NASB — Judges 7 — KJV

Gideon’s 300 Chosen Men

1 Then aJerubbaal (that is, Gideon) and all the people who were with him, rose early and camped beside Ithe spring of Harod; and the camp of Midian was on the north side of IIthem by the hill of bMoreh in the valley.

[1] IOr En-Harod IILit him aJg 6:32 bGn 12:6; Dt 11:30

2 ¶ The LORD said to Gideon, “The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, afor Israel Iwould become boastful, saying, ‘My own IIpower has delivered me.’ 3 Now therefore Icome, proclaim in the hearing of the people, saying, ‘aWhoever is afraid and trembling, let him return and depart from Mount Gilead.’” So 22,000 people returned, but 10,000 remained.

[2] ILit glorify itself against me IILit hand aDt 8:17, 18
[3] IOr please aDt 20:8

4aThen the LORD said to Gideon, “The people are still too many; bring them down to the water and I will test them for you there. Therefore it shall be that he of whom I say to you, ‘This one shall go with you,’ he shall go with you; but everyone of whom I say to you, ‘This one shall not go with you,’ he shall not go.” 5 So he brought the people down to the water. And the LORD said to Gideon, “You shall separate everyone who laps the water with his tongue as a dog laps, as well as everyone who kneels to drink.” 6 Now the number of those who lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, was 300 men; but all the rest of the people kneeled to drink water. 7 The LORD said to Gideon, “I will deliver you awith the 300 men who lapped and will give the Midianites into your hands; so let all the [other] people go, each man to his Ihome.” 8 So Ithe 300 men took the people’s provisions and their trumpets into their hands. And IIGideon sent all the [other] men of Israel, each to his tent, but retained the 300 men; and the camp of Midian was below him in the valley.

[4] a1S 14:6
[7] ILit place a1S 14:6
[8] ILit they IILit he

9 ¶ Now the same night it came about that the LORD said to him, “Arise, go down against the camp, afor I have given it into your hands. 10 But if you are afraid to go down, go with Purah your servant down to the camp, 11 and you will hear what they say; and aafterward your hands will be strengthened that you may go down against the camp.” So he went with Purah his servant down to the Ioutposts of the army that was in the camp. 12 Now the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the sons of the east were lying in the valley aas numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, bas numerous as the sand on the seashore. 13 When Gideon came, behold, a man was relating a dream to his friend. And he said, “Behold, I Ihad a dream; IIa loaf of barley bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell, and turned it IIIupside down so that the tent lay flat.” 14 His friend replied, “This is nothing less than the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel; God has given Midian and all the camp ainto his hand.”

[9] aJsh 2:24; 10:8; 11:6
[11] ILit extremity of the battle array aJg 7:15; 1S 14:9, 10
[12] aJg 6:5; 8:10 bJsh 11:4
[13] ILit dreamed IILit and behold, a loaf IIILit upwards
[14] aJsh 2:9

15 ¶ When Gideon heard the account of the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, “Arise, for the LORD has given the camp of Midian into your hands.” 16 He divided the 300 men into three Icompanies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers. 17 He said to them, “Look at me and do likewise. And behold, when I come to the outskirts of the camp, Ido as I do. 18 When I and all who are with me blow the trumpet, then you also blow the trumpets all around the camp and say, ‘For the LORD and for Gideon.’”

[16] ILit heads
[17] ILit it shall come about that just as I do, so you shall do

Confusion of the Enemy

19 ¶ So Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outskirts of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, when they had just posted the watch; and they blew the trumpets and smashed the pitchers that were in their hands. 20 When the three Icompanies blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers, they held the torches in their left hands and the trumpets in their right hands for blowing, and cried, “A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!” 21 Each stood in his place around the camp; and aall the Iarmy ran, crying out as they fled. 22 When they blew 300 trumpets, the aLORD set the sword of one against another even throughout the whole Iarmy; and the Iarmy fled as far as Beth-shittah toward Zererah, as far as the edge of bAbel-meholah, by Tabbath. 23 The men of Israel were summoned from aNaphtali and Asher and all Manasseh, and they pursued Midian.

[20] ILit heads
[21] IOr camp a2K 7:7
[22] IOr camp a1S 14:20 b1K 4:12; 19:16
[23] aJg 6:35

24 ¶ Gideon sent messengers throughout all the hill country of Ephraim, saying, “Come down Iagainst Midian and atake the waters before them, as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan.” So all the men of Ephraim were summoned and they took the waters as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan. 25 They captured the two leaders of Midian, aOreb and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb at the wine press of Zeeb, while they pursued Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon bfrom across the Jordan.

[24] ILit to meet aJg 3:28
[25] aPs 83:11; Is 10:26 bJg 8:4

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Gideon's army of two and thirty thousand is brought to three hundred.

1 ¶ Then Jerubbaal, who [is] Gideon, and all the people that [were] with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2 And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people that [are] with thee [are] too many for me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. 3 Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever [is] fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early from mount Gilead. And there returned of the people twenty and two thousand; and there remained ten thousand. 4 And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people [are] yet [too] many; bring them down unto the water, and I will try them for thee there: and it shall be, [that] of whom I say unto thee, This shall go with thee, the same shall go with thee; and of whomsoever I say unto thee, This shall not go with thee, the same shall not go. 5 So he brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink. 6 And the number of them that lapped, [putting] their hand to their mouth, were three hundred men: but all the rest of the people bowed down upon their knees to drink water. 7 And the LORD said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into thine hand: and let all the [other] people go every man unto his place. 8 So the people took victuals in their hand, and their trumpets: and he sent all [the rest of] Israel every man unto his tent, and retained those three hundred men: and the host of Midian was beneath him in the valley.

[1] Gn 12:6; 22:3; Jsh 3:1; 6:12; Jg 6:32; Ec 9:10.
[2] Dt 8:17; 32:27; 1S 14:6; 2Ch 14:11; Is 2:11, 17; 10:13; Jr 9:23; Ezk 28:2, 17; Dn 4:30; Hab 1:16; Zc 4:6; 12:7; Ro 3:27; 11:18; 1Co 1:27, 29; 2:4; 2Co 4:7; 10:4; Ep 2:9; Jm 4:6.
[3] Dt 20:8; Mt 13:21; 20:16; Lk 14:25; Rv 17:14; 21:8.
[4] Gn 22:1; 1S 16:7; Jb 23:10; Ps 7:9; 33:16; 66:10; Jr 6:27; Mal 3:2.
[5] Jg 7:5.
[7] Jg 7:18; 1S 14:6; Is 41:14.
[8] Lv 23:24; 25:9; Nu 10:9; Jsh 6:4, 20; Jg 3:27; 6:33; Is 27:13; 1Co 15:52.

He is encouraged by the dream and interpretation of the barley cake.

9 ¶ And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Arise, get thee down unto the host; for I have delivered it into thine hand. 10 But if thou fear to go down, go thou with Phurah thy servant down to the host: 11 And thou shalt hear what they say; and afterward shall thine hands be strengthened to go down unto the host. Then went he down with Phurah his servant unto the outside of the armed men that [were] in the host. 12 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude. 13 And when Gideon was come, behold, [there was] a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along. 14 And his fellow answered and said, This [is] nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel: [for] into his hand hath God delivered Midian, and all the host.

[9] Gn 46:2; Jsh 1:5; Jg 3:10, 28; 4:14; 2Ch 16:8; 20:17; Jb 4:13; 33:15; Is 41:10; 43:1; Mt 1:20; 2:13; Ac 18:9; 27:23.
[10] Ex 4:10; Jg 4:8.
[11] Gn 24:14; Ex 13:18; Jg 7:13; 1S 14:8, 12; 23:16; Ezr 6:22; Ne 6:9; Is 35:3; 2Co 12:9; Ep 3:16; 6:10; Php 4:13.
[12] Jg 6:3, 5, 33; 8:10; 1K 4:30; 2Ch 14:9; Ps 3:1; 33:16; 118:10; Is 8:9.
[13] Jg 3:15, 31; 4:9, 21; 6:15; Is 41:14; 1Co 1:27.
[14] Ex 15:14; Nu 22:38; 23:5, 20; 24:10; Jsh 2:9, 24; 5:1; 2K 7:6; Jb 1:10.

15 ¶ And it was [so], when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped, and returned into the host of Israel, and said, Arise; for the LORD hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian.

[15] Gn 24:26, 48; 40:8; 41:11; Ex 4:30; Jg 4:14; 2Ch 20:18; 2Co 10:4.

His stratagem of trumpets and lamps in pitchers.

16 And he divided the three hundred men [into] three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers. 17 And he said unto them, Look on me, and do likewise: and, behold, when I come to the outside of the camp, it shall be [that], as I do, so shall ye do. 18 When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that [are] with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, [The sword] of the LORD, and of Gideon.

[16] 2Co 4:7.
[17] Jg 9:48; Mt 16:24; 1Co 11:1; He 13:7; 1P 5:3.
[18] Jg 7:20; 1S 17:47; 2Ch 20:15.

19 ¶ So Gideon, and the hundred men that [were] with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers that [were] in their hands. 20 And the three companies blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow [withal]: and they cried, The sword of the LORD, and of Gideon. 21 And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled. 22 And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and the LORD set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host: and the host fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, [and] to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath. 23 And the men of Israel gathered themselves together out of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and pursued after the Midianites.

[19] Ex 14:24; Jg 7:8, 16; Ps 2:9; Jr 13:13; 19:1; Mt 25:6; 1Th 5:2; Rv 16:15.
[20] Nu 10:1; Jsh 6:4, 16, 20; Is 27:13; 1Co 15:52; 2Co 4:7; 1Th 4:16; He 11:4; 2P 1:15.
[21] Ex 14:13, 25; 2K 7:6; 2Ch 20:17; Jb 15:21; Pv 28:1; Is 30:7, 15.
[22] Jsh 6:4, 16, 20; 1S 14:16; 1K 4:12; 19:16; 2Ch 20:23; Ps 83:9; Is 9:4; 19:2; 2Co 4:7.
[23] Jg 6:35; 1S 14:21.

The Ephraimites take Oreb and Zeeb.

24 ¶ And Gideon sent messengers throughout all mount Ephraim, saying, Come down against the Midianites, and take before them the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and took the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan. 25 And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.

[24] Jg 3:27, 28; 12:5; Jn 1:28; Ro 15:30; Php 1:27.
[25] Jsh 7:26; Jg 8:3, 4; Ps 83:11; Is 10:26.

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