NASB — Genesis 43 — KJV

The Return to Egypt

1 aNow the famine was severe in the land. 2 So it came about when they had finished eating the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.” 3 Judah spoke to him, however, saying, “aThe man solemnly warned Ius, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ 4 If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food. 5 But if you do not send [him], we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face unless your brother is with you.’” 6 Then Israel said, “Why did you treat me so badly Iby telling the man whether you still had [another] brother?” 7 But they said, “The man questioned particularly about us and our relatives, saying, ‘aIs your father still alive? Have you [another] brother?’ So we Ianswered his questions. Could we possibly know that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?” 8 Judah said to his father Israel, “Send the lad with me and we will arise and go, athat we may live and not die, we as well as you and our little ones. 9 aI myself will be surety for him; Iyou may hold me responsible for him. If I do not bring him [back] to you and set him before you, then IIlet me bear the blame before you forever. 10 For if we had not delayed, surely by now we could have returned twice.”

[1] aGn 12:10; 26:1; 41:56, 57
[3] ILit us, saying aGn 43:5; 44:23
[6] ILit to tell
[7] ILit told him according to these words aGn 42:13; 43:27
[8] aGn 42:2
[9] ILit from my hand you may require him IILit I shall have sinned before you all the days aGn 42:37; 44:32; Phm 18, 19

11 ¶ Then their father Israel said to them, “If [it must be] so, then do this: take some of the best products of the land in your Ibags, and carry down to the man aas a present, a little IIbbalm and a little honey, IIIaromatic gum and IVmyrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds. 12 Take double [the] money in your hand, and take back in your hand athe money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was a mistake. 13 Take your brother also, and arise, return to the man; 14 and may IaGod Almighty bgrant you compassion in the sight of the man, so that he will release to you cyour other brother and Benjamin. And as for me, dif I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.” 15 So the men took athis present, and they took double [the] money in their hand, and Benjamin; then they arose and went down to Egypt and stood before Joseph.

[11] IOr vessels IIOr mastic IIIOr ladanum spice IVOr resinous bark aGn 32:20; 43:25, 26 bGn 37:25; Jr 8:22; Ezk 27:17
[12] aGn 42:25, 35; 43:21, 22
[14] IHeb El Shaddai aGn 17:1; 28:3; 35:11 bPs 106:46 cGn 42:24 dGn 42:36
[15] aGn 43:11

Joseph Sees Benjamin

16 ¶ When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to his ahouse steward, “Bring the men into the house, and slay an animal and make ready; for the men are to dine with me at noon.” 17 So the man did as Joseph said, and Ibrought the men to Joseph’s house. 18 Now the men were afraid, because they were brought to Joseph’s house; and they said, “[It is] because of the money that was returned in our sacks the first time that we are being brought in, that he may Iseek occasion against us and fall upon us, and take us for slaves with our donkeys.” 19 So they came near to Joseph’s house steward, and spoke to him at the entrance of the house, 20 and said, “Oh, my lord, we indeed came down the first time to buy food, 21 and it came about when we came to the lodging place, that we opened our sacks, and behold, aeach man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in Ifull. So bwe have brought it back in our hand. 22 We have also brought down other money in our hand to buy food; we do not know who put our money in our sacks.” 23 He said, “IBe at ease, do not be afraid. aYour God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; III had your money.” Then bhe brought Simeon out to them. 24 Then the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and agave them water, and they bwashed their feet; and he gave their donkeys fodder. 25 So they prepared athe present Ifor Joseph’s coming at noon; for they had heard that they were to eat IIa meal there.

[16] aGn 44:1
[17] ILit the man brought
[18] ILit roll himself upon us
[21] ILit its weight aGn 42:27, 35 bGn 43:12, 15
[23] ILit Peace be to you IILit your money had come to me aGn 42:28 bGn 42:24
[24] aGn 18:4; 19:2; 24:32 bLk 7:44; Jn 13:5; 1Ti 5:10
[25] ILit until IILit bread aGn 43:11, 15

26 ¶ When Joseph came home, they brought into the house to him the present which was in their hand and abowed to the ground before him. 27 Then he asked them about their welfare, and said, “aIs your old father well, of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?” 28 They said, “Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.” aThey bowed down Iin homage. 29 As he lifted his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, he said, “Is this ayour youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “bMay God be gracious to you, my son.” 30 Joseph hurried [out] for Iahe was deeply stirred over his brother, and he sought [a place] to weep; and he entered his chamber and bwept there. 31 Then he washed his face and came out; and he acontrolled himself and said, “IServe the meal.” 32 So they served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because the Egyptians could not eat bread with the Hebrews, for that is Ialoathsome to the Egyptians. 33 Now they Iwere seated before him, athe firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment. 34 He took portions to them from Ihis own table, abut Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as any of theirs. So they feasted and drank freely with him.

[26] aGn 37:7, 10
[27] aGn 43:7; 45:3
[28] ILit and prostrated themselves aGn 37:7, 10
[29] aGn 42:13 bNu 6:25; Ps 67:1
[30] ILit his compassion grew warm a1K 3:26 bGn 42:24; 45:2, 14, 15; 46:29
[31] ILit Set on bread aGn 45:1
[32] ILit an abomination aGn 46:34; Ex 8:26
[33] ILit sat aGn 42:7
[34] ILit his face aGn 35:24; 45:22


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Jacob is hardly persuaded to send Benjamin.

1 ¶ And the famine [was] sore in the land. 2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. 3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother [be] with you. 4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food: 5 But if thou wilt not send [him], we will not go down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother [be] with you. 6 And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye [so] ill with me, [as] to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother? 7 And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, [Is] your father yet alive? have ye [another] brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down? 8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, [and] also our little ones. 9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever: 10 For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time. 11 And their father Israel said unto them, If [it must be] so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds: 12 And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry [it] again in your hand; peradventure it [was] an oversight: 13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man: 14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved [of my children], I am bereaved.

[1] Gn 18:13; 41:54; 42:5; Ec 9:1; Lm 5:10; Ac 7:11.
[2] Gn 42:1; 43:4, 20; Pv 15:16; 16:18; 31:16; 1Ti 5:8; 6:6.
[3] Gn 42:15, 33; 43:5; 44:23; 2S 3:13; 14:24, 28, 32; Ac 7:34; 20:25, 38.
[5] Gn 42:38; 44:26; Ex 20:12.
[7] Gn 43:3.
[8] Gn 42:2, 38; 44:26; 45:19; 50:8, 21; Ex 20:12; Nu 14:31; Dt 33:6; 2K 7:4, 13; Ezr 8:21; Ps 118:17.
[9] Gn 9:5; 31:39; 42:37; 44:32; 1K 1:21; Jb 17:3; Ps 119:122; Ezk 3:18, 20; 33:6, 8; Lk 11:50; Phm 1:18; He 7:22.
[10] Gn 19:16.
[11] Gn 32:13; 33:10; 37:25; 43:14; Lv 20:24; Dt 33:14; 1S 9:7; 25:27; 1K 4:21; 10:15, 25; 15:19; 2K 8:8; 16:8; 20:12; 2Ch 31:5; Es 4:16; Ps 68:29; 72:10; 76:11; Pv 17:18; 18:16; 19:6; 21:14; So 4:10, 14; 5:1; 8:14; Jr 8:22; Ezk 27:15, 17; Ac 21:14.
[12] Gn 42:25, 35; Ro 12:17; 13:8; 2Co 8:21; Php 4:8; 1Th 4:6; 5:21; He 13:8.
[13] Gn 42:38.
[14] Gn 17:1; 22:14; 32:11; 39:21; 43:11; Ezr 7:27; Ne 1:11; Es 4:16; Ps 37:5; 85:7; 100:5; 119:41; Pv 1:1; 16:7; 21:1; Is 49:13; Lk 1:50; Ac 7:10; 21:14; 1Ti 1:2, 16; Tit 1:4; 2Jn 1:3.

Joseph entertaineth his brethren.

15 ¶ And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. 16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring [these] men home, and slay, and make ready; for [these] men shall dine with me at noon. 17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house. 18 And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses. 19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the door of the house, 20 And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food: 21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, [every] man's money [was] in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand. 22 And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks. 23 And he said, Peace [be] to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them. 24 And the man brought the men into Joseph's house, and gave [them] water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. 25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.

[16] Gn 15:2; 21:8; 24:2; 26:30; 31:54; 39:4; 43:19; 44:1; 1S 25:11; Pv 9:2.
[18] Gn 42:21, 28, 35; Dt 22:14, 17; Jg 13:22; 14:4; Jb 15:21; 30:14; Ps 53:5; 73:16; Is 7:2; Mt 14:26; Mk 6:16; Ro 7:8.
[20] Gn 42:3, 10, 27, 35; 43:3, 7.
[21] Gn 42:27; 43:12; Ro 12:17; 13:8; He 13:5, 18; 1P 2:12; 3:16.
[23] Gn 42:24, 36; 43:14; Jg 6:23; 19:20; 1S 25:6; 1Ch 12:18; Ezr 4:17; Lk 10:5; 24:36; Jn 14:27; 20:19, 21, 26.
[24] Gn 18:4; 19:2; 24:32; Lk 7:44; Jn 13:4.
[25] Gn 43:11, 16.

26 ¶ And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which [was] in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. 27 And he asked them of [their] welfare, and said, [Is] your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? [Is] he yet alive? 28 And they answered, Thy servant our father [is] in good health, he [is] yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance. 29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, [Is] this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son. 30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought [where] to weep; and he entered into [his] chamber, and wept there.

[26] Gn 27:29; 37:7, 19; 42:6; 43:28; Ps 72:9; Ro 14:11; Php 2:10.
[27] Gn 37:14; 41:16; 42:11, 13; Ex 18:7; Jg 18:15; 1S 17:22; 25:5; 1Ch 18:10.
[28] Gn 37:7, 9; 43:26; Ex 18:7; 2S 1:2; 14:4; 1K 1:16; 2Ch 24:17.
[29] Gn 30:22; 35:17; 42:11, 13; 45:8; Nu 6:25; Jsh 7:19; 2Ch 29:11; Ps 111:4; 112:4; 133:1; Is 30:19; 33:2; Mal 1:9; Mt 9:2, 22; Mk 10:24; 1Ti 1:2; He 13:1.
[30] Gn 42:24; 1K 3:26; Jr 31:20; Ho 11:8; Jn 11:33; Ac 20:19, 31, 37; Php 1:8; 2:1; Col 3:12; 2Ti 1:4; 1Jn 3:17.

He maketh them a feast.

31 And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread. 32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that [is] an abomination unto the Egyptians. 33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another. 34 And he took [and sent] messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.

[31] Gn 43:25; 45:1; Is 42:14; Jr 31:16; 1P 3:10.
[32] Gn 31:54; 43:16; 46:34; Ex 8:26.
[33] Gn 43:1; 44:12.
[34] Gn 45:22; 1S 1:5; 9:22; 2S 11:8; Pv 31:6; Ec 9:7; 10:19; So 5:1; Hab 1:6; Mt 11:19; Jn 2:10.


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