NASB — Exodus 23 — KJV

Sundry Laws

1aYou shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a bmalicious witness. 2 You shall not follow Ithe masses in doing evil, nor shall you IItestify in a dispute so as to turn aside after Ia multitude in order to apervert [justice]; 3 anor shall you Ibe partial to a poor man in his dispute.

[1] aEx 20:16; Lv 19:11f; Dt 5:20; Ps 101:5; Pv 10:18 bDt 19:16-21; Ps 35:11; Pv 19:5; Ac 6:11
[2] ILit many men IIOr answer aDt 16:19; 24:17
[3] ILit honor aEx 23:6; Lv 19:15; Dt 1:17; 16:19

4 ¶ “aIf you meet your enemy’s ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him. 5 aIf you see the donkey of one who hates you lying [helpless] under its load, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall surely release [it] with him.

[4] aDt 22:1-4
[5] aDt 22:4

6 ¶ “aYou shall not pervert the justice [due] to your needy [brother] in his dispute. 7 aKeep far from a false charge, and bdo not kill the innocent or the righteous, for cI will not acquit the guilty.

[6] aEx 23:2, 3; Lv 19:15
[7] aEx 20:16; Ps 119:29; Ep 4:25 bEx 20:13; Dt 27:25 cEx 34:7; Dt 25:1; Ro 1:18

8 ¶ “aYou shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the clear-sighted and Isubverts the cause of the just.

[8] IOr distorts the words aDt 10:17; 16:19; Pv 15:27; 17:8, 23; Is 5:22, 23

9 ¶ “aYou shall not oppress a Istranger, since you yourselves know the IIfeelings of a Istranger, for you [also] were Istrangers in the land of Egypt.

[9] IOr sojourner(s) IILit soul aEx 22:21; Lv 19:33f; Dt 24:17f; 27:19

The Sabbath and Land

10 ¶ “aYou shall sow your land for six years and gather in its yield, 11 but [on] the seventh year you shall let it Irest and lie fallow, so that the needy of your people may eat; and whatever they leave the beast of the field may eat. You are to do the same with your vineyard [and] your olive grove.

[10] aLv 25:1-7
[11] ILit drop

12 ¶ “aSix days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you shall cease [from labor] so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female slave, as well as Iyour stranger, may refresh themselves. 13 Now aconcerning everything which I have said to you, be on your guard; and bdo not mention the name of other gods, nor let [them] be heard Ifrom your mouth.

[12] ILit the sojourner aEx 20:8-11; 31:15; 34:21; 35:2, 3; Lv 23:3; Dt 5:13f
[13] ILit on aDt 4:9, 23; 1Ti 4:16 bJsh 23:7; Ps 16:4; Ho 2:17

Three National Feasts

14 ¶ “aThree times a year you shall celebrate a feast to Me. 15 You shall observe athe Feast of Unleavened Bread; for seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the bmonth Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. And Icnone shall appear before Me empty-handed. 16 Also [you shall observe] athe Feast of the Harvest [of] the first fruits of your labors [from] what you sow in the field; also the Feast of the Ingathering at the end of the year bwhen you gather in [the fruit of] your labors from the field. 17 aThree times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord IGOD.

[14] aEx 23:17; 34:22-24; Dt 16:16
[15] ILit they...not aEx 12:14-20; Lv 23:6-8; Nu 28:16-25 bEx 12:2; 13:4 cEx 22:29; 34:20
[16] aEx 34:22; Lv 23:10; Nu 28:26 bLv 23:39
[17] IHeb YHWH, usually rendered LORD aEx 23:14; 34:23; Dt 16:16

18 ¶ “aYou shall not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; bnor is the fat of My Ifeast to remain overnight until morning.

[18] IOr festival aEx 34:25; Lv 2:11 bEx 12:10; Lv 7:15; Dt 16:4

19 ¶ “You shall bring athe choice first fruits of your soil into the house of the LORD your God.

¶ “bYou are not to boil a young goat in the milk of its mother.

[19] aEx 22:29; 34:26; Dt 26:2, 10; Ne 10:35; Pv 3:9 bDt 14:21

Conquest of the Land

20 ¶ “Behold, I am going to send aan angel before you to guard you along the way and bto bring you into the place which I have prepared. 21 Be on your guard before him and obey his voice; ado not be rebellious toward him, for he will not pardon your transgression, since bMy name is in him. 22 But if you truly obey his voice and do all that I say, then aI will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary to your adversaries. 23 aFor My angel will go before you and bring you in to [the land of] the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites; and I will completely destroy them. 24 aYou shall not worship their gods, nor serve them, nor do according to their deeds; bbut you shall utterly overthrow them and break their c[sacred] pillars in pieces. 25 aBut you shall serve the LORD your God, Iand He will bless your bread and your water; and bI will remove sickness from your midst. 26 There shall be no one miscarrying or abarren in your land; bI will fulfill the number of your days. 27 I will asend My terror ahead of you, and bthrow into confusion all the people among whom you come, and I will cmake all your enemies turn [their] backs to you. 28 I will send ahornets ahead of you so that they will bdrive out the Hivites, the Canaanites, and the Hittites before you. 29 aI will not drive them out before you in a single year, that the land may not become desolate and the beasts of the field become too numerous for you. 30 I will drive them out before you alittle by little, until you become fruitful and take possession of the land. 31 aI will fix your boundary from the IRed Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the wilderness to the River [Euphrates]; bfor I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will cdrive them out before you. 32 aYou shall Imake no covenant with them bor with their gods. 33 aThey shall not live in your land, because they will make you sin against Me; for [if] you serve their gods, bit will surely be a snare to you.”

[20] aEx 3:2; 14:19; 23:23; 32:34; 33:2 bEx 15:16, 17
[21] aDt 9:7; Ps 78:40, 56 bEx 3:14; 6:3; 34:5-7
[22] aGn 12:3; Nu 24:9; Dt 30:7
[23] aEx 23:20; Jsh 24:8, 11
[24] aEx 20:5; 23:13, 33; Dt 12:30f bNu 33:52; Dt 7:5; 12:3; 2K 18:4 cEx 34:13; Lv 26:1; 2K 3:2
[25] IOr that He may bless aLv 26:3-13; Dt 6:13; 10:12; 28:1-14; Jsh 22:5; 1S 12:20; Mt 4:10 bEx 15:26; Dt 7:15
[26] aDt 7:14 bDt 4:40; Jb 5:26
[27] aGn 35:5; Ex 15:16; Dt 2:25; Jsh 2:9 bDt 7:23 cPs 18:40; 21:12
[28] aDt 7:20; Jsh 24:12 bEx 33:2; 34:11
[29] aDt 7:22
[30] aDt 7:22
[31] ILit Sea of Reeds aGn 15:18; Dt 1:7, 8; 11:24 bDt 2:36; Jsh 21:44 cJsh 24:12, 18
[32] ILit cut aEx 34:12; Dt 7:2 bEx 23:13, 24
[33] aDt 7:1-5, 16 bEx 34:12; Dt 12:30; Jsh 23:13; Jg 2:3; Ps 106:36


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Of slander and false witness.

1 ¶ Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

[1] Ex 20:16; 23:7; Lv 19:16; Dt 5:20; 19:16; 2S 16:3; 19:27; 1K 21:10; Ps 15:3; 27:12; 35:11; 101:5; 120:3; Pv 6:19; 10:18; 12:17; 17:4; 19:5, 9, 28; 21:28; 24:28; 25:18, 23; Jr 20:10; Mt 19:18; 26:59; 28:14; Lk 3:14; 19:8; Ac 6:11; Ro 3:8; Ep 4:25; 2Ti 3:3; 1P 3:16; Rv 12:10.

2 ¶ Thou shalt not follow a multitude to [do] evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest [judgment]:

[2] Gn 6:12; 7:1; 19:4, 7; Ex 23:6; 32:1; Lv 19:15; Nu 14:1; Dt 1:17; Jsh 24:15; 1S 15:9; 1K 19:10; Jb 31:34; Ps 72:2; Pv 1:10, 15; 4:14; Jr 37:15, 21; 38:5, 9; Ezk 9:9; Hg 1:4; Mt 27:24; Mk 15:15; Lk 23:23, 51; Jn 7:50; Ac 24:27; 25:9; Ro 1:32; Ga 2:11.

Of justice.

3 ¶ Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.

[3] Ps 82:2; Jm 3:17.

Of charitableness.

4 ¶ If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. 5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.

[4] Dt 22:1; Jb 31:29; Pv 24:17; 25:21; Mt 5:44; Lk 6:27; Ro 12:17; 1Th 5:15.
[5] Dt 22:4.

Of justice.

6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause. 7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

[6] Ex 23:2; Dt 16:19; 27:19; 2Ch 19:7; Jb 31:13, 21; Ps 82:3; Ec 5:8; Is 10:1; Jr 5:28; 6:28; 7:6; Am 5:11; Mi 3:1; Zp 3:1; Mal 3:5; Jm 2:5.
[7] Ex 23:1; 34:7; Lv 19:11; Dt 19:16; 27:25; Jb 22:23; Pv 4:14; 17:15; Is 33:15; Na 1:3; Lk 3:14; Ro 1:18; 2:5; Ep 4:25; 1Th 5:22.

8 ¶ And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

[8] Dt 16:19; 1S 8:3; 12:3; Ps 26:10; Pv 15:27; 17:8, 23; 19:4; Ec 7:7; Is 1:13; 5:23; Ezk 22:12; Ho 4:18; Am 5:12; Mi 7:3.

9 ¶ Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

[9] Ex 21:21; Dt 10:19; 24:14; 27:19; Ps 94:6; Ezk 22:7; Mt 18:33; He 2:17.

Of the year of rest.

10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: 11 But the seventh [year] thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, [and] with thy oliveyard.

[10] Lv 25:3; Ne 10:31.
[11] Lv 25:2, 11, 20, 22; 26:34.

Of the Sabbath.

12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

[12] Ex 20:8; 31:15; Dt 5:13; Is 58:3; Lk 13:14.

Of idolatry.

13 And in all [things] that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.

[13] Nu 32:38; Dt 4:9, 15; 12:3; Jsh 22:5; 23:7, 11; 1Ch 28:7; Ps 16:4; 39:1; Jr 10:11; Ho 2:17; Zc 13:2; Ep 5:12, 15; 1Ti 4:16; He 12:15.

Of the three feasts.

14 ¶ Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year. 15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) 16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field. 17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD.

[14] Ex 34:22; Lv 23:5, 16, 34; Dt 16:16.
[15] Ex 12:14, 43; 13:6; 34:18, 20; Lv 23:5, 10; Nu 9:2; 28:16; Dt 16:1, 16; Jsh 5:10; 2K 23:21; Pv 3:9; Mk 14:12; Lk 22:7; 1Co 5:7.
[16] Ex 22:29; 34:22; Lv 23:9, 34; Nu 28:26; 29:12; Dt 16:9, 13; Ne 8:14; Zc 14:16; Jn 7:2, 37; Ac 2:1.
[17] Ex 34:23; Dt 12:5; 16:16; 31:11; Ps 84:7; Lk 2:42.

Of the blood and the fat of the sacrifice.

18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the morning. 19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

[18] Ex 12:8, 10, 15; 34:25; Lv 2:11; 7:12, 15; Dt 16:4.
[19] Ex 22:29; 34:26; Lv 23:10; Nu 18:12; Dt 12:5; 14:21; 26:10; Ne 10:35; Pv 12:10; Jr 10:3; 1Co 15:20; Rv 14:4.

An angel is promised, with a blessing, if they obey him.

20 ¶ Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. 21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name [is] in him. 22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries. 23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off. 24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. 25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.

[20] Gn 15:18; 48:16; Ex 3:2; 14:19; 32:34; 33:2, 14; Nu 20:16; Jsh 5:13; 6:2; Ps 91:11; Is 63:9; Mal 3:1; Mt 25:34; Jn 14:3; 1Co 10:9.
[21] Ex 3:14; 32:34; 34:5; Nu 14:11, 35; Dt 18:19; Jsh 24:19; Ps 2:12; 72:19; 78:40, 56; 83:18; Is 7:14; 9:6; 42:8; 45:6; 57:15; Jr 5:7; 23:6; Mt 1:23; 17:5; Jn 5:23; 10:30, 38; 14:9; Ep 4:30; Col 2:9; He 3:10, 11, 16; 10:26; 12:25; 1Jn 5:16; Rv 1:8; 2:8, 23; 3:7.
[22] Gn 12:3; Nu 24:9; Dt 30:7; Jr 30:20; Zc 2:8; Ac 9:4.
[23] Gn 15:19; 34:2; Ex 3:17; 23:20; 32:2; Jsh 24:8; Is 5:13.
[24] Ex 20:5; 32:20; 34:13; Lv 18:3, 26; Nu 33:52; Dt 7:5, 25; 12:3, 30; 2Ch 33:2, 9; 34:3; Ps 101:3; 106:35; Ezk 16:47.
[25] Ex 15:26; Dt 6:13; 7:13, 15; 10:12, 20; 11:13; 13:4; 28:1, 5; Jsh 22:5; 24:14, 21, 24; 1S 7:3; 12:20, 24; Ps 103:3; Is 33:16, 24; Jr 8:2; Mal 3:10; Mt 4:10.

26 ¶ There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will fulfil. 27 I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee. 28 And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee. 29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. 30 By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land. 31 And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee. 32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. 33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.

[26] Gn 25:8; 35:29; Dt 7:14; 28:4; 1Ch 23:1; Jb 5:26; 21:10; 42:17; Ps 55:23; 90:10; 107:38; 144:13; Is 65:20; Mal 3:10.
[27] Gn 35:5; Ex 15:14; Dt 2:25; 7:23; 11:23, 25; Jsh 2:9; 1S 14:15; 2K 7:6; 2Ch 14:14; Ps 18:40.
[28] Dt 7:20; Jsh 24:11.
[29] Dt 7:22; Jsh 15:63; 16:10; 17:12; Jg 3:1.
[31] Gn 15:18; Nu 21:34; 34:3; Dt 3:2; 11:24; Jsh 1:4; 8:7, 18; 10:8, 19; 21:44; 23:14; 24:8; Jg 1:4; 11:21; 1S 23:4; 1K 4:21, 24; 20:13; Ps 72:8.
[32] Ex 34:12, 15; Nu 25:1; Dt 7:2, 16; Jsh 9:14; 2S 21:1; Ps 106:35; 2Co 6:15.
[33] Ex 34:12; Dt 7:16; 12:30; Jsh 23:13; Jg 2:3; 1S 18:21; 1K 14:16; 2Ch 33:9; Ps 106:36; 2Ti 2:26.


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