Bathsheba, David’s Great Sin
1 aThen it happened° Ibin the spring°, at the time° when kings° go° out [to battle], that David° sent° Joab° and his servants° with him and all° Israel°, and they destroyed° the sons° of Ammon° and cbesieged°° Rabbah°. But David° stayed° at Jerusalem°.
 ILit at the return of the year a1Ch 20:1 b2S 10:14; 1K 20:22, 26 c2S 12:26-29; Jr 49:2, 3; Am 1:14
2 ¶ Now when evening° came° David° arose° from his bed° and walked° around° on athe roof° of the king’s° house°, and from the roof° he saw° a woman° bathing°; and the woman° was very° beautiful° in appearance°. 3 So David° sent° and inquired° about the woman°. And one said°, “Is this° not aBathsheba°, the daughter° of Eliam°, the wife° of bUriah° the Hittite°?” 4 David° sent° messengers° and took° her, and when she came° to him, ahe lay° with her; band when she had purified° herself from her uncleanness°, she returned° to her house°. 5 The woman° conceived°; and she sent° and told° David°, and said°, “aI am° pregnant°.”
 aDt 22:8; 1S 9:25; Mt 24:17; Ac 10:9
 a1Ch 3:5 b2S 23:39
 aPs 51: title; Jm 1:14, 15 bLv 12:2-5; 15:18-28; 18:19
 aLv 20:10; Dt 22:22
6 ¶ Then David° sent° to Joab°, [saying], “Send° me Uriah° the Hittite°.” So Joab° sent° Uriah° to David°. 7 When Uriah° came° to him, aDavid° asked° concerning the welfare° of Joab° and Ithe people° and the state° of the war°. 8 Then David° said° to Uriah°, “Go° down° to your house°, and awash° your feet°.” And Uriah° went° out of the king’s° house°, and a present° from the king° Iwas sent° out after° him. 9 But Uriah° slept° aat the door° of the king’s° house° with all° the servants° of his lord°, and did not go° down° to his house°. 10 Now when they told° David°, saying°, “Uriah° did not go° down° to his house°,” David° said° to Uriah°, “Have you not come° from a journey°? Why° did you not go° down° to your house°?” 11 Uriah° said° to David°, “aThe ark° and Israel° and Judah° are staying° in Itemporary° shelters°, and my lord° Joab° and bthe servants° of my lord° are camping° in the open° field°. Shall I then go° to my house° to eat° and to drink° and to lie° with my wife°? By your life° and the life° of your soul°, I will not do° this° thing°.” 12 Then David° said° to Uriah°, “aStay° here° today° also°, and tomorrow° I will let° you go°.” So Uriah° remained° in Jerusalem° that day° and the Inext°. 13 Now David° called° him, and he ate° and drank° before° him, and he amade° him drunk°; and in the evening° he went° out to lie° on his bed° bwith his lord’s° servants°, but he did not go° down° to his house°.
 ILit welfare of aGn 37:14; 1S 17:22
 ILit went out aGn 43:24; Lk 7:44
 a1K 14:27, 28
 IOr booths a2S 7:2, 6 b2S 20:6
 ILit morrow aJb 20:12-14
 aPv 20:1; 23:29-35 b2S 11:9
14 ¶ Now in the morning° David° awrote° a letter° to Joab° and sent° [it] by the hand° of Uriah°. 15 aHe had written° in the letter°, saying°, “IPlace° Uriah° in the front° line° of the IIfiercest° battle° and withdraw° from him, bso that he may be struck° down° and die°.” 16 So it was as Joab° kept° watch° on the city°, that he put° Uriah° at the place° where°° he knew° there [were] valiant° men°. 17 The men° of the city° went° out and fought° against° Joab°, and some° of the people° among° David’s° servants° fell°; and aUriah° the Hittite° also° died°. 18 Then Joab° sent° and reported° to David° all° the events° of the war°. 19 He charged° the messenger°, saying°, “When you have finished° telling° all° the events° of the war° to the king°, 20 and if° it happens° that the king’s° wrath° rises° and he says° to you, ‘Why° did you go° so near° to the city° to fight°? Did you not know° that they would shoot° from the wall°? 21 Who° astruck° down° Abimelech° the son° of Jerubbesheth°? Did not a woman° throw° an upper° millstone° on him from the wall° so that he died° at Thebez°? Why° did you go° so near° the wall°?’then you shall say°, ‘Your servant° Uriah° the Hittite° is dead° also°.’”
 a1K 21:8-10
 ILit Give IILit strong aEc 8:11; Jr 17:9 b2S 12:9
 a2S 11:21
 aJg 9:50-54
22 ¶ So the messenger° departed° and came° and reported° to David° all° that Joab° had sent° him [to tell]. 23 The messenger° said° to David°, “The men° prevailed° against° us and came° out against° us in the field°, but we Ipressed°° them as far° as the entrance° of the gate°. 24 Moreover, the archers° shot° at your servants° from the wall°; so some° of the king’s° servants° are dead°, and your servant° Uriah° the Hittite° is also° dead°.” 25 Then David° said° to the messenger°, “Thus° you shall say° to Joab°, ‘Do not let this° thing° Idisplease°° you, for the sword° devours° one° as well as another°; make° your battle° against° the city° stronger° and overthrow° it’; and [so] encourage° him.”
26 ¶ Now when the wife° of Uriah° heard° that Uriah° her husband° was dead°, ashe mourned° for her husband°. 27 When the [time of] mourning° was over°, David° sent° and Ibrought° her to his house° and ashe became° his wife°; then she bore° him a son°. But bthe thing° that David° had done° was evil° in the sight° of the LORD°.
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While Joab besieged Rabbah, David committeth adultery with Bath-sheba.
1 ¶ And it came to pass,² after the yearº was expired,º at the timeº when kingsºª¹ go forthºª [to battle], that Davidº sentºª² Joab,º and his servantsº with² him, and all² Israel;º and they destroyedºª² the childrenº of Ammon,º and besiegedºª² Rabbah.º But Davidº tarried² still¹ª at Jerusalem.º
2 ¶ And it came to pass² in an eveningtide,ºº that Davidº aroseºª from off²² his bed,º and walkedºª upon² the roofº of the king'sº house:º and from²² the roofº he sawºª a womanº washingºª herself; and the womanº [was] veryº beautifulº to look² upon.¹ 3 And Davidº sentºª and enquiredºª after the woman.º And [one] said,ºª [Is] not² this² Bathsheba,º the daughterº of Eliam,º the wifeº of Uriahº the Hittite?º 4 And Davidº sentºª messengers,º and tookºª her; and she came² in¹ª unto² him, and he layºª with her;² for she² was purifiedºª from her uncleanness:º² and she returnedºª unto² her house.º 5 And the womanº conceived,ºª and sentºª and toldºª David,º and said,ºª I² [am] with child.º
 Gn 3:6; 6:2; 34:2; 39:6; Dt 22:8; 2S 4:5, 7; Jb 31:1; Ps 119:37; Pv 6:25; 19:15; 24:33; 31:30; Jr 19:13; Mt 5:28; 10:27; 26:40; Ac 10:9; 1Th 5:6; 1P 4:7; 1Jn 2:16.
 2S 23:39; 1Ch 3:5; 11:41; Jr 5:8; Ho 7:6; Jm 1:14.
 Gn 39:7; Lv 12:2; 15:19, 29; 18:19; Jb 31:9; Ps 50:18; 51:1; Pv 30:20; Jm 1:14.
 Dt 22:22; Pv 6:34.
Uriah, sent for by David to cover the adultery, would not go home neither sober nor drunken.
6 ¶ And Davidº sentºª to² Joab,º [saying], Sendºª² me² Uriahº the Hittite.º And Joabº sentºª² Uriahº to² David.º 7 And when Uriahº was comeºª unto² him, Davidº demandedºª [of him] how Joabº did,º and how the peopleº did,º and how the warº prospered.º 8 And Davidº saidºª to Uriah,º Go downºª to thy house,º and washºª thy feet.º And Uriahº departed² out¹ª of the king's¹ house,º²² and there followedº² him a messº [of meat] from the king.º 9 But Uriahº sleptºª at the doorº of the king'sº houseº with² all² the servantsº of his lord,º and went² not² down¹ª to² his house.º 10 And when they had toldºª David,º saying,ºª Uriahº went not downºª² unto² his house,º Davidº saidºª unto² Uriah,º Camestºª thou² not² from [thy] journey?º² why² [then] didst thou not² go downºª unto² thine house?º 11 And Uriahº saidºª unto² David,º The ark,º and Israel,º and Judah,º abideºª in tents;º and my lordº Joab,º and the servantsº of my lord,º are encampedºª in² the openº fields;º shall Iº then goºª into² mine house,º to eatºª and to drink,ºª and to lieºª with² my wife?º [as] thou livest,º and [as] thy soulº liveth,º I will not doºª² this² thing.º 12 And Davidº saidºª to² Uriah,º Tarryºª here² to dayº also,² and to morrowº I will let thee depart.ºª So Uriahº abodeºª in Jerusalemº that² day,º and the morrow.º² 13 And when Davidº had calledºª him, he did eatºª and drinkºª beforeº him; and he made him drunk:ºª and at evenº he went outºª to lieºª on his bedº with² the servantsº of his lord,º but went² not² down¹ª to² his house.º
 Gn 4:7; 38:18; 1S 15:30; Jb 20:12; Pv 28:13; Is 29:13; Mt 26:70, 72, 74.
 Gn 29:6; 37:14; 1S 17:22.
 Gn 18:4; 19:2; 43:34; Ps 12:2; 44:21; 55:21; Is 29:15; Lk 12:2; He 4:13.
 Jb 5:12; Pv 21:30.
 1S 1:26; 4:4; 14:18; 17:55; 20:3; 25:26; 2S 7:2, 6; 14:19; 20:6; Is 22:12; Mt 10:24; Jn 13:14; 1Co 9:25; 2Ti 2:3, 12; He 12:1.
 Jr 2:22, 37.
 Gn 19:32; Ex 32:21; 2S 11:9; Hab 2:15.
He carrieth to Joab the letter of his death.
14 ¶ And it came to pass² in the morning,º that Davidº wroteºª a letterº to² Joab,º and sentºª [it] by the handº of Uriah.º 15 And he wroteºª in the letter,º saying,ºª Setºª ye² Uriahº in² the forefrontºº of the hottestº battle,º and retireºª ye from²² him,¹ that he may be smitten,ºª and die.ºª 16 And it came to pass,² when Joabº observedºª² the city,º that he assignedºª² Uriahº unto² a placeº where²² he knewºª that² valiantº men¹² [were]. 17 And the men¹² of the cityº went out,ºª and foughtºª with² Joab:º and there fellºª [some] of² the peopleº of the servantsº² of David;º and Uriahº the Hittiteº diedºª also.²
 1K 21:8; Ps 19:13; 52:2; 62:9; Jr 9:1; 17:9; Mi 7:3.
 1S 18:17, 21, 25; 2S 11:17; 12:9; Ps 51:4, 14; Jr 20:13.
 1S 22:17; 2S 3:27; 11:21; 20:9; 1K 2:5, 31; 21:12; 2K 10:6; Pv 29:12; Ho 5:11; Ac 5:29.
 2S 12:9; Ps 51:14.
Joab sendeth the news thereof to David.
18 ¶ Then Joabº sentºª and toldºª Davidº² all² the thingsº concerning the war;º 19 And chargedºª² the messenger,º saying,ºª When thou hast made an endºª of tellingºª the mattersº of the warº unto² the king,º 20 And if² so be² that the king'sº wrathº arise,ºª and he sayºª unto thee, Wherefore² approached² ye so nigh¹ª unto² the cityº when ye did fight?ºª knewºª ye not² that² they would shootºª from²² the wall?º 21 Who² smoteºª² Abimelechº the sonº of Jerubbesheth?º did not² a womanº castºª a pieceº of a millstoneº upon² him from²² the wall,º that he diedºª in Thebez?º why² went ye nighºª² the wall?º then sayºª thou, Thy servantº Uriahº the Hittiteº is deadºª also.²
22 ¶ So the messengerº went,¹ª² and cameºª and shewedºª Davidº² all² that² Joabº had sentºª him for. 23 And the messengerº saidºª unto² David,º Surely² the men¹² prevailedºª against² us, and came outºª unto² us into the field,º and we were² upon² them even unto² the enteringº of the gate.º 24 And the shootersºª shotºª from off²² the wallº upon² thy servants;º and [some] of the king's¹ servantsº²² be dead,ºª and thy servantº Uriahº the Hittiteº is deadºª also.² 25 Then Davidº saidºª unto² the messenger,º Thus² shalt thou sayºª unto² Joab,º Let not²² this² thingº displeaseººª thee, for² the swordº devourethºª one² as well as another:º make thy battleº more strongºª against² the city,º and overthrowºª it: and encourageºª thou him.
David taketh Bath-sheba to wife.
26 ¶ And when the wifeº of Uriahº heardºª that² Uriahº her husbandº was dead,ºª she mournedºª for² her husband.º 27 And when the mourningº was past,ºª Davidº sentºª and fetchedºª her to² his house,º and she became² his wife,º and bareºª him a son.º But the thingº that² Davidº had doneºª displeasedººª the LORD.º
 Gn 27:41; 2S 3:31; 14:2.
 Gn 38:10; Dt 22:29; 2S 3:2; 5:13; 12:9; 1Ch 21:7; Ps 5:6; 51:4; He 13:4.
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