7; Nu 19:11, 16.
 Ex 22:31; Lv 11:25, 28; 14:8; 15:5, 27; 16:26, 28; 17:15; 22:8; Nu 19:7, 19; Dt 14:21; Is 1:16; Ezk 4:14; 36:25; 44:31; Zc 13:1; 1Co 6:11; 10:21; 1Jn 1:7.
 Lv 11:20, 23, 29.
 Gn 3:14; Is 65:25; Mi 7:17; Mt 3:7; 23:23; Jn 8:44; 2Co 11:3, 13; Tit 1:12.
 Lv 11:41; 20:25.
 Ex 19:6; 20:2; Lv 10:3; 19:2; 20:7, 26; Dt 14:2; 1S 6:20; Ps 99:5, 9; Is 6:3; Am 3:3; Mt 5:48; 1Th 4:7; 1P 1:15; 2:9; Rv 22:11.
 Ex 6:7; 20:2; Lv 11:44; Ps 105:43; Ho 11:1; 1Th 4:7.
 Lv 7:37; 11:2; 14:54; 15:32; Ezk 43:12.
 Lv 10:10; Ezk 44:23; Mal 3:18; Ro 14:2, 13.
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