NASB — Judges 3 — KJV

Idolatry Leads to Servitude

1 aNow these are the nations which the LORD left, to test Israel by them ([that is], all who had not Iexperienced any of the wars of Canaan; 2 only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might Ibe taught war, IIthose who had not IIIexperienced it formerly). 3 [These nations are]: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and athe Hivites who lived in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as ILebo-hamath. 4 They were for Iatesting Israel, to find out if they would IIobey the commandments of the LORD, which He had commanded their fathers IIIthrough Moses. 5 aThe sons of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; 6 and athey took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

[1] ILit known aJg 1:1; 2:21, 22
[2] ILit know, to teach them IILit only IIILit known
[3] IOr the entrance of Hamath aJsh 9:7; 11:19
[4] ILit testing by them IILit hear IIILit by the hand of aDt 8:2
[5] aPs 106:35
[6] aEx 34:15, 16; Dt 7:3, 4; Jsh 23:12

7 ¶ The sons of Israel did awhat was evil in the sight of the LORD, and bforgot the LORD their God and cserved the Baals and the IAsheroth. 8 Then the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of Cushan-rishathaim king of IMesopotamia; and the sons of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years.

[7] II.e. wooden symbol of a female deity aJg 2:11 bDt 4:9 cJg 2:13
[8] IHeb Aram-naharaim

The First Judge Delivers Israel

9 When the sons of Israel cried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, aOthniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. 10 aThe Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the LORD gave Cushan-rishathaim king of IMesopotamia into his hand, so that IIhe prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim. 11 Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

[9] aJg 1:13
[10] IHeb Aram IILit his hand was strong aNu 11:25-29; 24:2

12 ¶ Now the sons of Israel again adid evil in the sight of the LORD. So bthe LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD. 13 And he gathered to himself the sons of Ammon and Amalek; and he went and Idefeated Israel, and they possessed athe city of the palm trees. 14 The sons of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.

[12] aJg 2:11 bJg 2:14
[13] ILit smote aDt 34:3; Jg 1:16

Ehud Delivers from Moab

15 ¶ But when the sons of Israel acried to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the son of Gera, the Benjamite, a left-handed man. And the sons of Israel sent tribute by Ihim to Eglon the king of Moab. 16 Ehud made himself a sword which had two edges, a cubit in length, and he bound it on his right thigh under his cloak. 17 He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man. 18 It came about when he had finished presenting the tribute, that he sent away the people who had carried the tribute. 19 But he himself turned back from the idols which were at Gilgal, and said, “I have a secret message for you, O king.” And he said, “Keep silence.” And all who attended him left him. 20 Ehud came to him while he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, “I have a message from God for you.” And he arose from his seat. 21 Ehud stretched out his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly. 22 The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out. 23 Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked [them].

[15] ILit his hand aPs 78:34

24 ¶ When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and behold, the doors of the roof chamber were locked; and they said, “aHe is only Irelieving himself in the cool room.” 25 They waited until they Ibecame anxious; but behold, he did not open the doors of the roof chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened them, and behold, their master had fallen to the IIfloor dead.

[24] ILit covering his feet a1S 24:3
[25] ILit were ashamed IILit earth

26 ¶ Now Ehud escaped while they were delaying, and he passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah. 27 It came about when he had arrived, that ahe blew the trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he [was] in front of them. 28 He said to them, “Pursue [them], for the LORD has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands.” So they went down after him and seized athe fords of the Jordan opposite Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross. 29 They struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabites, all robust and valiant men; and no one escaped. 30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was undisturbed for eighty years.

[27] aJg 6:34; 1S 13:3
[28] aJg 7:24; 12:5

Shamgar Delivers from Philistines

31 ¶ After him came aShamgar the son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an oxgoad; and he also saved Israel.

[31] aJg 5:6


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The nations which were left to prove Israel.

1 ¶ Now these [are] the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them, [even] as many [of Israel] as had not known all the wars of Canaan; 2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof; 3 [Namely], five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath. 4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

[1] Dt 7:22; 8:2, 16; Jg 2:10, 21; 2Ch 32:31; Jb 23:10; Pv 17:3; Jr 6:27; 17:9; Zc 13:9; Jn 2:24; 1P 1:7; 4:12; Rv 2:23.
[2] Gn 2:17; 3:5, 7; 2Ch 12:8; Mt 10:34; Jn 16:33; 1Co 9:26; Ep 6:11; 1Ti 6:12; 2Ti 2:3; 4:7.
[3] Gn 10:15; 49:13; Nu 13:29; 34:8; Dt 1:7; 3:9; Jsh 11:3, 8; 13:3, 5; 19:28; Jg 4:2, 23; 10:7, 12; 14:4; 18:7; 1S 4:1; 6:18; 13:5, 19; 29:2.
[4] Ex 15:25; Dt 33:8; Jg 2:22; 3:1; 1Co 11:19; 2Th 2:9.

By communion with them they commit idolatry.

5 ¶ And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites: 6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods. 7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.

[5] Gn 10:15; 15:19; Ex 3:8, 17; Dt 7:1; Jsh 9:1; Jg 1:29; Ne 9:8; Ps 106:34.
[6] Ex 34:16; Dt 7:3; 1K 11:1; Ezr 9:11; Ne 13:23; Ezk 16:3.
[7] Ex 34:13; Dt 16:21; Jg 2:11; 3:12; 6:25; 1K 16:33; 18:19; 2K 23:6, 14; 2Ch 15:16; 24:18; 33:3, 19; 34:3, 7.

Othniel delivereth them from Cushan-rishathaim,

8 ¶ Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years. 9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, [even] Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother. 10 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim. 11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

[8] Ex 22:24; Dt 29:20; 32:30; Jg 2:14, 20; 4:9; 1S 12:9; Ps 6:1; 85:3; Is 50:1; Hab 3:7; Ro 7:14.
[9] Jg 1:13; 2:16; 3:15; 4:3; 6:7; 10:10; 1S 12:10; Ne 9:27; Ps 22:5; 78:34; 106:41; 107:13.
[10] Nu 11:17; 27:18; Jg 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6, 19; 1S 10:6; 11:6; 16:13; 2Ch 15:1; 20:14; Ps 51:11; 1Co 12:4; He 6:4.
[11] Jsh 11:23; 15:17; Jg 3:9, 30; 5:31; 8:28; 1Ch 4:13; Es 9:22.

Ehud from Eglon,

12 ¶ And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD. 13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees. 14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years. 15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab. 16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh. 17 And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon [was] a very fat man. 18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present. 19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that [were] by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him. 20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of [his] seat. 21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly: 22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out. 23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them. 24 When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour [were] locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber. 25 And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened [them]: and, behold, their lord [was] fallen down dead on the earth. 26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath. 27 And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them. 28 And he said unto them, Follow after me: for the LORD hath delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over. 29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man. 30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.

[12] Ex 9:16; Jg 2:19; 1S 12:9; 2K 5:1; Is 10:15; 37:26; 45:1; Ezk 38:16; Dn 4:22; 5:18; Ho 6:4; Jn 19:11.
[13] Dt 34:3; Jg 1:16; 5:14; Ps 83:6, 7.
[14] Lv 26:23; Dt 28:40, 47.
[15] Jg 3:9; 20:16; 1S 10:27; 1Ch 12:2; Ps 44:3; 50:15; 78:34; 90:15; Pv 18:16; 19:6; 21:14; Is 36:16; Jr 29:12; 33:3.
[16] Jg 3:21; Ps 45:3; 149:6; So 3:8; He 4:12; Rv 1:16; 2:12.
[17] Jg 3:29; 1S 2:29; Jb 15:27; Ps 73:7, 19; Jr 5:28; 50:11; Ezk 34:20.
[19] Gn 45:1; Jsh 4:20; Jg 3:20; 2K 9:5; Ac 23:18.
[20] Jg 3:19; 2S 12:1; 24:12; Ps 29:1; Jr 10:7; Am 3:15; Mi 6:9.
[21] Nu 25:7; 1S 15:33; Jb 20:25; Zc 13:3; 2Co 5:16.
[22] Jg 3:22.
[24] 1S 24:3.
[26] Jg 3:19.
[27] Jsh 17:15, 18; Jg 5:14; 6:34; 7:24; 17:1; 19:1; 1S 13:3; 2S 20:22; 2K 9:13.
[28] Jsh 2:7; Jg 4:10; 7:9, 15, 17; 12:5; 1S 17:47.
[29] Dt 32:15; Jg 3:17; Jb 15:27; Ps 17:10.
[30] Jg 3:11; 5:31.

Shamgar from the Philistines.

31 ¶ And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.

[31] Jg 2:16; 4:1, 3; 5:6, 8; 10:7, 17; 11:4; 15:15; 1S 4:1; 13:19; 17:47, 50; 1Co 1:17.


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