NASB — 1 Samuel 17 — KJV

Goliath’s Challenge

1 Now athe Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between bSocoh and cAzekah, in dEphes-dammim. 2 Saul and the men of Israel were gathered and camped in athe valley of Elah, and drew up in battle array to encounter the Philistines. 3 The Philistines stood on the mountain on one side while Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, with the valley between them. 4 Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named aGoliath, from bGath, whose height was six Icubits and a span. 5 [He had] a bronze helmet on his head, and he was clothed with scale-armor Iwhich weighed five thousand shekels of bronze. 6 [He] also [had] bronze Igreaves on his legs and a abronze javelin [slung] between his shoulders. 7 aThe shaft of his spear was like a weaver’s beam, and the head of his spear [weighed] six hundred shekels of iron; bhis shield-carrier also walked before him. 8 He stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel and said to them, “Why do you come out to draw up in battle array? Am I not the Philistine and you aservants of Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me. 9 aIf he is able to fight with me and Ikill me, then we will become your servants; but if I prevail against him and Ikill him, then you shall become our servants and serve us.” 10 Again the Philistine said, “aI defy the ranks of Israel this day; give me a man that we may fight together.” 11 When Saul and all Israel heard these words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

[1] a1S 13:5 bJsh 15:35; 2Ch 28:18 cJsh 10:10 d1Ch 11:13
[2] a1S 21:9
[4] II.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in. a2S 21:19 bJsh 11:22
[5] ILit and the weight of the armor was
[6] IOr shin guards a1S 17:45
[7] a2S 21:19; 1Ch 11:23 b1S 17:41
[8] a1S 8:17
[9] ILit smite a2S 2:12-16
[10] a1S 17:26, 36, 45; 2S 21:21

12 ¶ Now David was athe son of Ithe bEphrathite of Bethlehem in Judah, whose name was Jesse, and che had eight sons. And IIJesse was old in the days of Saul, advanced [in years] among men. 13 The three older sons of Jesse had Igone after Saul to the battle. And athe names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and the second to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14 aDavid was the youngest. Now the three oldest followed Saul, 15 abut David went back and forth from Saul bto tend his father’s flock at Bethlehem. 16 The Philistine came Iforward morning and evening for forty days and took his stand.

[12] ILit this IILit the man aRu 4:22; 1S 16:18 bGn 35:19 c1S 16:10, 11; 1Ch 2:13-15
[13] ILit gone; they went a1S 16:6, 8, 9
[14] a1S 16:11
[15] a1S 16:21-23 b1S 16:11, 19
[16] ILit near

17 ¶ Then Jesse said to David his son, “aTake now for your brothers an ephah of this roasted grain and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers. 18 aBring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of [their] thousand, band look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back Inews of them. 19 For Saul and they and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.”

[17] a1S 25:18
[18] ILit their pledge a1S 16:20 bGn 37:13, 14

David Accepts the Challenge

20 ¶ So David arose early in the morning and left the flock with a keeper and took [the supplies] and went as Jesse had commanded him. And he came to the acircle of the camp while the army was going out in battle array shouting the war cry. 21 Israel and the Philistines drew up in battle array, army against army. 22 Then David left his abaggage in the Icare of the baggage keeper, and ran to the battle line and entered in order to greet his brothers. 23 As he was talking with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine from Gath named Goliath, was coming up from the army of the Philistines, and he spoke athese same words; and David heard [them].

[20] a1S 26:5, 7
[22] ILit hand aJg 18:21; Is 10:28
[23] a1S 17:8-10

24 ¶ When all the men of Israel saw the man, they fled from him and were greatly afraid. 25 The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy Israel. And it will be that the king will enrich the man who kills him with great riches and awill give him his daughter and make his father’s house Ifree in Israel.”

[25] II.e. free from taxes and public service aJsh 15:16

26 ¶ Then David spoke to the men who were standing by him, saying, “What will be done for the man who kills this Philistine and takes away athe reproach from Israel? For who is this buncircumcised Philistine, that he should ctaunt the armies of dthe living God?” 27 The people Ianswered him in accord with this word, saying, “aThus it will be done for the man who kills him.”

[26] a1S 11:2 b1S 14:6; 17:36; Jr 9:25, 26 c1S 17:10 dDt 5:26; 2K 19:4; Jr 10:10
[27] ILit said to a1S 17:25

28 ¶ Now Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and aEliab’s anger burned against David and he said, “Why have you come down? And with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your insolence and the wickedness of your heart; for you have come down in order to see the battle.” 29 But David said, “What have I done now? Was it not just a Iquestion?” 30 Then he turned Iaway from him to another and asaid the same thing; and the people answered the same thing as IIbefore.

[28] aGn 37:4, 8-36; Pv 18:19; Mt 10:36
[29] ILit word
[30] ILit from beside him IILit the former word a1S 17:26, 27

David Kills Goliath

31 ¶ When the words which David spoke were heard, they told [them] Ito Saul, and he sent for him. 32 David said to Saul, “aLet no man’s heart fail on account of him; byour servant will go and fight with this Philistine.” 33 Then Saul said to David, “aYou are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are [but] a youth while he has been a warrior from his youth.” 34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant was tending his father’s sheep. When a lion or a bear came and took a lamb from the flock, 35 I went out after him and Iattacked him, and arescued [it] from his mouth; and when he rose up against me, I seized [him] by his beard and Istruck him and killed him. 36 Your servant has Ikilled both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, since he has taunted the armies of the living God.” 37 And David said, “aThe LORD who delivered me from the paw of the lion and from the paw of the bear, He will deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.” And Saul said to David, “bGo, and may the LORD be with you.” 38 Then Saul clothed David with his garments and put a bronze helmet on his head, and he clothed him with armor. 39 David girded his sword over his armor and tried to walk, for he had not tested [them]. So David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested [them].” And David took them Ioff. 40 He took his stick in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones from the brook, and put them in the shepherd’s bag which he had, even in [his] pouch, and ahis sling was in his hand; and he approached the Philistine.

[31] ILit before
[32] aDt 20:1-4 b1S 16:18
[33] aNu 13:31
[35] ILit smote aAm 3:12
[36] ILit smitten
[37] a2Co 1:10; 2Ti 4:17, 18 b1S 20:13; 1Ch 22:11, 16
[39] ILit off from himself
[40] aJg 20:16

41 ¶ Then the Philistine came on and approached David, with the shield-bearer in front of him. 42 When the Philistine looked and saw David, ahe disdained him; for he was [but] a youth, and bruddy, with a handsome appearance. 43 The Philistine said to David, “aAm I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” And bthe Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 The Philistine also said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh ato the birds of the sky and the beasts of the field.” 45 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, a spear, and a javelin, abut I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have taunted. 46 This day the LORD will deliver you up into my hands, and I will strike you down and remove your head from you. And I will give the adead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the sky and the wild beasts of the earth, bthat all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel, 47 and that all this assembly may know that athe LORD does not deliver by sword or by spear; bfor the battle is the LORDS and He will give you into our hands.”

[42] aPs 123:4; Pv 16:18 b1S 16:12
[43] a1S 24:14; 2S 3:8; 2K 8:13 b1K 20:10
[44] a1S 17:46
[45] a2S 22:35; 2Ch 32:8; Ps 124:8; He 11:32-34
[46] aDt 28:26 bJsh 4:24; 1K 8:43; 18:36; 2K 19:19; Is 37:20
[47] a1S 14:6; 2Ch 14:11; 20:15; Ps 44:6; Ho 1:7; Zc 4:6 b2Ch 20:15

48 ¶ Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that aDavid ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand into his bag and took from it a stone and slung [it], and struck the Philistine on his forehead. And the stone sank into his forehead, so that he fell on his face to the ground.

[48] aPs 27:3

50 ¶ Thus David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and he struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand. 51 Then David ran and stood over the Philistine and atook his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him, and cut off his head with it. bWhen the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled. 52 The men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines Ias far as the valley, and to the gates of aEkron. And the slain Philistines IIlay along the way to bShaaraim, even to Gath and Ekron. 53 The sons of Israel returned from chasing the Philistines and plundered their camps. 54 Then David took the Philistine’s head and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his weapons in his tent.

[51] a1S 21:9; 2S 23:21 bHe 11:34
[52] ILit until your coming to IILit fell aJsh 15:11 bJsh 15:36

55 ¶ Now when Saul saw David going out against the Philistine, he said to Abner the commander of the army, “Abner, whose son is athis young man?” And Abner said, “By your life, O king, I do not know.” 56 The king said, “You inquire whose son the youth is.” 57 So when David returned from killing the Philistine, Abner took him and abrought him before Saul with the Philistine’s head in his hand. 58 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, young man?” And David answered, “a[I am] the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”

[55] a1S 16:12, 21, 22
[57] a1S 17:54
[58] a1S 17:12

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The armies of the Israelites and Philistines being ready to battle,

1 ¶ Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which [belongeth] to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. 2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and [there was] a valley between them.

[1] Jsh 10:10; 15:35; Jg 3:3; 1S 7:7; 13:5; 14:46, 52; 1Ch 11:13; 2Ch 11:7; 28:18; Jr 34:7.
[2] 1S 17:19; 21:9.

Goliath cometh proudly forth to challenge a combat.

4 ¶ And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span. 5 And [he had] an helmet of brass upon his head, and he [was] armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat [was] five thousand shekels of brass. 6 And [he had] greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. 7 And the staff of his spear [was] like a weaver's beam; and his spear's head [weighed] six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him. 8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set [your] battle in array? [am] not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. 9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. 10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day; give me a man, that we may fight together. 11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.

[4] Dt 3:11; Jsh 11:22; 1S 17:23; 21:9; 27:4; 2S 21:16, 19; 1Ch 11:23; 20:4, 5; Am 2:9.
[5] 1S 17:38.
[6] 1K 10:16; 2Ch 9:15.
[7] 2S 21:19; 1Ch 11:23; 20:5.
[8] 1S 8:17; 17:26; 2S 11:11; 1Ch 21:3.
[9] 1S 11:1.
[10] Nu 23:7; 1S 17:25, 36, 45; 2S 21:21; 23:9; Ne 2:19; Jb 40:9; Ps 9:4; Pv 16:18; Jr 9:23; Dn 4:37.
[11] Dt 31:8; Jsh 1:9; Ps 27:1; Pv 28:1; Is 51:12; 57:11.

David, sent by his father to visit his brethren, taketh the challenge.

12 ¶ Now David [was] the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name [was] Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men [for] an old man in the days of Saul. 13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went [and] followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle [were] Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah. 14 And David [was] the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. 15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. 16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days. 17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched [corn], and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren; 18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of [their] thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge. 19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, [were] in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.

[12] Gn 35:19; Ru 4:22; 1S 16:1, 10, 18; 17:58; 1Ch 2:13; Ps 132:6; Mi 5:2; Mt 1:6; 2:1, 6; Lk 3:31.
[13] 1S 16:6; 17:28; 2S 13:3, 32; 21:21; 1Ch 2:13.
[14] Gn 25:23; 1S 16:11.
[15] 1S 16:11, 19.
[16] Mt 4:2; Lk 4:2.
[17] Ru 2:14; 1S 25:18; 2S 17:28; Mt 7:11; Lk 11:13.
[18] Gn 37:14; 1S 16:20; 2S 17:29; Jb 10:10; Ac 15:36; 1Th 3:5.
[19] 1S 17:19.

20 ¶ And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. 21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. 22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. 23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard [them]. 24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid. 25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel. 26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who [is] this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? 27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.

[20] 1S 17:28; 26:5; Lk 19:43; Ep 6:1.
[22] Gn 37:14; Jg 18:15; Mt 10:12; Lk 10:5.
[23] 1S 17:4.
[24] Lv 26:36; Nu 13:33; Dt 32:30; 1S 13:6; 17:11; Is 7:2; 30:17.
[25] Jsh 15:16; 1S 18:17; Ezr 7:24; Mt 17:26; Rv 2:7, 17; 3:5, 12, 21.
[26] Dt 5:26; Jsh 7:8; 1S 11:2; 14:6; 17:10, 36; 2K 19:4; Ne 5:9; Ps 44:13; 74:18; 79:12; Jr 10:10; Dn 9:16; Jol 2:19; 1Th 1:9; 1Jn 5:20.
[27] 1S 17:25.

Eliab chideth him.

28 ¶ And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. 29 And David said, What have I now done? [Is there] not a cause?

[28] Gn 37:4, 8, 11; 1S 16:7, 13; 17:20; Ps 35:11; Pv 18:19; 27:4; Ec 4:4; Mt 10:36; 27:18; Mk 3:21; Jde 1:10.
[29] Pv 15:1; Ac 11:2; 1Co 2:15; 1P 3:9.

He is brought to Saul.

30 ¶ And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner. 31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed [them] before Saul: and he sent for him.

[30] 1S 17:26.
[31] Jsh 18:9; 1S 16:14, 18; 17:12, 31, 33, 36, 38, 41, 42, 54; 18:1, 9, 17; Pv 22:29.

He sheweth the reason of his confidence.

32 ¶ And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine. 33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou [art but] a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: 35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered [it] out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught [him] by his beard, and smote him, and slew him. 36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. 37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.

[32] Nu 13:30; 14:9; Dt 20:1; Jsh 14:12; 1S 14:6; 16:18; Ps 3:6; 27:1; Is 35:4; He 12:12.
[33] Nu 13:31; Dt 9:2; 1S 17:42, 56; Ps 11:1; Rv 13:4.
[35] Jg 14:5; 2S 23:20; Ps 91:13; Dn 6:22; Am 3:12; Ac 28:4; 2Ti 4:17.
[36] 1S 17:10, 26; Is 10:15; 36:8, 15, 18; 37:22, 28; Ezk 32:19, 27; Zc 2:8; 12:3; Ac 5:38; 9:4; 12:1, 22; Ro 2:28.
[37] 1S 7:12; 20:13; 24:19; 26:25; 2S 10:12; 1Ch 22:11, 16; Ps 11:1; 18:16; 63:7; 77:11; 138:3, 7; 2Co 1:9; 2Ti 4:17.

Without armour, armed with faith, he slayeth the giant.

38 ¶ And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. 39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved [it]. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for