NASB — Luke 23 — KJV

Jesus before Pilate

1 Then the whole body of them got up and abrought Him before Pilate. 2 aAnd they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man bmisleading our nation and cforbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is IChrist, a King.” 3 So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, a[It is as] you say.” 4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “aI find no guilt in this man.” 5 But they kept on insisting, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching all over Judea, astarting from Galilee even as far as this place.”

[1] aMt 27:2; Mk 15:1; Jn 18:28
[2] II.e. Messiah aLk 23:2, 3: Mt 27:11-14; Mk 15:2-5; Jn 18:29-37 bLk 23:14 cLk 20:22; Jn 18:33ff; 19:12; Ac 17:7
[3] aLk 22:70
[4] aMt 27:23; Mk 15:14; Lk 23:14, 22; Jn 18:38; 19:4, 6
[5] aMt 4:12

6 ¶ When Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to aHerod, who himself also was in Jerusalem Iat that time.

[7] ILit in these days aMt 14:1; Mk 6:14; Lk 3:1; 9:7; 13:31

Jesus before Herod

8 ¶ Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for ahe had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some Isign performed by Him. 9 And he questioned Him Iat some length; but aHe answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vehemently. 11 And Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him, adressed Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 Now aHerod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had been enemies with each other.

[8] IOr attesting miracle aLk 9:9
[9] ILit in many words aMt 27:12, 14; Mk 15:5; Jn 19:9
[11] aMt 27:28
[12] aAc 4:27

Pilate Seeks Jesus’ Release

13 ¶ Pilate summoned the chief priests and the arulers and the people, 14 and said to them, “You brought this man to me as one who aincites the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I bhave found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him. 15 No, nor has aHerod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16 Therefore I will apunish Him and release Him.” 17 [[INow he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]]

[13] aLk 23:35; Jn 7:26, 48; 12:42; Ac 3:17; 4:5, 8; 13:27
[14] aLk 23:2 bLk 23:4
[15] aLk 9:9
[16] aMt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:22; Jn 19:1; Ac 16:37
[17] IEarly mss do not contain this v

18 ¶ But they cried out all together, saying, “aAway with this man, and release for us Barabbas!” 19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection made in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21 but they kept on calling out, saying, “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22 And he said to them the third time, “Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt [demanding] death; therefore I will apunish Him and release Him.” 23 But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices [began] to prevail. 24 And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted. 25 And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus to their will.

[18] aLk 23:18-25: Mt 27:15-26; Mk 15:6-15; Jn 18:39-19:16
[22] aLk 23:16

Simon Bears the Cross

26aWhen they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of bCyrene, coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

[26] aLk 23:26: Mt 27:32; Mk 15:21; Jn 19:17 bMt 27:32

27 ¶ And following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were Iamourning and lamenting Him. 28 But Jesus turning to them said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, the days are coming when they will say, ‘aBlessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.’ 30 Then they will begin TO aSAY TO THE MOUNTAINS, ‘FALL ON US,’ AND TO THE HILLS, ‘COVER US.’ 31 For if they do these things Iwhen the tree is green, what will happen IIwhen it is dry?”

[27] ILit beating the breast aLk 8:52
[29] aMt 24:19; Lk 11:27; 21:23
[30] aHo 10:8; Is 2:19, 20; Rv 6:16
[31] ILit in the green tree IILit in the dry

32aTwo others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him.

[32] aMt 27:38; Mk 15:27; Jn 19:18

The Crucifixion

33aWhen they came to the place called IThe Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 IBut Jesus was saying, aFather, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” bAnd they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves. 35 And the people stood by, looking on. And even the arulers were sneering at Him, saying, “He saved others; blet Him save Himself if this is the IChrist of God, His Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers also mocked Him, coming up to Him, aoffering Him sour wine, 37 and saying, “aIf You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!” 38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, “aTHIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

[33] IIn Lat Calvarius; or Calvary aLk 23:33-43: Mt 27:33-44; Mk 15:22-32; Jn 19:17-24
[34] ISome early mss do not contain But Jesus was saying...doing aMt 11:25; Lk 22:42 bPs 22:18; Jn 19:24
[35] II.e. Messiah aLk 23:13 bMt 27:43
[36] aMt 27:48
[37] aMt 27:43
[38] aMt 27:37; Mk 15:26; Jn 19:19

39aOne of the criminals who were hanged [there] was Ihurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the IIChrist? bSave Yourself and us!” 40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed [are suffering] justly, for we are receiving Iwhat we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come Iin Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in aParadise.”

[39] IOr blaspheming III.e. Messiah aMt 27:44; Mk 15:32; Lk 23:39-43 bLk 23:35, 37
[41] ILit things worthy of what we have done
[42] IOr into
[43] a2Co 12:4; Rv 2:7

44aIt was now about Ibthe sixth hour, and darkness IIfell over the whole land until IIIthe ninth hour, 45 Ibecause the sun was obscured; and athe veil of the temple was torn IIin two. 46 And Jesus, acrying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, bINTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT.” Having said this, He breathed His last. 47 aNow when the centurion saw what had happened, he [began] bpraising God, saying, “Certainly this man was Iinnocent.” 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, [began] to return, Iabeating their breasts. 49 aAnd all His acquaintances and athe women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.

[44] II.e. noon IIOr occurred IIII.e. 3 p.m. aLk 23:44-49: Mt 27:45-56; Mk 15:33-41 bJn 19:14
[45] ILit the sun failing IILit in the middle aEx 26:31-33; Mt 27:51
[46] aMt 27:50; Mk 15:37; Jn 19:30 bPs 31:5
[47] ILit righteous aMt 27:54; Mk 15:39 bMt 9:8
[48] II.e. as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition aLk 8:52; 18:13
[49] aMt 27:55f; Mk 15:40f; Lk 8:2; Jn 19:25

Jesus Is Buried

50aAnd a man named Joseph, who was a bmember of the Council, a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), [a man] from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was awaiting for the kingdom of God; 52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain. 54 It was athe Ipreparation day, and the Sabbath was about to IIbegin. 55 Now athe women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and aprepared spices and perfumes.

¶ And bon the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

[50] aLk 23:50-56: Mt 27:57-61; Mk 15:42-47; Jn 19:38-42 bMk 15:43
[51] aMk 15:43; Lk 2:25
[54] II.e. preparation for the Sabbath IILit dawn aMt 27:62; Mk 15:42
[55] aLk 23:49
[56] aMk 16:1; Lk 24:1 bEx 20:10f; Dt 5:14


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Jesus is accused before Pilate, and sent to Herod.

1 ¶ And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. 2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this [fellow] perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King. 3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest [it]. 4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and [to] the people, I find no fault in this man. 5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place. 6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. 7 And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

[1] Mt 27:1, 11; Mk 15:1; Lk 22:66; Jn 18:28.
[2] 1K 18:17; 21:10; Ps 35:11; 62:4; 64:3; Jr 20:10; 37:13; 38:4; Am 7:10; Zc 11:8; Mt 17:27; 22:21; 26:59; Mk 12:17; 14:55, 61; 15:3; Lk 20:20; 22:69; 23:5; Jn 18:30, 36; 19:12; Ac 16:20; 17:6; 24:5, 13; 1P 3:16.
[3] Mt 27:11; Mk 15:2, 18, 32; Lk 1:32; 19:38; 23:38; Jn 1:49; 18:33; 19:3, 19; 1Ti 6:13.
[4] Mt 27:19, 24; Mk 15:14; Lk 23:14; Jn 18:38; 19:4; He 7:26; 1P 1:19; 2:22; 3:18.
[5] Ps 22:12, 16; 57:4; 69:4; Mt 4:12, 23; 27:24; Mk 1:14; Lk 4:14; 11:53; 23:23; Jn 1:43; 2:11; 7:41, 52; 19:15; Ac 5:33; 7:54, 57; 10:37; 23:10.
[6] Lk 13:1; Ac 5:37.
[7] Lk 3:1; 13:31.

Herod mocketh him.

8 ¶ And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long [season], because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him. 9 Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him. 11 And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked [him], and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.

[8] 2K 5:3, 11; Mt 14:1; Mk 6:14; Lk 4:23; 9:7; Ac 8:19.
[9] Ps 38:13; 39:1, 9; Is 53:7; Mt 7:6; 27:14; Lk 13:32; Ac 8:32; 1P 2:23.
[10] Lk 11:53; 23:2, 5, 14; Ac 24:5.
[11] Ps 22:6; 69:19; Is 49:7; 53:3; Mt 27:27; Mk 9:12; 15:16; Lk 22:64; Jn 19:5; Ac 4:27.

Herod and Pilate are made friends.

12 ¶ And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

[12] Ps 83:4; Mt 16:1; Ac 4:27; Rv 17:13.

13 ¶ And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14 Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined [him] before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: 15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 16 I will therefore chastise him, and release [him]. 17 (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

[13] Mt 27:21; Mk 15:14; Jn 18:38; 19:4.
[14] Dn 6:4; Mt 27:4, 19, 24, 54; Lk 23:1, 4, 5; Ac 13:28; He 7:26.
[15] Lk 23:15.
[16] Is 53:5; Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Jn 19:1; Ac 5:40.
[17] Mt 27:15; Mk 15:6; Jn 18:39.

Barabbas is desired of the people, and is loosed by Pilate, and Jesus is given to be crucified.

18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this [man], and release unto us Barabbas: 19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them. 21 But they cried, saying, Crucify [him], crucify him. 22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let [him] go. 23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed. 24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. 25 And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will. 26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [it] after Jesus.

[18] Mt 27:16; Mk 15:7; Jn 18:40; 19:15; Ac 3:14; 21:36; 22:22.
[19] Lk 23:2, 5; Ac 3:14.
[20] Mt 14:8; 27:19; Mk 15:15; Jn 19:12.
[21] Mt 27:22; Mk 15:13; Lk 23:23; Jn 19:15.
[22] Lk 23:14, 16, 20; 1P 1:19; 3:18.
[23] Ps 22:12; 57:4; Zc 11:8; Lk 23:5.
[24] Ex 23:2; Pv 17:15; Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15; Jn 19:1.
[25] 1S 12:13; Mt 27:26; Mk 15:6, 7, 15; Lk 23:2, 5; Jn 18:40; Ac 3:14.
[26] Mt 27:32; Mk 15:21; Lk 9:23; 14:27; Jn 19:16; Ac 2:10; 6:6, 9; 13:1.

He telleth the women, that lament him, the destruction of Jerusalem:

27 ¶ And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. 28 But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. 29 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed [are] the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. 31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry? 32 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. 33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

[27] Mt 27:55; Mk 15:40; Lk 8:2; 23:55.
[28] So 1:5; 2:7; 3:5, 10; 5:8, 16; 8:4.
[29] Dt 28:53; Ho 9:12; 13:16; Mt 24:19; Mk 13:17; Lk 21:23.
[30] Is 2:19; Ho 10:8; Rv 6:16; 9:6.
[31] Pv 11:31; Jr 25:29; Ezk 15:2; 20:47; 21:3; Dn 9:26; Mt 3:12; Jn 15:6; He 6:8; 1P 4:17; Jde 1:12.
[32] Is 53:12; Mt 27:38; Mk 15:27; Lk 22:37; Jn 19:18; He 12:2.
[33] Dt 21:23; Ps 22:16; Zc 12:10; Mt 20:19; 26:2; 27:33; Mk 10:33; 15:22; Lk 24:7; Jn 3:14; 12:33; 18:32; 19:17; Ac 2:23; 5:30; 13:29; Ga 3:13; He 13:12; 1P 2:24.

prayeth for his enemies.

34 ¶ Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots. 35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided [him], saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. 36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. 38 And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

[34] Gn 50:17; Ps 22:18; 106:16; Mt 5:44; 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 6:27; 12:47; 23:47; Jn 15:22; 19:11, 23; Ac 3:17; 7:60; Ro 12:14; 1Co 2:8; 4:12; 1Ti 1:13; 1P 2:20; 3:9.
[35] Gn 37:19; Ps 4:2; 22:6, 12, 17; 35:15, 19; 69:7, 26; 71:11; Is 42:1; 49:7; 53:3; Lm 3:14; Zc 12:10; Mt 3:17; 12:18; 27:38; Mk 15:29; Lk 16:14; 22:67; 1P 2:4.
[36] Ps 69:21; Mt 27:29, 34, 48; Mk 15:19, 36; Lk 23:11; Jn 19:28.
[38] Mt 27:11, 37; Mk 15:18, 26, 32; Lk 23:3; Jn 19:3, 19.

Two evildoers are crucified with him.

39 ¶ And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. 40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? 41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. 42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom. 43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. 44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour. 45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.

[39] Mt 27:44; Mk 15:32; Lk 17:34.
[40] Lv 19:17; 2Ch 28:22; Ps 36:1; Jr 5:3; Lk 12:5; Ep 5:11; Rv 15:4; 16:11.
[41] Lv 26:40; Jsh 7:19; 2Ch 33:12; Ezr 9:13; Ne 9:3; Dn 9:4; Mt 27:4, 19, 24, 54; Lk 15:18; 22:69; 23:41; Jm 4:7; 1P 1:19; 1Jn 1:8.
[42] Ps 2:6; 106:4; Is 9:6; 53:10; Dn 7:13; Lk 12:8; 18:13; 24:26; Jn 1:49; 20:28; Ac 16:31; 20:21; Ro 10:9; 1Co 6:10; 1P 1:11; 2:6; 1Jn 5:1, 11.
[43] Jb 33:27; Ps 32:5; 50:15; Is 1:18; 53:11; 55:6; 65:24; Mi 7:18; Mt 20:15; Lk 15:4, 20; 19:10; Jn 14:3; 17:24; Ro 5:20; 2Co 5:8; 12:4; Php 1:23; 1Ti 1:15; He 7:25; Rv 2:7.
[44] Ex 10:21; Ps 105:28; Jol 2:31; Am 5:18; 8:9; Hab 3:8; Mt 27:45; Mk 15:33; Ac 2:20.
[45] Ex 26:31; Lv 16:12; 2Ch 3:14; Mt 27:51; Mk 15:38; Ep 2:14; He 6:19; 9:3; 10:19.

His death.

46 ¶ And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. 47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man. 48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned. 49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

[46] Ps 31:5; Mt 27:46, 50; Mk 15:34, 37; Jn 19:30; Ac 7:59; 1P 2:23.
[47] Mt 27:54; Mk 15:39; Lk 23:41; Jn 19:7.
[48] Jr 31:19; Lk 18:13; Ac 2:37.
[49] Jb 19:13; Ps 38:11; 88:18; 142:4; Mt 27:55, 61; Mk 15:40, 47; Lk 8:2; 23:27, 55; Jn 19:21.

His burial.

50 ¶ And, behold, [there was] a man named Joseph, a counsellor; [and he was] a good man, and a just: 51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) [he was] of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. 52 This [man] went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 54 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. 55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.

[50] Mt 27:57; Mk 15:42; Lk 2:25; Jn 19:38; Ac 10:2, 22; 11:24.
[51] Gn 37:21; 42:21; 49:18; Ex 23:2; 1S 1:1; Pv 1:10; Is 8:12; Mk 15:43; Lk 2:25, 38; 23:42.
[52] Jn 19:38.
[53] Is 53:9; Mt 27:59; Mk 15:46.
[54] Mt 27:62; Jn 19:14, 31, 42.
[55] Mt 27:61; Mk 15:47; Lk 8:2; 23:49.
[56] Ex 20:8; 31:14; 35:2; 2Ch 16:14; Is 58:13; Jr 17:24; Mk 16:1; Lk 24:1.


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