NASB — Isaiah 22 — KJV

The Valley of Vision

1 The Ioracle concerning the avalley of vision.
  What is the matter with you now, that you have all gone up to the bhousetops?
  2 You who were full of noise,
  You boisterous town, you aexultant city;
  Your slain were bnot slain with the sword,
  Nor Idid they die in battle.
  3 aAll your rulers have fled together,
  [And] have been captured Iwithout the bow;
  All of you who were found were taken captive together,
  IIThough they had fled far away.
  4 Therefore I say, “Turn your eyes away from me,
  Let me aweep bitterly,
  Do not Itry to comfort me concerning the destruction of the daughter of my people.”
  5 aFor the Lord IGOD of hosts has a bday of panic, csubjugation and confusion
  dIn the valley of vision,
  A breaking down of walls
  And a crying IIto the mountain.
  6 aElam took up the quiver
  With the chariots, Iinfantry [and] horsemen;
  And bKir uncovered the shield.
  7 Then your choicest valleys were full of chariots,
  And the horsemen took up fixed positions at the gate.
  8 And He removed the Idefense of Judah.
  In that day you IIdepended on the weapons of the ahouse of the forest,
  9 And you saw that the breaches
  In the [wall] of the city of David were many;
  And you acollected the waters of the lower pool.
  10 Then you counted the houses of Jerusalem
  And tore down houses to fortify the wall.
  11 And you made a reservoir abetween the two walls
  For the waters of the bold pool.
  But you did not Idepend on Him who made it,
  Nor did you IItake into consideration Him who planned it long ago.

[1] IOr burden of aPs 125:2; Jr 21:13; Jol 3:12, 14 bIs 15:3
[2] ILit dead in battle aIs 23:7; 32:13 bJr 14:18; Lm 2:20
[3] ILit from a bow IISo with ancient versions; Heb They fled far away aIs 21:15
[4] ILit insist aIs 15:3; Jr 9:1; Lk 19:41
[5] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD IIOr against aLm 1:5; 2:2 bIs 37:3 cIs 10:6; 63:3 dIs 22:1
[6] ILit man aIs 21:2; Jr 49:35 b2K 16:9; Am 1:5; 9:7
[8] ILit screen, covering IIOr looked to, considered a1K 7:2; 10:17
[9] a2K 20:20; Ne 3:16
[11] IOr look to, consider IILit see...Him a2K 25:4; Jr 39:4 b2K 20:20; 2Ch 32:3, 4

  12 ¶ Therefore in that day the Lord IGOD of hosts called [you] to aweeping, to wailing,
  To bshaving the head and to wearing sackcloth.
  13 Instead, there is agaiety and gladness,
  Killing of cattle and slaughtering of sheep,
  Eating of meat and drinking of wine:
  “bLet us eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.”
  14 But the LORD of hosts revealed Himself Ito me,
  “Surely this ainiquity bshall not be IIforgiven you
  cUntil you die,” says the Lord IIIGOD of hosts.

[12] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 32:11; Jol 1:13; 2:17 bMi 1:16
[13] aIs 5:11, 22; 28:7, 8; Lk 17:26-29 bIs 56:12; 1Co 15:32
[14] ILit in my ears IILit atoned for IIIHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aIs 13:11; 26:21; 30:13; 65:7 b1S 3:14; Ezk 24:13 cIs 65:20

15 ¶ Thus says the Lord IGOD of hosts,
  “Come, go to this steward,
  To aShebna, who is in charge of the [royal] household,
  16 ‘What right do you have here,
  And whom do you have here,
  That you have ahewn a tomb for yourself here,
  You who hew a tomb on the height,
  You who carve a resting place for Iyourself in the rock?
  17 ‘Behold, the LORD is about to hurl you headlong, O man.
  And He is about to grasp you firmly
  18 [And] roll you tightly like a ball,
  [To be] a[cast] into a vast country;
  There you will die
  And there your splendid chariots will be,
  You shame of your master’s house.’
  19 “I will adepose you from your office,
  And II will pull you down from your station.
  20 “Then it will come about in that day,
  That I will summon My servant aEliakim the son of Hilkiah,
  21 And I will clothe him with your tunic
  And tie your sash securely about him.
  I will entrust him with your Iauthority,
  And he will become a afather to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.
  22 “Then I will set athe key of the bhouse of David on his shoulder,
  When he opens no one will shut,
  When he shuts no one will copen.
  23 “I will drive him [like] a apeg in a firm place,
  And he will become a bthrone of glory to his father’s house.
24 So they will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, offspring and Iissue, all the least of vessels, from bowls to all the jars. 25 In that day,” declares the LORD of hosts, “the apeg driven in a firm place will give way; it will even bbreak off and fall, and the load hanging on it will be cut off, for the cLORD has spoken.”

[15] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD a2K 18:18, 26, 37; Is 36:3, 11, 22; 37:2
[16] ILit himself a2S 18:18; 2Ch 16:14; Mt 27:60
[18] aJb 18:18; Is 17:13
[19] ISo with many ancient versions; Heb He aJb 40:11, 12; Ezk 17:24
[20] a2K 18:18; Is 36:3, 22; 37:2
[21] ILit rule aGn 45:8; Jb 29:16
[22] aRv 3:7 bIs 7:2, 13 cJb 12:14
[23] aEzr 9:8; Zc 10:4 b1S 2:8; Jb 36:7
[24] IOr perhaps, leaf
[25] aIs 22:23 bEs 9:24, 25 cIs 46:11; Mi 4:4


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The prophet lamenteth the invasion of Jewry by the Persians.

1 ¶ The burden of the valley of vision. What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up¬ to the housetops? 2 Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous¬ city, a joyous city: thy slain [men are] not slain with the sword, nor dead¬ in battle. 3 All thy rulers are fled¬ together, they are bound¬ by the archers: all that are found¬ in thee are bound¬ together, [which] have fled¬ from far. 4 Therefore said¬ I, Look away¬ from me; I will weep bitterly,¬ labour¬ not to comfort¬ me, because of the spoiling of the daughter of my people. 5 For [it is] a day of trouble, and of treading down, and of perplexity by the Lord GOD of hosts in the valley of vision, breaking¬ down the walls, and of crying to the mountains. 6 And Elam bare¬ the quiver with chariots of men [and] horsemen, and Kir uncovered¬ the shield. 7 And it shall come to pass, [that] thy choicest valleys shall be full¬ of chariots, and the horsemen shall set¬ themselves in array¬ at the gate.

[1] Gn 21:17; Dt 22:8; Jg 18:23; 1S 3:1; 11:5; 2S 14:5; 2K 6:28; Ps 114:5; 125:2; 147:19; Pv 29:18; Is 15:3; Jr 21:13; 48:38; Mi 3:6; Ro 3:2; 9:4.
[2] Is 22:12; 23:7; 32:13; 37:33, 36; Jr 14:18; 38:2; 52:6; Lm 2:20; 4:9; Am 6:3.
[3] 2K 25:4, 18; Is 3:1; Jr 39:4; 52:24.
[4] Ru 1:20; Ps 77:2; Is 33:7; Jr 4:19; 6:26; 8:18; 9:1; 13:17; 31:15; Mi 1:8; Mt 2:18; 26:75; Lk 1:2.
[5] 2K 19:3; 25:10; Es 3:15; Is 5:5; 10:6; 25:10; 37:3; Jr 30:7; Lm 1:5; 2:2; Ho 10:8; Am 5:18; Mi 7:4; Mt 24:16; Lk 23:30; Rv 6:16.
[6] Gn 10:22; 2K 16:9; Is 15:1; 21:2; Jr 49:35; Am 1:5; 9:7.
[7] Is 8:7; 10:28; 37:34; Jr 39:1.

He reproveth their human wisdom and worldly joy.

8 ¶ And he discovered¬ the covering of Judah, and thou didst look¬ in that day to the armour of the house of the forest. 9 Ye have seen¬ also the breaches of the city of David, that they are many:¬ and ye gathered together¬ the waters of the lower pool. 10 And ye have numbered¬ the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses have ye broken down¬ to fortify¬ the wall. 11 Ye made¬ also a ditch between the two walls for the water of the old pool: but ye have not looked¬ unto the maker¬ thereof, neither had respect¬ unto him that fashioned¬ it long ago. 12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call¬ to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding¬ with sackcloth: 13 And behold joy and gladness, slaying¬ oxen, and killing¬ sheep, eating¬ flesh, and drinking¬ wine: let us eat¬ and drink;¬ for to morrow we shall die.¬ 14 And it was revealed¬ in mine ears by the LORD of hosts, Surely this iniquity shall not be purged¬ from you till ye die,¬ saith¬ the Lord GOD of hosts.

[8] 1K 7:2; 10:17; 14:27; So 4:4; Is 36:1.
[9] 2K 20:20; 2Ch 32:1, 30.
[11] 2Ch 6:6; 16:7; Ne 3:16; Is 8:17; 17:7; 31:1; 37:26; Jr 33:2; Mi 7:7.
[12] 2Ch 35:25; Ezr 9:3; Ne 8:9; 9:9; Jb 1:20; Ec 3:4, 11; Is 15:2; Jol 1:13; 2:17; Am 8:10; Jna 3:6; Mi 1:16; Jm 4:8; 5:1.
[13] Is 5:12; 21:4; 56:12; Am 6:3; Lk 17:26; 1Co 15:32; Jm 5:5.
[14] Nu 15:25; 1S 3:14; 9:15; Is 5:9; Ezk 24:13; Am 3:7; Jn 8:21; He 10:26; Rv 22:11.

He prophesieth Shebna's deprivation,

15 ¶ Thus saith¬ the Lord GOD of hosts, Go,¬ get¬ thee unto this treasurer,¬ [even] unto Shebna, which [is] over the house, [and say], 16 What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out¬ a sepulchre here, [as] he that heweth him out¬ a sepulchre on high, [and] that graveth¬ an habitation for himself in a rock? 17 Behold, the LORD will carry thee away¬ with a mighty captivity, and will surely¬ cover¬ thee. 18 He will surely¬ violently turn¬ and toss thee [like] a ball into a large country: there shalt thou die,¬ and there the chariots of thy glory [shall be] the shame of thy lord's house. 19 And I will drive¬ thee from thy station, and from thy state shall he pull thee down.¬

[15] 1K 4:6; 2K 10:5; 18:18, 37; 19:2; 1Ch 27:25; Is 36:3; 37:2; Ac 8:27.
[16] 2S 18:18; 2Ch 16:14; Jb 3:14; Is 14:18; 52:5; Mi 2:10; Mt 27:60.
[17] Es 7:8; Jb 9:24; Is 22:18; Jr 14:3.
[18] Is 17:13; Am 7:17.
[19] Jb 40:11; Ps 75:6; Ezk 17:24; Lk 1:52.

and Eliakim prefiguring the Kingdom of Christ, his substitution.

20 ¶ And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call¬ my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: 21 And I will clothe¬ him with thy robe, and strengthen¬ him with thy girdle, and I will commit¬ thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants¬ of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. 22 And the key of the house of David will I lay¬ upon his shoulder; so he shall open,¬ and none shall shut;¬ and he shall shut,¬ and none shall open.¬ 23 And I will fasten¬ him [as] a nail in a sure¬ place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house. 24 And they shall hang¬ upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons. 25 In that day, saith¬ the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened¬ in the sure¬ place be removed,¬ and be cut down,¬ and fall;¬ and the burden that [was] upon it shall be cut off:¬ for the LORD hath spoken¬ [it].

[20] 2K 18:18, 37; Is 36:3, 11, 22; 37:2.
[21] Gn 41:42; 45:8; 1S 18:4; Es 8:2, 15; Is 9:6.
[22] Jb 12:14; Mt 16:18; 18:18; Rv 1:18; 3:7.
[23] Gn 45:9; 1S 2:8; Ezr 9:8; Es 4:14; 10:3; Jb 36:7; Ec 12:11; Zc 10:4; Lk 22:29; Rv 3:21.
[24] Gn 41:44; 47:11; Ezk 15:3; Dn 6:1; Mt 28:18; Jn 5:22; 20:21; Ro 9:22; 2Ti 2:20.
[25] Es 9:5, 24; Ps 52:5; 146:3; Is 22:15; 46:11; 48:15; Jr 4:28; 17:5; Ezk 5:13, 15, 17; Mi 4:4.


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